Many factors influence children’s dietary intake, including children’s and parents’ food hedonics (liking), and parent intake. This secondary data analysis studied the relationship between child and parent liking (CL and PL), and parent and child intake (PI and CI) of fruits (F), vegetables (V), low-fat dairy (LFD), snack foods (SF), and sweetened beverages (SB) in four- to nine-year-old overweight/obese (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 85th percentile) children presenting for obesity treatment (September 2005 to 2007) in Providence, RI. One-hundred thirty-five parent-child pairs, with complete baseline dietary (three-day food record) and food group hedonic data were included. Hedonic ratings were mean ratings using a five-point Likert scale (lower scores represented greater liking of a food group). Children were 7.2 ± 1.6 years, 63.0% female, 12.6% Black, 17.8% Hispanic, with a mean z-BMI of 2.3 ± 0.6. Total servings consumed by children over three days were: F: 2.7 ± 3.2; V: 3.4 ± 2.5; LFD: 2.4 ± 2.1; SF: 5.9 ± 4.2; SB: 2.7 ± 3.1. After demographic and anthropometric variables were controlled, PI was positively related (p < 0.05) to CI of all food groups except SB. CL was only significantly (p < 0.05) related to CI of V. In young overweight/obese children, PI was consistently related to CI. Changing PI may be important in aiding with changing young overweight/obese children’s dietary intake.
Keywords: Child obesity, parent dietary intake, child dietary intake, hedonics, food group