Dr. Benjamin received support from the Thrasher Research Fund and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), HD-044799-04. The National Institutes of Health and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development provided grant support for the Neonatal Research Network’s Candidiasis Study (recruitment 2004–2007). The remaining authors have no conflicts to disclose.
Data collected at participating sites of the NICHD Neonatal Research Network (NRN) were transmitted to RTI International, the data coordinating center (DCC) for the network, which stored, managed, and analyzed the data for this study. On behalf of the NRN, Drs. Abhik Das (DCC Principal Investigator) and Marie Gantz (DCC Statistician) had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and accuracy of the data analysis. Dr. Benjamin also had full access to all of the data in the study and had final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication.
We are indebted to our medical and nursing colleagues and the infants and their parents who agreed to take part in this study. The following investigators, in addition to those listed as authors, participated in this study:
NRN Steering Committee Chairs: Alan Jobe, MD, PhD, University of Cincinnati (2001–2006); Michael S. Caplan, MD, Northwestern University (2006–2011).
Brown University Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island (U10 HD27904): Abbot R. Laptook, MD; William Oh, MD; Angelita Hensman, BSN, RNC.
Case Western Reserve University Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital (CCTS UL1 RR24989, GCRC M01 RR80, U10 HD21364): Michele C. Walsh, MD, MS; Nancy S. Newman, BA, RN.
Duke University Hospital, Alamance Regional Medical Center, and Durham Regional Hospital (CCTS UL1 RR24128, GCRC M01 RR30, U10 HD40492): Ronald N. Goldberg, MD; C. Michael Cotten, MD; Kathy Auten, BS; Katherine A. Foy, RN.
Emory University Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Grady Memorial Hospital, and Emory Crawford Long Hospital (CCTS UL1 RR25008, GCRC M01 RR39, U10 HD27851): Barbara J. Stoll, MD; Ellen Hale, RN, BS; Ann Blackwelder, RNC, MS; Michelle Tidwell, RN, BSN.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: Rosemary D. Higgins, MD; Stephanie Archer, MS.
Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center (GCRC M01 RR54, U10 HD53119): Ivan D. Frantz III, MD; Brenda L. MacKinnon, RNC; Ellen Nylen, RN; Anne Furey, MPH.
Indiana University Hospital, Methodist Hospital, Riley Hospital for Children, and Wishard Health Services (GCRC M01 RR750, U10 HD27856): Brenda B. Poindexter, MD, MS; James A. Lemons, MD; Dianne Herron, RN; Lucy Miller, RN, BSN, CCRC; Leslie D. Wilson, RN, BSN.
RTI International (U10 HD36790): Abhik Das, PhD; W. Kenneth Poole, PhD; Betty Hastings; Carolyn Petrie Huitema, MS; Kristin Zaterka-Baxter, RN; Scott E. Schaefer, MS; Jeanette O’Donnell Auman, BS.
Stanford University Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital (GCRC M01 RR70, U10 HD27880): Krisa P. Van Meurs, MD; David K. Stevenson, MD; M. Bethany Ball, BS, CCRC; Melinda S. Proud, RCP.
University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System and Children’s Hospital of Alabama (GCRC M01 RR32, U10 HD34216): Waldemar A. Carlo, MD; Monica V. Collins, RN, BSN, MaEd; Shirley S. Cosby, RN, BSN.
University of California–San Diego Medical Center and Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women (U10 HD40461): Neil N. Finer, MD; Maynard R. Rasmussen, MD; David Kaegi, MD; Kathy Arnell, RN; Clarence Demetrio, RN; Chris Henderson, RCP, CRTT; Wade Rich, BS, RRT, CCRC.
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati Hospital, and Good Samaritan Hospital (GCRC M01 RR8084, U10 HD27853): Kurt Schibler, MD; Edward F. Donovan, MD; Kathleen Bridges, MD; Barb Alexander, RN; Cathy Grisby, BSN, CCRC; Holly Mincey, RN; Jody Shively, RN.
University of Iowa Children’s Hospital (CTSA UL1 RR24979, GCRC M01 RR59, U10 HD53109): Edward F. Bell, MD; Karen J. Johnson, RN, BSN.
University of Miami Holtz Children’s Hospital (GCRC M01 RR16587, U10 HD21397): Shahnaz Duara, MD; Ruth Everett-Thomas, RN, MSN.
University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (GCRC M01 RR997, U10 HD53089): Kristi L. Watterberg, MD; Conra Backstrom Lacy, RN.
University of Rochester Golisano Children’s Hospital at Strong (GCRC M01 RR44, U10 HD40521): Dale L. Phelps, MD; Linda J. Reubens, RN, CCRC; Erica Burnell, RN; Cassandra A. Horihan, MS; Rosemary L. Jensen.
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Parkland Health & Hospital System and Children’s Medical Center Dallas (CCTS UL1 RR24982, GCRC M01 RR633, U10 HD40689): Pablo J. Sánchez, MD; Walid A. Salhab, MD; Charles R. Rosenfeld, MD; Gaynelle Hensley, RN; Nancy A. Miller, RN; Melissa H. Leps, RN; Alicia Guzman.
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School and Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital (CCTS KL2 RR24149, CCTS UL1 RR24148, U10 HD21373): Kathleen A. Kennedy, MD, MPH; Jon E. Tyson, MD, MPH; Esther G. Akpa, RN, BSN; Beverly Harris, RN, BSN; Anna E. Lis, RN, BSN; Georgia E. McDavid, RN; Sarah Martin, RN, BSN; Patti L. Tate, RCP.
University of Utah University Hospital, LDS Hospital, and Primary Children’s Medical Center (CTSA UL1 RR25764, GCRC M01 RR64, U10 HD53124): Roger G. Faix, MD; Bradley A. Yoder, MD; Karen A. Osborne, RN, BSN; Jennifer J. Jensen, RN, BSN; Cynthia Spencer, RNC; R. Edison Steele, RN; Karena Strong, RN, BSN; Kimberlee Weaver-Lewis, RN, BSN.
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Forsyth Medical Center, and Brenner Children’s Hospital (GCRC M01 RR7122, U10 HD40498): T. Michael O’Shea, MD, MPH; Nancy J. Peters, RN, CCRP.
Wayne State University Hutzel Women’s Hospital and Children’s Hospital of Michigan (U10 HD21385): Seetha Shankaran, MD; Rebecca Bara, RN, BSN.
Yale University Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital (CCTS UL1 RR24139, GCRC M01 RR6022, U10 HD27871): Richard A. Ehrenkranz, MD; Rachel L. Chapman, MD; Patricia Gettner, RN; Monica Konstantino, RN, BSN.