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BMJ Case Rep. 2010; 2010: bcr0520102998.
Published online 2010 August 24. doi:  10.1136/bcr.05.2010.2998
PMCID: PMC3029649
Unusual presentation of more common disease/injury

Metastatic disease causing unilateral isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy

Abstract

The authors present the case of a middle-aged woman diagnosed with lobar carcinoma in situ in her right breast. She eventually underwent a mastectomy and reconstruction. Histology revealed grade II invasive ductal carcinoma and she was commenced on adjuvant letrozole. The following year a MRI scan revealed she had developed spinal metastases and CT confirmed the presence of liver and lung metastases. She presented with a 5-month history of tongue weakness and difficulty manipulating food to the back of her mouth. On examination, there was marked right-sided hemiatrophy of the tongue with deviation of the tongue to the right side upon protrusion. MRI demonstrated ill-defined enhancing material close to the intracranial opening of the right hypoglossal canal. The patient was referred for consideration of radiotherapy. Due to the comorbidities of the patient, she was not a candidate for neurosurgical intervention


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