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BMJ Case Rep. 2010; 2010: bcr0220102771.
Published online 2010 November 26. doi:  10.1136/bcr.02.2010.2771
PMCID: PMC3027585
Reminder of important clinical lesson

Lymphogranuloma venereum and HIV infection: misdiagnosed as Crohn's disease


The report describes a young Caucasian homosexual man who presented with a 4-month history of bloody diarrhoea and weight loss. Over the next 4 months he was investigated for inflammatory bowel disease and subsequently started on mesalazine and prednisolone as an outpatient. Within a month of starting treatment his symptoms worsened, leading to his self-referral to the genitourinary medicine clinic. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with advanced HIV infection and lymphogranuloma venereum infection. The patient was treated with doxycycline for 3 weeks and started on antiretrovirals. One month later the patient is symptom free with a recovering immune system.

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