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BMJ Case Rep. 2010; 2010: bcr0920103310.
Published online 2010 November 29. doi:  10.1136/bcr.09.2010.3310
PMCID: PMC3027571
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Acute superficial lymphangitis following pigeon mite bite

Description

A medical resident woke up in the night with an intense itch of the left wrist and recovered a tick nearby. The bite mark over 2 days progressed as a long linear erythematous, swollen and tender streak extending up to the axilla along the medial aspect of the upper limb (figures 1 and and2)2) along with a tender axillary lymphadenopathy. A Doppler ultrasound revealed normal venous system with a long linear hypoechoic area extending from the left wrist to the axilla suggestive of superficial lymphangitis. A few more mites were recovered from the room and from a pigeon nest that the resident sported near the window ledge. The mites were identified as the pigeon mite Argas refluxus (figure 3).The resident was treated with local calamine, antihistaminics and prednisolone for 5 days and recovered fully.

Figure 1
The bite site.
Figure 2
The red streak.
Figure 3
The mite.

Acute lymphangitis following arthropod bites is rare and can mimic bacterial lymphangitis. Pigeon mites are tiny eight-legged parasites that feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals. Pigeon mites are happy to feed from baby pigeons, but when the babies leave the nest they migrate out into the human-occupied area.1 There have been few reports of dermatological involvement with pigeon mites with intense pruritus and urticaria.2 Feather mites are also potential source of allergens for pigeon and budgerigar keepers. A reflexus has been known to carryBorrelia anserine leading to avian spirochetosis in pigeons characterised by diarrhoea, fever and paralysis.3 Residents need to be wary of the condition for proper recognition and management and adoption of appropriate control measures.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Dr Zakir Naqashbandi from the SheriKashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology for his help in the taxonomic identification of the pigeon mite.

Footnotes

Competing interests None.

Patient consent Obtained.

References

1. Regan AM, Metersky ML, Craven DE. Noscomial dermatitis and pruritus caused by pigeon mite infestation. Arch Intern Med 1987;147:2185–7. [PubMed]
2. Basset-Sthème D, Couturier P, Sainte-Laudy J. Giant urticaria casued by Argus reflexus bites: apropos of a case. Allerg Immunol 1999;31:61–2. [PubMed]
3. Felsenfield O. Avian borreliosis. J Spirochetal Tick Borne Dis 1999;6:73–77.

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