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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 December 1; 66(Pt 12): o3056.
Published online 2010 November 6. doi:  10.1107/S160053681004403X
PMCID: PMC3011507

2-Oxo-2-(2-thien­yl)acetic acid

Abstract

The structure of the title compound, C6H4O3S, displays inter­molecular hydrogen-bonding dimers. The structure exhibits a thienyl-ring flip disorder of the main mol­ecule [occupancy ratio = 91.3 (2):8.7 (2)].

Related literature

For a discussion of ring-flip disorder in unsubstituted 2- and 3-thienyl rings, see: Crundwell et al. (2003 [triangle]). For information on simple O—H(...)O interactions, see: Bernstein et al. (1995 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-66-o3056-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C6H4O3S
  • M r = 156.15
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o3056-efi1.jpg
  • a = 3.7481 (10) Å
  • b = 15.314 (3) Å
  • c = 10.727 (3) Å
  • β = 93.30 (2)°
  • V = 614.7 (3) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.46 mm−1
  • T = 293 K
  • 0.34 × 0.21 × 0.11 mm

Data collection

  • Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur Sapphire3 diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis PRO; Oxford Diffraction, 2009 [triangle]) T min = 0.944, T max = 1.000
  • 6475 measured reflections
  • 1927 independent reflections
  • 1512 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.032

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.037
  • wR(F 2) = 0.106
  • S = 1.09
  • 1927 reflections
  • 104 parameters
  • 12 restraints
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.51 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.29 e Å−3

Data collection: CrysAlis PRO (Oxford Diffraction, 2009 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrysAlis PRO; data reduction: CrysAlis PRO; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]) and PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S160053681004403X/bx2317sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053681004403X/bx2317Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was funded by a CSU-AAUP Faculty Research Grant.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The structure of 2-oxo-2-(2-thienyl)acetic acid, C6H4O3S, has monoclinic (P21/c) symmetry. The structure displays intermolecular hydrogen bonding dimers. The structure exhibits a thienyl-ring flip disorder of the main molecule.

The structure of the title compound displays centrosymmetric R22(8) dimers by a simple O—H···O interactions (Bernstein et al., 1995). The structure exhibits a thienyl-ring flip disorder of the main molecule with occupancy ratios of 91.3 (2)% to 8.7 (2)%.

Experimental

The title compound was purchased as 2-thiopheneglyoxylic acid from Aldrich (95% purity). Crystals for this x-ray diffraction study were harvested from methanol during routine recrystallization.

Refinement

During refinement, the thienyl ring showed evidence of ring-flip disorder which is common for unsubstituted 2- and 3-thienyl rings (Crundwell et al., 2003). After finding three of the flipped disordered atoms in the difference map, the rest of the ring was generated and modeled. The final model suggested that the thienyl ring disorder was 8.7 (2)%.

Hydrogen atoms on carbons were included in calculated positions with a C—H distance of 0.93 Å and were included in the refinement in riding motion approximation with Uiso = 1.2Ueq of the carrier atom.

The hydroxyl hydrogen was included in a calculated position with a O—H distance of 0.82 Å and was included in the refinement in riding motion approximation with Uiso = 1.2Ueq of the carrier atom.

Figures

Fig. 1.
A view of the title compound (Farrugia, 1997). Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level.

Crystal data

C6H4O3SF(000) = 320
Mr = 156.15Dx = 1.687 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMelting point: 361 K
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 3.7481 (10) ÅCell parameters from 6632 reflections
b = 15.314 (3) Åθ = 3.8–32.0°
c = 10.727 (3) ŵ = 0.46 mm1
β = 93.30 (2)°T = 293 K
V = 614.7 (3) Å3Plate, yellow
Z = 40.34 × 0.21 × 0.11 mm

Data collection

Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur Sapphire3 diffractometer1927 independent reflections
Radiation source: Enhance (Mo) X-ray Source1512 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.032
Detector resolution: 16.1790 pixels mm-1θmax = 32.0°, θmin = 3.8°
ω scansh = −5→5
Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis PRO; Oxford Diffraction, 2009)k = −22→16
Tmin = 0.944, Tmax = 1.000l = −15→15
6475 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.037Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.106H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.09w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0678P)2 + 0.018P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
1927 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.002
104 parametersΔρmax = 0.51 e Å3
12 restraintsΔρmin = −0.29 e Å3

Special details

Experimental. Hydrogen atoms on carbons were included in calculated positions with a C—H distance of 0.93 Å and were included in the refinement in riding motion approximation with Uiso = 1.2Ueq of the carrier atom.The hydroxyl hydrogen was included in a calculated position with a O—H distance of 0.82 Å and was included in the refinement in riding motion approximation with Uiso = 1.2Ueq of the carrier atom.
Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
O10.1858 (3)0.98317 (6)0.36658 (10)0.0261 (3)
H10.27591.02080.41280.039*
O20.5095 (3)0.89316 (7)0.49326 (9)0.0207 (2)
C10.2916 (4)0.90590 (8)0.40596 (12)0.0167 (3)
C20.1123 (4)0.83170 (8)0.32857 (12)0.0156 (3)
O3−0.0839 (3)0.85113 (7)0.23733 (9)0.0207 (2)
C30.1813 (3)0.74199 (8)0.36784 (12)0.0153 (3)0.9131 (17)
C40.3362 (8)0.70703 (19)0.4767 (2)0.0176 (4)0.9131 (17)
H40.43680.74120.54130.021*0.9131 (17)
C50.3282 (10)0.61491 (14)0.4812 (2)0.0158 (3)0.9131 (17)
H50.41760.58150.54840.019*0.9131 (17)
C60.1687 (5)0.58091 (10)0.37166 (15)0.0158 (3)0.9131 (17)
H60.14170.52140.35640.019*0.9131 (17)
S10.02766 (10)0.65987 (2)0.26826 (3)0.01633 (14)0.9131 (17)
C3B0.1813 (3)0.74199 (8)0.36784 (12)0.0153 (3)0.0869 (17)
C4B0.057 (4)0.6842 (10)0.2959 (14)0.01633 (14)0.0869 (17)
H4B−0.06090.69470.21870.020*0.0869 (17)
C5B0.122 (6)0.5982 (11)0.350 (2)0.0158 (3)0.0869 (17)
H5B0.05390.54540.31270.019*0.0869 (17)
C6B0.303 (13)0.6081 (13)0.464 (3)0.0158 (3)0.0869 (17)
H6B0.37390.56120.51510.019*0.0869 (17)
S1B0.384 (3)0.7158 (6)0.5057 (7)0.0176 (4)0.0869 (17)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0349 (6)0.0124 (4)0.0291 (6)0.0006 (4)−0.0140 (4)−0.0003 (4)
O20.0264 (5)0.0153 (5)0.0193 (5)0.0004 (4)−0.0080 (4)−0.0003 (4)
C10.0180 (6)0.0151 (6)0.0170 (6)−0.0003 (5)0.0004 (5)−0.0007 (5)
C20.0166 (6)0.0150 (6)0.0152 (6)0.0009 (5)−0.0005 (4)−0.0003 (5)
O30.0245 (5)0.0203 (5)0.0166 (5)0.0016 (4)−0.0060 (4)0.0009 (4)
C30.0159 (6)0.0132 (6)0.0165 (6)0.0006 (5)−0.0005 (5)−0.0015 (5)
C40.0204 (11)0.0172 (9)0.0147 (13)−0.0002 (7)−0.0017 (9)−0.0020 (9)
C50.0181 (9)0.0144 (7)0.0147 (10)0.0001 (6)−0.0009 (7)−0.0009 (6)
C60.0160 (8)0.0128 (7)0.0184 (8)0.0012 (6)−0.0017 (6)0.0023 (6)
S10.0178 (2)0.0142 (2)0.0167 (2)−0.00080 (14)−0.00148 (14)−0.00162 (13)
C3B0.0159 (6)0.0132 (6)0.0165 (6)0.0006 (5)−0.0005 (5)−0.0015 (5)
C4B0.0178 (2)0.0142 (2)0.0167 (2)−0.00080 (14)−0.00148 (14)−0.00162 (13)
C5B0.0160 (8)0.0128 (7)0.0184 (8)0.0012 (6)−0.0017 (6)0.0023 (6)
C6B0.0181 (9)0.0144 (7)0.0147 (10)0.0001 (6)−0.0009 (7)−0.0009 (6)
S1B0.0204 (11)0.0172 (9)0.0147 (13)−0.0002 (7)−0.0017 (9)−0.0020 (9)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C11.3102 (16)C5—C61.389 (2)
O1—H10.8200C5—H50.9300
O2—C11.2223 (16)C6—S11.7041 (15)
C1—C21.5387 (19)C6—H60.9300
C2—O31.2265 (17)C4B—C5B1.452 (16)
C2—C31.4558 (18)C4B—H4B0.9300
C3—C41.382 (3)C5B—C6B1.380 (17)
C3—S11.7272 (13)C5B—H5B0.9300
C4—C51.412 (3)C6B—S1B1.730 (18)
C4—H40.9300C6B—H6B0.9300
C1—O1—H1109.5C6—C5—H5124.6
O2—C1—O1124.58 (12)C4—C5—H5124.6
O2—C1—C2123.18 (12)C5—C6—S1112.77 (15)
O1—C1—C2112.23 (11)C5—C6—H6123.6
O3—C2—C3123.25 (12)S1—C6—H6123.6
O3—C2—C1118.33 (12)C6—S1—C391.96 (7)
C3—C2—C1118.42 (11)C5B—C4B—H4B124.7
C4—C3—C2132.00 (15)C6B—C5B—C4B108.5 (16)
C4—C3—S1110.46 (14)C6B—C5B—H5B125.8
C2—C3—S1117.44 (10)C4B—C5B—H5B125.8
C3—C4—C5114.04 (18)C5B—C6B—S1B113.7 (16)
C3—C4—H4123.0C5B—C6B—H6B123.1
C5—C4—H4123.0S1B—C6B—H6B123.1
C6—C5—C4110.76 (18)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O1—H1···O2i0.821.822.637 (2)176

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, −y+2, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: BX2317).

References

  • Bernstein, J., Davis, R. E., Shimoni, L. & Chang, N.-L. (1995). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.34, 1555–1573.
  • Crundwell, G., Sullivan, J., Pelto, R. & Kantardjieff, K. (2003). J. Chem. Crystallogr.33, 239–244.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Oxford Diffraction (2009). CrysAlis PRO Oxford Diffraction Ltd, Yarnton, Oxfordshire, England.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Spek, A. L. (2009). Acta Cryst. D65, 148–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography