The National Institutes of Health and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Health and Development provided grant support for the NRN′s benchmarking study (recruitment March 1, 2001, to April 30, 2004) and generic database study (recruitment January to December 2006). This work was supported by grants from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Health and Development and the Department of Health and Human Services (U10 HD21385, U10 HD40689, U10 HD27871, U10 HD21373, U01 HD36790, U10 HD40498, U10 HD40461, U10 HD34216, U10 HD21397, U10 HD27904, U10 HD40492, U10 HD27856, U10 HD40521, U10 HD27853, U10 HD27880, U10 HD27851) and from the National Institutes of Health (GCRC M01 RR 08084, M01 RR 00125, M01 RR 00750, M01 RR 00070, M01 RR 0039–43, M01 RR 00039, and 5 M01 RR00044). Data collected at participating sites of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Health and Development NRN were transmitted to RTI International, the data coordinating center for the network, which stored, managed and analyzed the data for this study. On behalf of the NRN, Drs Abhik Das (data coordinating center principal investigator) and Georgiy Bobashev (data coordinating center statistician) had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and accuracy of the data analysis.
The following investigators, in addition to those listed as authors, participated in this study (National Institutes of Health grant numbers are listed also): NRN chair: Alan Jobe, MD PhD, University of Cincinnati; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati Hospital and Good Samaritan Hospital (GCRC M01 RR8084, U10 HD27853): Edward F. Donovan, MD, Kurt Schibler, MD, Kathleen Bridges, MD, Barbara Alexander, RN, Cathy Grisby, BSN, CCRC, Jody Hessling, RN, Holly L. Mincey, RN, BSN, and Marcia Worley Mersmann, RN, CCRC; Duke University School of Medicine University Hospital, Alamance Regional Medical Center, and Durham Regional Hospital (GCRC M01 RR30, U10 HD40492): Ronald N. Goldberg, MD, C. Michael Cotten, MD, MHS, and Kathy Auten, MSHS; Emory University Children's Health Care of Atlanta, Grady Memorial Hospital, and Emory Crawford Long Hospital (GCRC M01 RR39, U10 HD27851): Barbara J. Stoll, MD, Susie Buchter, MD, Ellen C. Hale, R, RN, BS, CCRC; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: Linda L. Wright, MD, Rosemary D. Higgins, MD, Elizabeth M. McClure, Med; Indiana University Indiana University Hospital, Methodist Hospital, Riley Hospital for Children, and Wishard Health Services (GCRC M01 RR750, U10 HD27856): James A. Lemons, MD, Brenda B. Poindexter, MD, MS, William A. Engle, MD, Diana D. Appel, RN, BSN, Dianne Herron, RN, Lucy Miller, RN, BSN, CCRC, Richard Hooper, RRT; Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital (GCRC M01 RR80, U10 HD21364): Avroy A. Fanaroff, MD, Nancy S. Newman, RN; RTI International (U01 HD36790): W. Kenneth Poole, PhD, Betty Hastings, Elizabeth McClure, Med, Qing Yao, PhD, Jeanette O'Donnell Auman, BS, Carolyn Petrie Huitema, MS, Scott E. Schaefer, MS, Kristin M. Zaterka-Baxter, RN; Stanford University Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (GCRC M01 RR70, U10 HD27880): David K. Stevenson, MD, Krisa P. Van Meurs, MD, William D. Rhine, MD, M. Bethany Ball, BS, CCRC, Carol Kibler, RN, Jeffrey R. Parker, RRT; Tufts Medical Center Floating Hospital for Children (GCRC M01 RR54, U10 HD53119): Ivan D. Frantz, III, MS, Brenda L. MacKinnon, RNC, Ellen Nylen, RN, University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System and Children's Hospital of Alabama (GCRC M01 RR32, U10 HD34216): Monica V. Collins, RN, BSN, MaEd, Shirley S. Cosby, RN, BSN; University of California, San Diego Medical Center and Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women (U10 HD40461): Neil N. Finer, MD, Maynard R. Rasmussen, MD, Paul R. Wozniak, MD, Greg Heldt, MD, Kathy Arnell, RNC, Clarence Demetrio, RN, Chris Henderson, RCP, CRTT, Wade Rich, BSHS, RRT, Mindy Grabarczyk, BSN, Christina Joseph, RRT, Renee Bridge, RN, Jim Goodmar, RRT; University of Iowa Children's Hospital (GCRC M01 RR59, U10 HD53109): Edward F. Bell, MD, Karen J. Johnson, RN, BSN; University of Miami Holtz Children's Hospital (GCRC M01 RR16587, U10 HD21397): Shahnaz Duara, MD, Ruth Everett-Thomas, RN, MSN; University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (GCRC M01 RR997, U10 HD53089): Kristi L. Watterberg, MD, Conra Backstrom Lacy, RN; University of Rochester Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong (GCRC M01 RR44, U10 HD40521): Dale L. Phelps, MD, Robert A. Sinkin, MD, Linda Reubens, RN; University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Parkland Health & Hospital System and Children's Medical Center Dallas (GCRC M01 RR633, U10 HD40689): Abbot R. Laptook, MD, Walid A. Salhab, MD, Charles R. Rosenfeld, MD, Pablo J. Sánchez, MD, James Allen, RRT, Alicia Guzman, Gay Hensley, RN, Susie Madison, RN, Melissa Martin, RN, Nancy A. Miller, RN; University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Medical School, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, and Lydon Baines Johnson General Hospital (U10 HD21373): Jon E. Tyson, MD, MPH, Kathleen A. Kennedy, MD, MPH, Esther G. Akpa, RN, BSN, Patty A. Cluff, RN, Claudia I. Franco, RNC, MSN, Anna E. Lis, RN, BSN, Georgia E. McDavid, RN, Nora I. Alaniz, BS, Patti Pierce Tate, RCP, University of Utah University Hospital, LDS Hospital, and Primary Children's Medical Center (GCRC M01 RR64, U10 HD53124): Roger G. Faix, MD, Bradley A. Yoder, MD, Karen A. Osborne, RN, BSN, Jennifer J. Jensen, RN, BSN, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Brenner Children's Hospital, and Forsyth Medical Center (GCRC M01 RR7122, U10 HD40498): T. Michael O'Shea, MD, MPH, Nancy J. Peters, RN, CCRP; Wayne State University Hutzel Women's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Michigan (U10 HD21385): Seetha Shankaran, MD, Rebecca Bara, RN, BSN, Geraldine Muran, RN, BSN, S. Nadya Kazzi, MD, MPH, Kimberly Hayes-Hart, RN, MSN, NNP-BC, Maria Batts, RRT; Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island (U10 HD27904): William Oh, MD, Abbot R. Laptook, MD, Angelita Hensman, BSN, RNC; Yale University Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital (GCRC MO1 RR125, GCRC M01 RR6022, U10 HD27871): Richard A. Ehrenkranz, MD, Patricia Gettner, RN, Monica Konstantino, RN, BSN, JoAnn Poulsen, RN.
We are indebted to our medical and nursing colleagues and the infants and their parents who agreed to take part in this study.