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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 November 1; 66(Pt 11): m1414.
Published online 2010 October 20. doi:  10.1107/S160053681004047X
PMCID: PMC3009148

1-Cyano­methyl-1,4-diazo­niabicyclo­[2.2.2]octane tetra­chloridomanganate(II)

Abstract

In the crystal structure of the title compound, (C8H15N3)[MnCl4], the Mn atom is coordinated by four chloride ligands in a slightly distorted tetra­hedral geometry. Each [MnCl4]2− anion is connected to the 1-cyano­methyl-1,4-diazo­niabicyclo­[2.2.2]octane dications by N—H(...)Cl hydrogen bonds, forming chains parallel to [001].

Related literature

For similar crystal structures of related compounds, see: Al-Far et al. (2008 [triangle]); Cai (2010 [triangle]). For the use of DABCO (1,4-diaza­bicyclo­[2.2.2]octa­ne) and its derivatives, see: Basaviah et al. (2003 [triangle]); Zhang, Cheng et al. (2009 [triangle]) and for its ferroelectric properties, see: Zhang, Ye et al. (2009 [triangle]); Ye et al. (2009 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-m1414-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • (C8H15N3)[MnCl4]
  • M r = 349.97
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-m1414-efi1.jpg
  • a = 8.373 (3) Å
  • b = 13.713 (6) Å
  • c = 12.188 (5) Å
  • β = 93.657 (8)°
  • V = 1396.6 (10) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 1.69 mm−1
  • T = 298 K
  • 0.2 × 0.2 × 0.2 mm

Data collection

  • Rigaku Mercury CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrystalClear; Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]) T min = 0.713, T max = 0.721
  • 14901 measured reflections
  • 3181 independent reflections
  • 2788 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.035

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.033
  • wR(F 2) = 0.103
  • S = 1.11
  • 3181 reflections
  • 145 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.66 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.52 e Å−3

Data collection: CrystalClear (Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrystalClear; data reduction: CrystalClear; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL/PC (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S160053681004047X/im2229sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053681004047X/im2229Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the starter fund of Southeast University for financial support to buy the X-ray diffractometer.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

1,4-Diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) is used as a effective organocatalyst for a large number of reactions because of its nucleophilicity (Basaviah et al., 2003) and some of it's derivatives are ferroelectrics (Zhang et al., 2009). This study is part of a systematic investigation of dielectric-ferroelectric materials (Ye et al., 2009; Zhang et al., 2009). The structural properties of related DABCO derivatives has been described earlier (Cai, 2010; Zhang et al., 2009).

The asymmetric unit of the title compound is composed of cationic (C8H15N3)2+ and anionic (MnCl4)2- ions (Fig 1). The Mn atoms are coordinated by four Cl atoms with very similar distances in the range of 2.366 (1) to 2.382 (1) Å. The Cl—Mn—Cl bond angles are between 101.58 (3) and 115.14 (3) ° which shows that the coordination polyhedron can be described as a slightly distorted tetrahedron. The ammonium groups of the organic cations are engaged in bifurcated hydrogen bonds to chlorine atoms of two (MnCl4)2- anions. These weak N—H···Cl interactions cause the formation of a one-dimensional chain along the [0 0 1].

Experimental

The ligand, 1-(cyanomethyl)-4-aza-1-azonia-bicyclo[2.2.2]octane bromide, was prepared as previously described (Cai, 2010).

MnCl2 × 4 H2O (0.001 mol, 0.197 g) and 2 ml 36% HCl were dissolved in MeOH (20 ml) and 1-(cyanomethyl)-4-aza-1-azonia-bicyclo[2.2.2]octane bromide (0.002 mol, 0.464 g) in the same solvent was added. The resulting solution was stirred until a clear solution was obtained. After slow evaporation of the solvent, colourless block crystals suitable for X-ray analysis were obtained in about 60% yield. The title compound has no dielectric disuniform from 80 K to 400 K, (m.p. > 401 K).

Refinement

H atoms bound to carbon and nitrogen were placed in idealized positions [C—H = 0.97 Å and N—H = 0.93 Å] and allowed to ride on their parent atoms with (Uiso(H) = 1.2 Ueq(C,N).

Figures

Fig. 1.
Molecular structure of the title compound, with the atomic numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 30% probability level.
Fig. 2.
Structure of a layer of [ammonium-anion] chains cross-linked by hydrogen bonds. Dotted lines indicate hydrogen bonding. View is along the a axis.

Crystal data

(C8H15N3)[MnCl4]F(000) = 708
Mr = 349.97Dx = 1.664 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 4022 reflections
a = 8.373 (3) Åθ = 2.2–27.5°
b = 13.713 (6) ŵ = 1.69 mm1
c = 12.188 (5) ÅT = 298 K
β = 93.657 (8)°PRISM, colourless
V = 1396.6 (10) Å30.2 × 0.2 × 0.2 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Rigaku Mercury CCD diffractometer3181 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube2788 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.035
Detector resolution: 28.5714 pixels mm-1θmax = 27.5°, θmin = 2.2°
ω scansh = −10→10
Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrystalClear; Rigaku, 2005)k = −17→17
Tmin = 0.713, Tmax = 0.721l = −15→15
14901 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.033Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.103H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.11w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.061P)2 + 0.074P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
3181 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
145 parametersΔρmax = 0.66 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.52 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Mn10.22628 (4)0.23007 (3)0.99138 (3)0.02877 (13)
Cl30.19440 (7)0.39665 (4)1.03991 (5)0.03248 (16)
Cl20.22006 (7)0.23950 (5)0.79599 (5)0.03590 (17)
Cl4−0.00249 (7)0.14312 (4)1.04423 (5)0.03416 (16)
Cl10.47527 (7)0.16000 (5)1.05057 (5)0.03580 (16)
N10.8938 (2)0.35643 (14)0.19241 (15)0.0270 (4)
H1C0.99190.33290.17180.032*
N20.6277 (2)0.42613 (13)0.23649 (14)0.0218 (4)
C80.4225 (3)0.55167 (18)0.2010 (2)0.0324 (5)
C30.9196 (3)0.45395 (19)0.2452 (2)0.0371 (6)
H3A0.96250.49910.19340.044*
H3B0.99560.44840.30830.044*
C70.4681 (3)0.46467 (17)0.26521 (19)0.0294 (5)
H7A0.38750.41460.25150.035*
H7B0.47210.48050.34290.035*
C10.7902 (3)0.36583 (19)0.08854 (19)0.0308 (5)
H1A0.76730.30180.05770.037*
H1B0.84510.40360.03520.037*
C20.6363 (3)0.4158 (2)0.11339 (18)0.0325 (5)
H2A0.54580.37800.08350.039*
H2B0.63140.47980.07930.039*
C50.8155 (3)0.28891 (18)0.2681 (2)0.0321 (5)
H5A0.87830.28510.33760.039*
H5B0.80880.22410.23630.039*
N30.3839 (3)0.61644 (16)0.1482 (2)0.0457 (6)
C60.6493 (3)0.32604 (19)0.2868 (2)0.0368 (6)
H6A0.56990.28170.25350.044*
H6B0.63470.32920.36500.044*
C40.7606 (3)0.4915 (2)0.2813 (2)0.0419 (6)
H4A0.76240.49280.36090.050*
H4B0.74270.55740.25450.050*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Mn10.0269 (2)0.0284 (2)0.0308 (2)0.00024 (14)0.00125 (16)−0.00150 (14)
Cl30.0358 (3)0.0263 (3)0.0360 (3)−0.0027 (2)0.0074 (3)−0.0003 (2)
Cl20.0317 (3)0.0471 (4)0.0287 (3)−0.0015 (3)0.0010 (2)−0.0043 (2)
Cl40.0312 (3)0.0325 (3)0.0390 (3)−0.0035 (2)0.0038 (3)0.0021 (2)
Cl10.0310 (3)0.0426 (3)0.0339 (3)0.0066 (2)0.0024 (2)0.0076 (3)
N10.0216 (9)0.0309 (10)0.0289 (10)0.0021 (8)0.0046 (8)0.0022 (8)
N20.0219 (9)0.0209 (9)0.0227 (9)−0.0001 (7)0.0020 (7)0.0008 (7)
C80.0296 (12)0.0288 (12)0.0384 (13)0.0062 (10)−0.0013 (10)−0.0090 (11)
C30.0262 (12)0.0370 (13)0.0478 (15)−0.0073 (10)0.0017 (11)−0.0057 (11)
C70.0247 (11)0.0304 (11)0.0337 (12)0.0037 (9)0.0068 (10)−0.0017 (10)
C10.0312 (12)0.0363 (13)0.0252 (11)0.0056 (10)0.0037 (10)0.0001 (9)
C20.0284 (12)0.0468 (14)0.0223 (11)0.0065 (10)0.0012 (9)0.0013 (10)
C50.0283 (12)0.0326 (12)0.0361 (13)0.0055 (10)0.0066 (10)0.0126 (10)
N30.0541 (15)0.0317 (12)0.0498 (14)0.0123 (11)−0.0081 (12)−0.0093 (11)
C60.0364 (14)0.0327 (12)0.0430 (14)0.0080 (10)0.0148 (12)0.0168 (11)
C40.0290 (13)0.0350 (13)0.0605 (17)−0.0022 (11)−0.0067 (12)−0.0192 (13)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Mn1—Cl12.3661 (10)C3—H3B0.9700
Mn1—Cl32.3789 (11)C7—H7A0.9700
Mn1—Cl42.3798 (10)C7—H7B0.9700
Mn1—Cl22.3822 (12)C1—C21.507 (3)
N1—C51.488 (3)C1—H1A0.9700
N1—C31.494 (3)C1—H1B0.9700
N1—C11.494 (3)C2—H2A0.9700
N1—H1C0.9325C2—H2B0.9700
N2—C71.500 (3)C5—C61.512 (3)
N2—C41.504 (3)C5—H5A0.9700
N2—C61.509 (3)C5—H5B0.9700
N2—C21.513 (3)C6—H6A0.9700
C8—N31.132 (3)C6—H6B0.9700
C8—C71.464 (3)C4—H4A0.9700
C3—C41.518 (4)C4—H4B0.9700
C3—H3A0.9700
Cl1—Mn1—Cl3115.14 (3)N1—C1—C2109.07 (18)
Cl1—Mn1—Cl4115.01 (4)N1—C1—H1A109.9
Cl3—Mn1—Cl4107.98 (3)C2—C1—H1A109.9
Cl1—Mn1—Cl2106.83 (3)N1—C1—H1B109.9
Cl3—Mn1—Cl2101.58 (3)C2—C1—H1B109.9
Cl4—Mn1—Cl2109.34 (3)H1A—C1—H1B108.3
C5—N1—C3110.32 (19)C1—C2—N2109.67 (18)
C5—N1—C1108.90 (19)C1—C2—H2A109.7
C3—N1—C1110.36 (19)N2—C2—H2A109.7
C5—N1—H1C112.5C1—C2—H2B109.7
C3—N1—H1C108.7N2—C2—H2B109.7
C1—N1—H1C106.0H2A—C2—H2B108.2
C7—N2—C4110.81 (18)N1—C5—C6109.26 (18)
C7—N2—C6108.12 (17)N1—C5—H5A109.8
C4—N2—C6109.14 (19)C6—C5—H5A109.8
C7—N2—C2111.31 (17)N1—C5—H5B109.8
C4—N2—C2109.57 (19)C6—C5—H5B109.8
C6—N2—C2107.82 (18)H5A—C5—H5B108.3
N3—C8—C7177.1 (3)N2—C6—C5109.40 (19)
N1—C3—C4108.8 (2)N2—C6—H6A109.8
N1—C3—H3A109.9C5—C6—H6A109.8
C4—C3—H3A109.9N2—C6—H6B109.8
N1—C3—H3B109.9C5—C6—H6B109.8
C4—C3—H3B109.9H6A—C6—H6B108.2
H3A—C3—H3B108.3N2—C4—C3109.6 (2)
C8—C7—N2111.60 (19)N2—C4—H4A109.8
C8—C7—H7A109.3C3—C4—H4A109.8
N2—C7—H7A109.3N2—C4—H4B109.8
C8—C7—H7B109.3C3—C4—H4B109.8
N2—C7—H7B109.3H4A—C4—H4B108.2
H7A—C7—H7B108.0
C5—N1—C3—C4−54.9 (3)C3—N1—C5—C665.2 (3)
C1—N1—C3—C465.5 (3)C1—N1—C5—C6−56.1 (3)
C4—N2—C7—C872.5 (2)C7—N2—C6—C5−174.9 (2)
C6—N2—C7—C8−167.9 (2)C4—N2—C6—C5−54.3 (3)
C2—N2—C7—C8−49.7 (3)C2—N2—C6—C564.6 (3)
C5—N1—C1—C266.0 (2)N1—C5—C6—N2−8.3 (3)
C3—N1—C1—C2−55.2 (3)C7—N2—C4—C3−176.7 (2)
N1—C1—C2—N2−8.3 (3)C6—N2—C4—C364.4 (3)
C7—N2—C2—C1−173.2 (2)C2—N2—C4—C3−53.5 (3)
C4—N2—C2—C163.9 (3)N1—C3—C4—N2−8.8 (3)
C6—N2—C2—C1−54.8 (3)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1C···Cl2i0.932.563.217 (2)128
N1—H1C···Cl3ii0.932.563.270 (2)133

Symmetry codes: (i) x+1, −y+1/2, z−1/2; (ii) x+1, y, z−1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: IM2229).

References

  • Al-Far, R. H., Ali, B. F. & Haddad, S. F. (2008). Acta Cryst. E64, m689–m690. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Basaviah, D., Rao, A. J. & Satyanarayana, T. (2003). Chem. Rev.103, 811–891. [PubMed]
  • Cai, Y. (2010). Acta Cryst. E66, m830. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Rigaku (2005). CrystalClear Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Ye, H.-Y., Fu, D.-W., Zhang, Y., Zhang, W., Xiong, R.-G. & Huang, S. D. (2009). J. Am. Chem. Soc.131, 42–43. [PubMed]
  • Zhang, W., Cheng, L.-Z., Xiong, R. G., Nakamura, T. & Huang, S. D. (2009). J. Am. Chem. Soc.131, 12544–12545. [PubMed]
  • Zhang, W., Ye, H.-Y. & Xiong, R.-G. (2009). Coord. Chem. Rev.253, 2980–2997.

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