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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 November 1; 66(Pt 11): o2714.
Published online 2010 October 2. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810038997
PMCID: PMC3009146

2-Amino-1-methyl-1H-imidazol-4(5H)-one dimethyl sulfoxide monosolvate

Abstract

In the title compound, C4H7N3O·C2H6OS, creatinine [2-amino-1-methyl-1H-imidazol-4(5H)one] exists in the amine form. The ring is planar (r.m.s. deviation for all non-H atoms = 0.017 Å). In the crystal, two creatinine mol­ecules form centrosymmetric hydrogen-bonded dimers linked by pairs of N—H(...)N hydrogen bonds. In addition, creatinine is linked to a dimethyl sulfoxide mol­ecule by an N—H(...)O inter­action. The packing shows layers parallel to (120).

Related literature

For information about creatinine, see: Narayanan & Appleton (1980 [triangle]). For related structures, see: Bell et al. (1995 [triangle]). For co-crystallization experiments, see: Ton & Bolte (2009 [triangle]). For hydrogen-bond patterns, see: Bernstein et al. (1995 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o2714-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C4H7N3O·C2H6OS
  • M r = 191.25
  • Triclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o2714-efi1.jpg
  • a = 5.8997 (10) Å
  • b = 7.3018 (13) Å
  • c = 11.276 (2) Å
  • α = 75.861 (18)°
  • β = 83.763 (16)°
  • γ = 79.694 (13)°
  • V = 462.36 (14) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.32 mm−1
  • T = 173 K
  • 0.50 × 0.40 × 0.40 mm

Data collection

  • Siemens SMART 1K CCD diffractometer
  • 8161 measured reflections
  • 2997 independent reflections
  • 2597 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.022

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.031
  • wR(F 2) = 0.082
  • S = 0.98
  • 2997 reflections
  • 120 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.29 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.32 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Siemens, 1995 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Siemens, 1995 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: Mercury (Macrae et al., 2008 [triangle]) and XP (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: publCIF (Westrip, 2010 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810038997/bx2310sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810038997/bx2310Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

We thank Professor Dr E. Egert (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Germany) for helpful discussions.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Creatinine is an important end product of nitrogen metabolism and appears in the urine of healthy individuals (Narayanan & Appleton, 1980). Due to the tautomerism, creatinine can exist in two forms, the amine and the imine form. Spectroscopic studies show that the amine form is preferred in the solid state (Bell et al., 1995). To better understand the binding of creatinine to its receptor, we cocrystallized creatinine together with model compounds containing complementary functional groups. During the cocrystallization screening, a creatinine dimethylsulfoxide solvate was obtained. In this structure, the planar creatinine exist also in the amine form (r.m.s. deviation = 0.017 Å for all non-H atoms). The C═N bond is longer than the C—NH2 bond [bond lenghts = 1.359 (1) Å and 1.327 (1) Å]. This reversed relation between bond length and nitrogen valence shows that the π- electron density is delocalized over the amine-imine group. Creatinine is linked to the solvate molecule by a N—H···O interaction (Fig. 1). This hydrogen-bonded entity is further connected by two N—H···N hydrogen bonds with a R22(8) pattern forming a centrosymmetric dimer (Bernstein et al., 1995; Fig. 2). The packing shows layers parallel to the (1 2 0) plane.

Experimental

Single crystals of title compound were obtained by cocrystallization of the commercially available 5-fluorocytosine (2.0 mg) and creatinine (2.1 mg) from dimethylsufoxide (100 µL) at 323 K.

Refinement

All H atoms were initially located by a difference Fourier synthesis. Subsequently, H atoms bonded to C atoms were refined using a riding model, with methyl C—H = 0.98 Å and secondary C—H = 0.99 Å, and with Uiso(H) = 1.5 Ueq(C) for methyl H or 1.2 Ueq(C) for secondary H. H atoms bonded to N atoms were freely refined.

Figures

Fig. 1.
A perspective view of the title compound, showing the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level and H atoms are shown as small spheres of arbitrary radii. The dashed line indicates the N—H···O ...
Fig. 2.
A partial packing diagram of the title compound. Hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C4H7N3O·C2H6OSZ = 2
Mr = 191.25F(000) = 204
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.374 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 5.8997 (10) ÅCell parameters from 131 reflections
b = 7.3018 (13) Åθ = 1.9–32.6°
c = 11.276 (2) ŵ = 0.32 mm1
α = 75.861 (18)°T = 173 K
β = 83.763 (16)°Block, colorless
γ = 79.694 (13)°0.50 × 0.40 × 0.40 mm
V = 462.36 (14) Å3

Data collection

Siemens SMART 1K CCD diffractometer2597 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: normal-focus sealed tubeRint = 0.022
graphiteθmax = 32.6°, θmin = 1.9°
ω scansh = −8→8
8161 measured reflectionsk = −10→10
2997 independent reflectionsl = −16→16

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.031Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.082H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 0.98w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0417P)2 + 0.166P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2997 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
120 parametersΔρmax = 0.29 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.32 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
N10.82954 (15)0.63634 (13)0.38132 (8)0.01974 (17)
C20.72822 (18)0.72352 (15)0.27441 (9)0.01971 (19)
C30.48598 (18)0.82480 (16)0.30299 (9)0.0218 (2)
H3A0.46870.96380.26600.026*
H3B0.36610.76990.27430.026*
N40.47636 (15)0.78571 (13)0.43582 (8)0.02055 (18)
C50.67429 (17)0.67487 (14)0.47372 (9)0.01701 (18)
O210.81565 (15)0.72319 (13)0.17026 (7)0.02772 (18)
C410.27148 (18)0.84273 (17)0.50969 (11)0.0239 (2)
H41A0.14840.77400.50060.036*
H41B0.22060.98070.48240.036*
H41C0.30680.81200.59590.036*
N510.72130 (16)0.60912 (14)0.59037 (8)0.02144 (18)
H51A0.630 (3)0.632 (2)0.6476 (16)0.038 (4)*
H51B0.856 (3)0.534 (2)0.6059 (14)0.029 (4)*
O1D0.45535 (15)0.70620 (14)0.79813 (8)0.0308 (2)
S2D0.29265 (4)0.65071 (4)0.90915 (2)0.02067 (8)
C3D0.3041 (2)0.81135 (17)1.00396 (10)0.0247 (2)
H3D10.45630.78461.03720.037*
H3D20.18470.79441.07150.037*
H3D30.27750.94330.95520.037*
C4D0.0081 (2)0.7428 (2)0.86076 (12)0.0327 (3)
H4D1−0.00120.87870.82030.049*
H4D2−0.10330.72780.93220.049*
H4D3−0.02750.67250.80320.049*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.0168 (4)0.0224 (4)0.0181 (4)0.0009 (3)−0.0003 (3)−0.0043 (3)
C20.0190 (5)0.0190 (5)0.0200 (4)−0.0022 (4)−0.0009 (3)−0.0031 (4)
C30.0190 (5)0.0246 (5)0.0195 (4)0.0001 (4)−0.0031 (4)−0.0025 (4)
N40.0145 (4)0.0256 (4)0.0195 (4)0.0024 (3)−0.0013 (3)−0.0052 (3)
C50.0148 (4)0.0162 (4)0.0202 (4)−0.0018 (3)−0.0013 (3)−0.0049 (3)
O210.0282 (4)0.0329 (4)0.0189 (4)−0.0009 (3)0.0024 (3)−0.0044 (3)
C410.0148 (4)0.0272 (5)0.0284 (5)0.0016 (4)0.0016 (4)−0.0088 (4)
N510.0173 (4)0.0274 (5)0.0173 (4)0.0033 (3)−0.0008 (3)−0.0059 (3)
O1D0.0254 (4)0.0441 (5)0.0239 (4)−0.0052 (4)0.0076 (3)−0.0141 (4)
S2D0.01945 (13)0.02222 (13)0.02000 (12)−0.00115 (9)−0.00068 (9)−0.00608 (9)
C3D0.0250 (5)0.0292 (5)0.0210 (5)−0.0033 (4)0.0003 (4)−0.0096 (4)
C4D0.0202 (5)0.0450 (7)0.0337 (6)−0.0024 (5)−0.0056 (4)−0.0110 (5)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

N1—C51.3591 (13)C41—H41C0.9800
N1—C21.3644 (13)N51—H51A0.823 (18)
C2—O211.2306 (13)N51—H51B0.887 (16)
C2—C31.5269 (15)O1D—S2D1.5109 (9)
C3—N41.4514 (14)S2D—C3D1.7833 (12)
C3—H3A0.9900S2D—C4D1.7844 (13)
C3—H3B0.9900C3D—H3D10.9800
N4—C51.3426 (13)C3D—H3D20.9800
N4—C411.4487 (13)C3D—H3D30.9800
C5—N511.3269 (13)C4D—H4D10.9800
C41—H41A0.9800C4D—H4D20.9800
C41—H41B0.9800C4D—H4D30.9800
C5—N1—C2106.69 (8)H41A—C41—H41C109.5
O21—C2—N1126.20 (10)H41B—C41—H41C109.5
O21—C2—C3124.36 (10)C5—N51—H51A123.0 (12)
N1—C2—C3109.44 (9)C5—N51—H51B117.3 (10)
N4—C3—C2101.23 (8)H51A—N51—H51B119.7 (16)
N4—C3—H3A111.5O1D—S2D—C3D106.00 (6)
C2—C3—H3A111.5O1D—S2D—C4D106.16 (6)
N4—C3—H3B111.5C3D—S2D—C4D97.79 (6)
C2—C3—H3B111.5S2D—C3D—H3D1109.5
H3A—C3—H3B109.3S2D—C3D—H3D2109.5
C5—N4—C41128.18 (9)H3D1—C3D—H3D2109.5
C5—N4—C3108.39 (8)S2D—C3D—H3D3109.5
C41—N4—C3123.06 (9)H3D1—C3D—H3D3109.5
N51—C5—N4124.29 (10)H3D2—C3D—H3D3109.5
N51—C5—N1121.51 (9)S2D—C4D—H4D1109.5
N4—C5—N1114.19 (9)S2D—C4D—H4D2109.5
N4—C41—H41A109.5H4D1—C4D—H4D2109.5
N4—C41—H41B109.5S2D—C4D—H4D3109.5
H41A—C41—H41B109.5H4D1—C4D—H4D3109.5
N4—C41—H41C109.5H4D2—C4D—H4D3109.5
C5—N1—C2—O21179.20 (11)C41—N4—C5—N51−5.49 (18)
C5—N1—C2—C3−0.46 (12)C3—N4—C5—N51−178.65 (10)
O21—C2—C3—N4−177.89 (11)C41—N4—C5—N1175.64 (10)
N1—C2—C3—N41.78 (11)C3—N4—C5—N12.48 (13)
C2—C3—N4—C5−2.45 (11)C2—N1—C5—N51179.85 (10)
C2—C3—N4—C41−176.03 (10)C2—N1—C5—N4−1.25 (12)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N51—H51A···O1D0.823 (18)2.028 (18)2.8403 (13)169.3 (17)
N51—H51B···N1i0.887 (16)2.040 (16)2.9225 (14)172.9 (14)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, −y+1, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: BX2310).

References

  • Bell, T. W., Hou, Z., Luo, Y., Drew, M. G. B., Chapoteau, E., Czech, B. P. & Kumar, A. (1995). Science, 269, 671–674. [PubMed]
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  • Macrae, C. F., Bruno, I. J., Chisholm, J. A., Edgington, P. R., McCabe, P., Pidcock, E., Rodriguez-Monge, L., Taylor, R., van de Streek, J. & Wood, P. A. (2008). J. Appl. Cryst.41, 466–470.
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