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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 November 1; 66(Pt 11): o2866.
Published online 2010 October 20. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810041395
PMCID: PMC3009113

Flavokavain B from the rhizome of Alpinia mutica Roxb

Abstract

The title compound [systematic name: (E)-1-(2-hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one], C17H16O4, has an aromatic ring at both ends of the –CH= CH–C(=O)– fragment with the –CH=CH– bond in a trans configuration. The phenyl ring is nearly coplanar with this fragment [dihedral angle 4.8 (3) °] as is the hy­droxy­ldimeth­oxy­lphenyl unit [dihedral angle 6.3 (3) °]. The hy­droxy group is the donor in an intra­molecular hydrogen bond to the double-bonded O atom.

Related literature

For the isolation and spectroscopic characterization of the title compound, see: Flores et al. (2007 [triangle]); Xuan et al. (2008 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-66-o2866-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C17H16O4
  • M r = 284.30
  • Orthorhombic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o2866-efi1.jpg
  • a = 4.9668 (10) Å
  • b = 12.305 (3) Å
  • c = 22.552 (5) Å
  • V = 1378.3 (5) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.10 mm−1
  • T = 100 K
  • 0.40 × 0.10 × 0.05 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART APEX diffractometer
  • 10723 measured reflections
  • 1449 independent reflections
  • 1162 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.089

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.049
  • wR(F 2) = 0.128
  • S = 1.09
  • 1449 reflections
  • 197 parameters
  • 1 restraint
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.20 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.27 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2009 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2009 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: X-SEED (Barbour, 2001 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: publCIF (Westrip, 2010 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810041395/fl2321sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810041395/fl2321Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

We thank the University of Malaya for supporting this study.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Alpinia mutica is a perennial herb (Zingiberaceae) endemic to southern parts of Malaysia. It is also cultivated as an ornamental plant and the rhizomes are used as an herb for strengthening the stomach. Among the compounds isolated this herb is Flavokavain B, whose structure was elucidated by spectrospic methods (Flores et al., 2007; Xuan et al., 2008) and whose x-ray structure is reported here. The chalcone (Scheme I) has aromatic rings at either ends of the –CH═ CH–C(═O)– linkage; the -CH=CH- double bond has a trans configuration. The phenyl ring is nearly coplanar with this fragment [dihedral angle 4.8 (3) °] as is the hydroxyldimethoxylphenyl ring [dihderal angle 6.3 (3) ° (the dihedral angle between the two rings is 10.0 (2)°) (Fig. 1). The hydroxy group is donor in an intra-molecular H-bond bond with the double-bond oxygen atom of the fragment. Other than a close contact of 3.04 Å between O2 and C16, there are no important intermolecular contacts (Fig. 2).

The compound has been previously isolated and characterized by NMR spectroscopy (Flores et al., 2007; Xuan et al., 2008).

Experimental

The rhizome of Alpinia mutica was collected from Pontian, Johor, Malaysia. A voucher specimen was deposited at the Herbarium of the Departmentof Botany, Universiti Putra Malaysia. The n-hexane crude extract of the rhizome (8.97 g) was subjected to silica-gel chromatography and was eluted out by using a gradient mixture of petroleum ether, ethanol and methanol. Twenty three fractions were collected, which were then separated by TLC to afford eight fractions. The sixth fraction was subjected to silica-gel column chromatography to give the title compound (petroleum ether: ether 4/1)which was recrystallized from petroleum ether/ether to afford faint yellow-orange crystals suitable for data collection.

Refinement

Carbon-bound H-atoms were placed in calculated positions (C—H 0.95–0.98 Å) and were included in the refinement in the riding model approximation, with U(H) set to 1.2–15U(C).

The hydroxy H-atom was located in a difference Fourier map, and was refined with the O–H distance restrained to 0.84±0.01 Å; its temperature factor was refined.

In the absence of heavy atom, Some 976 Friedel pairs were merged.

Figures

Fig. 1.
Thermal ellipsoid plot (Barbour, 2001) of the C17H16O4 at the 70% probability level; hydrogen atoms are drawn as spheres of arbitrary radius.
Fig. 2.
Close approach of ajacent molecules.

Crystal data

C17H16O4F(000) = 600
Mr = 284.30Dx = 1.370 Mg m3
Orthorhombic, P212121Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: P 2ac 2abCell parameters from 1135 reflections
a = 4.9668 (10) Åθ = 3.2–21.7°
b = 12.305 (3) ŵ = 0.10 mm1
c = 22.552 (5) ÅT = 100 K
V = 1378.3 (5) Å3Prism, faint yellow
Z = 40.40 × 0.10 × 0.05 mm

Data collection

Bruker SMART APEX diffractometer1162 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tubeRint = 0.089
graphiteθmax = 25.0°, θmin = 1.8°
ω scansh = −5→5
10723 measured reflectionsk = −14→14
1449 independent reflectionsl = −26→25

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.049H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
wR(F2) = 0.128w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0736P)2 + 0.021P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.09(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
1449 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.20 e Å3
197 parametersΔρmin = −0.26 e Å3
1 restraintExtinction correction: SHELXL, Fc*=kFc[1+0.001xFc2λ3/sin(2θ)]-1/4
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction coefficient: 0.026 (5)

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O10.5688 (6)0.96830 (19)0.22125 (11)0.0250 (7)
O20.3291 (6)0.9379 (2)0.12751 (11)0.0260 (7)
H20.440 (7)0.958 (4)0.1541 (14)0.048 (15)*
O3−0.3912 (5)0.68445 (19)0.12028 (10)0.0245 (7)
O40.0995 (6)0.72577 (18)0.29718 (11)0.0272 (7)
C10.7327 (8)0.9257 (3)0.40417 (17)0.0228 (9)
C20.5796 (9)0.8616 (3)0.44201 (16)0.0283 (10)
H2A0.43690.81910.42620.034*
C30.6311 (10)0.8586 (3)0.50210 (18)0.0349 (10)
H30.52300.81500.52740.042*
C40.8406 (9)0.9191 (3)0.52537 (17)0.0323 (11)
H40.87620.91770.56680.039*
C50.9976 (9)0.9815 (3)0.48823 (18)0.0310 (10)
H51.14181.02290.50420.037*
C60.9476 (9)0.9846 (3)0.42798 (17)0.0279 (10)
H61.05941.02670.40270.034*
C70.6751 (8)0.9328 (3)0.34039 (17)0.0257 (9)
H70.79940.97230.31670.031*
C80.4658 (8)0.8891 (3)0.31275 (16)0.0256 (9)
H80.33810.84930.33540.031*
C90.4237 (8)0.8998 (3)0.24859 (16)0.0230 (9)
C100.2169 (8)0.8393 (3)0.21647 (16)0.0196 (8)
C110.1737 (8)0.8639 (3)0.15591 (16)0.0208 (9)
C12−0.0285 (8)0.8174 (3)0.12220 (16)0.0230 (9)
H12−0.05860.83920.08230.028*
C13−0.1857 (8)0.7377 (3)0.14850 (16)0.0213 (9)
C14−0.1454 (8)0.7058 (3)0.20702 (16)0.0221 (8)
H14−0.25440.65040.22380.027*
C150.0513 (8)0.7543 (3)0.24038 (15)0.0211 (9)
C16−0.0619 (9)0.6404 (3)0.32205 (16)0.0298 (10)
H16A−0.01150.62920.36360.045*
H16B−0.03200.57310.29980.045*
H16C−0.25250.66060.31970.045*
C17−0.4398 (9)0.7113 (3)0.05989 (15)0.0287 (10)
H17A−0.59070.66790.04490.043*
H17B−0.27830.69570.03640.043*
H17C−0.48390.78870.05670.043*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0269 (15)0.0177 (12)0.0304 (15)−0.0032 (12)0.0027 (13)0.0014 (11)
O20.0313 (17)0.0199 (13)0.0266 (16)−0.0038 (13)0.0000 (14)0.0034 (12)
O30.0254 (15)0.0218 (13)0.0263 (14)−0.0010 (12)−0.0042 (13)−0.0008 (11)
O40.0393 (17)0.0180 (12)0.0243 (14)−0.0075 (13)−0.0017 (13)0.0058 (11)
C10.026 (2)0.0154 (19)0.027 (2)0.0059 (17)−0.0030 (18)−0.0031 (16)
C20.031 (2)0.0254 (19)0.028 (2)−0.006 (2)−0.002 (2)−0.0019 (17)
C30.038 (3)0.037 (2)0.030 (2)−0.006 (2)0.001 (2)0.0001 (19)
C40.044 (3)0.026 (2)0.027 (2)0.001 (2)−0.006 (2)0.0006 (17)
C50.035 (3)0.021 (2)0.037 (2)−0.0020 (19)−0.006 (2)−0.0040 (17)
C60.032 (2)0.0211 (19)0.031 (2)−0.0026 (19)−0.0017 (19)0.0021 (17)
C70.028 (2)0.0173 (18)0.032 (2)−0.0015 (18)0.005 (2)0.0007 (17)
C80.030 (2)0.0205 (19)0.026 (2)−0.0034 (17)−0.0005 (19)−0.0006 (16)
C90.024 (2)0.0154 (16)0.029 (2)0.0021 (17)0.0054 (19)−0.0024 (16)
C100.022 (2)0.0140 (17)0.023 (2)0.0009 (15)0.0026 (17)−0.0038 (15)
C110.025 (2)0.0115 (17)0.025 (2)0.0016 (16)0.0052 (18)0.0015 (15)
C120.030 (2)0.0202 (19)0.0191 (19)0.0022 (17)−0.0020 (18)−0.0002 (15)
C130.024 (2)0.0159 (17)0.025 (2)0.0029 (16)−0.0010 (17)−0.0036 (15)
C140.022 (2)0.0158 (16)0.029 (2)0.0009 (16)0.0002 (18)0.0005 (15)
C150.030 (2)0.0139 (16)0.0197 (18)0.0015 (16)0.0000 (18)−0.0011 (14)
C160.043 (3)0.0207 (18)0.026 (2)−0.0075 (19)−0.002 (2)0.0089 (16)
C170.036 (3)0.027 (2)0.024 (2)−0.001 (2)−0.001 (2)−0.0043 (16)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C91.269 (4)C7—C81.326 (5)
O2—C111.354 (4)C7—H70.9500
O2—H20.85 (1)C8—C91.468 (5)
O3—C131.370 (5)C8—H80.9500
O3—C171.422 (4)C9—C101.461 (5)
O4—C151.349 (4)C10—C111.415 (5)
O4—C161.436 (4)C10—C151.436 (5)
C1—C21.389 (5)C11—C121.384 (5)
C1—C61.397 (5)C12—C131.386 (5)
C1—C71.469 (5)C12—H120.9500
C2—C31.380 (5)C13—C141.391 (5)
C2—H2A0.9500C14—C151.370 (5)
C3—C41.383 (6)C14—H140.9500
C3—H30.9500C16—H16A0.9800
C4—C51.378 (6)C16—H16B0.9800
C4—H40.9500C16—H16C0.9800
C5—C61.382 (5)C17—H17A0.9800
C5—H50.9500C17—H17B0.9800
C6—H60.9500C17—H17C0.9800
C11—O2—H2103 (3)C11—C10—C15115.5 (3)
C13—O3—C17117.4 (3)C11—C10—C9118.4 (3)
C15—O4—C16117.5 (3)C15—C10—C9126.0 (3)
C2—C1—C6118.5 (4)O2—C11—C12115.6 (3)
C2—C1—C7121.9 (4)O2—C11—C10120.9 (4)
C6—C1—C7119.6 (4)C12—C11—C10123.5 (3)
C3—C2—C1121.1 (4)C11—C12—C13117.8 (3)
C3—C2—H2A119.4C11—C12—H12121.1
C1—C2—H2A119.4C13—C12—H12121.1
C2—C3—C4119.8 (4)O3—C13—C12124.0 (3)
C2—C3—H3120.1O3—C13—C14114.4 (3)
C4—C3—H3120.1C12—C13—C14121.6 (4)
C5—C4—C3119.7 (4)C15—C14—C13120.0 (4)
C5—C4—H4120.2C15—C14—H14120.0
C3—C4—H4120.2C13—C14—H14120.0
C4—C5—C6120.7 (4)O4—C15—C14122.3 (3)
C4—C5—H5119.6O4—C15—C10116.4 (3)
C6—C5—H5119.6C14—C15—C10121.3 (3)
C5—C6—C1120.1 (4)O4—C16—H16A109.5
C5—C6—H6120.0O4—C16—H16B109.5
C1—C6—H6120.0H16A—C16—H16B109.5
C8—C7—C1126.1 (4)O4—C16—H16C109.5
C8—C7—H7117.0H16A—C16—H16C109.5
C1—C7—H7117.0H16B—C16—H16C109.5
C7—C8—C9122.6 (4)O3—C17—H17A109.5
C7—C8—H8118.7O3—C17—H17B109.5
C9—C8—H8118.7H17A—C17—H17B109.5
O1—C9—C10119.8 (3)O3—C17—H17C109.5
O1—C9—C8117.2 (4)H17A—C17—H17C109.5
C10—C9—C8122.9 (3)H17B—C17—H17C109.5
C6—C1—C2—C32.3 (6)C15—C10—C11—C125.5 (5)
C7—C1—C2—C3−177.9 (4)C9—C10—C11—C12−175.4 (3)
C1—C2—C3—C4−0.8 (6)O2—C11—C12—C13177.2 (3)
C2—C3—C4—C5−0.4 (6)C10—C11—C12—C13−4.0 (5)
C3—C4—C5—C60.2 (6)C17—O3—C13—C121.6 (5)
C4—C5—C6—C11.3 (6)C17—O3—C13—C14−178.6 (3)
C2—C1—C6—C5−2.5 (6)C11—C12—C13—O3−179.6 (3)
C7—C1—C6—C5177.7 (4)C11—C12—C13—C140.7 (5)
C2—C1—C7—C86.2 (6)O3—C13—C14—C15−178.9 (3)
C6—C1—C7—C8−173.9 (4)C12—C13—C14—C150.8 (6)
C1—C7—C8—C9−179.8 (4)C16—O4—C15—C140.8 (5)
C7—C8—C9—O1−12.0 (5)C16—O4—C15—C10−179.6 (3)
C7—C8—C9—C10170.8 (4)C13—C14—C15—O4−179.6 (3)
O1—C9—C10—C11−3.8 (5)C13—C14—C15—C100.9 (6)
C8—C9—C10—C11173.4 (3)C11—C10—C15—O4176.6 (3)
O1—C9—C10—C15175.3 (3)C9—C10—C15—O4−2.5 (5)
C8—C9—C10—C15−7.5 (6)C11—C10—C15—C14−3.8 (5)
C15—C10—C11—O2−175.9 (3)C9—C10—C15—C14177.1 (4)
C9—C10—C11—O23.3 (5)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O2—H2···O10.85 (1)1.65 (2)2.455 (4)157 (4)

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: FL2321).

References

  • Barbour, L. J. (2001). J. Supramol. Chem.1, 189–191.
  • Bruker (2009). APEX2 and SAINT Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Flores, N., Cabrera, G., Jimenez, I. A., Pinero, J., Gimenez, A., Bourdy, G., Cortes-Selva, F. & Bazzocchi, I. (2007). Planta Med.73, 206–211. [PubMed]
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Westrip, S. P. (2010). J. Appl. Cryst.43, 920–925.
  • Xuan, T. D., Fukuta, M., Wei, A. C., Elzaawely, A. A., Khanh, T. D. & Tawata, S. (2008). J. Nat. Med.62, 188–194. [PubMed]

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