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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 September 1; 66(Pt 9): o2328.
Published online 2010 August 18. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810030746
PMCID: PMC3007967

Dieth­yl(hy­droxy)ammonium 3-carb­oxy­benzoate

Abstract

In the title molecular compound, C4H12NO+·C8H5O4 , the N,N-dieth­yl(hy­droxy)ammonium cation (DTHA) is linked to the 3-carb­oxy­benzoate anion (HBDL) by O—H(...)O and N—H(...)O hydrogen bonds with a graph-set motif R 2 2(7). In the crystal, helical chains are formed by O—H(...)O hydrogen bonds, propagating along [010]. The crystal structure is further stabilized by π–π inter­actions between inversion-related HBDL benzene rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.900 (4) Å] and C—H(...)O inter­actions.

Related literature

For supra­molecular structures comprising benzene-dicarb­oxy­lic acids, see: Karpova et al. (2004 [triangle]); Bourne et al. (2001 [triangle]); Jin et al. (2005 [triangle]); Dale et al. (2004 [triangle]); Shan et al. (2002 [triangle]); Yuge et al. (2006 [triangle]); Zhao et al. (2007 [triangle]). For graph-set analysis, see: Etter (1990 [triangle]); Bernstein et al. (1995 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o2328-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C4H12NO+·C8H5O4
  • M r = 255.27
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o2328-efi1.jpg
  • a = 9.535 (7) Å
  • b = 11.937 (9) Å
  • c = 11.660 (9) Å
  • β = 96.959 (15)°
  • V = 1317.4 (17) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.10 mm−1
  • T = 273 K
  • 0.34 × 0.15 × 0.14 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2001 [triangle]) T min = 0.967, T max = 0.977
  • 6749 measured reflections
  • 2317 independent reflections
  • 1912 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.029

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.075
  • wR(F 2) = 0.203
  • S = 1.19
  • 2317 reflections
  • 167 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.20 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.26 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810030746/su2200sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810030746/su2200Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Various supramolecular structures comprising benzene-dicarboxylic acids have been reported (Bourne et al., 2001; Shan et al., 2002; Karpova et al., 2004; Dale et al., 2004; Jin et al., 2005; Yuge et al., 2006; Zhao et al., 2007). Continuing our research on such compounds, the title compound was synthesized and its crystal structure is described herein.

As shown in Fig. 1, the N,N-diethylhydroxylammonium cation (DTHA) is linked to the 3-carboxybenzoate anion (HBDL) by N1—H1···O1 and O5—H5···O2 hydrogen bonds (Table 1), which can be described in graph-set terminology as R22(7) (Bernstein et al., 1995). In the HBDL anion the COO- group is only slightly inclined to the phenyl ring, by 4.4 (4)/%. In contrast the dihedral angle between the phenyl ring and the COOH group is 11.8 (4)/%.

In the crystal molecules are linked by O4—H4···O1i (symmetry code: (i) 1-x, -1-y, -z) hydrogen bonds to form helical chains propagating in [010] (Table 1, Fig. 2). The hydrogen bond pattern can be described in graph-set terminology as C11(8)R22(7). The molecules are further associated by π–π interactions, involving the HBDL benzene rings related by an inversion center, with a centroid-to-centroid distance of 3.900 (4) Å. The structure is further stabilized by C-H···O contacts (Table 1).

Experimental

N,N-diethylhydroxylammine and benzene-1,3-dicarboxylic acid, in a molar ratio of 1:1, were mixed and dissolved in sufficient ethanol by heating to 373 K, at which point a clear solution resulted. The reaction mixture was then cooled slowly to room temperature. Crystals of the title compound were formed, collected and washed with ethanol.

Refinement

All the H-atoms were included in calculate positions and treated as riding atoms: O-H = 0.82 Å, N-H = 0.91 Å, and C-H = 0.93, 0.96 and 0.97 Å, for CH(aromatic), CH(methyl) and CH(methylene), respectively. Uiso(H) = k × Ueq of the parent atom, where k = 1.5 for OH and methyl H-atoms and k = 1.2 for all other H-atoms.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure, and atom-numbering scheme, of the title compound. The displacement ellipsoids have been drawn at the 50% probability level. One DTHA cation and one HBDL anion are linked via O—H···O and N—H···O ...
Fig. 2.
A view along the c-axis of the crystal packing of the title compound. The intermolecular O-H···O amd N-H···O hydrogen bonds are shown by dashed lines [symmetry operation: (') = 1-x, -1-y, -z].

Crystal data

C4H12NO+·C8H5O4F(000) = 544
Mr = 255.27Dx = 1.287 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 3574 reflections
a = 9.535 (7) Åθ = 2.1–25.0°
b = 11.937 (9) ŵ = 0.10 mm1
c = 11.660 (9) ÅT = 273 K
β = 96.959 (15)°Block, colorless
V = 1317.4 (17) Å30.34 × 0.15 × 0.14 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer2317 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1912 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.029
phi and ω scansθmax = 25.0°, θmin = 2.2°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2001)h = −11→11
Tmin = 0.967, Tmax = 0.977k = −14→13
6749 measured reflectionsl = −13→9

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.075Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.203H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.19w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0962P)2 + 0.4181P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2317 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
167 parametersΔρmax = 0.20 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.26 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O20.8613 (3)0.64114 (19)−0.0032 (2)0.0693 (8)
O30.4161 (3)0.39290 (18)0.2751 (2)0.0755 (9)
O40.4378 (2)0.22073 (16)0.2114 (2)0.0594 (7)
H40.38650.20640.26110.089*
C10.7731 (3)0.6172 (2)0.0625 (3)0.0418 (7)
C20.7101 (3)0.5018 (2)0.0565 (2)0.0358 (7)
C30.6177 (3)0.4682 (2)0.1322 (2)0.0363 (7)
H30.59280.51810.18760.044*
C40.5616 (3)0.3611 (2)0.1267 (2)0.0364 (7)
C50.5951 (3)0.2889 (2)0.0422 (3)0.0481 (8)
H5A0.55680.21720.03730.058*
C60.6849 (4)0.3223 (3)−0.0350 (3)0.0555 (9)
H60.70610.2734−0.09260.067*
C70.7434 (3)0.4276 (2)−0.0276 (3)0.0483 (8)
H70.80560.4492−0.07910.058*
C80.4642 (3)0.3282 (2)0.2117 (3)0.0429 (7)
O10.7347 (2)0.68498 (17)0.13536 (19)0.0534 (6)
O50.9635 (3)0.83592 (18)0.0383 (2)0.0613 (7)
H50.93400.77400.01660.092*
N10.8850 (3)0.8758 (2)0.1251 (2)0.0504 (7)
H10.81500.82580.13350.060*
C91.0396 (4)0.7722 (4)0.2759 (4)0.0870 (13)
H9A0.96480.72240.29050.130*
H9B1.10320.78210.34560.130*
H9C1.09000.74100.21700.130*
C100.9787 (4)0.8832 (3)0.2364 (3)0.0697 (11)
H10A0.92510.91300.29510.084*
H10B1.05510.93490.22770.084*
C110.7195 (5)0.9731 (4)−0.0227 (4)0.0870 (13)
H11A0.76960.9443−0.08300.131*
H11B0.68061.0452−0.04500.131*
H11C0.64460.9226−0.01010.131*
C120.8190 (4)0.9843 (3)0.0861 (3)0.0635 (10)
H12A0.89271.03740.07350.076*
H12B0.76801.01410.14650.076*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O20.0955 (18)0.0479 (14)0.0763 (17)−0.0257 (12)0.0577 (15)−0.0171 (12)
O30.106 (2)0.0381 (13)0.097 (2)−0.0105 (12)0.0701 (17)−0.0130 (12)
O40.0767 (17)0.0336 (12)0.0770 (18)−0.0074 (10)0.0459 (13)−0.0033 (10)
C10.0488 (17)0.0335 (16)0.0462 (17)0.0001 (13)0.0186 (14)−0.0018 (13)
C20.0364 (14)0.0309 (15)0.0406 (16)0.0006 (11)0.0072 (12)0.0016 (12)
C30.0409 (15)0.0283 (15)0.0414 (16)0.0034 (11)0.0123 (12)−0.0022 (12)
C40.0360 (14)0.0310 (15)0.0432 (16)0.0028 (11)0.0085 (12)0.0016 (12)
C50.0527 (18)0.0322 (16)0.063 (2)−0.0059 (13)0.0199 (15)−0.0078 (14)
C60.072 (2)0.0399 (18)0.061 (2)−0.0105 (15)0.0341 (17)−0.0197 (15)
C70.0584 (19)0.0402 (17)0.0521 (19)−0.0041 (14)0.0293 (15)−0.0060 (14)
C80.0490 (17)0.0308 (16)0.0515 (18)−0.0005 (13)0.0168 (14)−0.0026 (13)
O10.0594 (13)0.0350 (12)0.0728 (15)−0.0094 (10)0.0364 (12)−0.0134 (10)
O50.0832 (17)0.0478 (14)0.0618 (15)−0.0209 (12)0.0448 (13)−0.0137 (11)
N10.0623 (17)0.0404 (15)0.0540 (16)−0.0215 (12)0.0296 (13)−0.0096 (12)
C90.077 (3)0.115 (4)0.069 (3)0.006 (3)0.011 (2)0.003 (3)
C100.077 (3)0.079 (3)0.055 (2)−0.024 (2)0.0163 (19)−0.0136 (19)
C110.099 (3)0.068 (3)0.093 (3)−0.009 (2)0.007 (3)0.007 (2)
C120.083 (2)0.0390 (19)0.075 (2)−0.0208 (17)0.035 (2)−0.0081 (16)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O2—C11.238 (3)O5—N11.412 (3)
O3—C81.198 (3)O5—H50.8200
O4—C81.307 (4)N1—C101.486 (5)
O4—H40.8200N1—C121.487 (5)
C1—O11.259 (3)N1—H10.9100
C1—C21.502 (4)C9—C101.496 (6)
C2—C31.380 (4)C9—H9A0.9600
C2—C71.386 (4)C9—H9B0.9600
C3—C41.384 (4)C9—H9C0.9600
C3—H30.9300C10—H10A0.9700
C4—C51.375 (4)C10—H10B0.9700
C4—C81.491 (4)C11—C121.495 (6)
C5—C61.374 (4)C11—H11A0.9600
C5—H5A0.9300C11—H11B0.9600
C6—C71.374 (4)C11—H11C0.9600
C6—H60.9300C12—H12A0.9700
C7—H70.9300C12—H12B0.9700
C8—O4—H4109.5C10—N1—C12113.8 (3)
O2—C1—O1123.0 (3)O5—N1—H1108.4
O2—C1—C2118.7 (2)C10—N1—H1108.4
O1—C1—C2118.3 (2)C12—N1—H1108.4
C3—C2—C7119.1 (3)C10—C9—H9A109.5
C3—C2—C1121.3 (2)C10—C9—H9B109.5
C7—C2—C1119.6 (2)H9A—C9—H9B109.5
C2—C3—C4120.8 (3)C10—C9—H9C109.5
C2—C3—H3119.6H9A—C9—H9C109.5
C4—C3—H3119.6H9B—C9—H9C109.5
C5—C4—C3119.3 (3)N1—C10—C9112.7 (3)
C5—C4—C8121.9 (3)N1—C10—H10A109.0
C3—C4—C8118.8 (2)C9—C10—H10A109.0
C6—C5—C4120.3 (3)N1—C10—H10B109.0
C6—C5—H5A119.8C9—C10—H10B109.0
C4—C5—H5A119.8H10A—C10—H10B107.8
C7—C6—C5120.3 (3)C12—C11—H11A109.5
C7—C6—H6119.8C12—C11—H11B109.5
C5—C6—H6119.8H11A—C11—H11B109.5
C6—C7—C2120.2 (3)C12—C11—H11C109.5
C6—C7—H7119.9H11A—C11—H11C109.5
C2—C7—H7119.9H11B—C11—H11C109.5
O3—C8—O4123.1 (3)N1—C12—C11112.5 (3)
O3—C8—C4123.8 (3)N1—C12—H12A109.1
O4—C8—C4113.1 (2)C11—C12—H12A109.1
N1—O5—H5109.5N1—C12—H12B109.1
O5—N1—C10109.4 (3)C11—C12—H12B109.1
O5—N1—C12108.4 (2)H12A—C12—H12B107.8
O2—C1—C2—C3176.0 (3)C5—C6—C7—C2−1.3 (5)
O1—C1—C2—C3−3.1 (4)C3—C2—C7—C60.1 (5)
O2—C1—C2—C7−4.8 (4)C1—C2—C7—C6−179.1 (3)
O1—C1—C2—C7176.0 (3)C5—C4—C8—O3−168.5 (3)
C7—C2—C3—C41.6 (4)C3—C4—C8—O310.4 (4)
C1—C2—C3—C4−179.2 (3)C5—C4—C8—O412.4 (4)
C2—C3—C4—C5−2.1 (4)C3—C4—C8—O4−168.7 (3)
C2—C3—C4—C8178.9 (2)O5—N1—C10—C9−60.7 (4)
C3—C4—C5—C60.9 (4)C12—N1—C10—C9177.9 (3)
C8—C4—C5—C6179.8 (3)O5—N1—C12—C1161.2 (4)
C4—C5—C6—C70.8 (5)C10—N1—C12—C11−176.9 (3)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1···O10.911.852.702 (4)155
O5—H5···O20.821.742.545 (4)169
O4—H4···O1i0.821.792.606 (4)175
C10—H10A···O2ii0.972.583.373 (5)139
C12—H12A···O5iii0.972.513.426 (5)157
C12—H12B···O3iv0.972.533.117 (5)119

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, y−1/2, −z+1/2; (ii) x, −y+3/2, z+1/2; (iii) −x+2, −y+2, −z; (iv) −x+1, y+1/2, −z+1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: SU2200).

References

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