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European Radiology
 
Eur Radiol. 2011 January; 21(1): 150.
Published online 2010 August 6. doi:  10.1007/s00330-010-1919-z
PMCID: PMC2995867

Diffusion-weighted MRI for detecting liver metastases: importance of the b-value

Dear Sir,

We read with interest the recent work by Shimada et al. [1], who compared gadolinium ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI to diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in the detection of small (≤2 cm) liver metastases. The authors of this study concluded that Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI showed higher accuracy in the detection of small metastases than DWI [1]. However, we believe this conclusion maybe misleading because the applied DWI protocol had an important limitation that has not been emphasized. Shimada et al. [1] performed DWI with b-values of 0 and 500 s/mm2. Seven liver metastases (five in the lateral segment, two in the upper edge of the right liver) were clearly visualised at Gd-EOBDTPA-enhanced MRI, but were difficult to detect at DWI [1]. The false negatives in the left liver lobe can be explained by cardiac motion-induced signal loss [2]. Furthermore, susceptibility artefacts at the boundary between the lung and the liver parenchyma can reduce the sensitivity in the upper edge of the liver. These problems can in part be mitigated by applying a proper degree of diffusion weighting: if DWI is used with the aim to detect liver lesions, it is highly recommended to apply a lower b-value (e.g. a b-value between 10 and 50 s/mm2) instead of a b-value of 500 s/mm2. Both low and high b-value DWI are effective in suppressing vascular structures that may mimic or obscure liver lesions, but low b-value DWI provides a higher signal-to-noise ratio, is less prone to cardiac motion-induced signal loss, and suffers less from eddy current-induced distortions. Previous studies have already shown that low b-value DWI is more sensitive than high b-value DWI in detecting malignant liver lesions [3, 4]. In conclusion, it is still unproven that Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI is more accurate than DWI in detecting small liver metastases.

Acknowledgments

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

References

1. Shimada K, Isoda H, Hirokawa Y, Arizono S, Shibata T, Togashi K. Comparison of gadolinium-EOB-DTPA-enhanced and diffusion-weighted liver MRI for detection of small hepatic metastases. Eur Radiol doi:10.1007/s00330-010-1842-3 [PubMed]
2. Kwee TC, Takahara T, Niwa T, et al. Influence of cardiac motion on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the liver. Magma. 2009;22:319–325. doi: 10.1007/s10334-009-0183-1. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
3. Coenegrachts K, Delanote J, Beek L, et al. Improved focal liver lesion detection: comparison of single-shot diffusion-weighted echoplanar and single-shot T2 weighted turbo spin echo techniques. Br J Radiol. 2007;80:524–531. doi: 10.1259/bjr/33156643. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
4. Goshima S, Kanematsu M, Kondo H, et al. Diffusion-weighted imaging of the liver: optimizing b value for the detection and characterization of benign and malignant hepatic lesions. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008;28:691–697. doi: 10.1002/jmri.21467. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]

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