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Logo of agpsychBioMed Centralbiomed central web sitesearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleAnnals of General Psychiatry
 
Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2010; 9(Suppl 1): S217.
Published online 2010 April 22. doi:  10.1186/1744-859X-9-S1-S217
PMCID: PMC2991911

The safe ethanol dose: a review of epidemiological data for the last six decades

Background

Alcohol use as a risk for health enormously contributes to the burden of disease world-wide. According to experts' estimation approximately 4% of global burden of disease is associated with alcohol misuse. Alcohol is involved in about 40% of motor vehicle accidents, 47-70% of homicides, 25-37% of suicides. Although 1-2 standard drinks/per day (with 1-2 free-alcohol days) has been recommended (especially for adults) as a prophylactic measure for ischemic heart disease, there is a paucity of data concerning the dose time dependent effect of alcohol use on psycho-physiological functions. Most of the problems related with alcohol use have been largely pronounced among the young adult population. Since in most cases, the effects of alcohol use are rather than harmful, there is need to determine a long-term "relatively" safe dose of alcoholic beverages.

Materials and methods

Our data (based on the psycho-physiological functions of university students for a 4 years period of study and follow-up), as well as current epidemiological and clinical data on the dose-time response effect of alcohol use for the last six decades were examined. All alcohol doses are given in values of pure ethanol.

Results

There is necessity of normalizing, not only the daily dose of alcoholic drinks, but also the monthly total dose.

Conclusions

We therefore, formulate the concept of relatively safe per session and monthly dose of alcoholic beverages, which must not exceed 27 ml and 40 ml for males respectively and not more than 24 ml and 31 ml respectively for females.


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