Methionine inhibits proliferation of breast and prostate cancer cells. Here, we determined the inXuence of L-methionine on functional molecular signatures in these cell lines.
MCF-7 and LNCaP cells were treated with L-methionine (5 mg/ml) for 72 h. Changes in molecular signatures of these cells were examined by microarray analysis of 15,814 probes in triplicate experiments.
In LNCaP cells, 325 genes were up-regulated by methionine, and 517 genes down-regulated. In MCF-7 cells, 86 genes were up-regulated and 135 genes down-regulated. Ninety-eight genes were regulated in the same direction by methionine in both cells lines, and five other genes were changed in expression in opposite directions.
Several of the up-regulated genes encode proteins involved in cellular redox regulation, suggesting that methionine may enhance antioxidant mechanisms. Many of the down-regulated genes belong to protein kinase families that may be related to the anti-proliferative effects of methionine on breast and prostate cancer cells.
Keywords: Methionine, Gene expression, Prostate cancer, Breast cancer, MCF-7 cells, LNCaP cells