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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 April 1; 66(Pt 4): o959.
Published online 2010 March 27. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810011098
PMCID: PMC2983856

2-(1H-Benzotriazol-1-yl)-1-phenyl­ethanol

Abstract

In the title compound, C14H13N3O, the benzotriazole ring is oriented at a dihedral angle of 13.43 (4)° with respect to the phenyl ring. In the crystal structure, inter­molecular O—H(...)N hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into chains along the b axis. Aromatic π–π contacts between benzene rings and between triazole and benzene rings [centroid–centroid distances = 3.8133 (8) and 3.7810 (8) Å, respectively], as well as a weak C—H(...)π inter­action involving the phenyl ring, are also observed.

Related literature

For general background to the biological activity of benzotriazole derivatives, see: Hirokawa et al. (1998 [triangle]); Yu et al. (2003 [triangle]); Kopańska et al. (2004 [triangle]). For related structures, see: Caira et al. (2004 [triangle]); Katritzky et al. (2001 [triangle]); Özel Güven et al. (2008 [triangle]); Swamy et al. (2006 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-0o959-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C14H13N3O
  • M r = 239.27
  • Orthorhombic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-0o959-efi1.jpg
  • a = 11.0731 (3) Å
  • b = 8.6571 (2) Å
  • c = 25.3436 (7) Å
  • V = 2429.5 (1) Å3
  • Z = 8
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.09 mm−1
  • T = 120 K
  • 0.40 × 0.30 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

  • Nonius Kappa CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2007 [triangle]) T min = 0.968, T max = 0.981
  • 11997 measured reflections
  • 2772 independent reflections
  • 2447 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.043

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.045
  • wR(F 2) = 0.105
  • S = 1.06
  • 2772 reflections
  • 215 parameters
  • All H-atom parameters refined
  • Δρmax = 0.25 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.23 e Å−3

Data collection: COLLECT (Nonius, 1998 [triangle]); cell refinement: DENZO (Otwinowski & Minor, 1997 [triangle]) and COLLECT; data reduction: DENZO and COLLECT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 for Windows (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: WinGX (Farrugia, 1999 [triangle]) and PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810011098/im2186sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810011098/im2186Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the Zonguldak Karaelmas University Research Fund for support.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Azole compounds have important antifungal and antibacterial activities. Benzotriazole derivatives also exhibit a good degree of analgesic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antiviral and antihypertensive activities (Kopańska et al., 2004; Yu et al., 2003; Hirokawa et al., 1998). Crystal structures of similar compounds such as 1-phenyl-2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)ethanol (Özel Güven et al., 2008), fluconazole (Caira et al., 2004) and benzotriazole ring possessing compounds (Katritzky et al., 2001; Swamy et al., 2006) have been reported. Now, we report herein the crystal structure of the title benzotriazole derivative, (I).

In the molecule of the title compound (Fig. 1), bond lengths and angles are generally within normal ranges. The planar benzotriazole ring system is oriented with respect to the phenyl ring at a dihedral angle of 13.43 (4)°. Exocyclic carbon atoms C7 and C8 are 0.062 (1) and -0.028 (1) Å away from the planes of the benzotriazole and phenyl rings, respectively. So, they are almost coplanar with the adjacent rings.

In the crystal structure, intermolecular O-H···N hydrogen bonds (Table 1) link the molecules into chains along the b-axis (Fig. 2), in which they may be effective in the stabilization of the structure. The π–π contacts between the benzene rings and between the triazole and the benzene rings , Cg2—Cg2i and Cg1—Cg2i [symmetry code: (i) 1 - x, 1 - y, -z, where Cg1 and Cg2 are centroids of the rings (C1/C6/N1-N3) and (C1-C6), respectively] with centroid-centroid distances of 3.8133 (8) and 3.7810 (8) Å are also observed in the crystal structure. respectively. A weak C—H···π interaction (Table 1) involving the phenyl ring also occurs.

Experimental

The title compound was synthesized by the reduction of 2-(-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1-phenylethanone with sodiumborohydride. A mixture of 2-(-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1-phenylethanone (500 mg, 2.10 mmol) and sodiumborohydride (159.5 mg, 4.21 mmol) in ethanol (25 ml) was refluxed for 4 h. After evaporation of the solvent, the mixture was neutralized with dilute HCl, and then refluxed for 30 min. After the mixture was cooled, the solution was alkalinized with dilute NaOH and the resulting precipitate was filtered. The filtrate was extracted with chloroform, then the organic phase was dried and evaporated. The residue was crystallized from ethyl acetate to obtain colorless crystals suitable for X-ray analysis (yield; 216 mg, 43%).

Refinement

H atoms were located in a difference Fourier map and refined isotropically.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound with the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level.
Fig. 2.
A partial packing diagram. Hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C14H13N3OF(000) = 1008
Mr = 239.27Dx = 1.308 Mg m3
Orthorhombic, PbcaMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ac 2abCell parameters from 13033 reflections
a = 11.0731 (3) Åθ = 2.9–27.5°
b = 8.6571 (2) ŵ = 0.09 mm1
c = 25.3436 (7) ÅT = 120 K
V = 2429.5 (1) Å3Block, colorless
Z = 80.40 × 0.30 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

Nonius Kappa CCD diffractometer2772 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube2447 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.043
[var phi] and ω scansθmax = 27.5°, θmin = 3.1°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2007)h = −14→14
Tmin = 0.968, Tmax = 0.981k = −10→11
11997 measured reflectionsl = −32→16

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.045Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.105All H-atom parameters refined
S = 1.06w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0259P)2 + 1.6489P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2772 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
215 parametersΔρmax = 0.25 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.23 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > 2sigma(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O10.02061 (10)0.04949 (12)0.40376 (4)0.0279 (2)
H10.090 (2)0.038 (2)0.4178 (9)0.054 (6)*
N10.25101 (12)0.48299 (16)0.44171 (5)0.0300 (3)
N20.18457 (11)0.44939 (15)0.40068 (5)0.0295 (3)
N30.08582 (11)0.37136 (13)0.41711 (4)0.0222 (3)
C10.19546 (12)0.42532 (16)0.48602 (5)0.0224 (3)
C20.22997 (13)0.43162 (17)0.53950 (5)0.0240 (3)
H20.3052 (16)0.479 (2)0.5494 (7)0.029 (4)*
C30.15335 (14)0.36306 (17)0.57508 (5)0.0253 (3)
H30.1736 (15)0.3631 (19)0.6119 (7)0.030 (4)*
C40.04479 (14)0.29030 (16)0.55904 (6)0.0255 (3)
H4−0.0089 (16)0.240 (2)0.5866 (8)0.036 (5)*
C50.01041 (13)0.28261 (16)0.50680 (6)0.0228 (3)
H5−0.0631 (15)0.232 (2)0.4957 (7)0.028 (4)*
C60.08867 (12)0.35214 (15)0.47059 (5)0.0199 (3)
C70.00031 (13)0.31427 (16)0.37785 (5)0.0229 (3)
H71−0.0807 (15)0.3138 (18)0.3945 (6)0.022 (4)*
H720.0019 (15)0.388 (2)0.3473 (7)0.028 (4)*
C80.03379 (12)0.15050 (16)0.36022 (5)0.0216 (3)
H80.1203 (14)0.1535 (17)0.3473 (6)0.021 (4)*
C9−0.04730 (12)0.09913 (16)0.31533 (5)0.0214 (3)
C10−0.13758 (13)−0.00987 (17)0.32359 (5)0.0248 (3)
H10−0.1479 (15)−0.0567 (19)0.3588 (7)0.032 (4)*
C11−0.21348 (14)−0.05425 (19)0.28253 (6)0.0303 (3)
H11−0.2784 (17)−0.134 (2)0.2882 (7)0.039 (5)*
C12−0.19924 (15)0.00902 (19)0.23260 (6)0.0317 (3)
H12−0.2518 (18)−0.023 (2)0.2038 (8)0.043 (5)*
C13−0.10914 (15)0.11692 (19)0.22396 (6)0.0318 (3)
H13−0.0995 (17)0.162 (2)0.1892 (8)0.041 (5)*
C14−0.03327 (14)0.16238 (17)0.26496 (6)0.0270 (3)
H140.0301 (16)0.238 (2)0.2584 (7)0.032 (4)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0291 (6)0.0264 (5)0.0282 (5)−0.0010 (4)−0.0097 (4)0.0070 (4)
N10.0289 (6)0.0409 (7)0.0201 (6)−0.0107 (5)0.0015 (5)−0.0021 (5)
N20.0311 (6)0.0367 (7)0.0206 (6)−0.0111 (6)0.0016 (5)0.0001 (5)
N30.0250 (6)0.0238 (6)0.0176 (5)−0.0032 (5)−0.0009 (4)0.0004 (4)
C10.0222 (6)0.0248 (7)0.0202 (6)−0.0007 (5)0.0013 (5)−0.0008 (5)
C20.0235 (7)0.0265 (7)0.0221 (7)0.0007 (6)−0.0024 (5)−0.0037 (5)
C30.0339 (8)0.0237 (7)0.0184 (6)0.0030 (6)−0.0022 (6)−0.0002 (5)
C40.0332 (8)0.0219 (7)0.0213 (7)−0.0005 (6)0.0047 (6)0.0012 (5)
C50.0245 (7)0.0213 (7)0.0227 (7)−0.0025 (5)0.0015 (5)−0.0003 (5)
C60.0227 (6)0.0191 (6)0.0178 (6)0.0017 (5)−0.0009 (5)−0.0002 (5)
C70.0269 (7)0.0240 (7)0.0178 (6)0.0001 (5)−0.0051 (5)−0.0004 (5)
C80.0205 (6)0.0232 (7)0.0212 (6)0.0001 (5)−0.0013 (5)−0.0002 (5)
C90.0212 (6)0.0233 (7)0.0197 (6)0.0048 (5)0.0004 (5)−0.0042 (5)
C100.0239 (7)0.0307 (7)0.0197 (6)0.0000 (6)0.0014 (5)−0.0046 (6)
C110.0269 (7)0.0376 (8)0.0263 (7)−0.0032 (6)−0.0011 (6)−0.0098 (6)
C120.0322 (8)0.0401 (9)0.0227 (7)0.0071 (7)−0.0065 (6)−0.0109 (6)
C130.0439 (9)0.0340 (8)0.0176 (7)0.0078 (7)−0.0013 (6)−0.0024 (6)
C140.0317 (8)0.0274 (7)0.0218 (7)0.0015 (6)0.0033 (6)−0.0016 (6)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C81.4154 (17)C7—H710.992 (17)
O1—H10.86 (2)C7—H721.003 (17)
N1—C11.3743 (18)C8—C71.5320 (19)
N2—N11.3067 (17)C8—C91.5161 (18)
N3—N21.3511 (16)C8—H81.012 (16)
N3—C61.3659 (16)C9—C101.390 (2)
N3—C71.4597 (17)C9—C141.3978 (19)
C1—C21.4091 (18)C10—C111.392 (2)
C2—H20.962 (18)C10—H100.986 (18)
C3—C21.373 (2)C11—H111.005 (19)
C3—H30.960 (17)C12—C131.384 (2)
C4—C31.417 (2)C12—C111.388 (2)
C4—C51.3793 (19)C12—H120.98 (2)
C4—H41.014 (19)C13—H130.97 (2)
C5—H50.965 (17)C14—C131.393 (2)
C6—C11.3974 (19)C14—H140.972 (18)
C6—C51.3983 (19)
C8—O1—H1107.8 (15)C8—C7—H71109.9 (9)
N2—N1—C1108.51 (12)C8—C7—H72111.1 (10)
N1—N2—N3108.76 (11)H71—C7—H72110.3 (13)
N2—N3—C6110.37 (11)O1—C8—C7108.63 (11)
N2—N3—C7118.95 (11)O1—C8—C9110.04 (11)
C6—N3—C7130.55 (12)O1—C8—H8111.5 (9)
N1—C1—C2130.58 (13)C9—C8—C7110.30 (11)
N1—C1—C6108.35 (12)C9—C8—H8108.9 (9)
C6—C1—C2121.07 (13)C7—C8—H8107.4 (9)
C1—C2—H2120.1 (10)C10—C9—C8120.79 (12)
C3—C2—C1116.58 (13)C10—C9—C14118.89 (13)
C3—C2—H2123.2 (10)C14—C9—C8120.31 (13)
C2—C3—C4121.87 (13)C9—C10—C11120.60 (14)
C2—C3—H3119.6 (10)C9—C10—H10119.9 (10)
C4—C3—H3118.5 (10)C11—C10—H10119.5 (10)
C3—C4—H4119.4 (11)C10—C11—H11120.9 (11)
C5—C4—C3122.08 (13)C12—C11—C10120.28 (15)
C5—C4—H4118.5 (11)C12—C11—H11118.8 (10)
C4—C5—C6115.99 (13)C11—C12—H12120.1 (12)
C4—C5—H5122.4 (10)C13—C12—C11119.50 (14)
C6—C5—H5121.6 (10)C13—C12—H12120.4 (12)
N3—C6—C1104.01 (12)C12—C13—C14120.49 (14)
N3—C6—C5133.57 (13)C12—C13—H13119.5 (11)
C1—C6—C5122.41 (12)C14—C13—H13120.0 (12)
N3—C7—C8110.81 (11)C9—C14—H14120.0 (11)
N3—C7—H71107.3 (9)C13—C14—C9120.24 (14)
N3—C7—H72107.4 (10)C13—C14—H14119.8 (11)
N2—N1—C1—C2−179.62 (15)C5—C6—C1—N1−179.32 (13)
N2—N1—C1—C60.05 (17)C5—C6—C1—C20.4 (2)
N3—N2—N1—C10.35 (17)N3—C6—C5—C4−178.54 (14)
C6—N3—N2—N1−0.64 (16)C1—C6—C5—C40.0 (2)
C7—N3—N2—N1−177.00 (12)O1—C8—C7—N365.40 (14)
N2—N3—C6—C10.64 (15)C9—C8—C7—N3−173.92 (11)
N2—N3—C6—C5179.36 (15)O1—C8—C9—C1013.06 (17)
N2—N3—C7—C890.35 (15)O1—C8—C9—C14−167.73 (12)
C6—N3—C7—C8−85.16 (17)C7—C8—C9—C10−106.78 (15)
C7—N3—C6—C1176.45 (13)C7—C8—C9—C1472.44 (16)
C7—N3—C6—C5−4.8 (3)C8—C9—C10—C11178.62 (13)
N1—C1—C2—C3179.42 (15)C14—C9—C10—C11−0.6 (2)
C6—C1—C2—C3−0.2 (2)C8—C9—C14—C13−178.95 (13)
C4—C3—C2—C1−0.3 (2)C10—C9—C14—C130.3 (2)
C5—C4—C3—C20.7 (2)C9—C10—C11—C120.5 (2)
C3—C4—C5—C6−0.5 (2)C13—C12—C11—C10−0.2 (2)
N3—C6—C1—N1−0.42 (15)C11—C12—C13—C14−0.2 (2)
N3—C6—C1—C2179.29 (13)C9—C14—C13—C120.1 (2)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O1—H1···N1i0.85 (2)1.92 (2)2.766 (2)170 (2)
C11—H11···Cg3ii1.01 (2)2.94 (2)3.850 (2)151 (1)

Symmetry codes: (i) ; (ii) x, −y−3/2, z−1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: IM2186).

References

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