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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 January 1; 66(Pt 1): o22.
Published online 2009 December 4. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809050806
PMCID: PMC2980024

Phenyl N-cyclo­hexyl­carbamate

Abstract

In the title compound, C13H17NO2, the dihedral angle between the benzene ring and the basal plane of the cyclo­hexyl ring is 49.55 (8)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by N—H(...)O hydrogen bonds, forming chains propagating in [010].

Related literature

For related structures, see: Shahwar et al. (2009a [triangle],b [triangle], 2010 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-00o22-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C13H17NO2
  • M r = 219.28
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-00o22-efi1.jpg
  • a = 11.4724 (11) Å
  • b = 9.3554 (8) Å
  • c = 11.5212 (10) Å
  • β = 92.380 (5)°
  • V = 1235.49 (19) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.08 mm−1
  • T = 296 K
  • 0.28 × 0.11 × 0.09 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker Kappa APEXII CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2005 [triangle]) T min = 0.987, T max = 0.993
  • 10855 measured reflections
  • 2265 independent reflections
  • 1207 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.043

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.046
  • wR(F 2) = 0.127
  • S = 0.99
  • 2265 reflections
  • 145 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.12 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.16 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]) and PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: WinGX (Farrugia, 1999 [triangle]) and PLATON.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809050806/hb5247sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809050806/hb5247Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

DS is grateful to Dr I. U. Khan and M. N. Arshad for their assistance with the data collection.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The crystal structures of (II) phenyl piperidine-1-carboxylate (Shahwar et al., 2010), (III) phenyl N-(2-methylphenyl)carbamate (Shahwar et al., 2009a) and (IV) phenyl N-phenylcarbamate (Shahwar et al., 2009b) have been reported by us. In continuation to synthesize various carbamates for the study of biological activities, the title compound (I, Fig. 1) is being reported.

In (I), the benzene ring A (C1—C6) is of course planar. The central carbamate group B (O1/O2/C7/N1) and the basal plane C (C9/C10/C12/C13) of cyclohexyl are also planar with maximum r. m. s. deviations of 0.002 and 0.005 Å respectively, from the respective mean square planes. The dihedral angles between A/B, B/C and A/C are 76.26 (8)°, 70.99 (9)° and 52.17 (7)° respectively. The cyclohexyl ring is in the chair conformation with the apical atoms C8 and C11 are at a distance of 0.652 (3) and -0.668 (4) Å respectively, from the basal plane (C9/C10/C12/C13). The molecules are stabilized in the form of polymeric chains (Table 1, Fig. 2).

Experimental

Cyclohexylamine (0.01 M, 1.15 ml) and triethylamine (0.012 M, 1.66 ml) were added to 20 ml dichloromethane in a 50 ml round bottom flask equipped with magnetic stirrer. Phenyl chloroformate (0.01 M, 1.26 ml) was added drop wise with continuous stirring of the contents of the flask. After complete addition the stirring was continued for 30 minutes. Extra dichloromethane was evaporated and then resulting solid was washed with 1M HCl and filtered to get pure product. Recrystallization of the crude product with ethyl acetate affoarded colourless needles of (I).

Refinement

The coordinates of H1N were located in a difference map and refined. The other H-atoms were positioned geometrically (C–H = 0.93–0.97 Å) and refined as riding with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(Carrier).

Figures

Fig. 1.
View of (I) with displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 50% probability level.
Fig. 2.
The partial packing of (I), which shows that molecules form infinite chains.

Crystal data

C13H17NO2F(000) = 472
Mr = 219.28Dx = 1.179 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 2265 reflections
a = 11.4724 (11) Åθ = 2.8–25.4°
b = 9.3554 (8) ŵ = 0.08 mm1
c = 11.5212 (10) ÅT = 296 K
β = 92.380 (5)°Needle, colourless
V = 1235.49 (19) Å30.28 × 0.11 × 0.09 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Bruker Kappa APEXII CCD diffractometer2265 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1207 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.043
Detector resolution: 7.90 pixels mm-1θmax = 25.4°, θmin = 2.8°
ω scansh = −13→13
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2005)k = −11→11
Tmin = 0.987, Tmax = 0.993l = −13→13
10855 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.046Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.127H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 0.99w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0463P)2 + 0.1974P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2265 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
145 parametersΔρmax = 0.12 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.16 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. Bond distances, angles etc. have been calculated using the rounded fractional coordinates. All su's are estimated from the variances of the (full) variance-covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account in the estimation of distances, angles and torsion angles
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O1−0.09944 (15)0.52058 (14)0.31355 (14)0.0774 (7)
O2−0.03969 (14)0.74215 (15)0.26826 (13)0.0704 (6)
N10.06141 (17)0.54662 (18)0.21748 (16)0.0592 (7)
C1−0.1882 (2)0.5766 (2)0.3782 (2)0.0562 (9)
C2−0.16451 (18)0.62858 (16)0.48728 (15)0.0657 (10)
C3−0.25438 (18)0.67436 (16)0.55214 (15)0.0756 (10)
C4−0.3657 (3)0.6653 (3)0.5093 (3)0.0874 (12)
C5−0.3892 (3)0.6127 (3)0.4005 (3)0.0941 (12)
C6−0.2992 (3)0.5681 (3)0.3342 (2)0.0769 (11)
C7−0.0243 (2)0.6158 (2)0.26526 (17)0.0513 (8)
C80.15329 (19)0.6175 (2)0.15547 (17)0.0503 (8)
C90.1297 (2)0.6138 (2)0.02537 (18)0.0640 (9)
C100.2269 (2)0.6843 (3)−0.03874 (19)0.0759 (10)
C110.3421 (2)0.6149 (3)−0.0078 (2)0.0790 (11)
C120.3672 (2)0.6198 (3)0.1221 (2)0.0861 (11)
C130.2694 (2)0.5510 (3)0.18732 (19)0.0687 (10)
H1N0.0588 (19)0.456 (2)0.2198 (17)0.0710*
H2−0.088040.632850.517180.0788*
H3−0.238930.711870.625930.0905*
H4−0.426590.695120.554350.1045*
H5−0.465880.606960.371270.1126*
H6−0.314500.532400.259750.0923*
H80.155980.717760.179960.0604*
H9A0.056750.662610.006350.0768*
H9B0.121550.515290.000040.0768*
H10A0.210670.67673−0.121800.0910*
H10B0.230690.78500−0.018760.0910*
H11A0.403670.66398−0.047040.0947*
H11B0.340650.51622−0.033740.0947*
H12A0.376300.718500.146660.1033*
H12B0.439790.570230.140830.1033*
H13A0.266460.449660.169600.0825*
H13B0.285550.561320.270210.0825*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0806 (13)0.0403 (9)0.1156 (13)−0.0035 (8)0.0577 (11)−0.0012 (8)
O20.0816 (13)0.0329 (8)0.0991 (12)0.0038 (8)0.0325 (9)0.0029 (8)
N10.0672 (14)0.0331 (9)0.0796 (14)−0.0014 (10)0.0321 (11)0.0008 (9)
C10.0607 (18)0.0409 (12)0.0687 (16)0.0029 (11)0.0232 (14)0.0050 (11)
C20.0613 (18)0.0572 (14)0.0786 (18)−0.0003 (12)0.0025 (14)0.0031 (13)
C30.094 (2)0.0744 (17)0.0594 (16)0.0046 (16)0.0156 (16)0.0005 (12)
C40.077 (2)0.102 (2)0.086 (2)0.0202 (17)0.0361 (18)0.0012 (16)
C50.056 (2)0.127 (2)0.099 (2)0.0117 (16)0.0010 (17)−0.0054 (19)
C60.078 (2)0.0915 (19)0.0615 (17)0.0040 (15)0.0065 (16)−0.0072 (13)
C70.0600 (16)0.0359 (12)0.0593 (13)−0.0039 (11)0.0165 (11)0.0001 (10)
C80.0569 (16)0.0398 (11)0.0553 (14)−0.0073 (10)0.0152 (11)−0.0018 (9)
C90.0624 (18)0.0666 (15)0.0628 (15)−0.0008 (12)0.0012 (13)0.0054 (11)
C100.093 (2)0.0819 (17)0.0537 (15)−0.0121 (16)0.0139 (15)0.0079 (12)
C110.072 (2)0.097 (2)0.0701 (18)−0.0193 (15)0.0284 (15)−0.0077 (14)
C120.0556 (19)0.124 (2)0.0791 (19)−0.0113 (16)0.0093 (14)0.0037 (16)
C130.0644 (19)0.0845 (17)0.0572 (15)0.0016 (13)0.0025 (13)0.0076 (12)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C11.389 (3)C12—C131.519 (3)
O1—C71.373 (3)C2—H20.9300
O2—C71.196 (2)C3—H30.9300
N1—C71.317 (3)C4—H40.9300
N1—C81.457 (3)C5—H50.9300
N1—H1N0.849 (19)C6—H60.9300
C1—C21.364 (3)C8—H80.9800
C1—C61.353 (4)C9—H9A0.9700
C2—C31.367 (3)C9—H9B0.9700
C3—C41.353 (4)C10—H10A0.9700
C4—C51.363 (5)C10—H10B0.9700
C5—C61.375 (5)C11—H11A0.9700
C8—C131.502 (3)C11—H11B0.9700
C8—C91.512 (3)C12—H12A0.9700
C9—C101.514 (3)C12—H12B0.9700
C10—C111.502 (3)C13—H13A0.9700
C11—C121.513 (3)C13—H13B0.9700
C1—O1—C7117.32 (15)C1—C6—H6120.00
C7—N1—C8123.31 (17)C5—C6—H6120.00
C7—N1—H1N116.7 (15)N1—C8—H8108.00
C8—N1—H1N119.8 (14)C9—C8—H8108.00
O1—C1—C2120.4 (2)C13—C8—H8108.00
O1—C1—C6118.5 (2)C8—C9—H9A109.00
C2—C1—C6121.0 (2)C8—C9—H9B109.00
C1—C2—C3119.29 (19)C10—C9—H9A109.00
C2—C3—C4120.2 (2)C10—C9—H9B109.00
C3—C4—C5120.4 (3)H9A—C9—H9B108.00
C4—C5—C6119.8 (3)C9—C10—H10A110.00
C1—C6—C5119.4 (2)C9—C10—H10B110.00
O1—C7—O2122.3 (2)C11—C10—H10A109.00
O1—C7—N1110.04 (16)C11—C10—H10B109.00
O2—C7—N1127.7 (2)H10A—C10—H10B108.00
N1—C8—C9111.85 (17)C10—C11—H11A110.00
C9—C8—C13110.68 (17)C10—C11—H11B110.00
N1—C8—C13110.12 (17)C12—C11—H11A110.00
C8—C9—C10111.62 (18)C12—C11—H11B109.00
C9—C10—C11110.8 (2)H11A—C11—H11B108.00
C10—C11—C12110.56 (19)C11—C12—H12A109.00
C11—C12—C13111.24 (19)C11—C12—H12B109.00
C8—C13—C12111.7 (2)C13—C12—H12A109.00
C1—C2—H2120.00C13—C12—H12B109.00
C3—C2—H2120.00H12A—C12—H12B108.00
C2—C3—H3120.00C8—C13—H13A109.00
C4—C3—H3120.00C8—C13—H13B109.00
C3—C4—H4120.00C12—C13—H13A109.00
C5—C4—H4120.00C12—C13—H13B109.00
C4—C5—H5120.00H13A—C13—H13B108.00
C6—C5—H5120.00
C7—O1—C1—C2−75.3 (2)C1—C2—C3—C41.4 (3)
C7—O1—C1—C6109.8 (2)C2—C3—C4—C5−1.1 (4)
C1—O1—C7—O2−7.1 (3)C3—C4—C5—C60.3 (4)
C1—O1—C7—N1173.43 (18)C4—C5—C6—C10.2 (4)
C8—N1—C7—O1177.79 (18)N1—C8—C9—C10−178.57 (18)
C8—N1—C7—O2−1.7 (4)C13—C8—C9—C10−55.4 (2)
C7—N1—C8—C9−98.5 (2)N1—C8—C13—C12178.63 (18)
C7—N1—C8—C13138.0 (2)C9—C8—C13—C1254.5 (2)
O1—C1—C2—C3−175.67 (16)C8—C9—C10—C1156.9 (2)
C6—C1—C2—C3−0.9 (3)C9—C10—C11—C12−56.8 (3)
O1—C1—C6—C5175.0 (2)C10—C11—C12—C1356.1 (3)
C2—C1—C6—C50.1 (4)C11—C12—C13—C8−55.3 (3)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1N···O2i0.849 (19)2.018 (19)2.865 (2)175 (2)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x, y−1/2, −z+1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: HB5247).

References

  • Bruker (2005). SADABS Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Bruker (2007). APEX2 and SAINT Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1999). J. Appl. Cryst.32, 837–838.
  • Shahwar, D., Tahir, M. N., Ahmad, N., Ullah, S. & Khan, M. A. (2010). Acta Cryst. E66, o21. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shahwar, D., Tahir, M. N., Ahmad, N., Yasmeen, A. & Ullah, S. (2009a). Acta Cryst. E65, o1629. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shahwar, D., Tahir, M. N., Mughal, M. S., Khan, M. A. & Ahmad, N. (2009b). Acta Cryst. E65, o1363. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Spek, A. L. (2009). Acta Cryst. D65, 148–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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