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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 February 1; 66(Pt 2): o278.
Published online 2010 January 9. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809055238
PMCID: PMC2979908

N-(3-Chloro­phen­yl)-4-methyl­benzene­sulfonamide

Abstract

In the title compound, C13H12ClNO2S, the conformation of the N—H bond is anti to the 3-chloro group in the aniline benzene ring. The dihedral angle between the two benzene rings is 73.7 (1)°. The crystal structure features inversion-related dimers linked by pairs of N—H(...)O hydrogen bonds.

Related literature

For the preparation of the title compound, see: Gowda et al. (2005 [triangle]). For our study of the effects of substituents on the structures of N-(ar­yl)-aryl­sulfonamides, see: Gowda et al. (2008 [triangle], 2009 [triangle]); Nirmala et al. (2009 [triangle]). For related structures, see: Gelbrich et al. (2007 [triangle]); Perlovich et al. (2006 [triangle])

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-0o278-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C13H12ClNO2S
  • M r = 281.75
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-0o278-efi1.jpg
  • a = 9.774 (1) Å
  • b = 13.589 (1) Å
  • c = 10.066 (1) Å
  • β = 91.952 (8)°
  • V = 1336.2 (2) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.44 mm−1
  • T = 299 K
  • 0.46 × 0.34 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

  • Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur (TM) diffractometer with a Sapphire CCD detector
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis RED; Oxford Diffraction, 2009 [triangle]) T min = 0.825, T max = 0.918
  • 5167 measured reflections
  • 2445 independent reflections
  • 1957 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.011

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.036
  • wR(F 2) = 0.108
  • S = 1.08
  • 2445 reflections
  • 166 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.22 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.29 e Å−3

Data collection: CrysAlis CCD (Oxford Diffraction, 2009 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2009 [triangle]); data reduction: CrysAlis RED; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809055238/bq2186sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809055238/bq2186Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

In the present work, as part of a study of the effect of substituents on the crystal structures of N-(aryl)-arylsulfonamides (Gowda et al., 2008, 2009; Nirmala et al., 2009), the structure of N-(3-chlorophenyl)4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (I) has been determined. The conformation of the N—C bond in the C1—SO2—NH—C7 segment of the structure has gauche torsions with respect to the S═O bonds (Fig. 1). Further, the conformation of the N—H bond is anti to the 3-chloro group in the aniline benzene ring, similar to that observed in N-(3-chlorophenyl)-benzenesulfonamide (II) (Gowda et al., 2008) and that between the N—H bond and the 3-methyl group in the aniline benzene ring of N-(3-methylphenyl)4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (III) (Nirmala et al., 2009). The molecule is bent at the S atom with the C1—SO2—NH—C7 torsion angle of 54.1 (2)°, compared to the values of -60.1 (2)° in (II), 56.7 (3)° in (III) and -51.6 (3)° in 4-methyl-N-(phenyl)-benzenesulfonamide (IV)(Gowda et al., 2009),

The two benzene rings in (I) are tilted relative to each other by 73.7 (1)°, compared to the values of 65.4 (1)° in (II), 83.9 (1)° in (III) and 68.4 (1)° in (IV). The other bond parameters are similar to those observed in (II), (III), (IV) and other aryl sulfonamides (Perlovich et al., 2006; Gelbrich et al., 2007). The crystal packing stabilized by pairs of intermolecular N—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1) is shown in Fig.2.

Experimental

The solution of toluene (10 ml) in chloroform (40 ml) was treated dropwise with chlorosulfonic acid (25 ml) at 0 ° C. After the initial evolution of hydrogen chloride subsided, the reaction mixture was brought to room temperature and poured into crushed ice in a beaker. The chloroform layer was separated, washed with cold water and allowed to evaporate slowly. The residual benzenesulfonylchloride was treated with 3-chloroaniline in the stoichiometric ratio and boiled for ten minutes. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature and added to ice cold water (100 ml). The resultant solid N-(3-chlorophenyl)4-methylbenzenesulfonamide was filtered under suction and washed thoroughly with cold water. It was then recrystallized to constant melting point from dilute ethanol. The purity of the compound was checked and characterized by recording its infrared and NMR spectra (Gowda et al., 2005). The rod like single crystals used in X-ray diffraction studies were grown in ethanolic solution by a slow evaporation at room temperature.

Refinement

The H atom of the NH group was located in a difference map and later restrained to the distance N—H = 0.86 (2) Å. The other H atoms were positioned with idealized geometry using a riding model with C—H = 0.93–0.96 Å A l l H atoms were refined with isotropic displacement parameters (set to 1.2 times of the Ueq of the parent atom).

Figures

Fig. 1.
Molecular structure of (I), showing the atom labelling scheme and displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 50% probability level.
Fig. 2.
Molecular packing of (I) with hydrogen bonding shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C13H12ClNO2SF(000) = 584
Mr = 281.75Dx = 1.401 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 2689 reflections
a = 9.774 (1) Åθ = 2.5–27.8°
b = 13.589 (1) ŵ = 0.44 mm1
c = 10.066 (1) ÅT = 299 K
β = 91.952 (8)°Rod, colourless
V = 1336.2 (2) Å30.46 × 0.34 × 0.20 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur (TM) diffractometer with a Sapphire CCD detector2445 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1957 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.011
Rotation method data acquisition using ω and phi scansθmax = 25.4°, θmin = 2.5°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis RED; Oxford Diffraction, 2009)h = −11→11
Tmin = 0.825, Tmax = 0.918k = −16→12
5167 measured reflectionsl = −12→7

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.036Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.108H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.08w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.058P)2 + 0.340P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2445 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
166 parametersΔρmax = 0.22 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.29 e Å3

Special details

Experimental. CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2009) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
C10.18744 (19)1.05082 (14)0.08569 (19)0.0411 (4)
C20.0703 (2)1.05677 (18)0.1578 (2)0.0573 (6)
H20.05171.00930.22120.069*
C3−0.0188 (2)1.1340 (2)0.1347 (2)0.0686 (7)
H3−0.09751.13820.18380.082*
C40.0059 (2)1.20537 (18)0.0404 (2)0.0589 (6)
C50.1235 (2)1.19686 (17)−0.0317 (2)0.0605 (6)
H50.14151.2436−0.09630.073*
C60.2143 (2)1.12092 (16)−0.0097 (2)0.0513 (5)
H60.29321.1167−0.05850.062*
C70.42477 (19)1.05956 (14)0.31752 (19)0.0409 (4)
C80.3351 (2)1.03090 (15)0.41417 (19)0.0440 (5)
H80.27850.97650.40110.053*
C90.3317 (2)1.08485 (16)0.5303 (2)0.0488 (5)
C100.4151 (3)1.16417 (17)0.5545 (2)0.0608 (6)
H100.41181.19870.63410.073*
C110.5039 (3)1.19146 (16)0.4578 (3)0.0648 (6)
H110.56131.24520.47250.078*
C120.5092 (2)1.14039 (15)0.3391 (2)0.0527 (5)
H120.56901.16020.27430.063*
C13−0.0920 (3)1.2896 (2)0.0170 (3)0.0881 (9)
H13A−0.10031.32630.09780.106*
H13B−0.18011.2643−0.01100.106*
H13C−0.05811.3318−0.05090.106*
N10.43675 (18)1.00545 (14)0.19789 (17)0.0474 (4)
H1N0.496 (2)1.0277 (16)0.147 (2)0.057*
O10.36308 (15)0.92586 (11)−0.00834 (14)0.0531 (4)
O20.24646 (16)0.88340 (11)0.19738 (15)0.0590 (4)
Cl10.21817 (7)1.04894 (6)0.65092 (6)0.0776 (2)
S10.30698 (5)0.95603 (3)0.11563 (5)0.04334 (18)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
C10.0400 (10)0.0469 (11)0.0364 (10)−0.0042 (9)0.0006 (8)−0.0082 (8)
C20.0446 (12)0.0796 (16)0.0482 (13)0.0006 (11)0.0096 (10)0.0020 (11)
C30.0439 (12)0.103 (2)0.0597 (14)0.0120 (14)0.0071 (10)−0.0142 (15)
C40.0523 (13)0.0638 (14)0.0598 (14)0.0104 (11)−0.0099 (10)−0.0213 (11)
C50.0644 (14)0.0539 (13)0.0634 (14)0.0043 (11)0.0028 (11)0.0018 (11)
C60.0476 (12)0.0504 (12)0.0565 (13)0.0019 (10)0.0111 (10)0.0015 (10)
C70.0384 (10)0.0426 (10)0.0413 (10)0.0033 (8)−0.0031 (8)0.0064 (8)
C80.0414 (10)0.0481 (11)0.0422 (11)−0.0033 (9)−0.0019 (8)0.0020 (9)
C90.0505 (12)0.0542 (12)0.0416 (11)0.0068 (10)−0.0005 (9)0.0003 (9)
C100.0689 (15)0.0522 (13)0.0605 (14)0.0055 (12)−0.0088 (12)−0.0128 (11)
C110.0680 (15)0.0446 (12)0.0808 (17)−0.0101 (11)−0.0119 (13)−0.0024 (12)
C120.0505 (12)0.0470 (11)0.0604 (13)−0.0047 (10)−0.0010 (10)0.0115 (10)
C130.0770 (18)0.082 (2)0.104 (2)0.0302 (16)−0.0137 (16)−0.0218 (17)
N10.0413 (9)0.0591 (11)0.0421 (10)−0.0023 (8)0.0049 (7)0.0019 (8)
O10.0603 (9)0.0530 (8)0.0468 (8)0.0036 (7)0.0123 (7)−0.0074 (7)
O20.0740 (10)0.0513 (8)0.0522 (9)−0.0142 (8)0.0092 (7)0.0052 (7)
Cl10.0747 (4)0.1074 (6)0.0518 (4)−0.0022 (4)0.0189 (3)−0.0061 (3)
S10.0472 (3)0.0436 (3)0.0395 (3)−0.0021 (2)0.0063 (2)−0.0014 (2)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

C1—C21.379 (3)C8—H80.9300
C1—C61.384 (3)C9—C101.368 (3)
C1—S11.758 (2)C9—Cl11.742 (2)
C2—C31.378 (3)C10—C111.377 (3)
C2—H20.9300C10—H100.9300
C3—C41.384 (4)C11—C121.384 (3)
C3—H30.9300C11—H110.9300
C4—C51.386 (3)C12—H120.9300
C4—C131.505 (3)C13—H13A0.9600
C5—C61.374 (3)C13—H13B0.9600
C5—H50.9300C13—H13C0.9600
C6—H60.9300N1—S11.6352 (18)
C7—C121.387 (3)N1—H1N0.84 (2)
C7—C81.387 (3)O1—S11.4396 (14)
C7—N11.419 (3)O2—S11.4263 (15)
C8—C91.381 (3)
C2—C1—C6120.4 (2)C8—C9—Cl1118.38 (17)
C2—C1—S1120.76 (17)C9—C10—C11118.2 (2)
C6—C1—S1118.84 (15)C9—C10—H10120.9
C3—C2—C1119.1 (2)C11—C10—H10120.9
C3—C2—H2120.4C10—C11—C12121.2 (2)
C1—C2—H2120.4C10—C11—H11119.4
C2—C3—C4121.7 (2)C12—C11—H11119.4
C2—C3—H3119.1C11—C12—C7119.5 (2)
C4—C3—H3119.1C11—C12—H12120.2
C3—C4—C5117.9 (2)C7—C12—H12120.2
C3—C4—C13121.1 (2)C4—C13—H13A109.5
C5—C4—C13121.1 (3)C4—C13—H13B109.5
C6—C5—C4121.4 (2)H13A—C13—H13B109.5
C6—C5—H5119.3C4—C13—H13C109.5
C4—C5—H5119.3H13A—C13—H13C109.5
C5—C6—C1119.4 (2)H13B—C13—H13C109.5
C5—C6—H6120.3C7—N1—S1123.88 (14)
C1—C6—H6120.3C7—N1—H1N114.0 (16)
C12—C7—C8119.96 (19)S1—N1—H1N112.3 (17)
C12—C7—N1118.52 (18)O2—S1—O1118.73 (9)
C8—C7—N1121.47 (18)O2—S1—N1108.77 (10)
C9—C8—C7118.59 (19)O1—S1—N1104.13 (9)
C9—C8—H8120.7O2—S1—C1108.64 (10)
C7—C8—H8120.7O1—S1—C1109.30 (9)
C10—C9—C8122.5 (2)N1—S1—C1106.58 (9)
C10—C9—Cl1119.08 (17)
C6—C1—C2—C3−0.7 (3)C9—C10—C11—C120.0 (4)
S1—C1—C2—C3177.82 (18)C10—C11—C12—C7−0.7 (3)
C1—C2—C3—C40.4 (4)C8—C7—C12—C110.5 (3)
C2—C3—C4—C50.4 (4)N1—C7—C12—C11−176.95 (19)
C2—C3—C4—C13−179.6 (2)C12—C7—N1—S1−143.42 (17)
C3—C4—C5—C6−0.8 (4)C8—C7—N1—S139.2 (3)
C13—C4—C5—C6179.2 (2)C7—N1—S1—O2−62.89 (19)
C4—C5—C6—C10.5 (3)C7—N1—S1—O1169.58 (16)
C2—C1—C6—C50.3 (3)C7—N1—S1—C154.08 (19)
S1—C1—C6—C5−178.30 (17)C2—C1—S1—O212.5 (2)
C12—C7—C8—C90.5 (3)C6—C1—S1—O2−168.94 (16)
N1—C7—C8—C9177.84 (18)C2—C1—S1—O1143.48 (17)
C7—C8—C9—C10−1.3 (3)C6—C1—S1—O1−37.97 (19)
C7—C8—C9—Cl1179.61 (15)C2—C1—S1—N1−104.55 (18)
C8—C9—C10—C111.0 (3)C6—C1—S1—N174.00 (18)
Cl1—C9—C10—C11−179.88 (18)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1N···O1i0.84 (2)2.09 (2)2.932 (2)175 (2)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, −y+2, −z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: BQ2186).

References

  • Gelbrich, T., Hursthouse, M. B. & Threlfall, T. L. (2007). Acta Cryst. B63, 621–632. [PubMed]
  • Gowda, B. T., Foro, S., Babitha, K. S. & Fuess, H. (2008). Acta Cryst. E64, o1825. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gowda, B. T., Foro, S., Nirmala, P. G., Terao, H. & Fuess, H. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, o1219. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gowda, B. T., Shetty, M. & Jayalakshmi, K. L. (2005). Z. Naturforsch. Teil A, 60, 106–112.
  • Nirmala, P. G., Gowda, B. T., Foro, S. & Fuess, H. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, o3208. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Oxford Diffraction (2009). CrysAlis CCD and CrysAlis RED Oxford Diffraction Ltd, Yarnton, England.
  • Perlovich, G. L., Tkachev, V. V., Schaper, K.-J. & Raevsky, O. A. (2006). Acta Cryst. E62, o780–o782.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Spek, A. L. (2009). Acta Cryst. D65, 148–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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