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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 February 1; 66(Pt 2): o421.
Published online 2010 January 23. doi:  10.1107/S160053681000214X
PMCID: PMC2979889

(E)-1-(3-Cyano­benzyl­idene)thio­semi­carbazide N,N-dimethyl­formamide solvate

Abstract

The title compound, C9H8N4S·C3H7NO, adopts an E configuration about both the C=N and C—N bonds. Inter­molecular N—H(...)O hydrogen bonding links the compound to the DMF solvent molecule. The crystal packing is characterized by chains of mol­ecules linked by inter­molecular N—H(...)S hydrogen-bonding inter­actions.

Related literature

For the biological activity of thio­semicarbazones, see: Lovejoy & Richardson et al. (2002 [triangle]). For a related structure, see: Wu et al. (2009 [triangle]). For comparitive geometrical parameters, see: Sutton et al. (1965 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-0o421-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C9H8N4S·C3H7NO
  • M r = 277.35
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-0o421-efi1.jpg
  • a = 7.312 (7) Å
  • b = 8.945 (3) Å
  • c = 22.316 (19) Å
  • β = 92.12 (2)°
  • V = 1458.6 (19) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.22 mm−1
  • T = 293 K
  • 0.20 × 0.20 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

  • Rigaku Mercury2 diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrystalClear; Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]) T min = 0.742, T max = 1.000
  • 9561 measured reflections
  • 3280 independent reflections
  • 2065 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.052

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.055
  • wR(F 2) = 0.109
  • S = 1.01
  • 3280 reflections
  • 172 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.18 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.20 e Å−3

Data collection: CrystalClear (Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrystalClear; data reduction: CrystalClear; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S160053681000214X/pv2253sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053681000214X/pv2253Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation (2008NXY25) of Nanjing Xiaozhuang University.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The antiproliferative activity of a series of thiosemicarbazones has been reported (Lovejoy & Richardson, 2002). As a research on thiosemicarbazones, the synthesis and crystal structure of a new Schiff base compound derived from thiosemicarbazide and 3-cyanobenzaldehyde has been presented in this article. The crystal structure of 4-cyanobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone which is closely related to the title compound has been reported recently (Wu et al. 2009).

The thiosemicarbazone moiety in the title compound (Fig. 1) is nearly planar and shows an E configuration about both the C9—N3 and C8═N2 bonds. The C—S bond distance of 1.680 (2) Å agrees well with similar bonds in related compounds, being intermediate between 1.82 Å for a C—S single bond and 1.56 Å for a C═S double bond (Sutton et al. 1965). All the bond distances except for the C6—C9 (bond length, 1.448 (3) Å) fall within the normal range. The intermolecular N—H···O hydrogen bond stabilizes the molecular conformation. In the crystal packing, adjacent molecules are linked by N—H···S hydrogen bonds (Table 1 and Fig. 2) to form chains running parallel to the a axis. Weak interactions of the type C—H···O are also present in the structure.

Experimental

The title compound was synthesized by refluxing 3-cyanobenzaldehyde (2.1 g, 16 mmol) and thiosemicarbazide (1.46 g, 16 mmol) in absolute ethanol (50 ml) for 10 h. After cooling to room temperature, the white solid formed was isolated and dried under vacuum. The title compound was isolated using column chromatography (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate-2:1). Single crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis were obtained from slow evaporation of DMF solution.

Refinement

H atoms were placed in calculated positions and refined using a riding model, with N—H = 0.86 Å, C—H = 0.93–0.96 Å and with Uiso(H) = 1.2 and 1.5 times Ueq of nonmethyl and methyl type H-atoms.

Figures

Fig. 1.
Perspective structure of the title compound, showing the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 30% probability level.
Fig. 2.
The crystal packing of the title compound viewed along the a axis showing the two-dimensionnal hydrogen bondings network. H-atoms non involved in H-bonding interactions have been excluded for clarity.

Crystal data

C9H8N4S·C3H7NOF(000) = 584
Mr = 277.35Dx = 1.263 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ynCell parameters from 2851 reflections
a = 7.312 (7) Åθ = 2.3–27.4°
b = 8.945 (3) ŵ = 0.22 mm1
c = 22.316 (19) ÅT = 293 K
β = 92.12 (2)°Block, pale yellow
V = 1458.6 (19) Å30.20 × 0.20 × 0.20 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Rigaku Mercury2 diffractometer3280 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube2065 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.052
Detector resolution: 13.6612 pixels mm-1θmax = 27.4°, θmin = 2.5°
CCD_Profile_fitting scansh = −7→9
Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrystalClear; Rigaku, 2005)k = −11→11
Tmin = 0.742, Tmax = 1.000l = −28→24
9561 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.055Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.109H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.01w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.020P)2 + 0.850P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
3280 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
172 parametersΔρmax = 0.18 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.20 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
S10.60691 (11)0.46135 (8)0.74146 (3)0.0636 (2)
N20.7389 (2)0.40996 (19)0.57477 (8)0.0425 (4)
N30.6727 (2)0.4707 (2)0.62652 (8)0.0451 (5)
H3A0.61980.55660.62580.054*
C60.8765 (3)0.2925 (2)0.46844 (10)0.0430 (5)
H6A0.88570.23270.50250.052*
N40.7782 (3)0.2634 (2)0.67556 (9)0.0585 (6)
H4A0.81810.23200.64200.070*
H4B0.79390.21020.70740.070*
C80.7256 (3)0.4903 (2)0.52748 (10)0.0428 (5)
H8A0.67240.58460.52880.051*
C90.6924 (3)0.3936 (2)0.67810 (10)0.0441 (5)
C71.0229 (3)0.0938 (3)0.41270 (10)0.0518 (6)
C10.7947 (3)0.4329 (2)0.47102 (9)0.0402 (5)
N11.0774 (3)−0.0249 (3)0.41178 (10)0.0714 (7)
C50.9444 (3)0.2423 (2)0.41459 (10)0.0444 (5)
C20.7832 (3)0.5198 (3)0.41938 (10)0.0501 (6)
H2B0.72950.61400.42070.060*
C30.8504 (3)0.4685 (3)0.36610 (10)0.0565 (6)
H3B0.84070.52810.33200.068*
C40.9316 (3)0.3298 (3)0.36311 (10)0.0535 (6)
H4C0.97700.29530.32730.064*
N50.4289 (3)0.9814 (2)0.63750 (9)0.0565 (5)
C100.4945 (4)0.8452 (3)0.64567 (13)0.0641 (7)
H10A0.49040.80550.68410.077*
O10.5606 (3)0.76602 (19)0.60695 (9)0.0718 (6)
C110.4348 (4)1.0502 (3)0.57878 (13)0.0756 (8)
H11A0.48690.98130.55120.113*
H11B0.50851.13890.58130.113*
H11C0.31291.07590.56500.113*
C120.3501 (4)1.0680 (4)0.68517 (15)0.0925 (11)
H12A0.35211.00990.72140.139*
H12B0.22611.09360.67400.139*
H12C0.42021.15770.69170.139*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
S10.0917 (5)0.0516 (4)0.0489 (4)−0.0029 (4)0.0207 (3)−0.0114 (3)
N20.0512 (12)0.0372 (9)0.0396 (10)0.0037 (8)0.0069 (9)−0.0025 (8)
N30.0550 (12)0.0366 (9)0.0444 (11)0.0082 (9)0.0102 (9)−0.0053 (8)
C60.0502 (14)0.0383 (12)0.0403 (12)0.0002 (10)0.0011 (10)0.0022 (9)
N40.0848 (16)0.0461 (11)0.0454 (12)0.0152 (11)0.0121 (11)0.0056 (9)
C80.0450 (13)0.0359 (12)0.0477 (14)0.0064 (10)0.0030 (10)−0.0018 (10)
C90.0508 (15)0.0351 (11)0.0465 (13)−0.0047 (10)0.0054 (11)−0.0038 (10)
C70.0604 (16)0.0490 (14)0.0468 (14)0.0050 (12)0.0114 (12)−0.0048 (11)
C10.0421 (13)0.0373 (12)0.0413 (12)0.0011 (9)0.0014 (10)−0.0015 (9)
N10.0898 (18)0.0539 (14)0.0718 (16)0.0190 (13)0.0214 (13)−0.0032 (12)
C50.0486 (14)0.0392 (12)0.0454 (13)0.0005 (10)0.0031 (11)−0.0050 (10)
C20.0603 (16)0.0407 (12)0.0492 (14)0.0063 (11)−0.0003 (12)0.0025 (11)
C30.0730 (18)0.0554 (15)0.0408 (14)0.0039 (13)0.0006 (12)0.0081 (12)
C40.0642 (17)0.0558 (15)0.0411 (14)−0.0010 (13)0.0075 (12)−0.0042 (11)
N50.0650 (14)0.0431 (11)0.0621 (14)0.0022 (10)0.0117 (11)−0.0079 (10)
C100.074 (2)0.0515 (16)0.0665 (18)−0.0059 (14)0.0011 (15)0.0052 (13)
O10.0870 (15)0.0432 (10)0.0860 (14)0.0116 (10)0.0131 (11)−0.0066 (10)
C110.088 (2)0.0541 (17)0.086 (2)0.0066 (15)0.0132 (17)0.0126 (15)
C120.095 (2)0.083 (2)0.102 (3)−0.0076 (19)0.034 (2)−0.0443 (19)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

S1—C91.680 (2)C2—C31.382 (3)
N2—C81.277 (3)C2—H2B0.9300
N2—N31.380 (2)C3—C41.378 (3)
N3—C91.345 (3)C3—H3B0.9300
N3—H3A0.8600C4—H4C0.9300
C6—C51.392 (3)N5—C101.320 (3)
C6—C11.393 (3)N5—C111.450 (3)
C6—H6A0.9300N5—C121.452 (3)
N4—C91.325 (3)C10—O11.230 (3)
N4—H4A0.8600C10—H10A0.9300
N4—H4B0.8600C11—H11A0.9600
C8—C11.467 (3)C11—H11B0.9600
C8—H8A0.9300C11—H11C0.9600
C7—N11.135 (3)C12—H12A0.9600
C7—C51.447 (3)C12—H12B0.9600
C1—C21.390 (3)C12—H12C0.9600
C5—C41.390 (3)
C8—N2—N3116.85 (18)C1—C2—H2B119.5
C9—N3—N2118.97 (18)C4—C3—C2120.5 (2)
C9—N3—H3A120.5C4—C3—H3B119.7
N2—N3—H3A120.5C2—C3—H3B119.7
C5—C6—C1119.6 (2)C3—C4—C5118.9 (2)
C5—C6—H6A120.2C3—C4—H4C120.6
C1—C6—H6A120.2C5—C4—H4C120.6
C9—N4—H4A120.0C10—N5—C11119.6 (2)
C9—N4—H4B120.0C10—N5—C12122.9 (3)
H4A—N4—H4B120.0C11—N5—C12117.5 (2)
N2—C8—C1119.7 (2)O1—C10—N5125.8 (3)
N2—C8—H8A120.2O1—C10—H10A117.1
C1—C8—H8A120.2N5—C10—H10A117.1
N4—C9—N3116.8 (2)N5—C11—H11A109.5
N4—C9—S1123.00 (18)N5—C11—H11B109.5
N3—C9—S1120.24 (17)H11A—C11—H11B109.5
N1—C7—C5177.1 (3)N5—C11—H11C109.5
C2—C1—C6118.9 (2)H11A—C11—H11C109.5
C2—C1—C8120.3 (2)H11B—C11—H11C109.5
C6—C1—C8120.8 (2)N5—C12—H12A109.5
C4—C5—C6121.1 (2)N5—C12—H12B109.5
C4—C5—C7120.5 (2)H12A—C12—H12B109.5
C6—C5—C7118.4 (2)N5—C12—H12C109.5
C3—C2—C1121.0 (2)H12A—C12—H12C109.5
C3—C2—H2B119.5H12B—C12—H12C109.5

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N3—H3A···O10.861.962.795 (3)162
N4—H4A···N20.862.252.610 (3)105
N4—H4A···N1i0.862.353.101 (3)146
N4—H4B···S1ii0.862.593.364 (2)150
C8—H8A···O10.932.543.293 (3)138
C11—H11A···O10.962.342.767 (3)106

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, −y, −z+1; (ii) −x+3/2, y−1/2, −z+3/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: PV2253).

References

  • Lovejoy, D. B. & Richardson, D. R. (2002). Blood, 100, 666–676. [PubMed]
  • Rigaku (2005). CrystalClear Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Sutton, L. E. (1965). Tables of Interatomic Distances and Configurations in Molecules and Ions, Suppl. London: The Chemical Society.
  • Wu, D.-H., Zhang, Y.-H., Li, Z.-F. & Li, Y.-H. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, o107. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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