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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 May 1; 66(Pt 5): m492.
Published online 2010 April 10. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810012274
PMCID: PMC2979263

Dianilinedichloridozinc(II)

Abstract

In the title compound, [ZnCl2(C6H7N)2], the ZnII ion (site symmetry 2) adopts a near-regular tetra­hedral ZnN2Cl2 coordination geometry. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by N—H(...)Cl hydrogen bonds, generating (100) sheets containing R 2 2(8) loops.

Related literature

For the graph-set analysis of hydrogen-bond patterns, see: Bernstein et al. (1995 [triangle]). For applications of zinc complexes, see: Park et al. (2008 [triangle]) and for a related structure, see: Ejaz et al. (2009 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-0m492-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • [ZnCl2(C6H7N)2]
  • M r = 322.52
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-0m492-efi1.jpg
  • a = 26.0713 (7) Å
  • b = 4.7958 (1) Å
  • c = 11.5880 (3) Å
  • β = 108.823 (1)°
  • V = 1371.39 (6) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 2.16 mm−1
  • T = 296 K
  • 0.41 × 0.38 × 0.36 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker Kappa APEXII CCD diffractometer
  • 6369 measured reflections
  • 1687 independent reflections
  • 1523 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.024

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.025
  • wR(F 2) = 0.102
  • S = 1.01
  • 1687 reflections
  • 86 parameters
  • 2 restraints
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.42 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.60 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2009 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2009 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 for Windows (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: WinGX (Farrugia, 1999 [triangle]).

Table 1
Selected geometric parameters (Å, °)
Table 2
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810012274/hb5384sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810012274/hb5384Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

IUK thanks the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for its financial support under the project ‘Strengthening of the Materials Chemistry Laboratory’ at GCUL.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound is supramolecular complex of ZnII having weak non-classical (N–H···Cl) hydrogen bonds, these non-classical hydrogen bonds act as structural motif for construction of hydrogen bonded polymeric compounds. The intermolecular N–H···Cl hydrogen bond interactions played important role to form a 2-dimensional framework. These hydrogen bonded zinc complexes have shown heterogeneous catalytic activities in some transesterification reaction (Park et al., 2008). The title compound is similar to our previously reported compound ''Dianilinedibromidozinc(II)'' Ejaz et al. (2009). Herein, we report the synthesis and crystal structure of the title compound, (I).

The molecular structure of (I) is presented in Fig.1. The compound crystallizes in the space group C2/c with Z'=1/2. The ZnII ion is located on a 2-fold axis and is coordinated by two Cl atoms [Zn1—Cl1/Cl1i = 2.2454 (5) Å] and two amino N atoms from aniline ligands [Zn1—N1/N1i = 2.0515 (16) Å] [symmetry code: (i) 1-x, y, 3/2-z]. The geometry around the ZnII ion is that of a tetrahedral. The benzene ring plane is approximately planar, with maximum deviation from the least-squares plane being 0.005 (2)Å for atom C1.

The amino nitrogen N1 in the molecule at (x, y, z) acts as a hydrogen-bond donor (Table 2) to atom Cl1i so forming a centrosymmetric R22(8) (Bernstein et al., 1995) ring centred at (1/2, 0, 1/2). Similarly, amino nitrogen N1 in the molecule at (x, y, z) acts as a hydrogen-bond donor to atom Cl1ii so forming a C(4)[R22(8)] chain of rings running parallel to the [0-10] direction. The combination of N—H···Cl hydrogen bonds generates R43(12) rings parallel to the bc plane (Fig. 2).

Experimental

The title compound was synthesized from zinc chloride (0.136 g, 1 mmol) and aniline (0.186 ml, 2 mmol) in methanol (20 ml). Colourless prisms of (I) were obtained from methanol.

Refinement

All H atoms bound to C atoms were refined using a riding model, with C—H = 0.93Å and Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C) for aromatic C atoms. Amino H atoms were located in difference maps and refined subject to a DFIX restraint of N—H = 0.86 (2) Å.

Figures

Fig. 1.
A view of the molecule of (I), showing displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 30% probability level. [Symmetry code: (i) 1-x, y, 3/2-z.]
Fig. 2.
Part of the crystal structure of (I), showing the formation of R22(8) and R43(12) rings. H atoms not involved in these interactions have been omitted for clarity. (Symmetry codes as in Table 2).

Crystal data

[ZnCl2(C6H7N)2]F(000) = 656
Mr = 322.52Dx = 1.562 Mg m3
Monoclinic, C2/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -C 2ycCell parameters from 3956 reflections
a = 26.0713 (7) Åθ = 2.9–28.3°
b = 4.7958 (1) ŵ = 2.16 mm1
c = 11.5880 (3) ÅT = 296 K
β = 108.823 (1)°Prism, colourless
V = 1371.39 (6) Å30.41 × 0.38 × 0.36 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Bruker Kappa APEXII CCD diffractometer1523 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tubeRint = 0.024
graphiteθmax = 28.3°, θmin = 1.7°
phi and ω scansh = −33→34
6369 measured reflectionsk = −6→6
1687 independent reflectionsl = −15→15

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.025Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.102H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.00w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.084P)2] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
1687 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
86 parametersΔρmax = 0.42 e Å3
2 restraintsΔρmin = −0.60 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
C10.60906 (8)−0.0454 (4)0.73942 (19)0.0331 (4)
C20.61732 (9)0.1536 (5)0.6605 (2)0.0439 (5)
H20.59010.19340.58770.053*
C30.66631 (11)0.2925 (5)0.6906 (3)0.0576 (6)
H30.67210.42530.63760.069*
C40.70643 (10)0.2359 (6)0.7981 (3)0.0607 (7)
H40.73940.32960.81790.073*
C50.69781 (12)0.0404 (7)0.8765 (3)0.0627 (8)
H50.72500.00250.94950.075*
C60.64892 (10)−0.1007 (5)0.8474 (2)0.0489 (5)
H60.6432−0.23230.90090.059*
N10.55735 (7)−0.1834 (3)0.70997 (15)0.0341 (3)
H1A0.5471 (11)−0.230 (6)0.6350 (17)0.054 (8)*
H1B0.5617 (10)−0.332 (4)0.754 (2)0.045 (6)*
Cl10.45849 (2)0.32674 (10)0.58908 (4)0.04016 (17)
Zn10.50000.05523 (6)0.75000.03138 (15)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
C10.0365 (9)0.0326 (9)0.0337 (10)0.0014 (6)0.0163 (8)−0.0056 (7)
C20.0493 (11)0.0451 (11)0.0397 (11)−0.0040 (9)0.0179 (9)0.0005 (9)
C30.0661 (15)0.0534 (13)0.0633 (16)−0.0166 (11)0.0350 (13)−0.0052 (11)
C40.0435 (12)0.0645 (15)0.0768 (18)−0.0120 (10)0.0233 (12)−0.0191 (14)
C50.0438 (13)0.0722 (19)0.0598 (18)0.0019 (11)−0.0002 (12)−0.0077 (13)
C60.0484 (12)0.0520 (12)0.0429 (12)0.0040 (9)0.0098 (10)0.0047 (10)
N10.0409 (8)0.0301 (7)0.0337 (8)−0.0014 (6)0.0154 (7)−0.0032 (6)
Cl10.0538 (3)0.0383 (3)0.0275 (3)0.00096 (19)0.0120 (2)0.00388 (17)
Zn10.0355 (2)0.0309 (2)0.0300 (2)0.0000.01373 (14)0.000

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

C1—C61.370 (3)C5—C61.385 (4)
C1—C21.386 (3)C5—H50.9300
C1—N11.441 (3)C6—H60.9300
C2—C31.382 (3)Zn1—N12.0515 (16)
C2—H20.9300N1—H1A0.852 (17)
C3—C41.371 (4)N1—H1B0.860 (17)
C3—H30.9300Zn1—Cl12.2454 (5)
C4—C51.373 (5)Zn1—N1i2.0515 (16)
C4—H40.9300Zn1—Cl1i2.2454 (5)
C6—C1—C2120.2 (2)C1—C6—C5119.6 (3)
C6—C1—N1120.2 (2)C1—C6—H6120.2
C2—C1—N1119.52 (19)C5—C6—H6120.2
C3—C2—C1119.5 (2)C1—N1—Zn1112.63 (11)
C3—C2—H2120.2C1—N1—H1A108.9 (19)
C1—C2—H2120.2Zn1—N1—H1A111.4 (19)
C4—C3—C2120.4 (3)C1—N1—H1B107.8 (16)
C4—C3—H3119.8Zn1—N1—H1B107.1 (17)
C2—C3—H3119.8H1A—N1—H1B109 (3)
C3—C4—C5119.8 (2)N1—Zn1—N1i112.17 (9)
C3—C4—H4120.1N1—Zn1—Cl1i108.68 (5)
C5—C4—H4120.1N1i—Zn1—Cl1i109.08 (5)
C4—C5—C6120.5 (3)N1—Zn1—Cl1109.08 (5)
C4—C5—H5119.8N1i—Zn1—Cl1108.68 (5)
C6—C5—H5119.8Cl1i—Zn1—Cl1109.11 (3)
C6—C1—C2—C31.0 (3)C4—C5—C6—C10.3 (4)
N1—C1—C2—C3177.9 (2)C6—C1—N1—Zn197.29 (19)
C1—C2—C3—C4−0.5 (4)C2—C1—N1—Zn1−79.6 (2)
C2—C3—C4—C5−0.2 (4)C1—N1—Zn1—N1i−151.65 (16)
C3—C4—C5—C60.2 (5)C1—N1—Zn1—Cl1i−30.96 (15)
C2—C1—C6—C5−0.9 (4)C1—N1—Zn1—Cl187.90 (14)
N1—C1—C6—C5−177.8 (2)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, y, −z+3/2.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1A···Cl1ii0.85 (2)2.60 (2)3.4246 (17)165 (2)
N1—H1B···Cl1iii0.86 (2)2.63 (2)3.4253 (18)155 (2)

Symmetry codes: (ii) −x+1, −y, −z+1; (iii) −x+1, y−1, −z+3/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: HB5384).

References

  • Bernstein, J., Davis, R. E., Shimoni, L. & Chang, N.-L. (1995). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.34, 1555–1573.
  • Bruker (2009). APEX2 and SAINT. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Ejaz, Sahin, O. & Khan, I. U. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, m1457. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1999). J. Appl. Cryst.32, 837–838.
  • Park, B. K., Lee, S. H., Lee, E. Y., Kwak, H., Lee, Y. M., Lee, Y. J., Jun, J. Y., Kim, C., Kim, S. J. & Kim, Y. (2008). J. Mol. Struct. 890, 123–129
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]

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