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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 May 1; 66(Pt 5): o1039.
Published online 2010 April 10. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810011967
PMCID: PMC2979201

N-Benzoyl-4-methyl­benzene­sulfonamide

Abstract

In the title compound, C14H13NO3S, the N—H bond in is anti to the C=O bond. The dihedral angle between the two aromatic rings is 79.4 (1)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by N—H(...)O hydrogen bonds, generating C(4) chains.

Related literature

For related structures, see: Gowda et al. (2009 [triangle]); Suchetan et al. (2010a [triangle],b [triangle]).

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Object name is e-66-o1039-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C14H13NO3S
  • M r = 275.31
  • Orthorhombic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o1039-efi1.jpg
  • a = 5.1723 (5) Å
  • b = 14.785 (1) Å
  • c = 17.431 (1) Å
  • V = 1332.99 (17) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.25 mm−1
  • T = 299 K
  • 0.40 × 0.20 × 0.14 mm

Data collection

  • Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur diffractometer with a Sapphire CCD detector
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis RED; Oxford Diffraction, 2009 [triangle]) T min = 0.908, T max = 0.966
  • 5515 measured reflections
  • 2644 independent reflections
  • 2388 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.013

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.033
  • wR(F 2) = 0.084
  • S = 1.12
  • 2644 reflections
  • 176 parameters
  • 1 restraint
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.16 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.21 e Å−3
  • Absolute structure: Flack (1983 [triangle]), 1025 Friedel pairs
  • Flack parameter: 0.18 (8)

Data collection: CrysAlis CCD (Oxford Diffraction, 2009 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2009 [triangle]); data reduction: CrysAlis RED program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810011967/bt5236sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810011967/bt5236Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

PAS thanks the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India, New Delhi, for the award of a research fellowship.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Diaryl acylsulfonamides are known as potent antitumor agents against a broad spectrum of human tumor xenografts in nude mice. As a part of studying the effect of ring and the side chain substituents on the crystal structures of N-aromatic sulfonamides (Gowda et al., 2009; Suchetan et al., 2010a,b), the structure of N-(benzoyl)4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (I) has been determined. The conformation of the N—H bond in the C—SO2—NH—C(O) segment is anti to the C=O bond (Fig.1), similar to those observed in N-(benzoyl)benzenesulfonamide (II) (Gowda et al., 2009), N-(benzoyl)4-chlorobenzenesulfonamide (III)(Suchetan et al., 2010b) and N-(4-chlorobenzoyl)4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (IV)(Suchetan et al., 2010a).

The dihedral angles between the sulfonyl benzene ring and the —SO2—NH—C—O segment is 76.5 (1)°, compared to the values of 86.5(0.1) in (II), 72.0 (1)° (molecule 1) and 77.3 (1)° (molecule 2) in (III), and 83.6 (1)° and 81.0 (1)° in the two independent molecules of (IV). Furthermore, the dihedral angle between the sulfonyl and the benzoyl benzene rings is 79.4 (1)°, compared to the vlues of 80.3(0.1) in (II), 62.8 (1)° (molecule 1) and 78.6 (1)° (molecule 2) in (III), and 81.0 (1)° and 76.3 (1)° in the two molecules of (IV).

The packing of molecules linked by of N—H···O(S) hydrogen bonds (Table 1) is shown in Fig. 2.

Experimental

The title compound was prepared by refluxing a mixture of benzoic acid, 4-methylbenzenesulfonamide and phosphorous oxy chloride for 5 h on a water bath. The resultant mixture was cooled and poured into ice cold water. The solid, N-(benzoyl)4-methylbenzenesulfonamide obtained was filtered, washed thoroughly with water and then dissolved in sodium bicarbonate solution. The compound was later reprecipitated by acidifying the filtered solution with dilute HCl. The filtered and dried compound was recrystallized to the constant melting point.

Thick needle like colourless single crystals were grown from a slow evaporation of its toluene solution at room temperature.

Refinement

The H atoms of the NH group was located in a difference map its coordinates were refined with a distance restraint of N—H = 0.86 (2)Å. The other H atoms were positioned with idealized geometry using a riding model with C—H = 0.93–0.96 Å. All H atoms were refined with isotropic displacement parameters set to 1.2 times of the Ueq of the parent atom.

Figures

Fig. 1.
Molecular structure of the title compound, showing the atom-labelling scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level.
Fig. 2.
Molecular packing in the title compound. Hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C14H13NO3SF(000) = 576
Mr = 275.31Dx = 1.372 Mg m3
Orthorhombic, P212121Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: P 2ac 2abCell parameters from 3284 reflections
a = 5.1723 (5) Åθ = 2.7–27.9°
b = 14.785 (1) ŵ = 0.25 mm1
c = 17.431 (1) ÅT = 299 K
V = 1332.99 (17) Å3Thick needle, colourless
Z = 40.40 × 0.20 × 0.14 mm

Data collection

Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur diffractometer with a Sapphire CCD detector2644 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube2388 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.013
Rotation method data acquisition using ω and phi scans.θmax = 26.4°, θmin = 2.7°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis RED; Oxford Diffraction, 2009)h = −3→6
Tmin = 0.908, Tmax = 0.966k = −18→14
5515 measured reflectionsl = −21→19

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.033H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
wR(F2) = 0.084w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0398P)2 + 0.2729P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.12(Δ/σ)max = 0.009
2644 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.16 e Å3
176 parametersΔρmin = −0.21 e Å3
1 restraintAbsolute structure: Flack (1983), 1025 Friedel pairs
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsFlack parameter: 0.18 (8)

Special details

Experimental. CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2009) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
C10.4594 (4)0.46253 (13)0.51327 (11)0.0386 (4)
C20.5259 (5)0.54024 (14)0.55288 (13)0.0515 (5)
H20.45560.55200.60100.062*
C30.6980 (5)0.59989 (14)0.52001 (14)0.0594 (7)
H30.74440.65180.54680.071*
C40.8039 (4)0.58456 (16)0.44803 (14)0.0538 (6)
C50.7308 (6)0.50747 (16)0.40883 (15)0.0622 (6)
H50.79700.49650.36010.075*
C60.5603 (5)0.44644 (15)0.44130 (14)0.0530 (5)
H60.51360.39450.41460.064*
C70.5646 (4)0.33550 (13)0.67278 (11)0.0385 (4)
C80.7127 (4)0.25923 (12)0.70866 (10)0.0372 (4)
C90.9251 (5)0.27975 (16)0.75383 (12)0.0493 (5)
H90.97900.33940.75910.059*
C101.0568 (5)0.21114 (17)0.79106 (14)0.0611 (6)
H101.20090.22500.82070.073*
C110.9772 (5)0.12268 (17)0.78471 (13)0.0573 (6)
H111.06640.07700.81010.069*
C120.7650 (5)0.10229 (14)0.74057 (13)0.0557 (5)
H120.70840.04280.73690.067*
C130.6355 (5)0.16987 (14)0.70163 (12)0.0479 (5)
H130.49560.15530.67050.057*
C140.9988 (6)0.64902 (19)0.41356 (17)0.0819 (9)
H14A1.16590.63780.43550.098*
H14B0.94770.71020.42420.098*
H14C1.00650.64000.35910.098*
N10.4428 (4)0.31347 (11)0.60414 (9)0.0412 (4)
H1N0.496 (5)0.2715 (12)0.5770 (11)0.049*
O10.0820 (3)0.42621 (11)0.60730 (9)0.0558 (4)
O20.1517 (3)0.32651 (11)0.49499 (9)0.0572 (4)
O30.5488 (3)0.40946 (10)0.70188 (9)0.0540 (4)
S10.25282 (10)0.38263 (3)0.55513 (3)0.04071 (13)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
C10.0395 (10)0.0353 (9)0.0411 (10)0.0041 (9)−0.0048 (9)0.0016 (8)
C20.0721 (15)0.0428 (11)0.0396 (10)−0.0038 (10)−0.0006 (12)−0.0037 (10)
C30.0835 (19)0.0406 (12)0.0540 (13)−0.0141 (12)−0.0158 (13)0.0000 (10)
C40.0552 (14)0.0489 (12)0.0573 (13)−0.0039 (10)−0.0093 (11)0.0136 (11)
C50.0709 (15)0.0597 (13)0.0559 (13)−0.0026 (14)0.0155 (14)−0.0035 (11)
C60.0641 (13)0.0448 (11)0.0499 (12)−0.0061 (11)0.0065 (12)−0.0104 (10)
C70.0408 (10)0.0368 (10)0.0380 (10)0.0010 (9)0.0040 (9)−0.0001 (8)
C80.0409 (11)0.0380 (9)0.0328 (8)0.0007 (8)0.0044 (9)0.0026 (7)
C90.0539 (13)0.0453 (11)0.0488 (12)−0.0076 (11)−0.0059 (11)0.0037 (10)
C100.0593 (14)0.0673 (16)0.0568 (14)−0.0063 (13)−0.0160 (13)0.0132 (12)
C110.0621 (14)0.0585 (13)0.0514 (12)0.0065 (12)−0.0053 (12)0.0184 (11)
C120.0689 (14)0.0400 (11)0.0583 (13)−0.0013 (13)0.0011 (13)0.0110 (9)
C130.0544 (12)0.0422 (11)0.0469 (11)−0.0034 (10)−0.0060 (10)0.0047 (10)
C140.080 (2)0.0802 (19)0.0857 (19)−0.0277 (16)−0.0060 (17)0.0271 (17)
N10.0501 (9)0.0343 (8)0.0392 (9)0.0084 (8)−0.0036 (8)−0.0027 (7)
O10.0470 (8)0.0542 (9)0.0663 (10)0.0119 (7)0.0092 (8)0.0055 (8)
O20.0612 (9)0.0488 (8)0.0615 (9)−0.0100 (7)−0.0204 (8)−0.0014 (8)
O30.0706 (10)0.0400 (8)0.0515 (9)0.0103 (8)−0.0041 (8)−0.0096 (7)
S10.0389 (2)0.0368 (2)0.0464 (3)0.0022 (2)−0.0042 (3)0.0014 (2)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

C1—C61.379 (3)C9—C101.384 (3)
C1—C21.384 (3)C9—H90.9300
C1—S11.752 (2)C10—C111.376 (3)
C2—C31.378 (3)C10—H100.9300
C2—H20.9300C11—C121.374 (4)
C3—C41.388 (3)C11—H110.9300
C3—H30.9300C12—C131.381 (3)
C4—C51.382 (3)C12—H120.9300
C4—C141.512 (3)C13—H130.9300
C5—C61.383 (3)C14—H14A0.9600
C5—H50.9300C14—H14B0.9600
C6—H60.9300C14—H14C0.9600
C7—O31.208 (2)N1—S11.6556 (17)
C7—N11.391 (3)N1—H1N0.826 (15)
C7—C81.500 (3)O1—S11.4224 (16)
C8—C91.385 (3)O2—S11.4356 (16)
C8—C131.386 (3)
C6—C1—C2120.2 (2)C11—C10—C9120.8 (2)
C6—C1—S1119.54 (16)C11—C10—H10119.6
C2—C1—S1120.24 (16)C9—C10—H10119.6
C3—C2—C1119.0 (2)C12—C11—C10119.5 (2)
C3—C2—H2120.5C12—C11—H11120.2
C1—C2—H2120.5C10—C11—H11120.2
C2—C3—C4121.8 (2)C11—C12—C13120.3 (2)
C2—C3—H3119.1C11—C12—H12119.9
C4—C3—H3119.1C13—C12—H12119.9
C5—C4—C3118.3 (2)C12—C13—C8120.4 (2)
C5—C4—C14120.4 (2)C12—C13—H13119.8
C3—C4—C14121.3 (2)C8—C13—H13119.8
C4—C5—C6120.7 (2)C4—C14—H14A109.5
C4—C5—H5119.7C4—C14—H14B109.5
C6—C5—H5119.7H14A—C14—H14B109.5
C1—C6—C5120.1 (2)C4—C14—H14C109.5
C1—C6—H6120.0H14A—C14—H14C109.5
C5—C6—H6120.0H14B—C14—H14C109.5
O3—C7—N1122.85 (19)C7—N1—S1124.62 (14)
O3—C7—C8122.68 (18)C7—N1—H1N121.2 (17)
N1—C7—C8114.46 (16)S1—N1—H1N111.4 (16)
C9—C8—C13119.17 (19)O1—S1—O2120.16 (11)
C9—C8—C7118.51 (18)O1—S1—N1108.58 (9)
C13—C8—C7122.21 (19)O2—S1—N1103.66 (9)
C10—C9—C8119.8 (2)O1—S1—C1109.86 (9)
C10—C9—H9120.1O2—S1—C1107.93 (10)
C8—C9—H9120.1N1—S1—C1105.62 (10)
C6—C1—C2—C3−1.4 (3)C9—C10—C11—C120.3 (4)
S1—C1—C2—C3177.07 (18)C10—C11—C12—C131.3 (4)
C1—C2—C3—C40.7 (4)C11—C12—C13—C8−2.2 (4)
C2—C3—C4—C50.6 (4)C9—C8—C13—C121.5 (3)
C2—C3—C4—C14−178.1 (2)C7—C8—C13—C12−174.8 (2)
C3—C4—C5—C6−1.2 (4)O3—C7—N1—S1−2.5 (3)
C14—C4—C5—C6177.5 (3)C8—C7—N1—S1176.18 (15)
C2—C1—C6—C50.8 (4)C7—N1—S1—O1−44.6 (2)
S1—C1—C6—C5−177.7 (2)C7—N1—S1—O2−173.41 (17)
C4—C5—C6—C10.6 (4)C7—N1—S1—C173.21 (19)
O3—C7—C8—C9−29.9 (3)C6—C1—S1—O1−152.71 (18)
N1—C7—C8—C9151.34 (18)C2—C1—S1—O128.8 (2)
O3—C7—C8—C13146.3 (2)C6—C1—S1—O2−20.0 (2)
N1—C7—C8—C13−32.4 (3)C2—C1—S1—O2161.54 (17)
C13—C8—C9—C100.1 (3)C6—C1—S1—N190.38 (19)
C7—C8—C9—C10176.5 (2)C2—C1—S1—N1−88.08 (18)
C8—C9—C10—C11−1.0 (4)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1N···O2i0.83 (2)2.08 (2)2.905 (2)175 (2)

Symmetry codes: (i) x+1/2, −y+1/2, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: BT5236).

References

  • Flack, H. D. (1983). Acta Cryst. A39, 876–881.
  • Gowda, B. T., Foro, S., Suchetan, P. A. & Fuess, H. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, o2516. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Oxford Diffraction (2009). CrysAlis CCD and CrysAlis RED Oxford Diffraction Ltd, Yarnton, England.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Spek, A. L. (2009). Acta Cryst. D65, 148–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Suchetan, P. A., Gowda, B. T., Foro, S. & Fuess, H. (2010a). Acta Cryst. E66, o327. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Suchetan, P. A., Gowda, B. T., Foro, S. & Fuess, H. (2010b). Acta Cryst. E66, o766. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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