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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 May 1; 66(Pt 5): o1219.
Published online 2010 April 30. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810015321
PMCID: PMC2979119

5,5-Dihydroxy­barbituric acid 1,4-dioxane hemisolvate

Abstract

The asymmetric unit of the title compound,, C4H4N2O5·0.5C4H8O2, contains one molecule of 5,5-dihydroxybarbituric acid with a nearly planar barbiturate ring and half a molecule of 1,4-dioxane. The geometry of the centrosymmetric dioxane molecule is close to an ideal chair conformation. The crystal structure exhibits a complex three-dimensional hydrogen-bonded network. Barbiturate mol­ecules are connected to one another via N—H(...)O=C, O—H(...)O=C and N—H(...)O(hydr­oxy) inter­actions, while the barbituric acid mol­ecule is linked to dioxane by an O—H(...)O contact.

Related literature

For the crystal structure of unsolvated 5,5-dihydroxy­barbituric acid, see: Singh (1965 [triangle]); Harrowfield et al. (1989 [triangle]). For the related monohydrate, see Lewis & Tocher (2004a [triangle]). For the related trihydrate, see Mootz & Jeffrey (1965 [triangle]); Lewis & Tocher (2004b [triangle]). For hydrogen-bond motifs, see: Bernstein et al. (1995 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o1219-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C4H4N2O5·0.5C4H8O2
  • M r = 204.14
  • Triclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o1219-efi1.jpg
  • a = 6.0232 (3) Å
  • b = 8.3954 (4) Å
  • c = 8.6858 (5) Å
  • α = 106.007 (4)°
  • β = 94.459 (3)°
  • γ = 110.126 (3)°
  • V = 389.09 (3) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.16 mm−1
  • T = 120 K
  • 0.10 × 0.10 × 0.10 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker-Nonius Roper CCD camera on κ-goniostat diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2007 [triangle]) T min = 0.984, T max = 0.984
  • 5726 measured reflections
  • 1529 independent reflections
  • 1198 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.049

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.045
  • wR(F 2) = 0.131
  • S = 1.01
  • 1529 reflections
  • 148 parameters
  • 4 restraints
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.25 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.29 e Å−3

Data collection: COLLECT (Hooft, 1998 [triangle]); cell refinement: DENZO (Otwinowski & Minor, 1997 [triangle]) and COLLECT; data reduction: DENZO and COLLECT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: XP in SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]) and Mercury (Macrae et al., 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: publCIF (Westrip, 2010 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810015321/jh2150sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810015321/jh2150Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

TG acknowledges financial support from the Lise Meitner Program of the Austrian Science Fund (FWF, project LM 1135-N17).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The crystal structures of an unsolvated form (Singh, 1965; Harrowfield et al., 1989), a monohydrate (Lewis & Tocher, 2004a) and a trihydrate (Mootz & Jeffrey, 1965; Lewis & Tocher, 2004b) of 5,5-dihydroxybarbituric acid have been reported previously. The asymmetric unit of the title structure consists of one molecule of the barbituric acid derivative and one half of a dioxane moiety (Fig. 1). The six-membered C4N2 ring of the former is essentially planar, and its bond distances and angles are in agreement with the parameters observed for the unsolvated and hydrate forms.

This crystal structure is characterized by extensive hydrogen bonding. Each dihydroxybarbituric acid molecule is linked to two molecules of the same kind via two centrosymmetric N—H···O=C double bridges and a double bridge O—H···O=C connects it to a third molecule. Joining these R22(8) and R22(10) motifs (Bernstein et al., 1995) gives a larger ring of six dihydroxybarbituric acid molecules. Two molecules of each such ring are additionally O—H···O bonded to a dioxane molecule which lies in the centre of the ring. Fig. 2 shows the 2-dimensional H-bonded net parallel to (121) which is obtained from these interactions. Additionally, one NH and one OH group of each dihydroxybarbituric acid molecule are engaged as H-bond donor and acceptor, respectively, in N—H···O(hydroxy) interactions. These particular contacts, indicated by arrows in Fig. 2, connect adjacent H-bonded 2D units of the kind discussed above to one another, and an overall three-dimensional hydrogen bonded network is therefore formed. As expected, the two hydrogen bonds in which the N1—H group is involved exhibit a much less favourable geometry than the single hydrogen bond in which the N3—H group is employed.

Experimental

A solution of 5,5-dibromobarbituric acid (Sigma-Aldrich) in dioxane was filled into an NMR tube for a crystallisation experiment by slow evaporation of the solvent. After four months, an amber-coloured syrup had formed, indicating decomposition of the original compound. This liquid contained a large colourless crystal that prooved to be composed of the title compound.

Refinement

All H atoms were identified in a difference map. H atoms bonded to secondary CH2 (C—H = 0.99 Å) carbon atoms were positioned geometrically, and hydrogen atoms attached to N and O were refined with restrained distances [N—H = 0.88 (2) Å, O—H = 0.82 (2) Å]. The Uiso parameters of all hydrogen atoms were refined freely.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structures of (I) with displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 50% probability level. Hydrogen atoms are shown as spheres of arbitrary size. Symmetry code: (i) -x+1, -y+2, -z+2.
Fig. 2.
Portion of a hydrogen bonded sheet parallel to (1-21) showing N—H···O=C and O—H···O=C bonds between barbituric acid molecules and O—H···O bonds between barbituric ...

Crystal data

C4H4N2O5·0.5C4H8O2Z = 2
Mr = 204.14F(000) = 212
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.742 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 6.0232 (3) ÅCell parameters from 3190 reflections
b = 8.3954 (4) Åθ = 2.9–26.0°
c = 8.6858 (5) ŵ = 0.16 mm1
α = 106.007 (4)°T = 120 K
β = 94.459 (3)°Block, colourless
γ = 110.126 (3)°0.10 × 0.10 × 0.10 mm
V = 389.09 (3) Å3

Data collection

Bruker-Nonius Roper CCD camera on κ-goniostat diffractometer1529 independent reflections
Radiation source: Bruker–Nonius FR591 rotating anode1198 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.049
Detector resolution: 9.091 pixels mm-1θmax = 26.0°, θmin = 3.6°
[var phi] & ω scansh = −7→7
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2007)k = −10→10
Tmin = 0.984, Tmax = 0.984l = −10→10
5726 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.045H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
wR(F2) = 0.131w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0787P)2 + 0.0767P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.01(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
1529 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.25 e Å3
148 parametersΔρmin = −0.29 e Å3
4 restraintsExtinction correction: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008), Fc*=kFc[1+0.001xFc2λ3/sin(2θ)]-1/4
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction coefficient: 0.062 (16)

Special details

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
N10.7757 (3)0.7817 (2)0.3822 (2)0.0204 (4)
H1N0.934 (3)0.835 (4)0.398 (4)0.061 (10)*
N30.4114 (3)0.5803 (2)0.2073 (2)0.0175 (4)
H3N0.342 (4)0.506 (3)0.107 (2)0.029 (6)*
O20.7627 (3)0.65461 (19)0.11484 (17)0.0242 (4)
O40.0683 (3)0.4836 (2)0.29980 (18)0.0264 (4)
O60.8029 (3)0.90452 (19)0.65175 (17)0.0265 (4)
O70.3029 (2)0.83394 (18)0.53542 (18)0.0212 (4)
H7O0.360 (6)0.895 (4)0.638 (2)0.064 (10)*
O80.3738 (3)0.60819 (19)0.60882 (17)0.0221 (4)
H8O0.228 (3)0.574 (4)0.615 (4)0.060 (10)*
C20.6555 (4)0.6706 (3)0.2277 (2)0.0189 (5)
C40.2802 (4)0.5806 (3)0.3280 (2)0.0185 (5)
C60.6801 (3)0.8039 (3)0.5200 (2)0.0186 (5)
C50.4070 (3)0.7064 (3)0.5010 (2)0.0178 (5)
O1S0.4460 (2)1.04067 (18)0.85656 (16)0.0201 (4)
C1S0.6766 (4)1.1366 (3)0.9647 (3)0.0218 (5)
H1S10.67421.24501.04570.030 (6)*
H1S20.80271.17550.90140.013 (5)*
C2S0.2647 (3)0.9800 (3)0.9481 (2)0.0213 (5)
H2S10.10660.91130.87330.031 (6)*
H2S20.25301.08481.02870.036 (7)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.0145 (9)0.0210 (9)0.0182 (10)0.0021 (8)0.0036 (7)0.0005 (7)
N30.0161 (9)0.0192 (9)0.0127 (9)0.0042 (7)0.0020 (7)0.0019 (7)
O20.0192 (8)0.0258 (8)0.0188 (8)0.0030 (6)0.0070 (6)−0.0003 (6)
O40.0159 (8)0.0307 (8)0.0211 (8)0.0004 (7)0.0042 (6)0.0016 (6)
O60.0191 (8)0.0319 (9)0.0186 (8)0.0056 (7)0.0014 (6)−0.0007 (6)
O70.0190 (8)0.0229 (8)0.0200 (8)0.0092 (6)0.0031 (6)0.0031 (6)
O80.0214 (8)0.0279 (8)0.0202 (8)0.0096 (7)0.0070 (6)0.0116 (6)
C20.0179 (10)0.0165 (10)0.0187 (11)0.0036 (8)0.0040 (9)0.0039 (8)
C40.0170 (10)0.0187 (10)0.0189 (11)0.0056 (8)0.0042 (8)0.0061 (8)
C60.0166 (10)0.0198 (10)0.0180 (11)0.0060 (8)0.0036 (8)0.0053 (8)
C50.0162 (10)0.0199 (10)0.0182 (11)0.0069 (8)0.0054 (8)0.0068 (8)
O1S0.0158 (7)0.0249 (8)0.0162 (8)0.0054 (6)0.0027 (6)0.0044 (6)
C1S0.0152 (10)0.0225 (10)0.0205 (11)0.0019 (8)−0.0004 (8)0.0039 (8)
C2S0.0138 (10)0.0290 (11)0.0182 (11)0.0059 (9)0.0040 (8)0.0060 (9)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

N1—C61.362 (3)O8—H8O0.834 (18)
N1—C21.374 (3)C4—C51.532 (3)
N1—H1N0.886 (18)C6—C51.536 (3)
N3—C41.361 (3)O1S—C2S1.435 (2)
N3—C21.373 (3)O1S—C1S1.439 (2)
N3—H3N0.883 (17)C1S—C2Si1.504 (3)
O2—C21.217 (2)C1S—H1S10.9900
O4—C41.216 (2)C1S—H1S20.9900
O6—C61.214 (2)C2S—C1Si1.504 (3)
O7—C51.394 (2)C2S—H2S10.9900
O7—H7O0.867 (18)C2S—H2S20.9900
O8—C51.392 (2)
C6—N1—C2126.66 (17)O8—C5—C4109.42 (16)
C6—N1—H1N115 (2)O7—C5—C4105.53 (15)
C2—N1—H1N118 (2)O8—C5—C6106.79 (16)
C4—N3—C2125.94 (17)O7—C5—C6108.58 (15)
C4—N3—H3N119.4 (16)C4—C5—C6114.24 (16)
C2—N3—H3N114.2 (16)C2S—O1S—C1S109.37 (15)
C5—O7—H7O105 (2)O1S—C1S—C2Si110.63 (16)
C5—O8—H8O107 (2)O1S—C1S—H1S1109.5
O2—C2—N3122.08 (19)C2Si—C1S—H1S1109.5
O2—C2—N1120.85 (18)O1S—C1S—H1S2109.5
N3—C2—N1117.07 (17)C2Si—C1S—H1S2109.5
O4—C4—N3121.06 (19)H1S1—C1S—H1S2108.1
O4—C4—C5120.76 (18)O1S—C2S—C1Si110.95 (16)
N3—C4—C5118.18 (17)O1S—C2S—H2S1109.4
O6—C6—N1121.57 (18)C1Si—C2S—H2S1109.4
O6—C6—C5120.87 (17)O1S—C2S—H2S2109.4
N1—C6—C5117.43 (17)C1Si—C2S—H2S2109.4
O8—C5—O7112.40 (16)H2S1—C2S—H2S2108.0
C4—N3—C2—O2175.20 (18)N3—C4—C5—O7112.76 (19)
C4—N3—C2—N1−5.1 (3)O4—C4—C5—C6173.36 (17)
C6—N1—C2—O2−176.10 (18)N3—C4—C5—C6−6.4 (2)
C6—N1—C2—N34.2 (3)O6—C6—C5—O8−57.3 (2)
C2—N3—C4—O4−173.22 (18)N1—C6—C5—O8126.73 (18)
C2—N3—C4—C56.6 (3)O6—C6—C5—O764.2 (2)
C2—N1—C6—O6179.18 (18)N1—C6—C5—O7−111.85 (19)
C2—N1—C6—C5−4.8 (3)O6—C6—C5—C4−178.39 (17)
O4—C4—C5—O853.7 (2)N1—C6—C5—C45.6 (2)
N3—C4—C5—O8−126.09 (18)C2S—O1S—C1S—C2Si57.5 (2)
O4—C4—C5—O7−67.4 (2)C1S—O1S—C2S—C1Si−57.7 (2)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, −y+2, −z+2.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1N···O6ii0.89 (2)2.39 (3)3.068 (2)134 (3)
N1—H1N···O7iii0.89 (2)2.44 (2)3.180 (2)141 (3)
N3—H3N···O2iv0.88 (2)1.93 (2)2.810 (2)172 (2)
O7—H7O···O1S0.87 (2)1.87 (2)2.732 (2)171 (3)
O8—H8O···O4v0.83 (2)1.95 (2)2.751 (2)162 (3)

Symmetry codes: (ii) −x+2, −y+2, −z+1; (iii) x+1, y, z; (iv) −x+1, −y+1, −z; (v) −x, −y+1, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: JH2150).

References

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