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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 May 1; 66(Pt 5): o1130.
Published online 2010 April 21. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810013978
PMCID: PMC2979095

(E)-4-Nitro­benzaldehyde oxime

Abstract

In the title compound, C7H6N2O3, the planes containing the CNO and ONO atoms subtend dihedral angles of 5.47 (5) and 8.31 (5)°, respectively, with the benzene ring. In the crystal structure, inter­molecular O—H(...)N hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into centrosymmetric dimers with an R 2 2(6) graph-set motif.

Related literature

For oximes as therapeutic agents in organophospho­rus poisoning, see: Jokanovic et al. (2009 [triangle]); Marrs et al. (2006 [triangle]). For their use as protecting groups in organic synthesis, see: Greene et al. (1999 [triangle]); Shinada et al. (1995 [triangle]). For graph-set notation, see: Etter et al. (1990 [triangle]); Bernstein et al. (1995 [triangle]). For bond lengths in similar structures, see: Xing, Ding et al. (2007 [triangle]); Xing, Wang et al. (2007 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o1130-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C7H6N2O3
  • M r = 166.14
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o1130-efi1.jpg
  • a = 3.7737 (2) Å
  • b = 7.0363 (3) Å
  • c = 28.6651 (14) Å
  • β = 91.237 (3)°
  • V = 760.96 (6) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.12 mm−1
  • T = 296 K
  • 0.49 × 0.41 × 0.16 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker APEXII CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 1996 [triangle]) T min = 0.945, T max = 0.982
  • 7222 measured reflections
  • 1869 independent reflections
  • 1340 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.031

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.066
  • wR(F 2) = 0.175
  • S = 1.09
  • 1869 reflections
  • 110 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.20 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.20 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2008 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2008 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: X-SEED (Barbour, 2001 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: publCIF (Westrip, 2010 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810013978/hg2672sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810013978/hg2672Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

AA is grateful to the HEC-Pakistan for financial support for his PhD program under scholarship No. [IIC–0317109].

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Thousands of deaths are caused by acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning each year. Oximes are accepted therapeutic agents in organophosphorus poisoning (Jokanovic et al., 2009, Marrs et al., 2006). Oximes can act as useful protecting groups (Greene et al., 1999) and have served for the protection of carbonyl groups in the syntheses of erythromycin derivatives and perhydrohistrionicotoxin (Shinada et al., 1995). Oximes are also used for the purification and characterization of carbonyl compounds. As part of our interest in the study of oxime derivatives, we report here the crystal structure of the title compound (I). A depiction of the molecule is given in Fig. 1. In the crystal structure of the title compound, molecules are connected via intermolecular O—H···N hydrogen bonds (see Table 1 and Fig. 2) to form two-dimensional dimers. The oxime group has an E configuration [C3—C7—N2—O3 = 179.1 (2)°] and the planes containing the CNO and ONO atoms subtend dihedral angles of 5.47 (5)° and 8.31 (5)° with the phenyl C(1–6) ring. which is less than that reported for similar structures (Xing & Ding et al., 2007; Xing & Wang et al., 2007). Each molecule is connected to a symmetry-related molecule through an inversion center by O—H···N hydrogen bonds, building an R22(6) graph-set motif in Fig. 2 (Etter et al., 1990; Bernstein et al., 1995; ).

Experimental

To a warm solution of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde (0.907 g , 0.005 mol) in 25 ml e thanol, hydroxylamine hydrochloride (0.417 g, 0.006 mol) and sodium acetate trihydrate (2.04 g, 0.015 mol) were added and the mixture was heated under reflux until completion of the reaction. The concentrated reaction mixture was cooled down and water was added. The precipitated oxime was separated by filtration, washed with excess of water and dried. The crude product was recrystallized from ethanol to get the title compound (I).

Refinement

All H atoms were placed in calculated position and treated as riding on their parent atoms with C—H = 0.93Å or O—H = 0.82Å with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C) or 1.5Ueq(O) for the hydroxyl H atom.

Figures

Fig. 1.
Molecular structure of (I) showing atom numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level.
Fig. 2.
Hydrogen bonds shown as dashed lines, forming dimers through R22(6) graph set motif.

Crystal data

C7H6N2O3F(000) = 344
Mr = 166.14Dx = 1.450 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ynCell parameters from 1727 reflections
a = 3.7737 (2) Åθ = 2.8–25.1°
b = 7.0363 (3) ŵ = 0.12 mm1
c = 28.6651 (14) ÅT = 296 K
β = 91.237 (3)°Block, colorless
V = 760.96 (6) Å30.49 × 0.41 × 0.16 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Bruker APEXII CCD area-detector diffractometer1869 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1340 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.031
ω scansθmax = 28.2°, θmin = 2.8°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 1996)h = −5→4
Tmin = 0.945, Tmax = 0.982k = −9→9
7222 measured reflectionsl = −38→37

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.066Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.175H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.09w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.060P)2 + 0.435P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
1869 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
110 parametersΔρmax = 0.20 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.20 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O30.9103 (8)0.7939 (3)−0.02398 (6)0.0848 (8)
H30.96730.8950−0.03590.127*
O20.2494 (7)0.1865 (3)0.14956 (8)0.0857 (8)
N10.3651 (6)0.3009 (3)0.17705 (8)0.0575 (6)
N20.8746 (6)0.8191 (3)0.02418 (7)0.0562 (6)
C10.5229 (6)0.4774 (3)0.15885 (8)0.0425 (5)
C20.5707 (6)0.4913 (3)0.11163 (8)0.0426 (5)
H20.50920.39120.09190.051*
C30.7126 (6)0.6576 (3)0.09400 (8)0.0415 (5)
C70.7669 (7)0.6696 (3)0.04381 (9)0.0529 (6)
H70.72050.56290.02550.063*
C60.6116 (7)0.6200 (3)0.18954 (8)0.0509 (6)
H60.57880.60590.22140.061*
C50.7516 (7)0.7856 (3)0.17149 (9)0.0549 (6)
H50.81350.88500.19140.066*
C40.7997 (6)0.8040 (3)0.12444 (8)0.0474 (6)
H40.89220.91650.11280.057*
O10.3545 (8)0.2798 (4)0.21888 (8)0.1044 (9)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O30.143 (2)0.0654 (13)0.0469 (11)−0.0300 (13)0.0171 (12)0.0024 (9)
O20.1130 (19)0.0472 (11)0.0966 (17)−0.0354 (12)−0.0037 (13)0.0100 (10)
N10.0583 (13)0.0447 (11)0.0694 (15)−0.0043 (10)0.0033 (11)0.0160 (10)
N20.0732 (15)0.0490 (11)0.0467 (11)−0.0115 (10)0.0070 (10)0.0029 (9)
C10.0405 (11)0.0353 (10)0.0518 (13)−0.0014 (9)0.0023 (9)0.0071 (9)
C20.0467 (12)0.0318 (10)0.0491 (12)−0.0054 (9)−0.0020 (9)−0.0028 (9)
C30.0432 (12)0.0335 (10)0.0478 (12)−0.0031 (9)−0.0004 (9)0.0015 (9)
C70.0677 (16)0.0416 (12)0.0496 (14)−0.0128 (11)0.0028 (11)−0.0025 (10)
C60.0586 (15)0.0501 (13)0.0442 (12)0.0019 (11)0.0022 (10)0.0012 (10)
C50.0706 (17)0.0410 (12)0.0528 (14)−0.0082 (11)−0.0034 (12)−0.0077 (10)
C40.0543 (14)0.0332 (10)0.0544 (14)−0.0095 (9)−0.0020 (10)0.0008 (9)
O10.155 (3)0.0918 (17)0.0674 (15)−0.0365 (17)0.0135 (14)0.0309 (12)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O3—N21.401 (3)C2—H20.9300
O3—H30.8200C3—C41.385 (3)
O2—N11.202 (3)C3—C71.460 (3)
N1—O11.210 (3)C7—H70.9300
N1—C11.477 (3)C6—C51.385 (3)
N2—C71.264 (3)C6—H60.9300
C1—C61.371 (3)C5—C41.371 (3)
C1—C21.373 (3)C5—H50.9300
C2—C31.387 (3)C4—H40.9300
N2—O3—H3109.5C2—C3—C7118.11 (19)
O2—N1—O1123.2 (2)N2—C7—C3122.7 (2)
O2—N1—C1118.4 (2)N2—C7—H7118.7
O1—N1—C1118.4 (2)C3—C7—H7118.7
C7—N2—O3111.8 (2)C1—C6—C5117.8 (2)
C6—C1—C2123.0 (2)C1—C6—H6121.1
C6—C1—N1118.9 (2)C5—C6—H6121.1
C2—C1—N1118.1 (2)C4—C5—C6120.4 (2)
C1—C2—C3118.63 (19)C4—C5—H5119.8
C1—C2—H2120.7C6—C5—H5119.8
C3—C2—H2120.7C5—C4—C3121.0 (2)
C4—C3—C2119.1 (2)C5—C4—H4119.5
C4—C3—C7122.78 (19)C3—C4—H4119.5
O2—N1—C1—C6171.2 (2)C4—C3—C7—N2−5.0 (4)
O1—N1—C1—C6−7.8 (4)C2—C3—C7—N2175.6 (3)
O2—N1—C1—C2−8.2 (3)C2—C1—C6—C50.8 (4)
O1—N1—C1—C2172.8 (3)N1—C1—C6—C5−178.6 (2)
C6—C1—C2—C3−0.5 (3)C1—C6—C5—C4−0.2 (4)
N1—C1—C2—C3178.8 (2)C6—C5—C4—C3−0.5 (4)
C1—C2—C3—C4−0.3 (3)C2—C3—C4—C50.8 (4)
C1—C2—C3—C7179.1 (2)C7—C3—C4—C5−178.6 (2)
O3—N2—C7—C3179.1 (2)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O3—H3···N2i0.822.122.841 (3)146

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, −y+2, −z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: HG2672).

References

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