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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2010 May 1; 66(Pt 5): o1174.
Published online 2010 April 28. doi:  10.1107/S1600536810014790
PMCID: PMC2979033

Butane-2,3-dione bis­[(4-bromo­benzyl­idene)hydrazone]

Abstract

The title compound, C18H16Br2N4, is a linear double Schiff base compound having two parallel 4-bromo­phenyl groups connected across a crystallographic inversion centre by flexible C—C and C=N—N=C bonds and stabilized in the solid state by weak inter­molecular Br(...)Br inter­actions [3.7992 (11) Å], generating an infinite two-dimensional network structure.

Related literature

As a result of their geometry, including the zigzag conformation of the spacer moiety (C—C and C=N-N=C) between the two terminal groups, double Schiff base compounds have proved to be very versatile in their ability to form novel frameworks by self-assembly reactions with metal salts, see: He et al. (2008 [triangle]). For Br(...)Br inter­actions, see: Metrangolo et al. (2005 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-66-o1174-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C18H16Br2N4
  • M r = 448.17
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-66-o1174-efi1.jpg
  • a = 6.9139 (16) Å
  • b = 4.0931 (10) Å
  • c = 31.480 (7) Å
  • β = 95.186 (3)°
  • V = 887.2 (4) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 4.58 mm−1
  • T = 298 K
  • 0.15 × 0.14 × 0.14 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • 4238 measured reflections
  • 1627 independent reflections
  • 1308 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.035

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.034
  • wR(F 2) = 0.081
  • S = 1.04
  • 1627 reflections
  • 110 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.36 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.37 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2000 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2000 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810014790/zs2037sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810014790/zs2037Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Double Schiff-base compounds, due to their specific geometry, including the zigzag conformation of the spacer moiety (C—C and C═N-N═C) between the two terminal groups, has proven to be very versatile in its ability to form novel frameworks by self-assembly reactions with metal salts (He et al., 2008). In these compounds, the central C—C and N—N bridges are rotationally flexible and the significance of the relative orientations of these terminal groups in self-assembly reactions has become a matter of increasing interest in recent literature.

The structure of the title compound, C18H16Br2N4 (I) (Fig. 1) shows two parallel 4-bromophenyl groups connected by flexible C—C and C═N-N═C bonds, with the molecule having crystallographic inversion symmetry. All atoms in the molecule are coplanar resulting in a linear conformation. In the solid state, the title compound is stabilized by weak intermolecular Br···Br interactions [3.7992 (11) Å] (Metrangolo et al., 2005), linking the molecules down the b axial direction in the cell, generating an infinite two-dimensional network structure (Fig. 2).

Experimental

A mixture of 2,3-butanedione dihydrazone (0.57 g, 5.0 mmol) and 4-bromobenzaldehyde (1.85 g, 10.0 mmol) with 2 drops of formic acid in ethanol (60 ml) was stirred at room temperature for ca. 1 hour to generate the title compound as a yellow solid (2.15 g, 96% yield). Single crystals suitable for X-ray analysis were grown in dichloromethane by slow evaporation at room temperature.

Refinement

All non-hydrogen atoms were refined with anisotropic displacement parameters. Hydrogen atoms were placed in idealized positions and treated as riding, with C—H = 0.93 Å (CH), 0.96 Å (CH3) and Uiso(H) = 1.2 Ueq(CH) and Uiso(H) = 1.5 Ueq(CH3).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure and atom numbering scheme for (I) with displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 50% probability level. For symmetry code (i): -x, -y+1, -z].
Fig. 2.
The two-dimensional network structure showing the weak Br···Br interactions as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C18H16Br2N4F(000) = 444
Mr = 448.17Dx = 1.678 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ynCell parameters from 1433 reflections
a = 6.9139 (16) Åθ = 2.6–25.1°
b = 4.0931 (10) ŵ = 4.58 mm1
c = 31.480 (7) ÅT = 298 K
β = 95.186 (3)°Block, yellow
V = 887.2 (4) Å30.15 × 0.14 × 0.14 mm
Z = 2

Data collection

Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer1308 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tubeRint = 0.035
graphiteθmax = 25.5°, θmin = 2.6°
[var phi] and ω scansh = −8→8
4238 measured reflectionsk = −4→4
1627 independent reflectionsl = −22→38

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.034Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.081H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.04w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0347P)2 + 0.331P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
1627 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
110 parametersΔρmax = 0.36 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.37 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Br11.09932 (5)0.94173 (10)0.208298 (11)0.05710 (17)
C10.2315 (5)0.7300 (10)−0.01605 (10)0.0558 (9)
H1A0.29380.90470.00030.084*
H1B0.16110.8175−0.04120.084*
H1C0.32790.5791−0.02420.084*
C20.0949 (4)0.5575 (8)0.01014 (10)0.0424 (8)
C30.3412 (5)0.5400 (8)0.10658 (10)0.0459 (8)
H30.24860.42440.12010.055*
C40.5231 (4)0.6363 (8)0.13083 (9)0.0384 (7)
C50.5589 (5)0.5517 (8)0.17327 (10)0.0445 (8)
H50.46630.43340.18650.053*
C60.7302 (4)0.6397 (8)0.19646 (10)0.0435 (8)
H60.75330.58250.22510.052*
C70.8655 (4)0.8131 (8)0.17650 (10)0.0399 (7)
C80.8342 (5)0.9003 (8)0.13405 (10)0.0470 (8)
H80.92781.01610.12080.056*
C90.6625 (4)0.8128 (9)0.11179 (10)0.0467 (8)
H90.63920.87330.08330.056*
N10.1261 (4)0.4971 (7)0.05018 (9)0.0492 (8)
N20.3081 (4)0.6106 (8)0.06790 (8)0.0545 (8)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Br10.0437 (2)0.0655 (3)0.0587 (3)−0.00573 (17)−0.01464 (16)−0.00470 (18)
C10.0459 (18)0.072 (3)0.049 (2)−0.0148 (19)−0.0034 (16)0.0041 (19)
C20.0395 (17)0.047 (2)0.0392 (18)−0.0009 (14)−0.0035 (14)−0.0010 (15)
C30.0399 (17)0.057 (2)0.0395 (19)−0.0073 (15)−0.0008 (14)0.0015 (15)
C40.0382 (16)0.044 (2)0.0314 (16)−0.0019 (14)−0.0034 (13)−0.0031 (13)
C50.0443 (17)0.052 (2)0.0373 (18)−0.0060 (15)0.0032 (14)0.0012 (15)
C60.0483 (18)0.052 (2)0.0289 (16)−0.0012 (15)−0.0048 (14)0.0032 (14)
C70.0332 (15)0.0444 (19)0.0404 (18)0.0015 (14)−0.0072 (13)−0.0091 (15)
C80.0446 (18)0.057 (2)0.0388 (19)−0.0132 (16)0.0029 (15)0.0024 (16)
C90.0497 (18)0.059 (2)0.0300 (16)−0.0081 (17)−0.0019 (14)0.0046 (15)
N10.0407 (15)0.065 (2)0.0397 (16)−0.0119 (13)−0.0084 (12)0.0001 (13)
N20.0466 (16)0.075 (2)0.0387 (16)−0.0154 (14)−0.0105 (13)0.0030 (14)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Br1—C71.898 (3)C4—C91.384 (4)
C1—C21.487 (4)C5—C61.382 (4)
C1—H1A0.9600C5—H50.9300
C1—H1B0.9600C6—C71.371 (4)
C1—H1C0.9600C6—H60.9300
C2—N11.283 (4)C7—C81.381 (4)
C2—C2i1.483 (6)C8—C91.371 (4)
C3—N21.252 (4)C8—H80.9300
C3—C41.465 (4)C9—H90.9300
C3—H30.9300N1—N21.408 (4)
C4—C51.381 (4)
C2—C1—H1A109.5C4—C5—H5119.5
C2—C1—H1B109.5C6—C5—H5119.5
H1A—C1—H1B109.5C7—C6—C5118.7 (3)
C2—C1—H1C109.5C7—C6—H6120.6
H1A—C1—H1C109.5C5—C6—H6120.6
H1B—C1—H1C109.5C6—C7—C8121.6 (3)
N1—C2—C2i115.2 (4)C6—C7—Br1119.1 (2)
N1—C2—C1125.2 (3)C8—C7—Br1119.3 (2)
C2i—C2—C1119.6 (3)C9—C8—C7118.7 (3)
N2—C3—C4121.2 (3)C9—C8—H8120.7
N2—C3—H3119.4C7—C8—H8120.7
C4—C3—H3119.4C8—C9—C4121.3 (3)
C5—C4—C9118.6 (3)C8—C9—H9119.3
C5—C4—C3120.5 (3)C4—C9—H9119.3
C9—C4—C3120.9 (3)C2—N1—N2113.0 (3)
C4—C5—C6121.1 (3)C3—N2—N1112.8 (3)
N2—C3—C4—C5−178.8 (3)Br1—C7—C8—C9−178.4 (3)
N2—C3—C4—C91.0 (5)C7—C8—C9—C4−1.0 (5)
C9—C4—C5—C6−0.1 (5)C5—C4—C9—C80.7 (5)
C3—C4—C5—C6179.7 (3)C3—C4—C9—C8−179.1 (3)
C4—C5—C6—C7−0.2 (5)C2i—C2—N1—N2179.9 (3)
C5—C6—C7—C8−0.1 (5)C1—C2—N1—N2−0.3 (5)
C5—C6—C7—Br1178.9 (2)C4—C3—N2—N1179.9 (3)
C6—C7—C8—C90.7 (5)C2—N1—N2—C3−177.4 (3)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x, −y+1, −z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: ZS2037).

References

  • Bruker (2000). SMART and SAINT Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • He, G.-J., Zhao, Y.-G., He, C., Liu, Y. & Duan, C.-Y. (2008). Inorg. Chem.47, 5169–5176. [PubMed]
  • Metrangolo, P., Neukirch, H., Pilati, T. & Resnati, G. (2005). Acc. Chem. Res.38, 386–395. [PubMed]
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]

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