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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 May 1; 65(Pt 5): o1174.
Published online 2009 April 30. doi:  10.1107/S160053680901558X
PMCID: PMC2977839

Ethyl 3-carb­oxy-5-nitro­benzoate

Abstract

In the title compound, C10H9NO6, the carb­oxy, ethoxy­carbonyl and nitro groups form dihedral angles of 3.8 (1), 4.5 (1) and 164.8 (1)°, respectively, with the mean plane of the benzene ring. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules lying about inversion centers are linked through O—H(...)O hydrogen bonds. C—H(...)O inter­actions are also present.

Related literature

The title compound is an important inter­mediate for the preparation of iodinated X-ray contrast media, such as iotalamic acid, ioxitalamic acid, and ioxilan, which are used clinically all over the world (Morin et al., 1987 [triangle]; Singh & Rathore, 1980 [triangle]; Stacul, 2001 [triangle]). For a related structure, see: Zou et al. (2009 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o1174-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C10H9NO6
  • M r = 239.18
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o1174-efi1.jpg
  • a = 14.249 (3) Å
  • b = 4.6450 (9) Å
  • c = 16.536 (4) Å
  • β = 108.401 (3)°
  • V = 1038.5 (4) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.13 mm−1
  • T = 93 K
  • 0.40 × 0.23 × 0.23 mm

Data collection

  • Rigaku SPIDER diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: none
  • 6542 measured reflections
  • 2355 independent reflections
  • 1967 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.024

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.043
  • wR(F 2) = 0.087
  • S = 0.99
  • 2355 reflections
  • 159 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.54 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.21 e Å−3

Data collection: RAPID-AUTO (Rigaku, 2004 [triangle]); cell refinement: RAPID-AUTO; data reduction: RAPID-AUTO; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S160053680901558X/pv2153sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053680901558X/pv2153Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge financial support from the Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound is an important intermediate for the preparation of iodinated X-ray contrast media, such as iotalamic acid, ioxitalamic acid, and ioxilan, which are used clinically all over the world (Morin et al., 1987; Singh et al., 1980; Stacul, 2001). We report here the crystal structure of the title compound.

The crystal data show that the bond lengths and angles in the title compound (Fig. 1) are within expected ranges and agree well with the corresponding molecular dimensions reported for a similar compound (Zou et al., 2009). The carboxylic acid group (O5/C10/O6) attached at C3 and the ester group (O1/C7/O2) attached at C1 are nearly coplanar with the benzene ring (C1—C6) (dihedral angles of 3.8 (1) and 4.5 (1)°, respectively), while the nitro group (O3/N1/O4) attached at C5 forms a dihedral angle of 164.8 (1) ° with the benzene ring. In the cyrstal structure, the molecules lying about inversion centers are linked through O—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1).

Experimental

5-Nitroisophthalic acid (2.1 g, 0.01 mol) was dissolved in 1.5 M ethanolic hydrochloric acid solution (7.5 ml) at 323 K. The mixture was stirred at 323 K for 6 hr. Then sodium chloride (1.8 g, 0.03 mol) in water (20 ml) was added. An oily liquid separated and crystallized on cooling. The precipitate was suction filtered and washed with water until neutral. The solid was suspended in sodium bicarbonate (1.0 g, 0.01 mol) in water (10 ml) and the undissolved diester was filtered off. The filtrate was acidified with 1 M hydrochloric acid to a pH of 4. The precipitate was filtered and washed with cold water. The crude product was purified by recrystallization from ethanol (yield: 41%). Single crystals were grown by slow evaporation of a ethanol/water(v/v 1:1) solution: colourless prismatic crystals were formed after several days.

Refinement

All the H atoms could have been discerned in the difference electron density maps. With the exception of the hydrogen belonging to the hydroxyl group of the carboxyl the H atoms were situated into the idealized positions and refined in riding motion approximation. The hydroxyl hydrogen was refined freely. The used constraints: Caryl—H = 0.95 Å, Cmethyl—H = 0.98 Å and Cmethylene—H = 0.99 Å, Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C).

Figures

Fig. 1.
A view of the title compound with the atomic numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids were drawn at the 30% probability level.

Crystal data

C10H9NO6F(000) = 496
Mr = 239.18Dx = 1.530 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ynCell parameters from 3010 reflections
a = 14.249 (3) Åθ = 3.0–27.5°
b = 4.6450 (9) ŵ = 0.13 mm1
c = 16.536 (4) ÅT = 93 K
β = 108.401 (3)°Prism, colorless
V = 1038.5 (4) Å30.40 × 0.23 × 0.23 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Rigaku SPIDER diffractometer1967 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: Rotating AnodeRint = 0.024
graphiteθmax = 27.5°, θmin = 3.0°
ω scansh = −18→16
6542 measured reflectionsk = −5→5
2355 independent reflectionsl = −21→20

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.043Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.087H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 0.99w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.018P)2 + 0.9P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2355 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
159 parametersΔρmax = 0.54 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.21 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes)are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are takeninto account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, anglesand torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are onlyused when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic)treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR andgoodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are basedon F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression ofF2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and isnot relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors basedon F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R-factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O10.13780 (9)0.1168 (3)0.34968 (7)0.0298 (3)
O20.03728 (8)0.0126 (3)0.42538 (7)0.0276 (3)
O30.08919 (8)0.5402 (3)0.69486 (7)0.0264 (3)
O40.18028 (8)0.9233 (3)0.71824 (7)0.0254 (3)
O50.42632 (9)1.0386 (3)0.57257 (8)0.0295 (3)
O60.41511 (9)0.7677 (3)0.45857 (8)0.0372 (3)
N10.14799 (9)0.7034 (3)0.67837 (8)0.0204 (3)
C10.16237 (11)0.3639 (3)0.47870 (9)0.0191 (3)
C20.24472 (11)0.5011 (4)0.46934 (10)0.0212 (3)
H20.26620.45700.42190.025*
C30.29609 (11)0.7032 (4)0.52916 (10)0.0207 (3)
C40.26459 (11)0.7719 (3)0.59811 (10)0.0202 (3)
H40.29850.91140.63890.024*
C50.18231 (11)0.6311 (3)0.60566 (9)0.0186 (3)
C60.13113 (11)0.4266 (3)0.54859 (9)0.0188 (3)
H60.07590.33040.55660.023*
C70.10519 (11)0.1465 (4)0.41636 (9)0.0207 (3)
C80.08258 (14)−0.0899 (5)0.28589 (11)0.0362 (5)
H8A0.0140−0.02170.25900.043*
H8B0.0802−0.27880.31290.043*
C90.13330 (17)−0.1176 (6)0.22150 (14)0.0530 (6)
H9A0.13280.06860.19350.064*
H9B0.0991−0.26110.17890.064*
H9C0.2018−0.17870.24910.064*
C100.38474 (12)0.8391 (4)0.51701 (10)0.0242 (4)
H5O0.4809 (18)1.103 (5)0.5597 (14)0.064 (8)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0321 (6)0.0351 (7)0.0270 (6)−0.0129 (6)0.0161 (5)−0.0098 (5)
O20.0262 (6)0.0316 (7)0.0261 (6)−0.0117 (5)0.0098 (5)−0.0031 (5)
O30.0269 (6)0.0273 (7)0.0288 (6)−0.0054 (5)0.0143 (5)0.0005 (5)
O40.0235 (6)0.0245 (6)0.0282 (6)−0.0031 (5)0.0080 (5)−0.0077 (5)
O50.0227 (6)0.0336 (7)0.0357 (7)−0.0122 (5)0.0140 (5)−0.0083 (6)
O60.0312 (7)0.0485 (9)0.0394 (7)−0.0200 (6)0.0218 (6)−0.0161 (6)
N10.0171 (6)0.0220 (7)0.0220 (6)0.0000 (5)0.0057 (5)0.0014 (6)
C10.0181 (7)0.0184 (8)0.0202 (7)−0.0002 (6)0.0052 (6)0.0026 (6)
C20.0193 (7)0.0234 (9)0.0219 (7)−0.0006 (6)0.0079 (6)0.0019 (7)
C30.0158 (7)0.0212 (8)0.0248 (7)−0.0020 (6)0.0060 (6)0.0030 (7)
C40.0171 (7)0.0189 (8)0.0229 (7)−0.0010 (6)0.0040 (6)0.0014 (6)
C50.0176 (7)0.0194 (8)0.0191 (7)0.0018 (6)0.0062 (6)0.0032 (6)
C60.0155 (7)0.0188 (8)0.0219 (7)−0.0003 (6)0.0056 (6)0.0051 (6)
C70.0200 (7)0.0217 (9)0.0209 (7)−0.0010 (6)0.0074 (6)0.0024 (6)
C80.0397 (10)0.0404 (12)0.0311 (9)−0.0145 (9)0.0147 (8)−0.0134 (8)
C90.0542 (14)0.0675 (17)0.0422 (12)−0.0140 (12)0.0224 (10)−0.0208 (11)
C100.0197 (8)0.0254 (9)0.0272 (8)−0.0044 (7)0.0070 (6)−0.0007 (7)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C71.3320 (19)C2—H20.9500
O1—C81.460 (2)C3—C41.388 (2)
O2—C71.1986 (19)C3—C101.481 (2)
O3—N11.2230 (17)C4—C51.382 (2)
O4—N11.2242 (17)C4—H40.9500
O5—C101.308 (2)C5—C61.375 (2)
O5—H5O0.92 (3)C6—H60.9500
O6—C101.223 (2)C8—C91.469 (3)
N1—C51.4726 (19)C8—H8A0.9900
C1—C21.386 (2)C8—H8B0.9900
C1—C61.394 (2)C9—H9A0.9800
C1—C71.488 (2)C9—H9B0.9800
C2—C31.392 (2)C9—H9C0.9800
C7—O1—C8114.65 (13)C5—C6—H6120.8
C10—O5—H5O107.3 (15)C1—C6—H6120.8
O3—N1—O4124.39 (13)O2—C7—O1123.74 (15)
O3—N1—C5117.92 (13)O2—C7—C1123.56 (14)
O4—N1—C5117.69 (13)O1—C7—C1112.70 (13)
C2—C1—C6119.97 (14)O1—C8—C9107.75 (16)
C2—C1—C7122.15 (14)O1—C8—H8A110.2
C6—C1—C7117.88 (14)C9—C8—H8A110.2
C1—C2—C3120.29 (14)O1—C8—H8B110.2
C1—C2—H2119.9C9—C8—H8B110.2
C3—C2—H2119.9H8A—C8—H8B108.5
C4—C3—C2120.32 (14)C8—C9—H9A109.5
C4—C3—C10121.61 (14)C8—C9—H9B109.5
C2—C3—C10118.07 (14)H9A—C9—H9B109.5
C5—C4—C3117.97 (14)C8—C9—H9C109.5
C5—C4—H4121.0H9A—C9—H9C109.5
C3—C4—H4121.0H9B—C9—H9C109.5
C6—C5—C4123.11 (14)O6—C10—O5123.54 (15)
C6—C5—N1118.49 (13)O6—C10—C3121.42 (15)
C4—C5—N1118.40 (14)O5—C10—C3115.04 (14)
C5—C6—C1118.31 (14)
C6—C1—C2—C3−0.5 (2)C2—C1—C6—C51.7 (2)
C7—C1—C2—C3179.98 (14)C7—C1—C6—C5−178.76 (13)
C1—C2—C3—C4−0.8 (2)C8—O1—C7—O21.3 (2)
C1—C2—C3—C10178.79 (14)C8—O1—C7—C1−178.77 (14)
C2—C3—C4—C50.9 (2)C2—C1—C7—O2175.54 (15)
C10—C3—C4—C5−178.73 (14)C6—C1—C7—O2−4.0 (2)
C3—C4—C5—C60.4 (2)C2—C1—C7—O1−4.3 (2)
C3—C4—C5—N1−179.71 (13)C6—C1—C7—O1176.11 (14)
O3—N1—C5—C614.8 (2)C7—O1—C8—C9−174.64 (17)
O4—N1—C5—C6−165.20 (13)C4—C3—C10—O6176.32 (16)
O3—N1—C5—C4−165.12 (14)C2—C3—C10—O6−3.3 (2)
O4—N1—C5—C414.9 (2)C4—C3—C10—O5−4.1 (2)
C4—C5—C6—C1−1.7 (2)C2—C3—C10—O5176.29 (14)
N1—C5—C6—C1178.44 (13)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O5—H5O···O6i0.92 (3)1.71 (3)2.630 (2)176.7 (17)
C6—H6···O2ii0.952.353.280 (2)165
C9—H9A···O6iii0.982.563.354 (3)138

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, −y+2, −z+1; (ii) −x, −y, −z+1; (iii) −x+1/2, y−1/2, −z+1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: PV2153).

References

  • Morin, J. P., Boutelet, I., Toutain, H. & Fillastre, J. P. (1987). Pathol. Biol.35, 1215–1220. [PubMed]
  • Rigaku (2004). RAPID-AUTO Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Singh, G. B. & Rathore, H. G. S. (1980). Indian Drug. Pharm. Ind.15, 35–38.
  • Stacul, F. (2001). Eur. Radiol.11, 690–697. [PubMed]
  • Zou, P., Xie, M.-H., Luo, S.-N., Liu, Y.-L. & Shen, Y.-J. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, o335. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography