PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of actaeInternational Union of Crystallographysearchopen accessarticle submissionjournal home pagethis article
 
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 May 1; 65(Pt 5): m540.
Published online 2009 April 22. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809013750
PMCID: PMC2977591

Bis[μ-2-(2-naphth­oxy)acetato]bis­{aqua[2-(2-naphth­oxy)acetato]zinc(II)}

Abstract

The title binuclear ZnII compound, [Zn2(C12H9O3)4(H2O)2], is centrosymmetric. Each Zn atom is coordinated by two bridging 2-naphthoxyacetate anions, one terminal 2-naphth­oxy­acetate anion and one water mol­ecule in a distorted ZnO4 tetra­hedral geometry. The naphthalene system of the bridging ligand is nearly perpendicular to the naphthalene of the terminal ligand, with a dihedral angle of 78.26 (6)°. Within the binuclear mol­ecule the Zn(...)Zn separation is 3.815 (5) Å. In the crystal structure, inter­molecular O—H(...)O hydrogen bonding between the water mol­ecule and carboxyl­ate groups helps to stabilize the crystal structure.

Related literature

For general background, see: Harrison et al. (2002 [triangle]); Ma et al. (2004 [triangle]). For a related structure, see: Li et al. (2008 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0m540-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • [Zn2(C12H9O3)4(H2O)2]
  • M r = 971.54
  • Triclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0m540-efi1.jpg
  • a = 5.3241 (5) Å
  • b = 9.2189 (10) Å
  • c = 20.722 (2) Å
  • α = 86.055 (6)°
  • β = 89.351 (6)°
  • γ = 89.277 (6)°
  • V = 1014.54 (18) Å3
  • Z = 1
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 1.26 mm−1
  • T = 296 K
  • 0.35 × 0.19 × 0.10 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker APEXII area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 1996 [triangle]) T min = 0.75, T max = 0.88
  • 17599 measured reflections
  • 4580 independent reflections
  • 4038 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.024

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.026
  • wR(F 2) = 0.068
  • S = 1.04
  • 4580 reflections
  • 295 parameters
  • 5 restraints
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.37 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.24 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2006 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2006 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXTL; molecular graphics: SHELXTL; software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Selected bond lengths (Å)
Table 2
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809013750/xu2494sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809013750/xu2494Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This project was supported by the Science Development Foundation of Central South University, People’s Republic of China (grant No. 07SDF01).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The synthesis of metal–organic hybrid materials has been deeply researched as their interesting structural diversity and potential functions (Harrison et al., 2002). In particular, carboxylate ligands, especially aromatic carboxylate ligands, have been shown to be good building blocks in the synthesis of metal–organic materials with desired topologies, owing to their rich coordination modes. The coordination chemistry of flexible aromatic carboxylic acids such as 2-naphthoxyacetic acid (Ma et al., 2004) has captured the attention of chemist for many years. Herein we report the crystal structure of the title compound incorporating 2-naphthoxyacetate ligands.

The binuclear molecule of the title complex is centrosymmetric. The coordination environment of the Zn atom displays a distorted ZnO4 tetrahedron (Fig. 1). The molecule contains two Zn atoms connected by two bridge 2-naphthoxyacetate anions and two terminal 2-naphthoxyacetate anions and two coordinate water molecules. Within the binuclear molecule the dihedral angle between bridge naphthalene ring systems is 1.77 (3)°, and that between terminal naphthalene systems is 2.59 (2)°. The C1-containg naphthalene is nearly perpendicular to the C13-containig naphthalene with a dihedral angle of 78.26 (6)°. The bond angles at the Zn center range from 95.10 (5)° to 138.94 (5)°. The coordinate bond distances (Table 1) range from 1.949 (3) to 2.014 (4) Å, which are comparable to those found in a ZnII complex (Li et al., 2008). Within the binuclear molecule the Zn···Zn distance is 3.815 (5) Å.

In the crystal structure there are intermolecular O—H···O hydrogen bonds between water O and 2-naphthoxyacetate O atoms (Table 2), which helps to stabilize the crystal structure.

Experimental

A mixture of Zn(CH3COO)2.2H2O (0.2195 g, 1 mmol), NaOH (0.021 g, 0.5 mmol), 2-naphthoxyacetic acid (0.202 g, 1 mmol), 2,2'-bipyridine (0.078 g, 0.5 mmol) was dissolved in 17 ml of 15:2 water/ethanol. The solution was placed in a 25 ml Teflon-lined stainless steel bomb. The bomb was heated to 433 K for 3 d. Then it was cooled to room temperature over 3 d. The colorless crystals of the title compound suitable for X-ray diffraction structure analysis were isolated from the solution.

Refinement

The carbon-bound H atoms were positioned geometrically and included in the refinement using a riding model with C—H = 0.93 Å for aromatic and C—H = 0.97 Å for the others, and Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C). The water H atoms were located from a different map and their positions were refined with restraints of O—H = 0.80 (2) Å and H···H = 1.30 (2) Å, their displacement parameters were set to 1.5Ueq(O).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound, showing 30% probability displacement ellipsoids [symmetry code: (A) -x + 2, -y + 1, -z + 1].

Crystal data

[Zn2(C12H9O3)4(H2O)2]Z = 1
Mr = 971.54F(000) = 500
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.590 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 5.3241 (5) ÅCell parameters from 6935 reflections
b = 9.2189 (10) Åθ = 2.0–27.7°
c = 20.722 (2) ŵ = 1.26 mm1
α = 86.055 (6)°T = 296 K
β = 89.351 (6)°Block, colourless
γ = 89.277 (6)°0.35 × 0.19 × 0.10 mm
V = 1014.54 (18) Å3

Data collection

Bruker APEXII area-detector diffractometer4580 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube4038 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.024
ω scansθmax = 27.7°, θmin = 2.0°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 1996)h = −6→6
Tmin = 0.75, Tmax = 0.88k = −11→11
17599 measured reflectionsl = −26→26

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.026Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.068H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.04w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0351P)2 + 0.239P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
4580 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
295 parametersΔρmax = 0.37 e Å3
5 restraintsΔρmin = −0.24 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Zn10.92519 (3)0.305896 (19)0.534483 (9)0.03119 (7)
C10.1095 (3)0.23704 (19)0.30443 (9)0.0404 (4)
H1A0.06920.19100.34450.048*
C2−0.0242 (3)0.2083 (2)0.25138 (10)0.0450 (4)
H2A−0.15670.14350.25580.054*
C30.0341 (3)0.27465 (19)0.18985 (9)0.0402 (4)
C4−0.0984 (4)0.2444 (2)0.13329 (11)0.0553 (5)
H4A−0.23250.18060.13640.066*
C5−0.0309 (4)0.3078 (3)0.07485 (11)0.0633 (6)
H5A−0.11870.28700.03810.076*
C60.1696 (4)0.4039 (3)0.06943 (10)0.0588 (6)
H6A0.21540.44610.02900.071*
C70.2989 (4)0.4367 (2)0.12279 (10)0.0498 (5)
H7A0.43030.50230.11850.060*
C80.2361 (3)0.37261 (19)0.18439 (9)0.0370 (4)
C90.3695 (3)0.40425 (19)0.24049 (9)0.0379 (4)
H9A0.49850.47150.23730.045*
C100.3091 (3)0.33636 (17)0.29899 (8)0.0333 (3)
C110.6150 (3)0.46390 (17)0.35489 (8)0.0326 (3)
H11A0.53440.55860.34820.039*
H11B0.73220.45210.31940.039*
C120.7539 (3)0.45536 (16)0.41740 (8)0.0305 (3)
C130.4572 (3)0.09687 (19)0.74494 (9)0.0382 (4)
H13A0.58450.04000.72820.046*
C140.4585 (3)0.12649 (19)0.81109 (9)0.0389 (4)
C150.6409 (4)0.0649 (2)0.85421 (10)0.0523 (5)
H15A0.76790.00610.83870.063*
C160.6335 (4)0.0904 (3)0.91819 (11)0.0605 (6)
H16A0.75370.04800.94590.073*
C170.4455 (5)0.1803 (3)0.94243 (11)0.0612 (6)
H17A0.44200.19730.98620.073*
C180.2679 (4)0.2428 (2)0.90229 (10)0.0547 (5)
H18A0.14430.30240.91890.066*
C190.2695 (3)0.2181 (2)0.83567 (9)0.0416 (4)
C200.0853 (4)0.2775 (2)0.79250 (9)0.0457 (4)
H20A−0.03650.34040.80760.055*
C210.0821 (3)0.24504 (19)0.72961 (9)0.0402 (4)
H21A−0.04260.28400.70230.048*
C220.2692 (3)0.15170 (18)0.70574 (8)0.0333 (3)
C230.4052 (3)0.02700 (17)0.61316 (8)0.0339 (3)
H23A0.3199−0.02110.57960.041*
H23B0.4617−0.04730.64530.041*
C240.6312 (3)0.10515 (17)0.58379 (7)0.0292 (3)
O1W1.2112 (2)0.22907 (14)0.48755 (6)0.0406 (3)
H1WA1.219 (4)0.1475 (17)0.4739 (11)0.061*
H1WB1.322 (4)0.277 (2)0.4726 (11)0.061*
O10.4310 (2)0.35356 (13)0.35586 (6)0.0390 (3)
O20.9399 (2)0.53680 (13)0.41861 (6)0.0413 (3)
O30.6857 (2)0.36827 (14)0.46300 (6)0.0410 (3)
O40.2323 (2)0.12098 (13)0.64264 (6)0.0377 (3)
O50.7730 (2)0.03976 (14)0.54726 (6)0.0434 (3)
O60.6637 (2)0.23592 (12)0.59560 (5)0.0341 (2)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Zn10.03023 (10)0.03378 (11)0.03012 (12)−0.00814 (7)0.00225 (7)−0.00527 (7)
C10.0373 (9)0.0404 (9)0.0432 (11)−0.0064 (7)−0.0025 (7)0.0008 (7)
C20.0376 (9)0.0432 (10)0.0552 (12)−0.0100 (7)−0.0072 (8)−0.0061 (8)
C30.0369 (9)0.0397 (9)0.0450 (11)0.0040 (7)−0.0095 (8)−0.0097 (7)
C40.0491 (11)0.0586 (13)0.0602 (14)0.0003 (9)−0.0201 (10)−0.0150 (10)
C50.0667 (14)0.0770 (16)0.0483 (14)0.0087 (12)−0.0250 (11)−0.0167 (11)
C60.0645 (13)0.0748 (15)0.0369 (11)0.0114 (11)−0.0087 (10)−0.0039 (10)
C70.0519 (11)0.0571 (12)0.0402 (11)0.0015 (9)−0.0059 (9)−0.0018 (9)
C80.0367 (8)0.0381 (9)0.0366 (10)0.0059 (7)−0.0056 (7)−0.0055 (7)
C90.0356 (8)0.0381 (9)0.0398 (10)−0.0048 (7)−0.0052 (7)−0.0010 (7)
C100.0306 (8)0.0329 (8)0.0367 (9)0.0002 (6)−0.0067 (7)−0.0043 (6)
C110.0346 (8)0.0290 (8)0.0343 (9)−0.0056 (6)−0.0021 (7)−0.0021 (6)
C120.0308 (7)0.0290 (8)0.0326 (9)−0.0006 (6)0.0015 (6)−0.0076 (6)
C130.0328 (8)0.0417 (9)0.0407 (10)−0.0001 (7)0.0045 (7)−0.0074 (7)
C140.0378 (9)0.0382 (9)0.0407 (10)−0.0063 (7)0.0025 (7)−0.0019 (7)
C150.0498 (11)0.0569 (12)0.0500 (13)0.0033 (9)−0.0046 (9)−0.0030 (9)
C160.0630 (13)0.0693 (15)0.0483 (13)−0.0044 (11)−0.0131 (10)0.0052 (10)
C170.0758 (15)0.0727 (15)0.0358 (11)−0.0136 (12)0.0002 (10)−0.0069 (10)
C180.0623 (13)0.0606 (13)0.0422 (12)−0.0017 (10)0.0060 (10)−0.0106 (9)
C190.0460 (10)0.0408 (10)0.0382 (10)−0.0057 (7)0.0059 (8)−0.0041 (7)
C200.0475 (10)0.0447 (10)0.0450 (11)0.0079 (8)0.0085 (8)−0.0076 (8)
C210.0381 (9)0.0416 (10)0.0404 (10)0.0032 (7)0.0047 (7)0.0000 (7)
C220.0314 (8)0.0342 (8)0.0342 (9)−0.0075 (6)0.0073 (7)−0.0025 (6)
C230.0368 (8)0.0325 (8)0.0328 (9)−0.0068 (6)0.0054 (7)−0.0046 (6)
C240.0303 (7)0.0320 (8)0.0255 (8)−0.0037 (6)−0.0005 (6)−0.0016 (6)
O1W0.0385 (6)0.0351 (6)0.0486 (8)−0.0080 (5)0.0147 (5)−0.0075 (5)
O10.0411 (6)0.0423 (7)0.0334 (7)−0.0143 (5)−0.0084 (5)0.0028 (5)
O20.0434 (7)0.0410 (7)0.0410 (7)−0.0147 (5)−0.0017 (5)−0.0112 (5)
O30.0349 (6)0.0536 (7)0.0338 (7)−0.0106 (5)−0.0038 (5)0.0046 (5)
O40.0314 (6)0.0479 (7)0.0342 (7)−0.0015 (5)0.0050 (5)−0.0069 (5)
O50.0391 (6)0.0463 (7)0.0464 (8)−0.0059 (5)0.0126 (5)−0.0160 (5)
O60.0368 (6)0.0306 (6)0.0350 (6)−0.0078 (4)0.0043 (5)−0.0035 (5)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Zn1—O2i1.9492 (12)C12—O21.2518 (19)
Zn1—O32.0143 (12)C13—C221.366 (2)
Zn1—O61.9567 (11)C13—C141.416 (3)
Zn1—O1W1.9496 (12)C13—H13A0.9300
Zn1—C242.5875 (15)C14—C151.414 (3)
C1—C21.359 (3)C14—C191.418 (3)
C1—C101.410 (2)C15—C161.362 (3)
C1—H1A0.9300C15—H15A0.9300
C2—C31.409 (3)C16—C171.402 (3)
C2—H2A0.9300C16—H16A0.9300
C3—C81.412 (3)C17—C181.362 (3)
C3—C41.420 (3)C17—H17A0.9300
C4—C51.354 (3)C18—C191.415 (3)
C4—H4A0.9300C18—H18A0.9300
C5—C61.395 (3)C19—C201.415 (3)
C5—H5A0.9300C20—C211.357 (3)
C6—C71.362 (3)C20—H20A0.9300
C6—H6A0.9300C21—C221.415 (2)
C7—C81.408 (3)C21—H21A0.9300
C7—H7A0.9300C22—O41.373 (2)
C8—C91.418 (2)C23—O41.4183 (19)
C9—C101.363 (2)C23—C241.511 (2)
C9—H9A0.9300C23—H23A0.9700
C10—O11.3712 (19)C23—H23B0.9700
C11—O11.4201 (18)C24—O51.2430 (19)
C11—C121.496 (2)C24—O61.2609 (19)
C11—H11A0.9700O1W—H1WA0.821 (15)
C11—H11B0.9700O1W—H1WB0.791 (15)
C12—O31.251 (2)O2—Zn1i1.9492 (11)
O2i—Zn1—O1W105.14 (5)C22—C13—H13A120.0
O2i—Zn1—O699.93 (5)C14—C13—H13A120.0
O1W—Zn1—O6138.94 (5)C15—C14—C13121.90 (17)
O2i—Zn1—O3115.25 (5)C15—C14—C19118.50 (18)
O1W—Zn1—O3102.70 (6)C13—C14—C19119.59 (16)
O6—Zn1—O395.10 (5)C16—C15—C14121.0 (2)
O2i—Zn1—C24124.97 (5)C16—C15—H15A119.5
O1W—Zn1—C24113.10 (5)C14—C15—H15A119.5
O6—Zn1—C2428.08 (5)C15—C16—C17120.4 (2)
O3—Zn1—C2493.56 (5)C15—C16—H16A119.8
C2—C1—C10120.29 (17)C17—C16—H16A119.8
C2—C1—H1A119.9C18—C17—C16120.4 (2)
C10—C1—H1A119.9C18—C17—H17A119.8
C1—C2—C3121.32 (17)C16—C17—H17A119.8
C1—C2—H2A119.3C17—C18—C19120.7 (2)
C3—C2—H2A119.3C17—C18—H18A119.6
C2—C3—C8118.28 (16)C19—C18—H18A119.6
C2—C3—C4122.66 (18)C18—C19—C20122.73 (18)
C8—C3—C4119.04 (19)C18—C19—C14119.02 (18)
C5—C4—C3120.6 (2)C20—C19—C14118.22 (17)
C5—C4—H4A119.7C21—C20—C19121.59 (17)
C3—C4—H4A119.7C21—C20—H20A119.2
C4—C5—C6120.4 (2)C19—C20—H20A119.2
C4—C5—H5A119.8C20—C21—C22119.80 (17)
C6—C5—H5A119.8C20—C21—H21A120.1
C7—C6—C5120.6 (2)C22—C21—H21A120.1
C7—C6—H6A119.7C13—C22—O4126.08 (15)
C5—C6—H6A119.7C13—C22—C21120.64 (16)
C6—C7—C8120.9 (2)O4—C22—C21113.23 (15)
C6—C7—H7A119.6O4—C23—C24113.14 (13)
C8—C7—H7A119.6O4—C23—H23A109.0
C7—C8—C3118.54 (17)C24—C23—H23A109.0
C7—C8—C9121.79 (17)O4—C23—H23B109.0
C3—C8—C9119.67 (17)C24—C23—H23B109.0
C10—C9—C8120.19 (16)H23A—C23—H23B107.8
C10—C9—H9A119.9O5—C24—O6122.57 (14)
C8—C9—H9A119.9O5—C24—C23118.81 (14)
C9—C10—O1125.40 (15)O6—C24—C23118.57 (14)
C9—C10—C1120.21 (16)O5—C24—Zn176.17 (9)
O1—C10—C1114.38 (15)O6—C24—Zn146.93 (7)
O1—C11—C12110.15 (13)C23—C24—Zn1162.49 (11)
O1—C11—H11A109.6Zn1—O1W—H1WA124.7 (15)
C12—C11—H11A109.6Zn1—O1W—H1WB123.9 (16)
O1—C11—H11B109.6H1WA—O1W—H1WB110.2 (19)
C12—C11—H11B109.6C10—O1—C11116.83 (13)
H11A—C11—H11B108.1C12—O2—Zn1i141.63 (11)
O3—C12—O2124.83 (15)C12—O3—Zn1120.45 (10)
O3—C12—C11120.08 (14)C22—O4—C23118.83 (13)
O2—C12—C11115.07 (14)C24—O6—Zn1104.99 (10)
C22—C13—C14120.06 (16)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, −y+1, −z+1.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O1W—H1WA···O5ii0.82 (2)1.81 (2)2.6284 (18)174 (2)
O1W—H1WB···O1iii0.79 (2)2.53 (2)3.1087 (17)131 (2)
O1W—H1WB···O3iii0.79 (2)2.12 (2)2.8724 (16)158 (2)

Symmetry codes: (ii) −x+2, −y, −z+1; (iii) x+1, y, z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: XU2494).

References

  • Bruker (2006). APEX2 and SAINT Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Harrison, R. G., Fox, O. D. & Meng, M. O. (2002). Inorg. Chem.41, 838–843. [PubMed]
  • Li, W. Q., Feng, X., Feng, Y. L. & Weng, Y. H. (2008). Chin. J. Inorg. Chem.24, 873–879.
  • Ma, C. L., Han, Y. F. & Zhang, R. F. (2004). J. Organomet. Chem.689, 1675–1683.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (1996). SADABS University of Goëttingen, Germany.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]

Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography