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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 August 1; 65(Pt 8): o1760.
Published online 2009 July 4. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809024994
PMCID: PMC2977296

1-Isopropyl­ideneamino-1H-tetra­zol-5-amine

Abstract

The mol­ecule of the title compound, C4H8N6, assumes an approximately planar structure, the methyl C atoms and the C atom to which they are bonded being out of the mean tetrazole ring plane by 0.108 and 0.139, and 0.144 Å, respectively. π–π stacking between parallel tetra­zole rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.4663 (11) Å] is observed in the crystal structure. Inter­molecular N—H(...)N hydrogen bonding further helps to stabilize the crystal structure.

Related literature

For the preparation of the title compound, see: Gaponnik & Karavai (1984 [triangle]). For general background, see: Galvez-Ruiz et al. (2005 [triangle]); Joo et al. (2008 [triangle]). For a related structures, see: Lyakhov et al. (2005 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-65-o1760-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C4H8N6
  • M r = 140.16
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o1760-efi1.jpg
  • a = 7.488 (2) Å
  • b = 7.4238 (19) Å
  • c = 11.997 (3) Å
  • β = 97.145 (3)°
  • V = 661.7 (3) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.10 mm−1
  • T = 93 K
  • 0.43 × 0.43 × 0.33 mm

Data collection

  • Rigaku Saturn724+ diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: none
  • 5172 measured reflections
  • 1520 independent reflections
  • 1334 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.024

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.036
  • wR(F 2) = 0.088
  • S = 1.00
  • 1520 reflections
  • 101 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.28 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.17 e Å−3

Data collection: CrystalClear (Rigaku, 2008 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrystalClear; data reduction: CrystalClear; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: WinGX (Farrugia, 1999 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809024994/xu2546sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809024994/xu2546Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was supported financially by the State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology in Beijing Institute of Technology, China (No. ZDKT08–01).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

1,5-diaminotetrazole and its derivatives have received an increasing interest as a class of nitrogen-rich energetic materials during the last years.These compounds exhibit prospective application in generation of gases, propellants and other combustible and thermally decomposing systems (Galvez-Ruiz et al., 2005; Joo,et al. 2008). The title compound had been prepared by Gaponnik & Karavai, but its crystal structure hadn't been reported, therefore, the structure of the title compound has been determined in our present work.

The crystal structure of the title compound is presented in Fig. 1, The bond distances and bond angles in the title compound are similar to the corresponding distances and angles reported by Lyakhov et al. (2005). The molecule is almost planar with only C2, C3 and C4 being out of the mean plane of the tetrazole ring by 0.108, 0.144 and 0.139 Å, respectively.

In the crystal structure the molecules are linked to each other via N—H···N hydrogen bonding (Table 1), forming a three dimensional network structure). The offset face-to-face π-π contact between the tetrazole rings, related by an inversion center, further helps to stabilize the crystal structure; centroid-centroid distance being 3.4663 (11) Å.

Experimental

The title compound was prepared according to the literature method (Gaponnik & Karavai, 1984). The purity of the compound was checked by determining its melting point, m.p. 445–446 K. Crystals suitable for X-ray structure determination were obtained by slow evaporation of an acetone solution at room temperature.

Refinement

Amino H atoms were located in a difference Fourier maps and were refined isotropically. Other H-atoms were placed in calculated positions with C—H = 0.98 Å, and refined in riding mode with Uiso = 1.2Ueq(C).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound with the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level.

Crystal data

C4H8N6F(000) = 296
Mr = 140.16Dx = 1.407 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMelting point: 445 K
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 7.488 (2) ÅCell parameters from 2076 reflections
b = 7.4238 (19) Åθ = 3.1–27.5°
c = 11.997 (3) ŵ = 0.10 mm1
β = 97.145 (3)°T = 93 K
V = 661.7 (3) Å3Block, colourless
Z = 40.43 × 0.43 × 0.33 mm

Data collection

Rigaku Saturn724+ diffractometer1334 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: Rotating AnodeRint = 0.024
graphiteθmax = 27.5°, θmin = 3.2°
Detector resolution: 28.5714 pixels mm-1h = −9→9
multi–scank = −8→9
5172 measured reflectionsl = −15→15
1520 independent reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F20 restraints
Least-squares matrix: fullH atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.036w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.045P)2 + 0.16P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
wR(F2) = 0.088(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
S = 1.00Δρmax = 0.28 e Å3
1520 reflectionsΔρmin = −0.17 e Å3
101 parameters

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
N10.90734 (13)0.19832 (13)0.44509 (8)0.0177 (2)
N20.84796 (13)0.34792 (13)0.38501 (8)0.0182 (2)
N30.78344 (13)0.46815 (13)0.44617 (8)0.0181 (2)
N40.79984 (12)0.39605 (12)0.55284 (7)0.0144 (2)
N50.74880 (12)0.46344 (12)0.65193 (7)0.0165 (2)
N60.91309 (15)0.12338 (14)0.63884 (8)0.0223 (2)
C10.87689 (14)0.23122 (15)0.55029 (9)0.0153 (2)
C20.66745 (14)0.61599 (15)0.65364 (9)0.0169 (2)
C30.61800 (16)0.74455 (16)0.55860 (10)0.0215 (3)
H3A0.72750.79920.53660.026*
H3B0.53970.83910.58250.026*
H3C0.55450.67950.49450.026*
C40.62021 (16)0.66948 (17)0.76627 (10)0.0232 (3)
H4A0.66080.57600.82130.028*
H4B0.48950.68380.76240.028*
H4C0.67940.78370.78910.028*
H6A0.887 (2)0.156 (2)0.7063 (14)0.033 (4)*
H6B0.972 (2)0.025 (2)0.6261 (13)0.037 (4)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.0210 (5)0.0176 (5)0.0146 (5)0.0012 (4)0.0026 (4)−0.0006 (4)
N20.0214 (5)0.0174 (5)0.0161 (5)0.0008 (4)0.0036 (4)−0.0003 (4)
N30.0230 (5)0.0186 (5)0.0133 (4)0.0000 (4)0.0045 (4)0.0006 (4)
N40.0175 (5)0.0144 (5)0.0117 (4)0.0008 (3)0.0030 (3)−0.0010 (3)
N50.0192 (5)0.0183 (5)0.0127 (4)−0.0001 (4)0.0042 (4)−0.0031 (4)
N60.0337 (6)0.0202 (5)0.0137 (5)0.0093 (4)0.0062 (4)0.0008 (4)
C10.0152 (5)0.0167 (5)0.0141 (5)−0.0007 (4)0.0026 (4)−0.0019 (4)
C20.0151 (5)0.0167 (5)0.0190 (6)−0.0019 (4)0.0025 (4)−0.0029 (4)
C30.0243 (6)0.0185 (6)0.0220 (6)0.0043 (4)0.0045 (5)0.0002 (5)
C40.0261 (6)0.0244 (6)0.0196 (6)0.0046 (5)0.0043 (5)−0.0055 (5)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

N1—C11.3326 (14)N6—H6B0.878 (17)
N1—N21.3678 (13)C2—C41.4924 (16)
N2—N31.2870 (13)C2—C31.4977 (16)
N3—N41.3784 (13)C3—H3A0.9800
N4—C11.3549 (14)C3—H3B0.9800
N4—N51.3866 (12)C3—H3C0.9800
N5—C21.2873 (15)C4—H4A0.9800
N6—C11.3309 (14)C4—H4B0.9800
N6—H6A0.891 (17)C4—H4C0.9800
C1—N1—N2105.52 (9)N5—C2—C3128.40 (10)
N3—N2—N1112.53 (9)C4—C2—C3117.11 (10)
N2—N3—N4105.28 (9)C2—C3—H3A109.5
C1—N4—N3108.59 (9)C2—C3—H3B109.5
C1—N4—N5120.58 (9)H3A—C3—H3B109.5
N3—N4—N5130.82 (9)C2—C3—H3C109.5
C2—N5—N4120.83 (9)H3A—C3—H3C109.5
C1—N6—H6A121.1 (10)H3B—C3—H3C109.5
C1—N6—H6B114.8 (10)C2—C4—H4A109.5
H6A—N6—H6B123.9 (14)C2—C4—H4B109.5
N6—C1—N1127.15 (11)H4A—C4—H4B109.5
N6—C1—N4124.77 (10)C2—C4—H4C109.5
N1—C1—N4108.08 (9)H4A—C4—H4C109.5
N5—C2—C4114.48 (10)H4B—C4—H4C109.5
C1—N1—N2—N3−0.23 (12)N2—N1—C1—N40.45 (11)
N1—N2—N3—N4−0.08 (12)N3—N4—C1—N6179.91 (10)
N2—N3—N4—C10.37 (11)N5—N4—C1—N6−1.31 (16)
N2—N3—N4—N5−178.25 (10)N3—N4—C1—N1−0.52 (12)
C1—N4—N5—C2−176.51 (10)N5—N4—C1—N1178.26 (9)
N3—N4—N5—C21.97 (17)N4—N5—C2—C4179.59 (9)
N2—N1—C1—N6−179.99 (11)N4—N5—C2—C3−1.35 (17)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N6—H6A···N2i0.890 (16)2.200 (17)3.0600 (16)162.6 (13)
N6—H6B···N1ii0.876 (15)2.118 (15)2.9770 (16)166.4 (14)

Symmetry codes: (i) x, −y+1/2, z+1/2; (ii) −x+2, −y, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: XU2546).

References

  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1999). J. Appl. Cryst.32, 837–838.
  • Galvez-Ruiz, J. C., Holl, G., Karaghiosoff, K., Klapotke, T. M., Lohnwitz, K., Mayer, P., Noth, H., Polborn, K., Rohbogner, C. J., Suter, M. & Weigand, J. J. (2005). Inorg. Chem.44, 4237–4253. [PubMed]
  • Gaponnik, P. N. & Karavai, V. P. (1984). Khim. Geterotsikl. Soedin.12, 1683–1686.
  • Joo, Y.-H., Twamley, B., Garg, S. & Shreeve, J. M. (2008). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.47, 6236–6239. [PubMed]
  • Lyakhov, A. S., Voitekhovich, S. V., Ivashkevich, L. S. & Gaponik, P. N. (2005). Acta Cryst. E61, o3645–o3647.
  • Rigaku (2008). CrystalClear Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]

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