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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 August 1; 65(Pt 8): o1990.
Published online 2009 July 25. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809028864
PMCID: PMC2977277

N′-(3-Methoxy­benzyl­idene)aceto­hydrazide

Abstract

In the title mol­ecule, C10H12N2O2, the acetohydrazide group is planar within 0.012 (1) Å and forms a dihedral angle of 5.25 (8)° with the benzene ring. The meth­oxy group is coplanar with the attached benzene ring [C—O—C—C = 0.1 (2)°]. The mol­ecule adopts a trans configuration with respect to the C=N double bond. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked into centrosymmetric dimers by N—H(...)O hydrogen bonds and these dimers are linked into a ribbon-like structure along [110] by C—H(...)O hydrogen bonds. In addition, an inter­molecular C—H(...)π inter­action is observed.

Related literature

For general background to the analytical applications of Schiff bases, see: Cimerman et al. (1997 [triangle]). For their mild bacteriostatic activity and potential use as oral iron-chelating drugs for genetic disorders such as thalassemia, see: Offe et al. (1952 [triangle]); Richardson et al. (1988 [triangle]). For related structures, see: Li & Jian (2008 [triangle]); Tamboura et al. (2009 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o1990-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C10H12N2O2
  • M r = 192.22
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o1990-efi1.jpg
  • a = 12.394 (4) Å
  • b = 5.7278 (19) Å
  • c = 15.017 (5) Å
  • β = 107.126 (4)°
  • V = 1018.8 (6) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.09 mm−1
  • T = 223 K
  • 0.23 × 0.22 × 0.18 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2002 [triangle]) T min = 0.982, T max = 0.985
  • 4871 measured reflections
  • 1768 independent reflections
  • 1502 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.025

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.040
  • wR(F 2) = 0.116
  • S = 1.07
  • 1768 reflections
  • 130 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.14 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.15 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2002 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2002 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809028864/ci2861sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809028864/ci2861Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Science and Technology Project of Zhejiang Province (grant No. 2007 F70077) and Hangzhou Vocational and Technical College for financial support.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Schiff bases have attracted much attention due to the possibility of their analytical applications (Cimerman et al., 1997). They are also important ligands, which have been reported to have mild bacteriostatic activity and are used as potential oral iron-chelating drugs for genetic disorders such as thalassemia (Offe et al., 1952; Richardson et al., 1988). Metal complexes based on Schiff bases have received considerable attention because they can be utilized as model compounds of active centres in various complexes (Tamboura et al., 2009). We report here the crystal structure of the title compound (Fig. 1).

The acetohydrazide group is planar and it forms a dihedral angle of 5.25 (8)° with the benzene ring. The methoxy group is coplanar with the attached benzene ring [C1—O1—C2—C3 = 0.1 (2)°]. The molecule adopts a trans configuration with respect to the C═N bond. Bond lengths and angles are comparable to those observed for N'-[1-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethylidene]acetohydrazide (Li & Jian, 2008).

The molecules are linked by N—H···O hydrogen bonds into a centrosymmetric dimer. These dimers are linked into a ribbon-like structure along the [110] by C—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1 and Fig.2). In addition, an intermolecular C—H···π interaction is observed

Experimental

3-Methoxybenzaldehyde (1.36 g, 0.01 mol) and acetohydrazide (0.74 g, 0.01 mol) were dissolved in stirred methanol (20 ml) and left for 2.5 h at room temperature. The resulting solid was filtered off and recrystallized from ethanol to give the title compound in 83% yield. Single crystals suitable for X-ray analysis were obtained by slow evaporation of an ethanol solution at room temperature (m.p. 485–487 K).

Refinement

H atoms were positioned geometrically (N-H = 0.86 Å and C-H = 0.93 or 0.96 Å) and refined using a riding model, with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C,N) and 1.5Ueq(Cmethyl). A rotating group model was used for the methyl groups.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 40% probability level.
Fig. 2.
Part of the crystal packing of the title compound. Hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C10H12N2O2F(000) = 408
Mr = 192.22Dx = 1.253 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 1768 reflections
a = 12.394 (4) Åθ = 1.7–25.0°
b = 5.7278 (19) ŵ = 0.09 mm1
c = 15.017 (5) ÅT = 223 K
β = 107.126 (4)°Block, colourless
V = 1018.8 (6) Å30.23 × 0.22 × 0.18 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer1768 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1502 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.025
[var phi] and ω scansθmax = 25.0°, θmin = 1.7°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2002)h = −13→14
Tmin = 0.982, Tmax = 0.985k = −6→6
4871 measured reflectionsl = −17→17

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.040H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.116w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0591P)2 + 0.1504P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.07(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
1768 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.14 e Å3
130 parametersΔρmin = −0.15 e Å3
0 restraintsExtinction correction: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008), Fc*=kFc[1+0.001xFc2λ3/sin(2θ)]-1/4
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction coefficient: 0.013 (3)

Special details

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > 2sigma(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
C11.15806 (15)0.4646 (4)0.61337 (12)0.0650 (5)
H1A1.12610.61490.59280.097*
H1B1.21830.43310.58690.097*
H1C1.18700.46370.68010.097*
C20.97784 (11)0.3121 (3)0.61264 (9)0.0406 (4)
C30.96000 (13)0.4924 (3)0.66739 (10)0.0450 (4)
H31.01370.60940.68760.054*
C40.86019 (12)0.4960 (3)0.69187 (11)0.0479 (4)
H40.84750.61750.72860.057*
C50.77987 (12)0.3247 (3)0.66313 (10)0.0449 (4)
H50.71360.33080.68010.054*
C60.79857 (11)0.1412 (2)0.60826 (9)0.0376 (4)
C70.89771 (11)0.1359 (3)0.58332 (9)0.0403 (4)
H70.91080.01420.54680.048*
C80.71693 (11)−0.0482 (3)0.57784 (10)0.0407 (4)
H80.7291−0.16190.53760.049*
C90.46526 (12)−0.2813 (3)0.59895 (10)0.0466 (4)
C100.43657 (15)−0.1051 (3)0.66193 (13)0.0635 (5)
H10A0.3628−0.13750.66740.095*
H10B0.43750.04840.63650.095*
H10C0.4911−0.11320.72240.095*
N10.62907 (10)−0.0599 (2)0.60576 (8)0.0427 (3)
N20.55938 (10)−0.2483 (2)0.57366 (8)0.0465 (4)
H20.5765−0.34660.53670.056*
O11.07271 (9)0.2889 (2)0.58390 (7)0.0574 (4)
O20.40548 (9)−0.4534 (2)0.57006 (8)0.0591 (4)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
C10.0562 (10)0.0801 (13)0.0614 (10)−0.0309 (9)0.0216 (8)−0.0073 (9)
C20.0391 (8)0.0426 (9)0.0388 (8)−0.0071 (6)0.0093 (6)0.0021 (6)
C30.0440 (8)0.0366 (8)0.0478 (8)−0.0091 (7)0.0031 (6)−0.0001 (6)
C40.0470 (9)0.0380 (9)0.0542 (9)0.0020 (7)0.0081 (7)−0.0084 (7)
C50.0377 (8)0.0437 (9)0.0514 (9)0.0026 (7)0.0100 (6)−0.0012 (7)
C60.0360 (7)0.0351 (8)0.0378 (7)−0.0017 (6)0.0048 (5)0.0032 (6)
C70.0435 (8)0.0387 (8)0.0379 (7)−0.0055 (6)0.0108 (6)−0.0030 (6)
C80.0386 (8)0.0383 (8)0.0422 (8)−0.0028 (6)0.0075 (6)−0.0007 (6)
C90.0398 (8)0.0500 (9)0.0491 (9)−0.0076 (7)0.0117 (6)0.0014 (7)
C100.0608 (10)0.0665 (12)0.0693 (11)−0.0092 (9)0.0285 (8)−0.0101 (9)
N10.0372 (7)0.0398 (7)0.0481 (7)−0.0070 (5)0.0076 (5)0.0003 (5)
N20.0399 (7)0.0439 (8)0.0555 (8)−0.0116 (6)0.0139 (5)−0.0073 (6)
O10.0510 (7)0.0670 (8)0.0596 (7)−0.0240 (6)0.0249 (5)−0.0157 (6)
O20.0502 (7)0.0620 (8)0.0693 (7)−0.0217 (6)0.0241 (5)−0.0108 (6)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

C1—O11.4326 (19)C6—C71.3863 (19)
C1—H1A0.96C6—C81.4623 (19)
C1—H1B0.96C7—H70.93
C1—H1C0.96C8—N11.2786 (19)
C2—O11.3730 (17)C8—H80.93
C2—C31.378 (2)C9—O21.2328 (18)
C2—C71.3929 (19)C9—N21.3423 (19)
C3—C41.391 (2)C9—C101.496 (2)
C3—H30.93C10—H10A0.96
C4—C51.374 (2)C10—H10B0.96
C4—H40.93C10—H10C0.96
C5—C61.396 (2)N1—N21.3774 (17)
C5—H50.93N2—H20.86
O1—C1—H1A109.5C6—C7—C2120.32 (13)
O1—C1—H1B109.5C6—C7—H7119.8
H1A—C1—H1B109.5C2—C7—H7119.8
O1—C1—H1C109.5N1—C8—C6120.94 (13)
H1A—C1—H1C109.5N1—C8—H8119.5
H1B—C1—H1C109.5C6—C8—H8119.5
O1—C2—C3124.24 (13)O2—C9—N2119.69 (14)
O1—C2—C7115.31 (13)O2—C9—C10122.14 (14)
C3—C2—C7120.45 (13)N2—C9—C10118.17 (14)
C2—C3—C4118.71 (13)C9—C10—H10A109.5
C2—C3—H3120.6C9—C10—H10B109.5
C4—C3—H3120.6H10A—C10—H10B109.5
C5—C4—C3121.68 (14)C9—C10—H10C109.5
C5—C4—H4119.2H10A—C10—H10C109.5
C3—C4—H4119.2H10B—C10—H10C109.5
C4—C5—C6119.47 (14)C8—N1—N2115.66 (12)
C4—C5—H5120.3C9—N2—N1121.26 (13)
C6—C5—H5120.3C9—N2—H2119.4
C7—C6—C5119.36 (13)N1—N2—H2119.4
C7—C6—C8119.09 (13)C2—O1—C1117.24 (13)
C5—C6—C8121.54 (13)
O1—C2—C3—C4−179.97 (13)C3—C2—C7—C60.6 (2)
C7—C2—C3—C4−0.6 (2)C7—C6—C8—N1174.14 (12)
C2—C3—C4—C50.2 (2)C5—C6—C8—N1−4.7 (2)
C3—C4—C5—C60.3 (2)C6—C8—N1—N2−178.96 (11)
C4—C5—C6—C7−0.3 (2)O2—C9—N2—N1−178.98 (13)
C4—C5—C6—C8178.48 (13)C10—C9—N2—N11.1 (2)
C5—C6—C7—C2−0.1 (2)C8—N1—N2—C9179.20 (12)
C8—C6—C7—C2−178.92 (12)C3—C2—O1—C10.1 (2)
O1—C2—C7—C6179.96 (12)C7—C2—O1—C1−179.27 (13)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N2—H2···O2i0.862.042.8846 (19)169
C1—H1B···O2ii0.962.493.350 (2)148
C3—H3···Cg1iii0.932.833.544 (2)134

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, −y−1, −z+1; (ii) x+1, y+1, z; (iii) −x, y−1/2, −z+1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: CI2861).

References

  • Bruker (2002). SMART, SAINT and SADABS Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Cimerman, Z., Galic, N. & Bosner, B. (1997). Anal. Chim. Acta, 343, 145–153.
  • Li, Y.-F. & Jian, F.-F. (2008). Acta Cryst. E64, o2409. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Offe, H. A., Siefen, W. & Domagk, G. (1952). Z. Naturforsch. Teil B, 7, 446–447.
  • Richardson, D., Baker, E., Ponka, P., Wilairat, P., Vitolo, M. L. & Webb, J. (1988). Thalassemia: Pathophysiology and Management, Part B, p. 81. New York: Alan R. Liss.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Tamboura, F. B., Gaye, M., Sall, A. S., Barry, A. H. & Bah, Y. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, m160–m161. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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