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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 December 1; 65(Pt 12): m1498.
Published online 2009 November 4. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809044262
PMCID: PMC2972066

Bis(2,2′-bi-1H-imidazole-κ2 N 3,N 3′)bis­(4-methyl­benzoato-κO)copper(II)

Abstract

In title compound, [Cu(C8H7O2)2(C6H6N4)2], the CuII atom (site symmetry An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-m1498-efi1.jpg) is coordinated by two N,N′-bidentate 2,2′-biimidazole ligands and two weakly bonded 4-methyl­benzoate anions, resulting in a strongly elongated trans-CuO2N4 octa­hedral geometry. In the crystal, adjacent mol­ecules are linked via pairs of N—H(...)O hydrogen bonds into chains propagating in [010].

Related literature

For a related structure, see: Yang et al. (2009 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-m1498-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • [Cu(C8H7O2)2(C6H6N4)2]
  • M r = 602.11
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-m1498-efi2.jpg
  • a = 12.2839 (9) Å
  • b = 7.3150 (5) Å
  • c = 14.9755 (11) Å
  • β = 93.673 (1)°
  • V = 1342.89 (17) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.87 mm−1
  • T = 296 K
  • 0.25 × 0.18 × 0.15 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART APEX CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2001 [triangle]) T min = 0.813, T max = 0.881
  • 6459 measured reflections
  • 2611 independent reflections
  • 1807 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.043

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.045
  • wR(F 2) = 0.104
  • S = 1.02
  • 2611 reflections
  • 196 parameters
  • 2 restraints
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.26 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.29 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2001 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2001 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: PLATON.

Table 1
Selected bond lengths (Å)
Table 2
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809044262/hb5128sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809044262/hb5128Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

2,2'-Biimidazole is an interesting ligand because it has two N atoms and two –NH donors. Both N-donors having the stronger coordination ability and flexible coordination modes. Additionally, two –NH donors can interact with other hydrogen bonding acceptors via hydrogen bonds (Yang et al., 2009). Herein, we report the title compound of bis(4-methyl-benzenecarboxylate-kN)bis(2,2'-biimidazole-N,N') copper, (I).

In the symmetric unit of (I), Cu2+ having an inversion centre was chelated by two 2,2'-biimidazole ligands through and weakly interacts with two 4-methyl benzenecarboxylate ligands acting as monodentate, which results in a elongated octahedron (Cu1—N1 2.021 (2) Å; Cu1—N3 2.012 (2) Å; Cu1—O2 2.685 (2) Å). Adjacent two Cu(C8H7O2)(C6H3N4) units are linked together by two pairs of N—H···O hydrogen bonds forming two R22(9) motifs, which are further arranged into a one-dimensional chain along the [010] direction.

Experimental

CuCl2.2H2O (0.17 g, 1.0 mmol) was added into an aqueous solution (15 ml) of 4-methyl-benzenecarboxylic acid (0.14 g, 1.0 mmol) and NaOH (0.04 g, 1.0 mmol) and refluxed for 30 min. Then an ethanol solution (10 ml) containing 2,2'-biimidazole (0.13 g, 1.0 mmol) was slowly added with continuous stirring. The resulting solution was refluxed for 3 h, filtered and kept for crystallization. After nine days, blue blocks of (I) were obtained.

Refinement

H atoms bonded to N are located in a difference maps and refined isotropically 0.89 (1) for N—H using DFIX commands. All the remaining H atoms were positioned geometrically with C—H = 0.93 Å (aromatic) and 0.96 Å (methyl) and were refined as riding with Uiso(H) =1.2Ueq(C) (aromatic) and 1.5Ueq(C) (methyl).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of (I), with displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 30% probability level. H-bonds are shown as dashed lines. Unlabeled atoms are related to labeled atoms by the symmetry transformation (2 - x, 2 - y, -z).
Fig. 2.
Part of the crystal structure of (I), showing the formation of the one-dimensional chain along the [010] direction. Weak contacts and hydrogen bonds are shown as thick and thin dashed lines, respectively. H atoms not involved in the hydrogen bonds have ...

Crystal data

[Cu(C8H7O2)2(C6H6N4)2]F(000) = 622
Mr = 602.11Dx = 1.489 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ynCell parameters from 1035 reflections
a = 12.2839 (9) Åθ = 2.7–22.3°
b = 7.3150 (5) ŵ = 0.87 mm1
c = 14.9755 (11) ÅT = 296 K
β = 93.673 (1)°Block, blue
V = 1342.89 (17) Å30.25 × 0.18 × 0.15 mm
Z = 2

Data collection

Bruker SMART APEX CCD diffractometer2611 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1807 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.043
0.3° wide ω exposures scansθmax = 26.0°, θmin = 2.1°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2001)h = −13→15
Tmin = 0.813, Tmax = 0.881k = −8→9
6459 measured reflectionsl = −18→10

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.045Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.104H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.02w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0405P)2 + 0.305P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2611 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
196 parametersΔρmax = 0.26 e Å3
2 restraintsΔρmin = −0.29 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Cu11.00001.00000.00000.03766 (19)
N10.89630 (18)0.7883 (3)0.01223 (16)0.0349 (6)
N20.8736 (2)0.5161 (3)0.07173 (18)0.0397 (6)
H2A0.895 (3)0.410 (3)0.096 (2)0.067 (11)*
N31.09622 (18)0.8469 (3)0.08419 (16)0.0347 (6)
N41.1064 (2)0.5980 (4)0.16805 (17)0.0408 (6)
H4A1.087 (2)0.494 (3)0.193 (2)0.053 (10)*
C90.7954 (2)0.7212 (4)−0.0174 (2)0.0417 (8)
H90.74540.7807−0.05650.050*
C100.7809 (2)0.5549 (4)0.0195 (2)0.0450 (8)
H100.71950.48090.01100.054*
C110.9395 (2)0.6593 (4)0.06569 (19)0.0333 (7)
C121.0464 (2)0.6939 (4)0.10720 (19)0.0342 (7)
C131.2008 (2)0.6939 (4)0.1851 (2)0.0478 (8)
H131.25870.66100.22490.057*
C141.1944 (2)0.8452 (4)0.1337 (2)0.0420 (8)
H141.24810.93460.13200.050*
O11.05155 (19)1.2894 (3)0.24540 (17)0.0673 (8)
O20.93115 (18)1.1925 (3)0.13825 (16)0.0527 (6)
C10.9823 (3)1.1777 (4)0.2138 (2)0.0444 (8)
C20.9573 (2)1.0140 (4)0.2697 (2)0.0379 (7)
C30.8761 (2)0.8939 (4)0.2408 (2)0.0415 (8)
H30.83840.91270.18570.050*
C40.8499 (3)0.7468 (5)0.2923 (2)0.0500 (9)
H40.79470.66760.27150.060*
C50.9039 (3)0.7145 (5)0.3741 (2)0.0506 (9)
C60.9860 (3)0.8328 (5)0.4026 (2)0.0566 (10)
H61.02420.81220.45730.068*
C71.0128 (3)0.9816 (4)0.3515 (2)0.0507 (9)
H71.06831.06020.37220.061*
C80.8718 (3)0.5549 (6)0.4308 (3)0.0838 (14)
H8A0.89920.44360.40670.126*
H8B0.79370.54850.43070.126*
H8C0.90210.57100.49100.126*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Cu10.0373 (3)0.0273 (3)0.0474 (4)−0.0028 (2)−0.0042 (2)0.0112 (2)
N10.0373 (13)0.0266 (13)0.0404 (15)0.0007 (11)−0.0007 (11)0.0035 (11)
N20.0399 (14)0.0276 (15)0.0512 (16)−0.0012 (12)−0.0003 (13)0.0073 (12)
N30.0383 (13)0.0242 (13)0.0411 (15)−0.0033 (11)−0.0010 (12)0.0036 (11)
N40.0411 (15)0.0313 (15)0.0488 (17)−0.0016 (12)−0.0071 (13)0.0134 (13)
C90.0405 (17)0.0315 (17)0.052 (2)0.0030 (14)−0.0065 (15)0.0054 (14)
C100.0370 (17)0.0360 (18)0.061 (2)−0.0050 (14)−0.0052 (16)0.0028 (16)
C110.0381 (16)0.0254 (16)0.0364 (17)−0.0013 (13)0.0039 (14)0.0040 (13)
C120.0375 (16)0.0270 (16)0.0378 (18)0.0013 (13)0.0007 (14)0.0005 (13)
C130.0412 (18)0.046 (2)0.054 (2)−0.0018 (15)−0.0124 (16)0.0117 (17)
C140.0429 (18)0.0359 (18)0.046 (2)−0.0071 (14)−0.0050 (16)0.0042 (15)
O10.0665 (16)0.0519 (16)0.0802 (19)−0.0196 (13)−0.0211 (14)0.0323 (14)
O20.0590 (14)0.0433 (14)0.0549 (15)−0.0006 (11)−0.0050 (12)0.0187 (11)
C10.0415 (18)0.0378 (19)0.054 (2)0.0051 (15)0.0002 (17)0.0120 (16)
C20.0374 (16)0.0327 (17)0.0437 (19)0.0052 (14)0.0023 (14)0.0073 (14)
C30.0453 (18)0.0395 (19)0.0392 (19)0.0028 (15)−0.0010 (15)0.0092 (15)
C40.0507 (19)0.0427 (19)0.056 (2)−0.0127 (16)−0.0030 (17)0.0077 (17)
C50.0470 (19)0.044 (2)0.060 (2)−0.0069 (16)0.0045 (17)0.0199 (17)
C60.057 (2)0.058 (2)0.053 (2)−0.0043 (18)−0.0108 (18)0.0261 (18)
C70.0451 (18)0.050 (2)0.055 (2)−0.0119 (16)−0.0118 (16)0.0160 (17)
C80.085 (3)0.078 (3)0.086 (3)−0.029 (2)−0.010 (2)0.045 (3)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Cu1—N3i2.012 (2)C13—C141.347 (4)
Cu1—N32.012 (2)C13—H130.9300
Cu1—N1i2.021 (2)C14—H140.9300
Cu1—N12.021 (2)O1—C11.251 (4)
Cu1—O22.685 (2)O2—C11.263 (4)
Cu1—O2i2.685 (2)C1—C21.504 (4)
N1—C111.326 (3)C2—C31.378 (4)
N1—C91.380 (3)C2—C71.384 (4)
N2—C111.331 (3)C3—C41.374 (4)
N2—C101.370 (4)C3—H30.9300
N2—H2A0.894 (10)C4—C51.375 (4)
N3—C121.332 (3)C4—H40.9300
N3—C141.375 (4)C5—C61.376 (5)
N4—C121.334 (3)C5—C81.510 (4)
N4—C131.365 (4)C6—C71.382 (4)
N4—H4A0.890 (10)C6—H60.9300
C9—C101.353 (4)C7—H70.9300
C9—H90.9300C8—H8A0.9600
C10—H100.9300C8—H8B0.9600
C11—C121.439 (4)C8—H8C0.9600
N3i—Cu1—N3180.0N4—C13—H13126.3
N3i—Cu1—N1i82.25 (9)C13—C14—N3109.4 (3)
N3—Cu1—N1i97.75 (9)C13—C14—H14125.3
N3i—Cu1—N197.75 (9)N3—C14—H14125.3
N3—Cu1—N182.25 (9)O1—C1—O2124.8 (3)
N1i—Cu1—N1180.0O1—C1—C2117.9 (3)
C11—N1—C9104.9 (2)O2—C1—C2117.3 (3)
C11—N1—Cu1111.68 (18)C3—C2—C7118.3 (3)
C9—N1—Cu1143.3 (2)C3—C2—C1120.1 (3)
C11—N2—C10106.6 (3)C7—C2—C1121.5 (3)
C11—N2—H2A123 (2)C4—C3—C2120.9 (3)
C10—N2—H2A129 (2)C4—C3—H3119.5
C12—N3—C14104.7 (2)C2—C3—H3119.5
C12—N3—Cu1111.65 (18)C3—C4—C5121.2 (3)
C14—N3—Cu1143.40 (19)C3—C4—H4119.4
C12—N4—C13106.5 (2)C5—C4—H4119.4
C12—N4—H4A126 (2)C4—C5—C6118.0 (3)
C13—N4—H4A128 (2)C4—C5—C8120.3 (3)
C10—C9—N1109.2 (3)C6—C5—C8121.6 (3)
C10—C9—H9125.4C5—C6—C7121.3 (3)
N1—C9—H9125.4C5—C6—H6119.4
C9—C10—N2107.0 (3)C7—C6—H6119.4
C9—C10—H10126.5C6—C7—C2120.2 (3)
N2—C10—H10126.5C6—C7—H7119.9
N1—C11—N2112.3 (3)C2—C7—H7119.9
N1—C11—C12117.1 (2)C5—C8—H8A109.5
N2—C11—C12130.6 (3)C5—C8—H8B109.5
N3—C12—N4112.1 (2)H8A—C8—H8B109.5
N3—C12—C11117.2 (3)C5—C8—H8C109.5
N4—C12—C11130.7 (3)H8A—C8—H8C109.5
C14—C13—N4107.3 (3)H8B—C8—H8C109.5
C14—C13—H13126.3

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, −y+2, −z.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N4—H4A···O1ii0.89 (1)1.76 (1)2.644 (3)178 (3)
N2—H2A···O2ii0.89 (1)1.76 (1)2.647 (3)176 (3)

Symmetry codes: (ii) x, y−1, z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: HB5128).

References

  • Bruker (2001). SMART, SAINT and SADABS. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Spek, A. L. (2009). Acta Cryst. D65, 148–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Yang, L. F., Cao, M. L., Mo, H. J., Hao, H. G., Wu, J. J., Zhang, J. P. & Ye, B. H. (2009). CrystEngComm, 11, 1114–1121.

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