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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 November 1; 65(Pt 11): m1330–m1331.
Published online 2009 October 10. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809040392
PMCID: PMC2970982

Tetra­aqua­bis(nicotinamide-κN 1)nickel(II) bis­(2-fluoro­benzoate)

Abstract

The asymmetric unit of the title complex, [Ni(C6H6N2O)2(H2O)4](C7H4FO2)2, contains one-half of the complex cation with the NiII atom located on an inversion center, and a 2-fluoro­benzoate (FB) counter-anion. The four O atoms in the equatorial plane around the Ni atom form a slightly distorted square-planar arrangement with an average Ni—O bond length of 2.079 Å, and the slightly distorted octa­hedral coordination is completed by the two N atoms of the nicotinamide (NA) ligands in the axial positions. The dihedral angle between the carboxyl group and the attached benzene ring is 28.28 (11)°, while the pyridine and benzene rings are oriented at a dihedral angle of 8.31 (4)°. In the crystal structure, O—H(...)O, N—H(...)O, C—H(...)O, and C—H(...)F hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into a three-dimensional network. π–π Contacts between the pyridine and benzene rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.626 (1) Å] may further stabilize the crystal structure. The 2-fluoro­benzoate anion is disordered over two orientations, with an occupancy ratio of 0.85:0.15.

Related literature

For niacin, see: Krishnamachari (1974 [triangle]) and for the nicotinic acid derivative N,N-diethyl­nicotinamide, see: Bigoli et al. (1972 [triangle]). For related structures, see: Hökelek et al. (2009 [triangle]); Sertçelik et al. (2009 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-m1330-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • [Ni(C6H6N2O)2(H2O)4](C7H4FO2)2
  • M r = 653.23
  • Triclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-m1330-efi1.jpg
  • a = 7.2529 (1) Å
  • b = 7.3315 (1) Å
  • c = 14.3831 (3) Å
  • α = 82.115 (2)°
  • β = 77.332 (2)°
  • γ = 63.664 (1)°
  • V = 668.05 (2) Å3
  • Z = 1
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.81 mm−1
  • T = 100 K
  • 0.33 × 0.28 × 0.18 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker Kappa APEXII CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2005 [triangle]) T min = 0.768, T max = 0.868
  • 12196 measured reflections
  • 3339 independent reflections
  • 3241 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.020

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.026
  • wR(F 2) = 0.071
  • S = 1.04
  • 3339 reflections
  • 221 parameters
  • 7 restraints
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.55 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.70 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 for Windows (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: WinGX (Farrugia, 1999 [triangle]) and PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]).

Table 1
Selected bond lengths (Å)
Table 2
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809040392/xu2610sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809040392/xu2610Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors are indebted to Anadolu University and the Medicinal Plants and Medicine Research Centre of Anadolu University, Eskişehir, Turkey, for the use of X-ray diffractometer. This work was supported financially by Kafkas University Research Fund (grant No. 2009-FEF-03).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

As a part of our ongoing investigation on transition metal complexes of nicotinamide (NA), one form of niacin (Krishnamachari, 1974), and/or the nicotinic acid derivative N,N-diethylnicotinamide (DENA), an important respiratory stimulant (Bigoli et al., 1972), the title compound was synthesized and its crystal structure is reported herein.

The title compound is a monomeric complex, with NiII ion on a centre of symmetry, consisting of two NA ligands, four coordinated water molecules and one FB molecule. The structures of some DENA and/or NA complexes of NiII ion, [Ni(C6H6N2O)2(H2O)4](C8H5O3)2.2H2O (Hökelek et al., 2009) and [Ni(C8H5O3)2(C10H14N2O)2(H2O)2] (Sertçelik et al., 2009) have also been determined.

In the title compound, NA ligands are monodentate. The four O atoms (O4, O5, and the symmetry-related atoms, O4', O5') in the equatorial plane around the Ni atom form a slightly distorted square-planar arrangement, while the slightly distorted octahedral coordination is completed by the two pyridine N atoms (N1, N1') of the NA ligands at 2.0834 (11) Å from the Ni atom in the axial positions (Table 1, Fig. 1). The average Ni—O bond length is 2.0792 (10) Å. The dihedral angle between the planar carboxylate group (O2/O3/C13) and the benzene ring B (C7—C12) is 28.28 (11)°, while that between rings A (N1/C1—C5) and B is 8.31 (4)°. In the crystal structure, O—H···O, N—H···O, C—H···O and C—H···F hydrogen bonds (Table 2) link the molecules into a three-dimensional network, in which they may be effective in the stabilization of the structure. The π–π contact between the pyridine and benzene rings, Cg1—Cg2, [where Cg1 and Cg2 are centroids of the rings A (N1/C1—C5) and B (C7—C12), respectively] may further stabilize the structure, with centroid-centroid distance of 3.626 (1) Å.

Experimental

The title compound was prepared by the reaction of NiSO4.6H2O (1.31 g, 5 mmol) in H2O (20 ml) and NA (1.22 g, 10 mmol) in H2O (20 ml) with sodium 2-fluorobenzoate (1.62 g, 10 mmol) in H2O (50 ml). The mixture was filtered and set aside to crystallize at ambient temperature for five days, giving blue single crystals.

Refinement

Atoms H4A, H4B, H5A and H5B (for H2O) were located in difference Fourier map and refined isotropically, with restrains of O4—H4A = 0.887 (16), O4—H4B = 0.887 (16), O5—H5A = 0.887 (16), O5—H5B = 0.887 (15) and H4A—O4—H4B = 106 (2), H5A—O5—H5B = 106 (2)°. The remaining H atoms were positioned geometrically with N—H = 0.86 Å (for NH2) and C—H = 0.93 Å for aromatic H atoms and constrained to ride on their parent atoms, with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C,N). The F1 and H9 atoms attached at C7 and C9, respectively, are disordered over two orientations. During the refinement process, the disordered F1, H9 and F1', H9' atoms were refined with occupancies of 0.85 and 0.15, respectively.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title molecule with the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level. Primed atoms are generated by the symmetry operator:(') 1-x, 1-y, 1-z.

Crystal data

[Ni(C6H6N2O)2(H2O)4](C7H4FO2)2Z = 1
Mr = 653.23F(000) = 338
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.624 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 7.2529 (1) ÅCell parameters from 9281 reflections
b = 7.3315 (1) Åθ = 2.9–28.5°
c = 14.3831 (3) ŵ = 0.81 mm1
α = 82.115 (2)°T = 100 K
β = 77.332 (2)°Block, blue
γ = 63.664 (1)°0.33 × 0.28 × 0.18 mm
V = 668.05 (2) Å3

Data collection

Bruker Kappa APEXII CCD area-detector diffractometer3339 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube3241 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.020
[var phi] and ω scansθmax = 28.5°, θmin = 1.5°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2005)h = −9→9
Tmin = 0.768, Tmax = 0.868k = −9→9
12196 measured reflectionsl = −19→18

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.026Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.071H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.04w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0351P)2 + 0.4742P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
3339 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
221 parametersΔρmax = 0.55 e Å3
7 restraintsΔρmin = −0.70 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
Ni10.50000.50000.50000.00977 (8)
F10.68826 (15)0.96457 (16)0.86081 (7)0.0165 (2)0.85
F1'0.3316 (12)0.9351 (12)0.6229 (2)0.0341 (16)0.15
O10.27958 (17)0.42766 (17)0.97115 (7)0.0185 (2)
O20.90572 (16)0.80284 (16)0.68605 (7)0.0151 (2)
O30.70091 (16)0.95073 (15)0.57688 (7)0.0139 (2)
O40.36327 (16)0.29566 (15)0.53691 (7)0.01338 (19)
H4A0.317 (4)0.256 (4)0.4950 (15)0.040 (6)*
H4B0.457 (3)0.184 (3)0.5609 (16)0.035 (6)*
O50.21175 (16)0.74407 (16)0.53176 (7)0.0165 (2)
H5A0.109 (3)0.771 (4)0.5817 (14)0.038 (6)*
H5B0.205 (4)0.863 (3)0.5056 (15)0.032 (6)*
N10.54874 (18)0.45933 (17)0.64030 (8)0.0115 (2)
N20.04456 (19)0.57587 (19)0.87183 (8)0.0159 (2)
H2A−0.05960.58810.91690.019*
H2B0.02390.61810.81460.019*
C10.3928 (2)0.4781 (2)0.71424 (9)0.0119 (2)
H10.26510.49630.70170.014*
C20.4136 (2)0.4717 (2)0.80876 (9)0.0120 (2)
C30.6051 (2)0.4424 (2)0.82775 (10)0.0138 (3)
H30.62410.43680.89010.017*
C40.7670 (2)0.4217 (2)0.75166 (10)0.0141 (3)
H40.89660.40220.76230.017*
C50.7335 (2)0.4306 (2)0.65972 (10)0.0132 (3)
H50.84320.41600.60920.016*
C60.2383 (2)0.4915 (2)0.89077 (10)0.0134 (3)
C70.5243 (2)0.9628 (2)0.83226 (10)0.0148 (3)
H9'0.64170.95670.85110.018*0.15
C80.5354 (2)0.9368 (2)0.73699 (9)0.0116 (2)
C90.3553 (2)0.9481 (2)0.71176 (10)0.0135 (3)
H90.35650.93290.64850.016*0.85
C100.1751 (2)0.9811 (2)0.77808 (11)0.0173 (3)
H100.05790.98590.75960.021*
C110.1708 (2)1.0070 (2)0.87229 (11)0.0204 (3)
H110.04951.03100.91700.025*
C120.3461 (2)0.9975 (2)0.90026 (11)0.0200 (3)
H120.34401.01410.96350.024*
C130.7298 (2)0.8941 (2)0.66226 (9)0.0114 (2)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Ni10.00894 (12)0.01136 (12)0.00765 (12)−0.00371 (9)−0.00012 (8)−0.00058 (8)
F10.0127 (5)0.0252 (5)0.0127 (4)−0.0076 (4)−0.0042 (4)−0.0034 (4)
F1'0.030 (4)0.037 (4)0.036 (4)−0.016 (3)−0.006 (3)0.001 (3)
O10.0174 (5)0.0283 (6)0.0095 (4)−0.0104 (4)−0.0026 (4)0.0024 (4)
O20.0109 (5)0.0206 (5)0.0122 (4)−0.0058 (4)−0.0025 (4)0.0013 (4)
O30.0137 (5)0.0168 (5)0.0107 (4)−0.0064 (4)−0.0025 (4)0.0014 (4)
O40.0142 (5)0.0141 (5)0.0121 (4)−0.0062 (4)−0.0033 (4)0.0006 (4)
O50.0129 (5)0.0147 (5)0.0149 (5)−0.0026 (4)0.0035 (4)0.0007 (4)
N10.0115 (5)0.0120 (5)0.0100 (5)−0.0044 (4)−0.0012 (4)−0.0008 (4)
N20.0130 (6)0.0232 (6)0.0097 (5)−0.0075 (5)−0.0005 (4)0.0017 (4)
C10.0112 (6)0.0132 (6)0.0108 (6)−0.0052 (5)−0.0015 (5)−0.0001 (5)
C20.0131 (6)0.0120 (6)0.0100 (6)−0.0051 (5)−0.0012 (5)0.0002 (5)
C30.0157 (6)0.0149 (6)0.0111 (6)−0.0063 (5)−0.0043 (5)0.0006 (5)
C40.0120 (6)0.0147 (6)0.0160 (6)−0.0054 (5)−0.0046 (5)0.0004 (5)
C50.0109 (6)0.0137 (6)0.0136 (6)−0.0047 (5)−0.0006 (5)−0.0003 (5)
C60.0147 (6)0.0156 (6)0.0104 (6)−0.0076 (5)−0.0006 (5)−0.0013 (5)
C70.0141 (6)0.0165 (6)0.0142 (6)−0.0066 (5)−0.0034 (5)−0.0004 (5)
C80.0104 (6)0.0108 (6)0.0119 (6)−0.0039 (5)−0.0008 (5)0.0003 (4)
C90.0136 (6)0.0130 (6)0.0145 (6)−0.0059 (5)−0.0038 (5)0.0011 (5)
C100.0117 (6)0.0162 (6)0.0233 (7)−0.0061 (5)−0.0027 (5)0.0010 (5)
C110.0147 (7)0.0224 (7)0.0194 (7)−0.0068 (6)0.0043 (5)−0.0015 (6)
C120.0205 (7)0.0244 (7)0.0127 (6)−0.0086 (6)0.0010 (5)−0.0037 (5)
C130.0121 (6)0.0113 (6)0.0115 (6)−0.0060 (5)−0.0010 (5)−0.0012 (5)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Ni1—O42.0925 (10)C2—C31.3913 (19)
Ni1—O4i2.0925 (10)C2—C61.5012 (18)
Ni1—O52.0658 (10)C3—C41.3871 (19)
Ni1—O5i2.0658 (10)C3—H30.9300
Ni1—N12.0834 (11)C4—C51.3841 (19)
Ni1—N1i2.0834 (11)C4—H40.9300
O1—C61.2346 (17)C5—H50.9300
O2—C131.2507 (17)C7—C121.383 (2)
O3—C131.2728 (16)C7—C81.3894 (19)
O4—H4A0.887 (16)C7—H9'0.9300
O4—H4B0.887 (16)C8—C91.3963 (19)
O5—H5B0.887 (16)C8—C131.5088 (18)
O5—H5A0.887 (15)C9—C101.383 (2)
N1—C11.3427 (17)C9—H90.9300
N1—C51.3474 (18)C10—C111.386 (2)
N2—C61.3350 (18)C10—H100.9300
N2—H2A0.8600C11—C121.387 (2)
N2—H2B0.8600C11—H110.9300
C1—C21.3924 (18)C12—H120.9300
C1—H10.9300
O4—Ni1—O4i180.0C4—C3—C2118.59 (12)
O5—Ni1—O490.92 (4)C4—C3—H3120.7
O5i—Ni1—O489.08 (4)C2—C3—H3120.7
O5—Ni1—O4i89.08 (4)C5—C4—C3119.22 (13)
O5i—Ni1—O4i90.92 (4)C5—C4—H4120.4
O5i—Ni1—O5180.0C3—C4—H4120.4
O5i—Ni1—N187.25 (4)N1—C5—C4122.81 (13)
O5—Ni1—N192.75 (4)N1—C5—H5118.6
O5i—Ni1—N1i92.75 (4)C4—C5—H5118.6
O5—Ni1—N1i87.25 (4)O1—C6—N2123.50 (13)
N1—Ni1—O486.98 (4)O1—C6—C2119.09 (13)
N1i—Ni1—O493.02 (4)N2—C6—C2117.41 (12)
N1—Ni1—O4i93.02 (4)C12—C7—C8122.85 (13)
N1i—Ni1—O4i86.98 (4)C12—C7—H9'118.6
N1—Ni1—N1i180.000 (1)C8—C7—H9'118.6
C1—N1—C5117.73 (12)C7—C8—C9116.63 (12)
C1—N1—Ni1121.30 (9)C7—C8—C13123.60 (12)
C5—N1—Ni1120.73 (9)C9—C8—C13119.76 (12)
C6—N2—H2A120.0C10—C9—C8121.97 (13)
C6—N2—H2B120.0C10—C9—H9119.0
H2A—N2—H2B120.0C8—C9—H9119.0
Ni1—O4—H4A122.6 (16)C9—C10—C11119.44 (14)
Ni1—O4—H4B106.3 (15)C9—C10—H10120.3
H4A—O4—H4B106 (2)C11—C10—H10120.3
Ni1—O5—H5B115.1 (15)C10—C11—C12120.41 (14)
Ni1—O5—H5A133.2 (15)C10—C11—H11119.8
H5B—O5—H5A106 (2)C12—C11—H11119.8
N1—C1—C2123.02 (12)C7—C12—C11118.69 (14)
N1—C1—H1118.5C7—C12—H12120.7
C2—C1—H1118.5C11—C12—H12120.7
C3—C2—C1118.63 (12)O2—C13—O3124.22 (12)
C3—C2—C6118.92 (12)O2—C13—C8119.65 (12)
C1—C2—C6122.44 (12)O3—C13—C8116.10 (12)
O5i—Ni1—N1—C1−139.82 (11)C3—C4—C5—N10.2 (2)
O5—Ni1—N1—C140.18 (11)C3—C2—C6—O1−19.6 (2)
O4—Ni1—N1—C1−50.59 (10)C1—C2—C6—O1159.27 (13)
O4i—Ni1—N1—C1129.41 (10)C3—C2—C6—N2161.24 (13)
O5i—Ni1—N1—C545.93 (11)C1—C2—C6—N2−19.8 (2)
O5—Ni1—N1—C5−134.07 (11)C12—C7—C8—C90.3 (2)
O4—Ni1—N1—C5135.16 (11)C12—C7—C8—C13−178.58 (13)
O4i—Ni1—N1—C5−44.84 (11)C7—C8—C9—C10−0.7 (2)
C5—N1—C1—C20.8 (2)C13—C8—C9—C10178.17 (12)
Ni1—N1—C1—C2−173.61 (10)C8—C9—C10—C111.0 (2)
N1—C1—C2—C3−0.7 (2)C9—C10—C11—C12−0.8 (2)
N1—C1—C2—C6−179.57 (12)C8—C7—C12—C11−0.1 (2)
C1—C2—C3—C40.3 (2)C10—C11—C12—C70.4 (2)
C6—C2—C3—C4179.22 (12)C7—C8—C13—O228.4 (2)
C2—C3—C4—C5−0.1 (2)C9—C8—C13—O2−150.41 (13)
C1—N1—C5—C4−0.6 (2)C7—C8—C13—O3−153.53 (13)
Ni1—N1—C5—C4173.85 (10)C9—C8—C13—O327.64 (18)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, −y+1, −z+1.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N2—H2A···O1ii0.862.032.8875 (17)171
N2—H2B···O2iii0.862.233.0654 (16)164
O4—H4A···O3i0.89 (2)2.01 (3)2.8372 (15)155 (2)
O4—H4B···O3iv0.89 (2)1.87 (2)2.7288 (15)163 (2)
O5—H5A···O2iii0.89 (2)1.82 (2)2.7001 (15)175 (3)
O5—H5B···O3v0.89 (2)1.94 (2)2.7774 (15)157 (2)
C10—H10···O2iii0.932.523.339 (2)147
C12—H12···F1vi0.932.513.4314 (19)173

Symmetry codes: (ii) −x, −y+1, −z+2; (iii) x−1, y, z; (i) −x+1, −y+1, −z+1; (iv) x, y−1, z; (v) −x+1, −y+2, −z+1; (vi) −x+1, −y+2, −z+2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: XU2610).

References

  • Bigoli, F., Braibanti, A., Pellinghelli, M. A. & Tiripicchio, A. (1972). Acta Cryst. B28, 962–966.
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  • Bruker (2007). APEX2 and SAINT Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1999). J. Appl. Cryst.32, 837–838.
  • Hökelek, T., Yılmaz, F., Tercan, B., Gürgen, F. & Necefoğlu, H. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, m1101–m1102. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Krishnamachari, K. A. V. R. (1974). Am. J. Clin. Nutr.27, 108–111. [PubMed]
  • Sertçelik, M., Tercan, B., Şahin, E., Necefoğlu, H. & Hökelek, T. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, m326–m327. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Spek, A. L. (2009). Acta Cryst. D65, 148–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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