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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 October 1; 65(Pt 10): o2482.
Published online 2009 September 16. doi:  10.1107/S160053680903671X
PMCID: PMC2970325

2-(3-Ethyl­sulfanyl-5-fluoro-1-benzofuran-2-yl)acetic acid

Abstract

The title compound, C12H11FO3S, was prepared by alkaline hydrolysis of ethyl 2–(3–ethyl­sulfan­yl–5–fluoro–1–benzofuran–2–­yl) acetate. In the crystal structure, the carboxyl groups are involved in inter­molecular O—H(...)O hydrogen bonds, which link the mol­ecules into centrosymmetric dimers. These dimers are further packed into stacks along the b axis by aromatic π–π inter­actions between the furan ring and the benzene ring of neighbouring benzofuran ring systems [centroid–centroid distance = 3.684 (5) Å].

Related literature

For the crystal structures of similar 2–(5–halo–1–benzofuran–2–­yl) acetic acid derivatives, see: Choi et al. (2009a [triangle],b [triangle]). For the pharmacological properties of benzofuran compounds, see: Howlett et al. (1999 [triangle]); Twyman & Allsop (1999 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-65-o2482-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C12H11FO3S
  • M r = 254.27
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o2482-efi1.jpg
  • a = 10.6009 (9) Å
  • b = 8.3319 (7) Å
  • c = 13.395 (1) Å
  • β = 96.138 (1)°
  • V = 1176.34 (17) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.28 mm−1
  • T = 173 K
  • 0.25 × 0.20 × 0.16 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2000 [triangle]) T min = 0.931, T max = 0.958
  • 9646 measured reflections
  • 2543 independent reflections
  • 1541 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.072

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.047
  • wR(F 2) = 0.113
  • S = 1.16
  • 2543 reflections
  • 159 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.28 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.33 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2001 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2001 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]) and DIAMOND (Brandenburg, 1998 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053680903671X/zq2007sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053680903671X/zq2007Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Molecules involving benzofuran moiety have attracted considerable interest in the view of their pharmacological properties (Howlett et al., 1999; Twyman & Allsop, 1999). As a part of our ongoing studies on the synthesis and structures of 2–(5–halo–1–benzofuran–2–yl) acetic acid analogues, the crystal structures of 2–(5–bromo–3–methylsulfanyl–1–benzofuran–2–yl) acetic acid (Choi et al., 2009a) and 2–(5–fluoro–3–methylsulfanyl–1–benzofuran–2–yl) acetic acid (Choi et al., 2009b) have been described in the literature. Here we report the crystal structure of the title compound (Fig. 1).

The benzofuran unit is essentially planar, with a mean deviation of 0.005 (2) Å from the least-squares plane defined by the nine constituent atoms. In the crystal structure, the carboxyl groups are involved in intermolecular O—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1 and Fig. 2), which link the molecules into centrosymmetric dimers. These dimers are further packed into stacks along the b axis by aromatic π···π interactions between the furan ring and the benzene ring of adjacent benzofuran ring systems. The Cg1···Cg2ii distance is 3.684 (5) Å (Fig. 2; Cg1 and Cg2 is the centroids of the C1/C2/C7/O1/C8 furan ring and the C2–C7 benzene ring, respectively).

Experimental

Ethyl 2–(3–ethylsulfanyl–5–fluoro–1–benzofuran–2–yl) acetate (254 mg, 1.0 mmol) was added to a solution of potassium hydroxide (348 mg, 6.0 mmol) in water (20 ml) and methanol (20 ml), and the mixture was refluxed for 6h, then cooled. Water was added, and the solution was extracted with dichloromethane. The aqueous layer was acidified to pH 1 with concentrated hydrochloric acid and then extracted with chloroform, dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate) to afford the title compound as a colorless solid [yield 87%, m.p. 401–402 K; Rf = 0.69 (ethyl acetate)]. Single crystals suitable for X–ray diffraction were prepared by evaporation of a solution of the title compound in benzene at room temperature. Spectroscopic analysis: EI–MS 254 [M+].

Refinement

Atom H2 of the hydroxy group was found in a difference Fourier map and refined freely. The other H atoms were positioned geometrically and refined using a riding model, with C—H = 0.93 Å for the aryl, 0.97 Å for the methylene, and 0.96 Å for the methyl H atoms with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C) for the aryl and methylene H atoms, and 1.5Ueq(C) for the methyl H atoms.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound with the atom numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level. H atoms are presented as small cycles of arbitrary radius.
Fig. 2.
O—H···O and π···π interactions (dotted lines) in the title compound. Cg denotes the ring centroids. [Symmetry codes: (i) - x + 2, - y, - z + 1; (ii) - x + 1, - y + 1, - z + 1; (iii) ...

Crystal data

C12H11FO3SF(000) = 528
Mr = 254.27Dx = 1.436 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ynCell parameters from 2478 reflections
a = 10.6009 (9) Åθ = 2.3–27.4°
b = 8.3319 (7) ŵ = 0.28 mm1
c = 13.395 (1) ÅT = 173 K
β = 96.138 (1)°Block, colorless
V = 1176.34 (17) Å30.25 × 0.20 × 0.16 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Bruker SMART CCD diffractometer2543 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1541 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.072
Detector resolution: 10.0 pixels mm-1θmax = 27.0°, θmin = 2.3°
[var phi] and ω scansh = −13→13
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2000)k = −10→10
Tmin = 0.931, Tmax = 0.958l = −17→17
9646 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.047Hydrogen site location: difference Fourier map
wR(F2) = 0.113H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.16w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.P)2 + 1.581P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2543 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
159 parametersΔρmax = 0.28 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.33 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > 2sigma(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
S0.76702 (8)0.59687 (10)0.63171 (7)0.0380 (2)
F0.2776 (2)0.4175 (3)0.75176 (16)0.0561 (6)
O10.5990 (2)0.2294 (2)0.48565 (15)0.0279 (5)
O20.9881 (2)0.1796 (3)0.4247 (2)0.0459 (7)
H21.034 (5)0.097 (6)0.437 (4)0.11 (2)*
O30.8642 (2)0.0735 (3)0.53184 (18)0.0403 (6)
C10.6717 (3)0.4365 (3)0.5848 (2)0.0252 (7)
C20.5483 (3)0.3918 (3)0.6122 (2)0.0247 (7)
C30.4702 (3)0.4454 (4)0.6824 (2)0.0327 (8)
H30.49340.53040.72550.039*
C40.3580 (3)0.3667 (4)0.6845 (3)0.0374 (9)
C50.3184 (3)0.2392 (4)0.6226 (3)0.0387 (9)
H50.24040.19070.62800.046*
C60.3949 (3)0.1847 (4)0.5531 (2)0.0334 (8)
H60.37110.09920.51070.040*
C70.5087 (3)0.2634 (3)0.5496 (2)0.0251 (7)
C80.6966 (3)0.3365 (4)0.5101 (2)0.0263 (7)
C90.8058 (3)0.3237 (4)0.4507 (2)0.0344 (8)
H9A0.85780.41900.46250.041*
H9B0.77420.32190.38010.041*
C100.8882 (3)0.1785 (4)0.4735 (2)0.0290 (7)
C110.8469 (4)0.5118 (4)0.7462 (3)0.0505 (11)
H11A0.88600.59810.78710.061*
H11B0.78400.46180.78360.061*
C120.9460 (4)0.3907 (5)0.7297 (3)0.0584 (12)
H12A0.90690.29890.69590.088*
H12B0.98890.35830.79320.088*
H12C1.00610.43690.68920.088*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
S0.0381 (5)0.0222 (4)0.0500 (5)−0.0057 (4)−0.0124 (4)0.0003 (4)
F0.0489 (13)0.0634 (15)0.0605 (14)0.0130 (12)0.0265 (11)0.0092 (12)
O10.0296 (12)0.0246 (11)0.0286 (12)0.0014 (10)−0.0018 (10)−0.0065 (9)
O20.0306 (14)0.0502 (17)0.0602 (17)0.0095 (13)0.0200 (13)0.0200 (14)
O30.0360 (14)0.0379 (14)0.0499 (15)0.0090 (11)0.0177 (12)0.0116 (12)
C10.0288 (17)0.0182 (15)0.0268 (16)0.0005 (13)−0.0051 (13)0.0020 (12)
C20.0282 (16)0.0197 (15)0.0245 (16)0.0045 (13)−0.0046 (13)0.0024 (13)
C30.041 (2)0.0254 (17)0.0309 (18)0.0074 (15)0.0003 (16)0.0013 (14)
C40.036 (2)0.039 (2)0.040 (2)0.0126 (16)0.0109 (17)0.0143 (16)
C50.0277 (18)0.0320 (19)0.056 (2)−0.0019 (15)0.0017 (17)0.0157 (17)
C60.0317 (19)0.0238 (16)0.042 (2)0.0001 (15)−0.0079 (16)0.0053 (15)
C70.0270 (17)0.0192 (15)0.0278 (17)0.0021 (13)−0.0029 (14)0.0036 (13)
C80.0256 (17)0.0233 (15)0.0294 (17)0.0018 (14)−0.0003 (14)0.0020 (13)
C90.0333 (19)0.0324 (18)0.0375 (19)0.0064 (15)0.0047 (16)0.0048 (15)
C100.0265 (18)0.0307 (17)0.0298 (18)−0.0012 (15)0.0032 (14)−0.0001 (14)
C110.062 (3)0.042 (2)0.042 (2)−0.002 (2)−0.0234 (19)−0.0088 (18)
C120.051 (2)0.059 (3)0.060 (3)0.002 (2)−0.017 (2)0.020 (2)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

S—C11.751 (3)C5—C61.376 (5)
S—C111.815 (4)C5—H50.9300
F—C41.371 (4)C6—C71.379 (4)
O1—C81.379 (4)C6—H60.9300
O1—C71.380 (4)C8—C91.477 (4)
O2—C101.303 (4)C9—C101.504 (4)
O2—H20.85 (5)C9—H9A0.9700
O3—C101.217 (4)C9—H9B0.9700
C1—C81.349 (4)C11—C121.491 (5)
C1—C21.445 (4)C11—H11A0.9700
C2—C31.391 (4)C11—H11B0.9700
C2—C71.395 (4)C12—H12A0.9600
C3—C41.362 (5)C12—H12B0.9600
C3—H30.9300C12—H12C0.9600
C4—C51.385 (5)
C1—S—C11101.79 (15)C1—C8—O1112.0 (3)
C8—O1—C7105.8 (2)C1—C8—C9132.1 (3)
C10—O2—H2112 (4)O1—C8—C9115.9 (3)
C8—C1—C2106.5 (3)C8—C9—C10114.9 (3)
C8—C1—S125.9 (3)C8—C9—H9A108.6
C2—C1—S127.5 (2)C10—C9—H9A108.6
C3—C2—C7119.4 (3)C8—C9—H9B108.6
C3—C2—C1135.2 (3)C10—C9—H9B108.6
C7—C2—C1105.5 (3)H9A—C9—H9B107.5
C4—C3—C2116.3 (3)O3—C10—O2124.3 (3)
C4—C3—H3121.8O3—C10—C9123.5 (3)
C2—C3—H3121.8O2—C10—C9112.2 (3)
C3—C4—F118.1 (3)C12—C11—S114.3 (3)
C3—C4—C5124.5 (3)C12—C11—H11A108.7
F—C4—C5117.4 (3)S—C11—H11A108.7
C6—C5—C4119.7 (3)C12—C11—H11B108.7
C6—C5—H5120.2S—C11—H11B108.7
C4—C5—H5120.2H11A—C11—H11B107.6
C5—C6—C7116.6 (3)C11—C12—H12A109.5
C5—C6—H6121.7C11—C12—H12B109.5
C7—C6—H6121.7H12A—C12—H12B109.5
C6—C7—O1126.2 (3)C11—C12—H12C109.5
C6—C7—C2123.5 (3)H12A—C12—H12C109.5
O1—C7—C2110.3 (3)H12B—C12—H12C109.5
C11—S—C1—C8−101.3 (3)C8—O1—C7—C21.0 (3)
C11—S—C1—C283.6 (3)C3—C2—C7—C6−0.1 (4)
C8—C1—C2—C3179.5 (3)C1—C2—C7—C6179.3 (3)
S—C1—C2—C3−4.6 (5)C3—C2—C7—O1179.8 (3)
C8—C1—C2—C70.4 (3)C1—C2—C7—O1−0.8 (3)
S—C1—C2—C7176.2 (2)C2—C1—C8—O10.2 (3)
C7—C2—C3—C4−0.2 (4)S—C1—C8—O1−175.7 (2)
C1—C2—C3—C4−179.3 (3)C2—C1—C8—C9179.1 (3)
C2—C3—C4—F−179.1 (3)S—C1—C8—C93.2 (5)
C2—C3—C4—C50.2 (5)C7—O1—C8—C1−0.7 (3)
C3—C4—C5—C60.0 (5)C7—O1—C8—C9−179.8 (2)
F—C4—C5—C6179.3 (3)C1—C8—C9—C10109.0 (4)
C4—C5—C6—C7−0.2 (5)O1—C8—C9—C10−72.1 (4)
C5—C6—C7—O1−179.6 (3)C8—C9—C10—O34.1 (5)
C5—C6—C7—C20.3 (4)C8—C9—C10—O2−175.1 (3)
C8—O1—C7—C6−179.1 (3)C1—S—C11—C1272.7 (3)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O2—H2···O3i0.85 (5)1.81 (5)2.654 (3)177 (5)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, −y, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: ZQ2007).

References

  • Brandenburg, K. (1998). DIAMOND Crystal Impact GbR, Bonn, Germany.
  • Bruker (2001). SAINT and SMART Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
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  • Choi, H. D., Seo, P. J., Son, B. W. & Lee, U. (2009b). Acta Cryst. E65, o1813. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Howlett, D. R., Perry, A. E., Godfrey, F., Swatton, J. E., Jennings, K. H., Spitzfaden, C., Wadsworth, H., Wood, S. J. & Markwell, R. E. (1999). Biochem. J 340, 283–289. [PubMed]
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2000). SADABS University of Göttingen, Germany.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
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