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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 October 1; 65(Pt 10): o2463.
Published online 2009 September 12. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809036411
PMCID: PMC2970279

5-p-Tolyl-1H-tetra­zole

Abstract

The title compound, C8H8N4, possesses crystallographic mirror symmetry, with four C atoms lying on the reflecting plane, which bis­ects the phenyl and tetra­zole rings. It is composed of a planar r.m.s. deviation (0.0012 Å) tetra­zole ring which is nearly coplanar with the benzene ring, the dihedral angle being 2.67 (9)°. In the crystal, symmetry-related mol­ecules are linked by inter­molecular N—H(...)N hydrogen bonds. The mol­ecules stack along [100] with a π(...)π inter­action involving the phenyl and tetra­zole rings of adjacent mol­ecules [centroid–centroid distance = 3.5639 (15) Å]. The H atom of the N—H group is disordered over two sites of equal occupancy. The methyl H atoms were modelled as disordered over two sets of sites of equal occupancy rotated by 60° with respect to each other.

Related literature

For related manganese(II) complexes, see: Hu et al. (2007 [triangle]); Lü (2008 [triangle]). For applications of tetra­zoles in coordination chemistry, medicinal chemistry and materials science, see: Xiong et al. (2002 [triangle]); Xue et al. (2002 [triangle]); Wang et al. (2005 [triangle]); Dunica et al. (1991 [triangle]); Wittenberger et al. (1993 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-65-o2463-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C8H8N4
  • M r = 160.18
  • Orthorhombic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o2463-efi2.jpg
  • a = 4.5370 (15) Å
  • b = 17.729 (5) Å
  • c = 9.778 (2) Å
  • V = 786.5 (4) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.09 mm−1
  • T = 293 K
  • 0.20 × 0.20 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

  • Rigaku, SCXmini diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan CrystalClear (Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]) T min = 0.981, T max = 0.983
  • 7310 measured reflections
  • 946 independent reflections
  • 792 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.040

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.048
  • wR(F 2) = 0.115
  • S = 1.12
  • 946 reflections
  • 66 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.17 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.16 e Å−3

Data collection: CrystalClear (Rigaku 2005 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrystalClear; data reduction: CrystalClear; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: PRPKAPPA (Ferguson, 1999 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, New_Global_Publ_Block. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809036411/su2134sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809036411/su2134Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by a start-up grant from Southeast University to ZRQ.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Tetrazole-related molecules have attracted considerable attention due to their biological activities. The synthesis of new members of this family of ligands is an important direction in the development of modern coordination chemistry (Hu et al., 2007; Lü, 2008). Tetrazole compounds have a wide range of applications in coordination chemistry, medicinal chemistry and material science (Xiong, et al., 2002; Xue, et al., 2002; Wang, et al., 2005; Dunica, et al., 1991; Wittenberger, et al., 1993).

The title compound is a tetrazole ligand with a toluene substituent in position 5 (Fig. 1). In the solid state structure the molecule possesses crystallographic mirror symmetry. The mirror bisects the toluyl group and the tetrazole ring with atoms C1, C4, C7 and C8 lieing in the mirror. The bond lengths and angles have normal values. The interplanar angle between the phenyl ring [C1/C2/C3/C4/C2A/C3A] and the tetrazole ring [N1/N2/N1A/N2A/C7] mean-planes is 2.67 (9) °.

In the crystal symmetry related molecules are linked by intermolecular N—H···N hydrogen bonds (Table 1), forming chains propagating in the [010] direction (Fig. 2). There is a π···π interaction involving the tetrazole and phenyl rings of adjacent molecules with a centroid-to-centroid distance of 3.5639 (15) Å.

Experimental

4-methylbenzonitrile (1.17 g, 10 mmol) and ammonium chloride (0.53 g, 10 mmol) were dissolved in DMF (40 ml) in the presence of sodium azidein (0.98 g, 0.5 mmol) and refluxed for 24 h. After the mixture was cooled to rt and filtered. Most of the solvent was then removed under vacuum. Pale yellow crystals of the title compound, suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis, were obtained from the remaining solution on slow evaporation of the solvent.

Refinement

All the H atoms could be located in the difference electron-density maps. Due to the mirror symmetry the NH H-atom, which is disorderd over N-atoms N1 and N1i [symmetry code (i) = x, y, -z+1/2], was freely refined with an occupancy of 0.5; distance N-H = 0.87 (3) Å. The C-bound H-atoms were included in idealized positions and treated as riding atoms: C-H = 0.93 - 0.96 Å, with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(parent C-atom). The H-atoms on methyl C8 were modelled as disordered with two triplets of the H atoms with equal occupation (0.5:0.5) rotated by 60° to each other.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound, with the displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 30% probability level. [Symmetry code: (A)= x, y, -z + 1/2].
Fig. 2.
Crystal packing diagram of the title compound, viewed along along the a axis (hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines, see Table 1 for details).

Crystal data

C8H8N4F(000) = 336
Mr = 160.18Dx = 1.353 Mg m3
Orthorhombic, PbcmMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2c 2bCell parameters from 1044 reflections
a = 4.5370 (15) Åθ = 3.0–27.4°
b = 17.729 (5) ŵ = 0.09 mm1
c = 9.778 (2) ÅT = 293 K
V = 786.5 (4) Å3Block, pale yellow
Z = 40.20 × 0.20 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

Rigaku, SCXmini diffractometer946 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube792 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.040
Detector resolution: 13.6612 pixels mm-1θmax = 27.5°, θmin = 3.1°
CCD_Profile_fitting scansh = −5→5
Absorption correction: multi-scan CrystalClear (Rigaku, 2005)k = −23→22
Tmin = 0.981, Tmax = 0.983l = −12→12
7310 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.048H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
wR(F2) = 0.115w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0438P)2 + 0.1774P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.12(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
946 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.17 e Å3
66 parametersΔρmin = −0.16 e Å3
0 restraintsExtinction correction: SHELXL, Fc*=kFc[1+0.001xFc2λ3/sin(2θ)]-1/4
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction coefficient: 0.023 (5)

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
C10.2469 (4)0.17076 (11)0.25000.0386 (5)
C20.3511 (3)0.14064 (8)0.12792 (15)0.0478 (4)
H20.28950.16100.04510.057*
C30.5451 (4)0.08076 (9)0.12874 (17)0.0543 (5)
H30.61330.06160.04610.065*
C40.6408 (5)0.04856 (12)0.25000.0521 (6)
C70.0344 (4)0.23258 (11)0.25000.0363 (5)
C80.8408 (6)−0.01930 (14)0.25000.0746 (8)
H8A0.8837−0.03360.34260.112*0.50
H8B1.0209−0.00710.20350.112*0.50
H8C0.7450−0.06040.20390.112*0.50
N1−0.0825 (3)0.26572 (7)0.35937 (12)0.0435 (4)
N2−0.2736 (3)0.31947 (7)0.31588 (13)0.0489 (4)
H1−0.064 (6)0.2534 (19)0.446 (3)0.045 (8)*0.50

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
C10.0394 (10)0.0431 (10)0.0333 (10)−0.0074 (9)0.0000.000
C20.0540 (9)0.0525 (9)0.0369 (8)−0.0014 (7)0.0021 (7)−0.0017 (6)
C30.0544 (9)0.0552 (9)0.0532 (10)−0.0016 (8)0.0081 (7)−0.0105 (8)
C40.0428 (12)0.0430 (12)0.0705 (16)−0.0079 (10)0.0000.000
C70.0415 (10)0.0411 (10)0.0262 (8)−0.0109 (8)0.0000.000
C80.0601 (15)0.0542 (15)0.109 (2)0.0045 (13)0.0000.000
N10.0538 (7)0.0477 (7)0.0291 (6)−0.0020 (6)0.0017 (5)−0.0010 (5)
N20.0607 (8)0.0489 (7)0.0371 (6)0.0011 (6)0.0030 (6)−0.0019 (5)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

C1—C21.3905 (18)C7—N1i1.3306 (17)
C1—C2i1.3905 (18)C7—N11.3306 (17)
C1—C71.460 (3)C8—H8A0.9600
C2—C31.379 (2)C8—H8B0.9600
C2—H20.9300C8—H8C0.9600
C3—C41.386 (2)N1—N21.3566 (17)
C3—H30.9300N1—H10.87 (3)
C4—C3i1.386 (2)N2—N2i1.288 (2)
C4—C81.507 (3)
C2—C1—C2i118.28 (19)N1i—C7—C1126.51 (9)
C2—C1—C7120.86 (10)N1—C7—C1126.51 (9)
C2i—C1—C7120.86 (10)C4—C8—H8A109.5
C3—C2—C1120.51 (15)C4—C8—H8B109.5
C3—C2—H2119.7H8A—C8—H8B109.5
C1—C2—H2119.7C4—C8—H8C109.5
C2—C3—C4121.47 (16)H8A—C8—H8C109.5
C2—C3—H3119.3H8B—C8—H8C109.5
C4—C3—H3119.3C7—N1—N2108.24 (12)
C3i—C4—C3117.7 (2)C7—N1—H1129 (2)
C3i—C4—C8121.17 (11)N2—N1—H1123 (2)
C3—C4—C8121.17 (11)N2i—N2—N1108.27 (7)
N1i—C7—N1106.98 (17)

Symmetry codes: (i) x, y, −z+1/2.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1···N1ii0.87 (3)1.94 (3)2.806 (2)171 (3)

Symmetry codes: (ii) x, −y+1/2, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: SU2134).

References

  • Dunica, J. V., Pierce, M. E. & Santella, J. B. III (1991). J. Org. Chem.56, 2395–2400.
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  • Rigaku (2005). CrystalClear Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
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  • Wittenberger, S. J. & Donner, B. G. (1993). J. Org. Chem.58, 4139–4141.
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