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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 October 1; 65(Pt 10): o2479.
Published online 2009 September 16. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809036770
PMCID: PMC2970213

4-Bromo-5-[(2-bromo­ethyl)­sulfanyl]-1,3-dithiole-2-thione

Abstract

The title compound, C5H4Br2S4, consists of a statistically planar, 4-bromo-1,3-dithiole-2-thione unit [maximum deviation from the ring plane 0.001 (2) Å], with a bromo­ethyl­sulfanyl substituent in the 5-position. In the crystal structure, weak inter­molecular S(...)S [3.438 (15) and 3.522 (15) Å] and S(...)Br [3.422 (14) and 3.498 (14) Å] inter­actions generate a three-dimensional supra­molecular architecture.

Related literature

For general background to the applications of halogenated 1,3-dithiole-2-thio­nes, see: Alberola et al. 2006 [triangle]; Batsanov et al. (2001 [triangle]); Jeppesen et al. (2004 [triangle]); Segura & Martin (2001 [triangle]); Wang et al. (1995 [triangle]). For a related structure, see: Zhao et al. (2008 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o2479-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C5H4Br2S4
  • M r = 352.14
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o2479-efi1.jpg
  • a = 4.7892 (12) Å
  • b = 20.381 (5) Å
  • c = 10.809 (3) Å
  • β = 96.922 (3)°
  • V = 1047.3 (5) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 8.47 mm−1
  • T = 294 K
  • 0.44 × 0.17 × 0.06 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 1997 [triangle]) T min = 0.117, T max = 0.613
  • 9101 measured reflections
  • 2391 independent reflections
  • 1845 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.033

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.033
  • wR(F 2) = 0.081
  • S = 1.05
  • 2391 reflections
  • 100 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.38 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.81 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 1997 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 1997 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809036770/sj2640sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809036770/sj2640Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (grant No. 20872058).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) and its derivatives have attracted great interest for their high electronic conductivity, superconductivity as well as supramolecular features (Segura & Martin, 2001; Jeppesen et al., 2004). The attachment of halogen atoms to TTF framework reduces the π-electron donating ability and this effect is additive with an increasing number of halogens on the TTF system (Wang et al., 1995), As important precursors to the halogenated TTF derivatives, 1,3-dithiole-2-(thi)ones involving bromine groups have also attracted attention (Batsanov et al., 2001; Alberola et al., 2006). We describe here the synthesis and structure of a novel 4-bromo-5-[(2-bromoethyl)sulfanyl]-1,3-dithiole-2-thione compound, (I) (Fig. 1).

As seen from Fig. 1, all five atoms of five-membered dithiole ring and three exocyclic S1, Br1 and S4 atoms are nearly coplanar with a maximum deviation from the least-squares plane of only 0.1045 Å (Br2). The C-S bond lengths range from 1.647 (4) to 1.814 (4) Å. The bond distances C1-S1 (1.647 (3)) Å, C2-S4 (1.753 (3)) Å, and Br2-C3(1.883 (4)) Å are relatively short which indicates a degree of conjugation of the S1, S4 and Br2 substituents with the 1,3-dithiol ring system. However, the C4-S4 bond is typical of a single bond with a bond length of 1.814 (4) Å. The structure of title compound is very similar to that of 3-(2-thioxo-1,3- dithiol-4-ylsulfanyl)propanenitrile (Zhao et al., 2008).

In the crystal structure, molecules of (I) form 1-dimensional chains by way of intermolecular S···S interactions along a axis (Fig.2). The distances between alternate S2 atoms are 3.438 (15) Å and 3.522 (15) Å, respectively. In addition, the 1-dimensional chains are interconnected by intermolecular S1···Br2 interactions (S1···Br2 = 3.422 (14) Å) to generate a 2-dimensional sheet (Fig. 3) in the ab plane. These are further linked by intermolecular Br1···S1 interactions (S1···Br1 = 3.498 (14) Å) to form a 3-dimensional supramolecular structure (Fig. 4).

Experimental

A solution of PPh3(3.04 g, 11.6 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL) was added dropwise to a solution of 4-(2-hydroxyethylsulfanyl)-1,3-dithiole-2-thione (1.67 g, 11.6 mmol) and CBr4 (3.84 g, 11.6 mmol), also in dichloromethane (50 mL), over 2 h. The mixture was then stirred for 8 h at room temperature. The resulting solution was washed with water and dried with Na2SO4. The solvent was then evaporated under reduced pressure and the crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica. (dichloromethane:petroleum ether= 2:3) to yield the title compound as yellow solid in 85 % yield. Yellow block-like single crystals were obtained from slow evaporation of a dichloromethane solution at room temperature.

Refinement

All H-atoms were positioned geometrically and refined using a riding model with d(C-H) = 0.97 Å, Uiso = 1.2Ueq (C) for CH2 atoms.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound with ellipsoids drawn at the 30% probability level.
Fig. 2.
The 1-dimensional chain formed by S···S interactions, shown as dashed lines.
Fig. 3.
The 2-dimensional sheet formed by intermolecular S2···S2 and S1···Br2 interactions, shown as dashed lines.
Fig. 4.
The 3-dimensional network formed by intermolecular S2···S2, S1···Br2 and S1···Br1 interactions, shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C5H4Br2S4F(000) = 672
Mr = 352.14Dx = 2.233 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMelting point: 331 K
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 4.7892 (12) ÅCell parameters from 3116 reflections
b = 20.381 (5) Åθ = 3.6–26.1°
c = 10.809 (3) ŵ = 8.47 mm1
β = 96.922 (3)°T = 294 K
V = 1047.3 (5) Å3Block, yellow
Z = 40.44 × 0.17 × 0.06 mm

Data collection

Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer2391 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1845 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.033
[var phi] and ω scansθmax = 27.5°, θmin = 2.8°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 1997)h = −6→6
Tmin = 0.117, Tmax = 0.613k = −26→26
9101 measured reflectionsl = −13→14

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.033Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.081H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.05w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0361P)2 + 0.5713P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2391 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
100 parametersΔρmax = 0.38 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.81 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > 2sigma(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Br10.33646 (9)0.39616 (2)−0.03831 (4)0.05782 (14)
Br2−0.12031 (10)0.252098 (19)0.33275 (4)0.06158 (15)
S10.6869 (2)0.39508 (5)0.69591 (9)0.0506 (2)
S20.25370 (18)0.43827 (4)0.49022 (8)0.0406 (2)
S30.3149 (2)0.30064 (4)0.54490 (10)0.0517 (3)
S4−0.20103 (18)0.42118 (5)0.27552 (9)0.0481 (2)
C10.4319 (7)0.37956 (16)0.5834 (3)0.0379 (7)
C20.0385 (7)0.38613 (16)0.3924 (3)0.0379 (7)
C30.0692 (8)0.32205 (17)0.4204 (3)0.0439 (8)
C40.0261 (7)0.43820 (17)0.1567 (3)0.0432 (8)
H4A−0.07370.46540.09230.052*
H4B0.19000.46230.19350.052*
C50.1193 (8)0.37586 (17)0.0993 (4)0.0458 (8)
H5A−0.04410.34980.06860.055*
H5B0.23400.35030.16200.055*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Br10.0521 (2)0.0758 (3)0.0462 (3)0.00042 (19)0.00845 (17)0.00156 (19)
Br20.0753 (3)0.0501 (2)0.0572 (3)−0.01945 (19)−0.0007 (2)−0.00821 (18)
S10.0503 (5)0.0586 (6)0.0406 (5)−0.0006 (4)−0.0045 (4)0.0014 (4)
S20.0410 (5)0.0369 (4)0.0424 (5)−0.0004 (3)−0.0003 (4)−0.0019 (3)
S30.0659 (6)0.0388 (4)0.0483 (6)−0.0032 (4)−0.0021 (5)0.0048 (4)
S40.0341 (5)0.0628 (5)0.0462 (5)0.0083 (4)0.0001 (4)−0.0038 (4)
C10.0390 (18)0.0420 (17)0.0342 (19)0.0010 (14)0.0098 (14)0.0002 (14)
C20.0346 (17)0.0441 (17)0.0349 (19)−0.0009 (14)0.0039 (13)−0.0031 (14)
C30.048 (2)0.0448 (18)0.039 (2)−0.0081 (16)0.0068 (16)−0.0056 (15)
C40.0414 (19)0.0425 (18)0.043 (2)0.0030 (15)−0.0038 (15)0.0016 (15)
C50.045 (2)0.0448 (18)0.048 (2)−0.0022 (15)0.0083 (16)−0.0004 (16)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Br1—C51.959 (4)S4—C41.814 (4)
Br2—C31.883 (3)C2—C31.345 (5)
S1—C11.647 (4)C4—C51.505 (5)
S2—C11.723 (3)C4—H4A0.9700
S2—C21.746 (3)C4—H4B0.9700
S3—C31.734 (4)C5—H5A0.9700
S3—C11.737 (3)C5—H5B0.9700
S4—C21.753 (4)
C1—S2—C298.40 (16)C5—C4—S4111.3 (2)
C3—S3—C197.02 (17)C5—C4—H4A109.4
C2—S4—C4101.05 (16)S4—C4—H4A109.4
S1—C1—S2124.7 (2)C5—C4—H4B109.4
S1—C1—S3122.9 (2)S4—C4—H4B109.4
S2—C1—S3112.34 (19)H4A—C4—H4B108.0
C3—C2—S2114.5 (3)C4—C5—Br1110.2 (2)
C3—C2—S4127.0 (3)C4—C5—H5A109.6
S2—C2—S4118.41 (19)Br1—C5—H5A109.6
C2—C3—S3117.7 (3)C4—C5—H5B109.6
C2—C3—Br2126.1 (3)Br1—C5—H5B109.6
S3—C3—Br2116.2 (2)H5A—C5—H5B108.1
C2—S2—C1—S1177.1 (2)S2—C2—C3—S3−0.9 (4)
C2—S2—C1—S3−2.4 (2)S4—C2—C3—S3−177.7 (2)
C3—S3—C1—S1−177.5 (2)S2—C2—C3—Br2−178.3 (2)
C3—S3—C1—S22.0 (2)S4—C2—C3—Br24.9 (5)
C1—S2—C2—C32.0 (3)C1—S3—C3—C2−0.7 (3)
C1—S2—C2—S4179.1 (2)C1—S3—C3—Br2176.9 (2)
C4—S4—C2—C3−102.6 (3)C2—S4—C4—C569.7 (3)
C4—S4—C2—S280.7 (2)S4—C4—C5—Br1175.02 (17)

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: SJ2640).

References

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