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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 October 1; 65(Pt 10): o2412.
Published online 2009 September 9. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809035764
PMCID: PMC2970187

2,4-Dihydr­oxy-N′-(3,4,5-trimethoxy­benzyl­idene)benzohydrazide

Abstract

In the title compound, C17H18N2O6, the mol­ecule is slightly twisted, with a dihedral angle of 18.1 (2)° between the two benzene rings. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are linked into a network by inter­molecular N—H(...)O, O—H(...)N and O—H(...)O hydrogen bonds. An intra­molecular O—H(...)O hydrogen bond is also present.

Related literature

For the biological properties of Schiff base compounds, see: Brückner et al. (2000 [triangle]); Harrop et al. (2003 [triangle]); Ren et al. (2002 [triangle]). For the crystal structures of some Schiff bases and their complexes, see: Diao (2007 [triangle]); Diao et al. (2007 [triangle], 2008 [triangle]); Huang et al. (2007 [triangle]); Li et al. (2007 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o2412-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C17H18N2O6
  • M r = 346.33
  • Orthorhombic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o2412-efi1.jpg
  • a = 14.601 (1) Å
  • b = 11.030 (2) Å
  • c = 20.006 (2) Å
  • V = 3222.0 (7) Å3
  • Z = 8
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.11 mm−1
  • T = 298 K
  • 0.20 × 0.20 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2000 [triangle]) T min = 0.978, T max = 0.978
  • 18590 measured reflections
  • 3520 independent reflections
  • 2166 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.069

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.048
  • wR(F 2) = 0.148
  • S = 1.03
  • 3520 reflections
  • 234 parameters
  • 1 restraint
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.41 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.24 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2000 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2000 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXTL; molecular graphics: SHELXTL; software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809035764/wn2345sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809035764/wn2345Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This project is supported by a research grant from Dalian Medical University. We are grateful to Chuan-Xun Li and Qi Zhou for their assistance.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Schiff base compounds have been found to have potential pharmacological and antitumor properties (Brückner et al., 2000; Harrop et al., 2003; Ren et al., 2002). Recently, the crystal structures of a few Schiff base compounds derived from the reaction of aldehydes with benzohydrazides have been reported (Diao et al., 2008; Diao et al., 2007; Diao, 2007; Li et al., 2007; Huang et al., 2007). As a continuation of these studies, we report here the crystal structure of the title compound.

The title compound, C17H18N2O6 (Fig. 1) is slightly twisted, with a dihedral angle between the two benzene rings of 18.1 (2)°. The torsion angles C9—C8—N2—N1 and C2—C7—N1—N2 are 2.9 (2) and 7.8 (2)°, respectively. In the crystal structure, molecules are linked into a network (Fig. 2) by intermolecular N—H···O, O—H···N and O—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1). An intramolecular O—H···O hydrogen bond is also present.

Experimental

3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzaldehyde (0.1 mmol, 19.6 mg) and 2,4-dihydroxybenzohydrazide (0.1 mmol, 16.8 mg) were dissolved in a methanol solution (20 ml). The mixture was stirred at reflux for 1 h and cooled to room temperature. After allowing the solution to stand in air for a few days, colorless block-like crystals were formed.

Refinement

H1A was located in a difference Fourier map and refined isotropically, with the N—H distance restrained to 0.90 (1) Å. Other H atoms were placed in calculated positions and constrained to ride on their parent atoms, with C—H distances of 0.93 and 0.96 Å, an O—H distance of 0.82 Å, and with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(aromatic C) and 1.5Ueq(O and methyl C).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound, with displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 30% probability level. Hydrogen atoms are represented by spheres of arbitrary radius. The dashed line indicates the intramolecular O—H···O ...
Fig. 2.
The crystal structure of the title compound, viewed along the b axis. Dashed lines indicate hydrogen bonds. Hydrogen atoms not involved in hydrogen bonding have been omitted.

Crystal data

C17H18N2O6F(000) = 1456
Mr = 346.33Dx = 1.428 Mg m3
Orthorhombic, PbcaMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ac 2abCell parameters from 2734 reflections
a = 14.601 (1) Åθ = 2.5–26.0°
b = 11.030 (2) ŵ = 0.11 mm1
c = 20.006 (2) ÅT = 298 K
V = 3222.0 (7) Å3Block, colorless
Z = 80.20 × 0.20 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer3520 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube2166 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.069
ω scansθmax = 27.0°, θmin = 2.0°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2000)h = −18→18
Tmin = 0.978, Tmax = 0.978k = −12→14
18590 measured reflectionsl = −20→25

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.048Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.148H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.03w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0632P)2 + 0.9796P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
3520 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
234 parametersΔρmax = 0.41 e Å3
1 restraintΔρmin = −0.24 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
N1−0.07006 (12)0.46657 (17)0.36310 (9)0.0409 (5)
N20.00500 (12)0.44220 (16)0.40282 (9)0.0410 (4)
O10.01502 (10)0.60011 (16)0.30628 (8)0.0528 (5)
O2−0.04899 (12)0.72863 (18)0.21335 (9)0.0650 (5)
H2−0.01120.70570.24090.097*
O3−0.33269 (11)0.63390 (17)0.12189 (8)0.0555 (5)
H3−0.38140.60180.13220.083*
O40.12167 (11)0.13843 (16)0.63808 (9)0.0584 (5)
O50.28830 (10)0.21803 (14)0.60976 (8)0.0474 (4)
O60.31779 (11)0.37901 (16)0.51322 (9)0.0579 (5)
C1−0.21013 (15)0.4894 (2)0.25893 (12)0.0420 (5)
H1−0.21690.42510.28860.050*
C2−0.13151 (14)0.56173 (19)0.26278 (11)0.0384 (5)
C3−0.12280 (15)0.6558 (2)0.21550 (11)0.0431 (5)
C4−0.19085 (16)0.6778 (2)0.16936 (12)0.0465 (6)
H4−0.18430.74080.13880.056*
C5−0.26856 (15)0.6071 (2)0.16830 (11)0.0418 (5)
C6−0.27758 (15)0.5110 (2)0.21243 (11)0.0421 (5)
H6−0.32900.46130.21060.050*
C7−0.05838 (14)0.54391 (19)0.31173 (11)0.0396 (5)
C8−0.00724 (15)0.3683 (2)0.45107 (11)0.0423 (5)
H8−0.06520.33660.45930.051*
C90.07007 (15)0.33347 (19)0.49349 (11)0.0402 (5)
C100.15711 (15)0.3793 (2)0.48163 (11)0.0435 (5)
H100.16650.43510.44750.052*
C110.22944 (15)0.3418 (2)0.52056 (12)0.0437 (6)
C120.21532 (15)0.2592 (2)0.57258 (11)0.0411 (5)
C130.12835 (16)0.2157 (2)0.58524 (11)0.0428 (5)
C140.05539 (15)0.2521 (2)0.54515 (11)0.0428 (5)
H14−0.00310.22190.55300.051*
C150.33483 (18)0.4696 (3)0.46434 (14)0.0652 (8)
H15A0.32420.43670.42060.098*
H15B0.39730.49620.46770.098*
H15C0.29460.53710.47170.098*
C160.3270 (2)0.3053 (2)0.65403 (14)0.0655 (8)
H16A0.31950.38500.63550.098*
H16B0.39100.28870.65990.098*
H16C0.29660.30100.69650.098*
C170.03536 (19)0.0858 (3)0.65186 (14)0.0646 (8)
H17A−0.00980.14860.65600.097*
H17B0.03870.04080.69290.097*
H17C0.01860.03230.61600.097*
H1A−0.1231 (10)0.4289 (19)0.3709 (11)0.050*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.0320 (10)0.0498 (11)0.0407 (11)−0.0008 (8)−0.0063 (8)0.0046 (8)
N20.0349 (10)0.0496 (10)0.0385 (11)0.0046 (8)−0.0062 (8)−0.0037 (9)
O10.0353 (9)0.0687 (11)0.0544 (11)−0.0083 (8)−0.0044 (8)0.0092 (8)
O20.0514 (11)0.0832 (13)0.0603 (12)−0.0237 (10)−0.0062 (8)0.0223 (10)
O30.0411 (9)0.0797 (12)0.0457 (10)−0.0056 (9)−0.0069 (8)0.0135 (9)
O40.0475 (10)0.0716 (11)0.0561 (11)−0.0065 (8)−0.0100 (8)0.0231 (9)
O50.0397 (9)0.0548 (9)0.0477 (10)0.0062 (7)−0.0115 (7)−0.0020 (8)
O60.0359 (9)0.0830 (12)0.0548 (11)−0.0034 (8)−0.0009 (8)0.0142 (9)
C10.0383 (12)0.0432 (12)0.0445 (13)−0.0004 (9)0.0003 (10)0.0051 (10)
C20.0321 (11)0.0461 (12)0.0371 (12)0.0001 (9)0.0016 (9)0.0015 (10)
C30.0340 (12)0.0543 (13)0.0411 (13)−0.0075 (10)0.0014 (10)0.0021 (11)
C40.0445 (14)0.0559 (14)0.0391 (13)−0.0046 (11)0.0008 (10)0.0104 (11)
C50.0347 (12)0.0586 (14)0.0320 (12)0.0022 (10)−0.0010 (9)−0.0001 (10)
C60.0349 (12)0.0469 (12)0.0444 (13)−0.0044 (10)−0.0017 (10)0.0005 (11)
C70.0305 (11)0.0465 (12)0.0417 (13)−0.0004 (9)0.0013 (9)−0.0037 (10)
C80.0350 (12)0.0497 (13)0.0423 (13)−0.0002 (10)−0.0053 (10)−0.0020 (11)
C90.0368 (12)0.0463 (12)0.0374 (13)0.0027 (9)−0.0051 (10)−0.0036 (10)
C100.0419 (13)0.0529 (13)0.0356 (12)0.0032 (10)−0.0025 (10)0.0037 (10)
C110.0326 (12)0.0558 (14)0.0427 (13)0.0010 (10)0.0004 (10)−0.0020 (11)
C120.0354 (12)0.0479 (12)0.0399 (13)0.0062 (10)−0.0062 (10)−0.0028 (10)
C130.0437 (13)0.0464 (12)0.0382 (13)0.0023 (10)−0.0032 (10)0.0016 (10)
C140.0338 (12)0.0519 (13)0.0428 (13)−0.0014 (10)−0.0033 (10)−0.0012 (11)
C150.0477 (16)0.0815 (19)0.0664 (18)−0.0079 (13)0.0057 (14)0.0125 (15)
C160.0667 (18)0.0671 (17)0.0629 (18)0.0099 (14)−0.0232 (15)−0.0177 (14)
C170.0556 (16)0.0703 (17)0.0678 (18)−0.0114 (14)−0.0058 (14)0.0237 (14)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

N1—C71.346 (3)C4—H40.9300
N1—N21.380 (2)C5—C61.386 (3)
N1—H1A0.893 (10)C6—H60.9300
N2—C81.276 (3)C8—C91.464 (3)
O1—C71.243 (2)C8—H80.9300
O2—C31.345 (3)C9—C141.385 (3)
O2—H20.8200C9—C101.388 (3)
O3—C51.351 (3)C10—C111.376 (3)
O3—H30.8200C10—H100.9300
O4—C131.362 (3)C11—C121.399 (3)
O4—C171.415 (3)C12—C131.381 (3)
O5—C121.376 (2)C13—C141.393 (3)
O5—C161.425 (3)C14—H140.9300
O6—C111.362 (3)C15—H15A0.9600
O6—C151.420 (3)C15—H15B0.9600
C1—C61.375 (3)C15—H15C0.9600
C1—C21.400 (3)C16—H16A0.9600
C1—H10.9300C16—H16B0.9600
C2—C31.410 (3)C16—H16C0.9600
C2—C71.462 (3)C17—H17A0.9600
C3—C41.378 (3)C17—H17B0.9600
C4—C51.377 (3)C17—H17C0.9600
C7—N1—N2117.54 (17)C10—C9—C8120.8 (2)
C7—N1—H1A122.6 (15)C11—C10—C9119.8 (2)
N2—N1—H1A119.8 (15)C11—C10—H10120.1
C8—N2—N1116.67 (18)C9—C10—H10120.1
C3—O2—H2109.5O6—C11—C10125.2 (2)
C5—O3—H3109.5O6—C11—C12114.60 (19)
C13—O4—C17118.17 (18)C10—C11—C12120.2 (2)
C12—O5—C16114.84 (18)O5—C12—C13119.9 (2)
C11—O6—C15116.89 (19)O5—C12—C11120.2 (2)
C6—C1—C2121.7 (2)C13—C12—C11119.9 (2)
C6—C1—H1119.1O4—C13—C12115.19 (19)
C2—C1—H1119.1O4—C13—C14124.9 (2)
C1—C2—C3117.1 (2)C12—C13—C14119.9 (2)
C1—C2—C7124.0 (2)C9—C14—C13119.9 (2)
C3—C2—C7118.85 (19)C9—C14—H14120.1
O2—C3—C4116.8 (2)C13—C14—H14120.1
O2—C3—C2122.2 (2)O6—C15—H15A109.5
C4—C3—C2121.0 (2)O6—C15—H15B109.5
C5—C4—C3120.3 (2)H15A—C15—H15B109.5
C5—C4—H4119.8O6—C15—H15C109.5
C3—C4—H4119.8H15A—C15—H15C109.5
O3—C5—C4117.2 (2)H15B—C15—H15C109.5
O3—C5—C6122.6 (2)O5—C16—H16A109.5
C4—C5—C6120.1 (2)O5—C16—H16B109.5
C1—C6—C5119.7 (2)H16A—C16—H16B109.5
C1—C6—H6120.2O5—C16—H16C109.5
C5—C6—H6120.2H16A—C16—H16C109.5
O1—C7—N1119.5 (2)H16B—C16—H16C109.5
O1—C7—C2120.3 (2)O4—C17—H17A109.5
N1—C7—C2120.25 (19)O4—C17—H17B109.5
N2—C8—C9119.9 (2)H17A—C17—H17B109.5
N2—C8—H8120.1O4—C17—H17C109.5
C9—C8—H8120.1H17A—C17—H17C109.5
C14—C9—C10120.3 (2)H17B—C17—H17C109.5
C14—C9—C8118.9 (2)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1A···O5i0.89 (1)2.11 (1)2.953 (2)157 (2)
O3—H3···N2ii0.822.523.214 (3)143
O3—H3···O1ii0.821.952.674 (2)147
O2—H2···O10.821.792.518 (2)147

Symmetry codes: (i) x−1/2, −y+1/2, −z+1; (ii) x−1/2, y, −z+1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: WN2345).

References

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  • Diao, Y.-P. (2007). Acta Cryst. E63, m1453–m1454.
  • Diao, Y.-P., Shu, X.-H., Zhang, B.-J., Zhen, Y.-H. & Kang, T.-G. (2007). Acta Cryst. E63, m1816.
  • Diao, Y.-P., Zhen, Y.-H., Han, X. & Deng, S. (2008). Acta Cryst. E64, o101. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Harrop, T. C., Olmstead, M. M. & Mascharak, P. K. (2003). Chem. Commun. pp. 410-411. [PubMed]
  • Huang, S.-S., Zhou, Q. & Diao, Y.-P. (2007). Acta Cryst. E63, o4659.
  • Li, K., Huang, S.-S., Zhang, B.-J., Meng, D.-L. & Diao, Y.-P. (2007). Acta Cryst. E63, m2291.
  • Ren, S., Wang, R., Komatsu, K., Bonaz-Krause, P., Zyrianov, Y., McKenna, C. E., Csipke, C., Tokes, Z. A. & Lien, E. J. (2002). J. Med. Chem.45, 410–419. [PubMed]
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]

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