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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 September 1; 65(Pt 9): o2151.
Published online 2009 August 15. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809031493
PMCID: PMC2970077

Butane-1,4-diammonium bis­(pyridine-2-carboxyl­ate) monohydrate

Abstract

The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C4H14N2 2+·2C6H4NO2 ·H2O, consists of half of a doubly protonated tetra­methyl­enediammonium dication, a pyridine-2-carboxyl­ate anion and half of a solvent water mol­ecule; the dication is located on a centre of inversion and a twofold rotation axis passes through the O atom of the water mol­ecule. The carboxyl­ate group of the anion appears to be delocalized on the basis of the C—O bond lengths. In the crystal structure, the components are linked by inter­molecular N—H(...)O, N—H(...)N and O—H(...)O hydrogen bonds.

Related literature

For the crystal structures of some butane-1,4-diammonium compounds, see: Natarajan & Cheetham (1997 [triangle]); Zheng et al. (1999 [triangle]); Sediri et al. (2002 [triangle]); Srinivasan et al. (2005 [triangle]); Lemmerer & Billing (2006 [triangle]); van Blerk & Kruger (2007 [triangle], 2008 [triangle]); Jayasundera et al. (2008 [triangle]). For the structure of pyridine-2-carboxylic acid, see: Hamazaki et al. (1998 [triangle]). For a related hexane-1,6-diammonium compound, see: Kim & Ha (2009 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o2151-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C4H14N2 2+·2C6H4NO2 ·H2O
  • M r = 352.39
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o2151-efi1.jpg
  • a = 20.655 (3) Å
  • b = 7.6170 (11) Å
  • c = 12.910 (2) Å
  • β = 113.789 (4)°
  • V = 1858.5 (5) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.10 mm−1
  • T = 296 K
  • 0.27 × 0.21 × 0.16 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART 1000 CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2000 [triangle]) T min = 0.740, T max = 0.985
  • 6674 measured reflections
  • 2298 independent reflections
  • 1040 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.048

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.056
  • wR(F 2) = 0.152
  • S = 0.99
  • 2298 reflections
  • 162 parameters
  • All H-atom parameters refined
  • Δρmax = 0.18 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.16 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2000 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2000 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]) and PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809031493/is2449sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809031493/is2449Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by a Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government (MOEHRD) (KRF-2007–412-J02001).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound, C4H14N22+.2C6H4NO2-.H2O, consists of a doubly protonated tetramethylenediammonium dication, two pyridine-2-carboxylate anions and a solvent water molecule and the asymmetric unit contains one half of the formula unit (Fig. 1); a centre of inversion is located at the mid-point of the dication and the water molecule is disposed about a twofold rotation axis through O atom with the special position at (0, y, 1/4) (Wyckoff letter e). The carboxylate groups of the anions appear to be delocalized on the basis of the C—O bond lengths [C—O: 1.235 (3) and 1.251 (3) Å]. The torsion angles within the dication reveal that all N and C atoms of the dication display the anti conformation. In the crystal structure, the components are linked by intermolecular N—H···O, N—H···N and O—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1 and Fig. 2). There may also be intermolecular π–π interactions between adjacent pyridine rings, with a centroid-centroid distance of 3.796 (2) Å.

Experimental

A solution of 1,4-diaminobutane (0.200 g, 2.269 mmol) and pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (1.173 g, 9.528 mmol) in H2O (20 ml) was stirred for 3 h at 60 °C. The solvent was removed under vacuum and the residue was washed with acetone/ether, to give a white powder (0.830 g). Crystals suitable for X-ray analysis were obtained by slow evaporation from an acetone solution.

Refinement

All H atoms were located from Fourier difference maps and refined isotropically; C—H = 0.91 (2)–1.05 (3) Å, N—H = 0.95 (3)–0.99 (3) Å and O—H = 0.92 (4) Å.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The structure of the title compound, with displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 40% probability level for non-H atoms. The superscript a corresponds to symmetry code: -x, -y + 1, -z.
Fig. 2.
View of the unit-cell contents of the title compound. Hydrogen-bond interactions are drawn with dashed lines.

Crystal data

C4H14N22+·2C6H4NO2·H2OF(000) = 752
Mr = 352.39Dx = 1.259 Mg m3
Monoclinic, C2/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -C 2ycCell parameters from 1114 reflections
a = 20.655 (3) Åθ = 2.9–22.5°
b = 7.6170 (11) ŵ = 0.10 mm1
c = 12.910 (2) ÅT = 296 K
β = 113.789 (4)°Block, colorless
V = 1858.5 (5) Å30.27 × 0.21 × 0.16 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Bruker SMART 1000 CCD diffractometer2298 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1040 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.048
[var phi] and ω scansθmax = 28.3°, θmin = 2.2°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2000)h = −27→27
Tmin = 0.740, Tmax = 0.985k = −10→9
6674 measured reflectionsl = −17→15

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.056Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.152All H-atom parameters refined
S = 0.99w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0576P)2] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2298 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
162 parametersΔρmax = 0.18 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.16 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O10.42900 (8)0.4778 (2)0.55250 (14)0.0629 (6)
O20.36511 (9)0.6362 (3)0.61996 (15)0.0793 (7)
N10.31266 (9)0.3696 (3)0.37672 (16)0.0541 (6)
C10.25453 (15)0.3005 (4)0.2959 (2)0.0663 (8)
H10.2608 (13)0.230 (4)0.235 (2)0.089 (9)*
C20.18842 (15)0.3185 (4)0.2948 (3)0.0685 (8)
H20.1484 (13)0.262 (3)0.233 (2)0.073 (8)*
C30.18017 (14)0.4148 (4)0.3778 (3)0.0646 (8)
H30.1342 (14)0.439 (3)0.380 (2)0.085 (9)*
C40.23908 (13)0.4901 (4)0.4606 (2)0.0547 (7)
H40.2350 (11)0.556 (3)0.517 (2)0.055 (7)*
C50.30461 (11)0.4623 (3)0.45825 (18)0.0429 (6)
C60.37158 (13)0.5323 (3)0.5513 (2)0.0483 (6)
N20.05485 (12)0.8325 (3)0.15154 (19)0.0463 (5)
H2A0.0797 (12)0.853 (3)0.234 (2)0.072 (8)*
H2B0.0116 (14)0.898 (3)0.121 (2)0.070 (8)*
H2C0.0864 (14)0.863 (4)0.117 (2)0.091 (10)*
C70.00642 (18)0.5974 (3)0.0102 (2)0.0599 (8)
H7A−0.0362 (16)0.665 (4)−0.025 (3)0.106 (11)*
H7B0.0374 (16)0.642 (4)−0.025 (3)0.116 (12)*
C80.04043 (18)0.6425 (4)0.1318 (2)0.0612 (8)
H8A0.0144 (16)0.604 (4)0.173 (3)0.113 (13)*
H8B0.0889 (17)0.577 (4)0.175 (3)0.127 (13)*
O30.00000.2467 (4)0.25000.0872 (10)
H3O0.018 (2)0.173 (5)0.311 (3)0.176 (18)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0443 (9)0.0705 (12)0.0630 (12)−0.0030 (9)0.0102 (8)−0.0125 (9)
O20.0782 (13)0.0863 (15)0.0542 (12)0.0161 (11)0.0066 (10)−0.0263 (11)
N10.0472 (12)0.0625 (14)0.0459 (12)−0.0017 (10)0.0117 (10)−0.0095 (10)
C10.0599 (18)0.0692 (19)0.0532 (17)−0.0025 (15)0.0056 (14)−0.0149 (14)
C20.0483 (17)0.0638 (19)0.068 (2)−0.0074 (14)−0.0032 (14)0.0020 (15)
C30.0429 (16)0.073 (2)0.071 (2)0.0037 (14)0.0156 (15)0.0136 (16)
C40.0538 (16)0.0597 (18)0.0500 (16)0.0119 (13)0.0202 (13)0.0062 (13)
C50.0462 (13)0.0407 (13)0.0368 (13)0.0041 (11)0.0116 (10)0.0035 (10)
C60.0527 (14)0.0423 (14)0.0412 (14)0.0048 (12)0.0097 (12)0.0015 (11)
N20.0456 (12)0.0466 (13)0.0425 (13)0.0015 (10)0.0134 (11)−0.0049 (10)
C70.082 (2)0.0495 (16)0.0436 (15)−0.0082 (16)0.0205 (15)−0.0045 (12)
C80.089 (2)0.0471 (17)0.0409 (15)−0.0074 (15)0.0191 (15)−0.0047 (12)
O30.108 (2)0.072 (2)0.063 (2)0.0000.0152 (18)0.000

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C61.251 (3)C5—C61.517 (3)
O2—C61.235 (3)N2—C81.479 (3)
N1—C51.332 (3)N2—H2A0.99 (3)
N1—C11.341 (3)N2—H2B0.96 (3)
C1—C21.367 (4)N2—H2C0.95 (3)
C1—H11.01 (3)C7—C81.478 (3)
C2—C31.364 (4)C7—C7i1.512 (5)
C2—H20.98 (2)C7—H7A0.96 (3)
C3—C41.380 (4)C7—H7B0.98 (3)
C3—H30.98 (3)C8—H8A0.95 (3)
C4—C51.383 (3)C8—H8B1.05 (3)
C4—H40.91 (2)O3—H3O0.92 (4)
C5—N1—C1117.7 (2)C8—N2—H2A108.6 (15)
N1—C1—C2123.1 (3)C8—N2—H2B110.4 (14)
N1—C1—H1117.5 (15)H2A—N2—H2B111 (2)
C2—C1—H1119.4 (15)C8—N2—H2C106.6 (17)
C3—C2—C1119.1 (3)H2A—N2—H2C108 (2)
C3—C2—H2122.5 (15)H2B—N2—H2C112 (2)
C1—C2—H2118.4 (15)C8—C7—C7i112.8 (3)
C2—C3—C4118.8 (3)C8—C7—H7A109.3 (19)
C2—C3—H3123.6 (16)C7i—C7—H7A112.5 (19)
C4—C3—H3117.5 (16)C8—C7—H7B106.8 (19)
C3—C4—C5119.0 (3)C7i—C7—H7B111.1 (19)
C3—C4—H4120.6 (14)H7A—C7—H7B104 (2)
C5—C4—H4120.4 (14)C7—C8—N2112.7 (2)
N1—C5—C4122.3 (2)C7—C8—H8A113.3 (19)
N1—C5—C6116.6 (2)N2—C8—H8A108.9 (19)
C4—C5—C6121.1 (2)C7—C8—H8B113.5 (17)
O2—C6—O1125.5 (2)N2—C8—H8B106.6 (17)
O2—C6—C5117.7 (2)H8A—C8—H8B101 (3)
O1—C6—C5116.8 (2)
C5—N1—C1—C2−1.1 (4)C3—C4—C5—C6−176.1 (2)
N1—C1—C2—C31.7 (5)N1—C5—C6—O2171.3 (2)
C1—C2—C3—C4−0.4 (4)C4—C5—C6—O2−10.4 (3)
C2—C3—C4—C5−1.4 (4)N1—C5—C6—O1−9.5 (3)
C1—N1—C5—C4−0.8 (4)C4—C5—C6—O1168.8 (2)
C1—N1—C5—C6177.5 (2)C7i—C7—C8—N2178.3 (3)
C3—C4—C5—N12.1 (4)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x, −y+1, −z.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N2—H2A···O2ii0.99 (3)1.77 (3)2.749 (3)170 (2)
N2—H2B···O1iii0.96 (3)1.84 (3)2.792 (3)176 (2)
N2—H2C···O1iv0.95 (3)2.26 (3)2.997 (3)134 (2)
N2—H2C···N1iv0.95 (3)2.06 (3)2.917 (3)149 (2)
O3—H3O···O1v0.92 (4)2.02 (4)2.926 (3)172 (4)

Symmetry codes: (ii) −x+1/2, −y+3/2, −z+1; (iii) x−1/2, −y+3/2, z−1/2; (iv) −x+1/2, y+1/2, −z+1/2; (v) −x+1/2, −y+1/2, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: IS2449).

References

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