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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 June 1; 65(Pt 6): o1214.
Published online 2009 May 7. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809016171
PMCID: PMC2969710

2-Carb­oxy-1-phenyl­ethanaminium perchlorate

Abstract

In the title compound, C9H12NO2 +·ClO4 , an intra­molecular N—H(...)O inter­action results in the formation of a six-membered ring having a twisted chair conformation. In the crystal structure, inter­molecular O—H(...)O, N—H(...)O and C—H(...)O inter­actions link the mol­ecules into a network. A weak C—H(...)π inter­action is also found.

Related literature

There has been an increased inter­est in the enanti­omeric preparation of β-amino acids as precursors for the synthesis of novel biologically active compounds, see: Arki et al. (2004 [triangle]); Cohen et al. (2002 [triangle]); Zeller et al. (1965 [triangle]). For bond-length data, see: Allen et al. (1987 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-65-o1214-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C9H12NO2 +·ClO4
  • M r = 265.65
  • Orthorhombic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-o1214-efi1.jpg
  • a = 6.6583 (13) Å
  • b = 13.826 (3) Å
  • c = 24.300 (5) Å
  • V = 2237.0 (8) Å3
  • Z = 8
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.36 mm−1
  • T = 294 K
  • 0.45 × 0.35 × 0.12 mm

Data collection

  • Rigaku SCXmini diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (Blessing, 1995 [triangle]) T min = 0.863, T max = 0.957
  • 21012 measured reflections
  • 2560 independent reflections
  • 1966 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.058

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.053
  • wR(F 2) = 0.110
  • S = 1.10
  • 2560 reflections
  • 156 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.27 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.37 e Å−3

Data collection: CrystalClear (Rigaku/MSC, 2005 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrystalClear; data reduction: CrystalClear; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: PLATON (Spek, 2009 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809016171/hk2675sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809016171/hk2675Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Technical Fund Financing Projects (grant Nos. 9207042464 and 9207041482) from Southeast University to ZRQ.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

β-Amino acids are important molecules, due to their pharmacological properties. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the enantiomeric preparations of β-amino acids, as precursors for the synthesis of novel biologically active compounds (Arki et al., 2004; Cohen et al., 2002; Zeller et al., 1965). We report herein the crystal structure of the title compound.

The asymmetric unit of the title compound contains one cation and one anion (Fig.1 ), in which the bond lengths (Allen et al., 1987) and angles are within normal ranges. Ring A (C4-C9) is, of course, planar. Intramolecular N-H···O interaction results in the formation of a six-membered ring B (O2/N1/C1-C3/H1B) having twisted conformation.

In the crystal structure, intermolecular O-H···O, N-H···O and C-H···O interactions (Table 1) link the molecules into a network (Fig. 2), in which they may be effective in the stabilization of the structure. There also exists a weak C—H···π interaction (Table 1).

Experimental

Under nitrogen protection, benzaldehyde (3.18 g, 30 mmol), malonic acid (5.00 g, 48 mmol) and ammonium acetate (6.00 g, 78 mmol) were added into a flask and refluxed for 10 h to yield a colorless precipitate. The crude product was obtained after filtration, then it was dissolved in ethanol/ perchloric acid (1:1), after slowly evaporating over a period of 4 d, colorless prism crystals of the title compound suitable for X-ray analysis were isolated.

Refinement

H atoms were positioned geometrically with O-H = 0.82 Å (for OH), N-H = 0.89 Å (for NH3), C-H = 0.93, 0.98 and 0.97 Å, for aromatic, methine and methylene H atoms, respectively, and constrained to ride on their parent atoms, with Uiso(H) = xUeq(C,O,N), where x = 1.5 for OH and NH3 H and x = 1.2 for all other H atoms.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title molecule, with the atom-numbering scheme. Hydrogen bond is shown as dashed line.
Fig. 2.
A partial packing diagram of the title compound. Hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C9H12NO2+·ClO4F(000) = 1104
Mr = 265.65Dx = 1.578 Mg m3
Orthorhombic, PbcaMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ac 2abCell parameters from 1979 reflections
a = 6.6583 (13) Åθ = 3.1–27.5°
b = 13.826 (3) ŵ = 0.36 mm1
c = 24.300 (5) ÅT = 294 K
V = 2237.0 (8) Å3Prism, colorless
Z = 80.45 × 0.35 × 0.12 mm

Data collection

Rigaku SCXmini diffractometer2560 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1966 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.058
CCD_Profile_fitting scansθmax = 27.5°, θmin = 3.1°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (Blessing, 1995)h = −8→8
Tmin = 0.863, Tmax = 0.957k = −17→17
21012 measured reflectionsl = −31→31

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.053Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.110H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.10w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0351P)2 + 1.6729P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2560 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
156 parametersΔρmax = 0.27 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.37 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Cl10.99041 (8)0.97917 (4)0.32015 (2)0.03337 (17)
O10.9660 (3)0.30715 (14)0.32107 (7)0.0428 (5)
H11.02620.31820.29230.064*
O20.7570 (2)0.22973 (13)0.26501 (6)0.0365 (4)
O31.0688 (3)1.07288 (12)0.30762 (7)0.0439 (5)
O40.9012 (3)0.94103 (16)0.27168 (8)0.0630 (6)
O51.1483 (3)0.91952 (15)0.33824 (10)0.0649 (6)
O60.8413 (3)0.98786 (15)0.36203 (8)0.0584 (6)
N10.4988 (3)0.09957 (16)0.31532 (7)0.0349 (5)
H1A0.57720.05500.33070.052*
H1B0.54910.11650.28280.052*
H1C0.37590.07560.31070.052*
C10.8076 (3)0.25365 (17)0.31064 (9)0.0289 (5)
C20.6999 (3)0.22487 (17)0.36217 (9)0.0306 (5)
H2A0.69110.28060.38630.037*
H2B0.77780.17560.38100.037*
C30.4889 (3)0.18613 (17)0.35177 (9)0.0289 (5)
H30.41390.23640.33210.035*
C40.3749 (3)0.16333 (17)0.40392 (9)0.0310 (5)
C50.3897 (4)0.0760 (2)0.43014 (10)0.0464 (7)
H50.47660.02890.41670.056*
C60.2752 (5)0.0576 (2)0.47670 (12)0.0565 (8)
H60.2840−0.00230.49400.068*
C70.1499 (4)0.1267 (2)0.49722 (11)0.0537 (8)
H70.07390.11430.52860.064*
C80.1367 (4)0.2138 (2)0.47155 (11)0.0493 (7)
H80.05240.26130.48570.059*
C90.2472 (4)0.2322 (2)0.42480 (9)0.0390 (6)
H90.23520.29160.40720.047*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Cl10.0277 (3)0.0306 (3)0.0418 (3)−0.0002 (2)0.0000 (2)0.0054 (3)
O10.0336 (10)0.0582 (12)0.0365 (9)−0.0188 (8)0.0033 (8)−0.0024 (9)
O20.0335 (9)0.0489 (10)0.0270 (8)−0.0081 (8)0.0018 (7)−0.0040 (7)
O30.0422 (10)0.0332 (10)0.0564 (11)−0.0080 (8)−0.0014 (9)0.0095 (8)
O40.0594 (13)0.0684 (14)0.0612 (13)−0.0217 (11)−0.0103 (11)−0.0133 (11)
O50.0553 (13)0.0554 (13)0.0841 (15)0.0219 (11)−0.0044 (12)0.0233 (11)
O60.0517 (12)0.0644 (13)0.0591 (12)0.0037 (10)0.0210 (10)0.0119 (11)
N10.0307 (11)0.0439 (12)0.0300 (10)−0.0085 (9)0.0019 (9)−0.0045 (9)
C10.0242 (11)0.0291 (12)0.0333 (12)0.0002 (9)0.0011 (9)−0.0020 (10)
C20.0296 (12)0.0359 (13)0.0262 (11)−0.0056 (10)−0.0013 (9)−0.0024 (10)
C30.0253 (11)0.0355 (13)0.0259 (11)0.0009 (10)0.0013 (9)−0.0003 (9)
C40.0238 (11)0.0435 (14)0.0256 (11)−0.0039 (10)−0.0005 (9)0.0008 (10)
C50.0485 (16)0.0501 (16)0.0406 (14)0.0037 (13)0.0071 (13)0.0065 (13)
C60.066 (2)0.0596 (19)0.0435 (16)−0.0121 (16)0.0047 (15)0.0180 (14)
C70.0425 (16)0.085 (2)0.0339 (14)−0.0167 (16)0.0088 (12)0.0037 (15)
C80.0388 (15)0.073 (2)0.0363 (14)0.0045 (14)0.0094 (12)−0.0057 (14)
C90.0323 (12)0.0520 (16)0.0326 (12)0.0016 (11)0.0003 (11)0.0012 (12)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Cl1—O51.4067 (19)C3—N11.490 (3)
Cl1—O41.421 (2)C3—C41.510 (3)
Cl1—O61.4269 (19)C3—H30.9800
Cl1—O31.4297 (18)C4—C51.369 (3)
O1—H10.8200C4—C91.373 (3)
N1—H1A0.8900C5—C61.388 (4)
N1—H1B0.8900C5—H50.9300
N1—H1C0.8900C6—C71.363 (4)
C1—O21.205 (3)C6—H60.9300
C1—O11.313 (3)C7—C81.359 (4)
C1—C21.497 (3)C7—H70.9300
C2—C31.524 (3)C8—C91.377 (3)
C2—H2A0.9700C8—H80.9300
C2—H2B0.9700C9—H90.9300
O5—Cl1—O4110.73 (15)N1—C3—C2109.89 (18)
O5—Cl1—O6110.28 (13)C4—C3—C2113.42 (18)
O4—Cl1—O6109.36 (13)N1—C3—H3107.5
O5—Cl1—O3108.97 (12)C4—C3—H3107.5
O4—Cl1—O3108.21 (12)C2—C3—H3107.5
O6—Cl1—O3109.25 (12)C5—C4—C9119.0 (2)
C1—O1—H1109.5C5—C4—C3122.6 (2)
C3—N1—H1A109.5C9—C4—C3118.5 (2)
C3—N1—H1B109.5C4—C5—C6120.1 (3)
C3—N1—H1C109.5C4—C5—H5120.0
H1A—N1—H1B109.5C6—C5—H5120.0
H1A—N1—H1C109.5C7—C6—C5120.4 (3)
H1B—N1—H1C109.5C7—C6—H6119.8
O2—C1—O1123.8 (2)C5—C6—H6119.8
O2—C1—C2124.2 (2)C8—C7—C6119.5 (3)
O1—C1—C2111.91 (19)C8—C7—H7120.2
C1—C2—C3113.35 (18)C6—C7—H7120.2
C1—C2—H2A108.9C7—C8—C9120.5 (3)
C3—C2—H2A108.9C7—C8—H8119.7
C1—C2—H2B108.9C9—C8—H8119.7
C3—C2—H2B108.9C4—C9—C8120.5 (3)
H2A—C2—H2B107.7C4—C9—H9119.7
N1—C3—C4110.68 (19)C8—C9—H9119.7

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1B···O20.892.132.773 (3)128
C9—H9···O5i0.932.563.409 (3)152
C3—H3···O5i0.982.573.370 (3)139
C3—H3···O2ii0.982.583.286 (3)129
N1—H1C···O3iii0.892.052.892 (3)158
N1—H1B···O3iv0.892.283.046 (3)144
N1—H1A···O6v0.892.132.979 (3)159
O1—H1···O2vi0.822.413.046 (2)135
O1—H1···O4vii0.822.353.048 (3)143
C8—H8···Cg1viii0.932.793.688 (3)162

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+3/2, y−1/2, z; (ii) x−1/2, y, −z+1/2; (iii) x−1, y−1, z; (iv) x−1/2, y−1, −z+1/2; (v) x, y−1, z; (vi) x+1/2, y, −z+1/2; (vii) −x+2, y−1/2, −z+1/2; (viii) −x−1, y+1/2, −z+1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: HK2675).

References

  • Allen, F. H., Kennard, O., Watson, D. G., Brammer, L., Orpen, A. G. & Taylor, R. (1987). J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. S1–19.
  • Arki, A., Tourwe, D., Solymar, M., Fueloep, F., Armstrong, D. W. & Peter, A. (2004). Chromatographia, 60, S43–54.
  • Blessing, R. H. (1995). Acta Cryst. A51, 33–38. [PubMed]
  • Cohen, J. H., Abdel-Magid, A. F., Almond, H. R. Jr & Maryanoff, C. A. (2002). Tetrahedron Lett.43, 1977–1981.
  • Rigaku/MSC (2005). CrystalClear Rigaku/MSC, The Woodlands, Texas, USA.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Spek, A. L. (2009). Acta Cryst. D65, 148–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Zeller, E. A., Ramachander, G., Fleisher, G. A., Ishimaru, T. & Zeller, V. (1965). Biochem. J.95, 262–269. [PubMed]

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