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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 June 1; 65(Pt 6): m662.
Published online 2009 May 20. doi:  10.1107/S160053680901767X
PMCID: PMC2969620

Redetermination of bis­(O,O′-diethyl dithio­phosphato-κ2 S,S′)nickel(II)

Abstract

The centrosymmetric title complex, [Ni{S2P(OC2H5)2}2], has been redetermined using area-detector data. The central Ni(S2P)2 core is essentially planar and confirms the early results of McConnell & Kastalsky [Acta Cryst. (1967), 22, 853–859] based on multiple film technique data. In the title structure, the standard uncertainty values are approximately seven times lower and all H-atom positions are calculated. A pair of short symmetry-related H(...)H contacts with distances of 2.33 Å is observed in the crystal structure.

Related literature

For the syntheses and structure of a series of homologous Ni(S2P{OR}2)2 complexes, see: R = Me: Kastalsky & McConnell (1969 [triangle]); R = Et: Fernando & Green (1967 [triangle]); McConnell & Kastalsky (1967 [triangle]); R = Pr and R = iBu: Ivanov et al. (2004 [triangle]); R = iPr: Tkachev & Atovmyan (1976 [triangle]); Hoskins & Tiekink (1985 [triangle]). For complexes with sulfur-rich kernel-bearing silanethiol­ato and dithio­carbamato ligands, see: Kropidłowska et al. (2008 [triangle]). For hydrogen bonds, see: Steiner & Desiraju (1998 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0m662-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • [Ni(C4H10O2PS2)2]
  • M r = 429.13
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0m662-efi1.jpg
  • a = 10.4810 (4) Å
  • b = 10.2777 (3) Å
  • c = 8.7541 (3) Å
  • β = 102.820 (3)°
  • V = 919.49 (6) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 1.69 mm−1
  • T = 295 K
  • 0.41 × 0.34 × 0.09 mm

Data collection

  • Oxford Diffraction KM-4-CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis RED; Oxford Diffraction, 2008 [triangle]) T min = 0.530, T max = 0.853
  • 7073 measured reflections
  • 2012 independent reflections
  • 1768 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.016

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.031
  • wR(F 2) = 0.083
  • S = 1.09
  • 2012 reflections
  • 91 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.30 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.32 e Å−3

Data collection: CrysAlis CCD (Oxford Diffraction, 2008 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2008 [triangle]); data reduction: CrysAlis RED; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 for Windows (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]) and Mercury (Macrae et al., 2006 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: WinGX (Farrugia, 1999 [triangle]).

Table 1
Selected geometric parameters (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053680901767X/si2169sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053680901767X/si2169Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

AM-K acknowledges financial support provided by the Foundation for Polish Science (FNP).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

We are interested in metal complexes with sulfur rich kernel (Kropidłowska, Chojnacki, et al., 2008). Recently, we turned our attention to dithiophosphates and among others to the nickel(II) complexes with widely used diethyldithiophosphate ligand (DEDTP). We prepared the title Ni(DEDTP)2 complex and redetermined its structure. The nickel atom of Ni(DEDTP)2 molecule (Fig. 1) occupies a crystallographic inversion centre and shows a square planar geometry, which was also observed previously by Fernando & Green (Fernando & Green, 1967; NIETHP01) and McConnell & Kastalsky (McConnell & Kastalsky, 1967; NIETHP), who used multiple film technique data for the structure determination. For NIETHP01 (R = 15.7%) the average distances and angles within four-membered NiS2P chelate ring were given as Ni—S 2.21 (1) Å, P—S 1.97 (2) Å, S1—Ni—S2 88°, and S1—P—S2 103°. More precise values were reported for NIETHP (R = 11.5%) with the following distances and angles within chelate NiS2P ring: Ni—S1 2.230 (4) Å, Ni—S2 2.236 (4) Å, S1—P 1.986 (6) Å, S2—P 1.993 (5), S1—Ni—S2 88.5 (1)° and S1—P—S2 103.1 (2)°.

These may be compared to the present data - respective values are given in Table 2. Note almost identical bond lengths for the pairs of Ni–S and S–P bonds. The redetermination was done at room temperature and the structure was refined with a crystallographic reliability of R=3.06%. Although the overal picture did not change significantly, the precision of the present data is much higher. Lighter atoms (C, O) are well fixed, standard uncertainty values are approximately seven times lower than those of reported NIETHP and NIETHP01 structures and all H-atom positions are calculated.

In general, Ni–S bond lengths in several nickel(II) dialkyldithiophosphates, [Ni(S2P{OR}2)2] are quite similar. Those with R = Me (2.219 (2) and 2.225 (2) Å) (Kastalsky & McConnell, 1969, DMTPON), Pr (2.2255 (6) - 2.2344 (5) Å) (Ivanov et al., 2004, IBAQAE), iPr (2.216 (1) and 2.227 (1) Å) (Tkachev & Atovmyan, 1976, IPDTPN, Hoskins & Tiekink, 1985, IPDTPN01) and iBu (2.218 (1) - 2.231 (1) Å) (Ivanov et al., 2004, IBAQEI) are within 2.218 - 2.235 Å range. Also S–P bond lengths change only slightly and all are within 1.98 - 2.00 Å. Crystals of Ni(DEDTP)2 consist of discrete units of the complex (Fig. 2) and besides short intermolecular C3—H3B ··· H3B—C3 contact between the symmetry related molecules (H···H distance equals 2.33 Å, see Fig. 3) there are no other interactions. Although the above mentioned contact is comparable with the sum of two hydrogen atoms van der Waals radii (2.4 Å) there is no reason to consider it as a weak hydrogen bond (Steiner & Desiraju, 1998). None of the aforementioned nickel(II) dialkyldithiophosphates show such C–H···H–C nonbonding interactions although for di(iso-butyl)dithiophosphate (Ivanov et al., 2004) the existence of weak C–H···S hydrogen bonds may be envisaged.

Experimental

Nickel chloride, NiCl2×6H2O (0.60 g; 0.0025 mol; POCh) was dissolved in 30 ml me thanol/water (10/1, v/v) and added dropwise to the solution of ammonium salt of diethyldithiophosphate (1.02 g; 0.005 mol; Aldrich) in 20 ml me thanol/water (10/1, v/v). The mixture was stirred vigorously for one hour. The solution was then filtered off and the filtrate was left for crystallization at room temperature. After one day well shaped, violet prismatic crystals suitable for X-ray analysis were collected. Then, the mother liquor was concentrated and after few days more product was isolated. The overall yield was c.a. ~90%.

Refinement

All H atoms were placed in calculated positions and refined as riding on their carrier atoms with respective Uiso(H) values: C—H = 0.96 Å (CH3) and Uiso(H) = 1.5 Ueq(C), C—H = 0.97 Å (CH2) and Uĩso(H) = 1.2 Ueq(C).

Figures

Fig. 1.
Molecular structure and atom-numbering scheme for [Ni(S2P{OC2H5}2)2] with displacement ellipsoids drawn at 50% probability level. H atoms are represented as arbitrary circles.
Fig. 2.
Crystal packing for [Ni(S2P{OC2H5}2)2].
Fig. 3.
Short intermolecular C–H···H–C contacts (view along b axis).

Crystal data

[Ni(C4H10O2PS2)2]F(000) = 444
Mr = 429.13Dx = 1.55 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMelting point: 378 K
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 10.4810 (4) ÅCell parameters from 5670 reflections
b = 10.2777 (3) Åθ = 2.0–32.3°
c = 8.7541 (3) ŵ = 1.69 mm1
β = 102.820 (3)°T = 295 K
V = 919.49 (6) Å3Prism, violet
Z = 20.41 × 0.34 × 0.09 mm

Data collection

Oxford Diffraction KM-4-CCD diffractometer2012 independent reflections
graphite1768 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Detector resolution: 8.1883 pixels mm-1Rint = 0.016
ω (0.75° width) scansθmax = 27.0°, θmin = 2.8°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis RED; Oxford Diffraction, 2008)h = −13→13
Tmin = 0.530, Tmax = 0.853k = −7→13
7073 measured reflectionsl = −11→11

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.031H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.083w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0441P)2 + 0.3217P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.09(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
2012 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.30 e Å3
91 parametersΔρmin = −0.32 e Å3
0 restraintsExtinction correction: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008), Fc*=kFc[1+0.001xFc2λ3/sin(2θ)]-1/4
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction coefficient: 0.027 (2)

Special details

Experimental. Oxford Diffraction Ltd., 2008. Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Ni10100.04253 (14)
P1−0.23354 (5)0.94137 (6)0.09934 (7)0.04844 (17)
S1−0.07705 (6)0.82989 (6)0.10854 (9)0.0633 (2)
S2−0.18740 (6)1.10251 (6)−0.00212 (8)0.06062 (19)
O1−0.36674 (16)0.87744 (19)0.01719 (18)0.0621 (4)
O2−0.26962 (16)0.96353 (18)0.26213 (18)0.0583 (4)
C1−0.3979 (3)0.8474 (3)−0.1498 (3)0.0745 (8)
H1A−0.32230.8095−0.17990.089*
H1B−0.42170.9263−0.21020.089*
C2−0.5078 (3)0.7549 (3)−0.1810 (4)0.0786 (8)
H2A−0.48390.6779−0.11920.118*
H2B−0.52820.7322−0.29010.118*
H2C−0.58290.7942−0.15390.118*
C3−0.1754 (3)1.0198 (4)0.3917 (4)0.0835 (9)
H3A−0.15291.10710.36480.1*
H3B−0.09620.96780.41350.1*
C4−0.2321 (4)1.0239 (3)0.5302 (3)0.0873 (9)
H4A−0.31181.07320.5070.131*
H4B−0.17131.06420.61530.131*
H4C−0.25030.93690.55920.131*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Ni10.0394 (2)0.0400 (2)0.0513 (2)−0.00037 (13)0.01666 (15)0.00300 (14)
P10.0433 (3)0.0526 (3)0.0531 (3)−0.0052 (2)0.0188 (2)0.0003 (2)
S10.0587 (4)0.0458 (3)0.0936 (5)0.0031 (2)0.0342 (3)0.0150 (3)
S20.0514 (3)0.0525 (3)0.0849 (4)0.0098 (2)0.0300 (3)0.0166 (3)
O10.0524 (9)0.0873 (12)0.0500 (8)−0.0183 (8)0.0184 (7)−0.0112 (8)
O20.0519 (9)0.0756 (10)0.0502 (8)−0.0125 (8)0.0171 (7)−0.0067 (8)
C10.0777 (18)0.097 (2)0.0518 (13)−0.0140 (16)0.0204 (12)−0.0100 (13)
C20.0576 (15)0.100 (2)0.0758 (17)−0.0038 (15)0.0089 (12)−0.0278 (16)
C30.0717 (18)0.113 (2)0.0635 (16)−0.0253 (17)0.0093 (13)−0.0236 (16)
C40.108 (3)0.093 (2)0.0587 (16)−0.0009 (19)0.0146 (16)−0.0152 (15)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Ni1—S22.2253 (6)C1—C21.472 (4)
Ni1—S2i2.2253 (6)C1—H1A0.97
Ni1—S12.2254 (6)C1—H1B0.97
Ni1—S1i2.2254 (6)C2—H2A0.96
Ni1—P12.8382 (5)C2—H2B0.96
Ni1—P1i2.8382 (5)C2—H2C0.96
P1—O11.5660 (17)C3—C41.464 (4)
P1—O21.5700 (16)C3—H3A0.97
P1—S11.9876 (8)C3—H3B0.97
P1—S21.9890 (8)C4—H4A0.96
O1—C11.459 (3)C4—H4B0.96
O2—C31.449 (3)C4—H4C0.96
S2—Ni1—S2i180C1—O1—P1121.83 (15)
S2—Ni1—S188.41 (2)C3—O2—P1120.60 (17)
S2i—Ni1—S191.59 (2)O1—C1—C2108.3 (2)
S2—Ni1—S1i91.59 (2)O1—C1—H1A110
S2i—Ni1—S1i88.41 (2)C2—C1—H1A110
S1—Ni1—S1i180O1—C1—H1B110
S2—Ni1—P144.230 (19)C2—C1—H1B110
S2i—Ni1—P1135.770 (19)H1A—C1—H1B108.4
S1—Ni1—P144.194 (19)C1—C2—H2A109.5
S1i—Ni1—P1135.81 (2)C1—C2—H2B109.5
S2—Ni1—P1i135.770 (19)H2A—C2—H2B109.5
S2i—Ni1—P1i44.230 (19)C1—C2—H2C109.5
S1—Ni1—P1i135.81 (2)H2A—C2—H2C109.5
S1i—Ni1—P1i44.194 (19)H2B—C2—H2C109.5
P1—Ni1—P1i180O2—C3—C4109.2 (3)
O1—P1—O296.20 (9)O2—C3—H3A109.8
O1—P1—S1114.85 (8)C4—C3—H3A109.8
O2—P1—S1114.18 (8)O2—C3—H3B109.8
O1—P1—S2115.13 (8)C4—C3—H3B109.8
O2—P1—S2114.58 (8)H3A—C3—H3B108.3
S1—P1—S2102.58 (3)C3—C4—H4A109.5
O1—P1—Ni1133.63 (6)C3—C4—H4B109.5
O2—P1—Ni1130.17 (6)H4A—C4—H4B109.5
S1—P1—Ni151.30 (2)C3—C4—H4C109.5
S2—P1—Ni151.30 (2)H4A—C4—H4C109.5
P1—S1—Ni184.50 (3)H4B—C4—H4C109.5
P1—S2—Ni184.47 (3)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x, −y+2, −z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: SI2169).

References

  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1999). J. Appl. Cryst.32, 837–838.
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  • Hoskins, B. F. & Tiekink, E. R. T. (1985). Acta Cryst. C41, 322–324.
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  • Kastalsky, V. & McConnell, J. F. (1969). Acta Cryst. B25, 909–915.
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