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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 July 1; 65(Pt 7): m743.
Published online 2009 June 6. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809019412
PMCID: PMC2969229

catena-Poly[[[tetra­aqua­zinc(II)]-μ-4,4′-bipyridine-κ2 N:N′] benzene-1,4-di­carboxyl­ate]

Abstract

In the title compound, {[Zn(C10H8N2)(H2O)4](C8H4O4)}n, the ZnII atoms, lying on a twofold rotation axis, are bridged by 4,4′-bipyridine ligands, resulting in a linear chain along the b axis. In the chain, the ZnII atom adopts a slightly distorted octa­hedral coordination geometry involving four water mol­ecules at the equatorial positions. The noncoordinated benzene-1,4-dicarboxyl­ate anion, which is also located on a twofold rotation axis, bridges adjacent chains through O—H(...)O hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional supra­molecular network.

Related literature

For background information on hydro­thermal reactions, see: Yaghi et al. (2003 [triangle]). For hydrogen-bond graph-set motifs, see: Bernstein et al. (1995 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0m743-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • [Zn(C10H8N2)(H2O)4](C8H4O4)
  • M r = 457.75
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0m743-efi1.jpg
  • a = 6.9861 (12) Å
  • b = 11.3436 (19) Å
  • c = 11.3219 (19) Å
  • β = 101.209 (3)°
  • V = 880.1 (3) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 1.45 mm−1
  • T = 186 K
  • 0.21 × 0.18 × 0.12 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker APEX CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 1996 [triangle]) T min = 0.751, T max = 0.845
  • 4812 measured reflections
  • 1735 independent reflections
  • 1465 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.035

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.042
  • wR(F 2) = 0.108
  • S = 1.08
  • 1735 reflections
  • 136 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.64 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.27 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 1998 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT-Plus (Bruker, 2003 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT-Plus; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809019412/is2415sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809019412/is2415Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, People’s Republic of China.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Hydro(solvo)thermal reaction has shown a kind of promising technique for the preparation of complexes with novel structures and special properties (Yaghi et al., 2003). Here we report the structure of the title compound, (I), which contains one-dimensional cation chains and non-coordinated benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate as couteranions under solvothermal condition.

Compound, (I), as shown in Fig. 1, consists of one-dimensional [Zn(C10H8N2)(H2O)4]n cation chains and benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate anions. The Zn(II) atoms are in a slightly distorted octahedral geometry, where two N atoms from two 4,4'-bipyridine ligands occupy the axial positions, and the equatorial positions are completed by four water molecules. The compound crystallizes in a centrosymmetric space group, which defines twofold axes along both the one-dimensional chains and the benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate anions.

In the crystal structure, intermolecular O—H···O hydrogen bonds are present (Table 1 and Fig. 2) and the coordinated water molecules are linked with two benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate anions to form R44(12) and R64(16) hydrogen-bonding rings (Bernstein et al., 1995). In addition, there are strong π···π interactions between pyridine rings and phenyl rings at (x, y, z) and (1/2 - x,1 + y, 3/2 - z), with the shortest atom-to-center distance of 3.322 (4) Å. The two kinds of interactions lead to a three-dimensional supramolecular network (Fig. 2).

Experimental

Compound (I) was solvothermally prepared from a reaction mixture of Zn(BF4)2 (0.2 mmol), 4,4'-bipyridine (0.1 mmol), benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (0.1 mmol), methanol (3 ml) and distilled water (8 ml) in a molar ratio of 2:1:740:4444; the pH value was adjusted to 4.8 with trimethylamine and acetic acid. The mixture was stirred for 20 min at room temperature and then sealed in a Teflon-lined stainless steel autoclave with a 23 ml capacity at 423 K for 72 h. After cooling to room temperature, colourless block-shaped crystals were obtained; these were washed with deionized water, filtered, and dried in air (yield 48% based on Zn).

Refinement

C-bound H atoms were placed geometrically (C—H = 0.93 Å) and were refined using a riding model, with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C). H atoms on the water molecules were located in a difference Fourier map and the positions were fixed, with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(O).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The structure of (I), showing the atomic numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 30% probability level.
Fig. 2.
View of the three-dimensional supramolecular structure in (I). Dashed lines indicate hydrogen bonds.

Crystal data

[Zn(C10H8N2)(H2O)4](C8H4O4)F(000) = 472
Mr = 457.75Dx = 1.727 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P2/nMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2yacCell parameters from 1213 reflections
a = 6.9861 (12) Åθ = 2.3–24.8°
b = 11.3436 (19) ŵ = 1.45 mm1
c = 11.3219 (19) ÅT = 186 K
β = 101.209 (3)°Block, colorless
V = 880.1 (3) Å30.21 × 0.18 × 0.12 mm
Z = 2

Data collection

Bruker APEX CCD area-detector diffractometer1735 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1465 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.035
[var phi] and ω scansθmax = 26.0°, θmin = 1.8°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 1996)h = −8→4
Tmin = 0.751, Tmax = 0.845k = −14→12
4812 measured reflectionsl = −12→13

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.042Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.108H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.08w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0572P)2 + 0.2035P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
1735 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
136 parametersΔρmax = 0.64 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = −0.27 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Zn10.75000.60167 (4)0.75000.0231 (2)
N10.75000.7908 (3)0.75000.0219 (8)
N20.75001.4169 (3)0.75000.0233 (8)
O10.8792 (3)0.61311 (19)0.59227 (19)0.0310 (6)
H1AA0.82530.62010.51640.037*
H1AB0.99410.64300.60540.037*
O21.0343 (3)0.59315 (16)0.8530 (2)0.0272 (5)
H2AA1.12230.64550.85440.033*
H2AB1.10240.53390.84520.033*
O30.2410 (4)0.38845 (18)0.8474 (2)0.0329 (6)
O40.2079 (3)−0.22784 (18)0.64951 (18)0.0285 (5)
C10.8163 (4)0.8531 (3)0.8503 (3)0.0231 (7)
H1A0.86380.81210.92110.028*
C20.8179 (4)0.9744 (3)0.8544 (3)0.0227 (7)
H2A0.86421.01310.92670.027*
C30.75001.0391 (4)0.75000.0192 (9)
C40.75001.1695 (3)0.75000.0177 (9)
C50.7615 (5)1.2339 (3)0.8561 (3)0.0223 (7)
H50.76941.19490.92920.027*
C60.7612 (5)1.3551 (3)0.8525 (3)0.0255 (7)
H60.76911.39630.92430.031*
C70.25000.3377 (4)0.75000.0245 (10)
C80.25000.2043 (4)0.75000.0201 (9)
C90.1895 (4)0.1414 (3)0.6432 (3)0.0225 (7)
H90.15010.18180.57110.027*
C100.1878 (4)0.0195 (3)0.6440 (3)0.0225 (7)
H100.1442−0.02100.57240.027*
C110.2500−0.0438 (4)0.75000.0200 (9)
C120.2500−0.1761 (4)0.75000.0244 (10)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Zn10.0313 (4)0.0149 (3)0.0225 (3)0.0000.0040 (2)0.000
N10.027 (2)0.0174 (18)0.0222 (19)0.0000.0068 (15)0.000
N20.028 (2)0.0169 (18)0.0242 (19)0.0000.0038 (16)0.000
O10.0362 (14)0.0349 (13)0.0221 (12)−0.0073 (10)0.0066 (10)−0.0017 (9)
O20.0287 (13)0.0174 (11)0.0339 (13)−0.0010 (9)0.0017 (10)−0.0001 (9)
O30.0464 (16)0.0256 (12)0.0253 (13)0.0101 (10)0.0036 (11)−0.0026 (9)
O40.0399 (14)0.0217 (12)0.0236 (12)0.0017 (10)0.0057 (10)−0.0039 (9)
C10.0257 (18)0.0225 (15)0.0208 (15)0.0014 (13)0.0037 (13)0.0027 (12)
C20.0265 (19)0.0234 (16)0.0179 (16)−0.0005 (13)0.0034 (13)−0.0030 (12)
C30.018 (2)0.019 (2)0.023 (2)0.0000.0075 (18)0.000
C40.012 (2)0.018 (2)0.023 (2)0.0000.0030 (17)0.000
C50.0253 (17)0.0227 (16)0.0186 (15)−0.0007 (13)0.0032 (13)0.0014 (12)
C60.033 (2)0.0228 (15)0.0202 (16)−0.0001 (14)0.0046 (14)−0.0012 (12)
C70.025 (3)0.022 (2)0.024 (2)0.000−0.0009 (19)0.000
C80.017 (2)0.021 (2)0.023 (2)0.0000.0079 (18)0.000
C90.0266 (19)0.0230 (15)0.0181 (15)0.0028 (13)0.0047 (13)0.0030 (12)
C100.0215 (18)0.0267 (16)0.0195 (16)0.0009 (13)0.0040 (13)−0.0017 (12)
C110.018 (2)0.020 (2)0.023 (2)0.0000.0089 (18)0.000
C120.023 (2)0.022 (2)0.029 (2)0.0000.006 (2)0.000

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Zn1—N2i2.096 (3)C3—C2ii1.394 (3)
Zn1—O2ii2.101 (2)C3—C41.479 (6)
Zn1—O22.101 (2)C4—C51.395 (3)
Zn1—N12.145 (3)C4—C5ii1.395 (3)
Zn1—O12.156 (2)C5—C61.376 (4)
Zn1—O1ii2.156 (2)C5—H50.9300
N1—C11.342 (3)C6—H60.9300
N2—C61.344 (3)C7—O3iii1.256 (3)
O1—H1AA0.8719C7—C81.513 (6)
O1—H1AB0.8571C8—C91.397 (3)
O2—H2AA0.8525C8—C9iii1.397 (3)
O2—H2AB0.8379C9—C101.383 (4)
O3—C71.256 (3)C9—H90.9300
O4—C121.263 (3)C10—C111.394 (3)
C1—C21.377 (4)C10—H100.9300
C1—H1A0.9300C11—C10iii1.394 (4)
C2—C31.394 (3)C11—C121.500 (6)
C2—H2A0.9300C12—O4iii1.263 (3)
N2i—Zn1—O2ii87.36 (5)C3—C2—H2A120.0
N2i—Zn1—O287.36 (5)C2ii—C3—C2116.4 (4)
O2ii—Zn1—O2174.73 (10)C2ii—C3—C4121.79 (19)
N2i—Zn1—N1180.000 (1)C2—C3—C4121.79 (19)
O2ii—Zn1—N192.64 (5)C5—C4—C5ii116.8 (4)
O2—Zn1—N192.64 (5)C5—C4—C3121.58 (18)
N2i—Zn1—O193.45 (6)C5ii—C4—C3121.58 (18)
O2ii—Zn1—O192.63 (9)C6—C5—C4119.9 (3)
O2—Zn1—O187.69 (9)C6—C5—H5120.1
N1—Zn1—O186.55 (6)C4—C5—H5120.1
N2i—Zn1—O1ii93.45 (6)N2—C6—C5123.1 (3)
O2ii—Zn1—O1ii87.69 (9)N2—C6—H6118.4
O2—Zn1—O1ii92.63 (9)C5—C6—H6118.4
N1—Zn1—O1ii86.55 (6)O3—C7—O3iii125.5 (4)
O1—Zn1—O1ii173.10 (12)O3—C7—C8117.3 (2)
C1—N1—C1ii116.4 (4)O3iii—C7—C8117.3 (2)
C1—N1—Zn1121.81 (18)C9—C8—C9iii118.5 (4)
C1ii—N1—Zn1121.81 (18)C9—C8—C7120.73 (19)
C6ii—N2—C6117.2 (4)C9iii—C8—C7120.73 (19)
C6ii—N2—Zn1iv121.42 (18)C10—C9—C8120.5 (3)
C6—N2—Zn1iv121.42 (18)C10—C9—H9119.8
Zn1—O1—H1AA130.6C8—C9—H9119.8
Zn1—O1—H1AB114.1C9—C10—C11121.3 (3)
H1AA—O1—H1AB110.2C9—C10—H10119.4
Zn1—O2—H2AA125.3C11—C10—H10119.4
Zn1—O2—H2AB118.2C10iii—C11—C10117.9 (4)
H2AA—O2—H2AB98.0C10iii—C11—C12121.03 (19)
N1—C1—C2123.7 (3)C10—C11—C12121.03 (19)
N1—C1—H1A118.2O4—C12—O4iii124.6 (4)
C2—C1—H1A118.2O4—C12—C11117.7 (2)
C1—C2—C3119.9 (3)O4iii—C12—C11117.7 (2)
C1—C2—H2A120.0

Symmetry codes: (i) x, y−1, z; (ii) −x+3/2, y, −z+3/2; (iii) −x+1/2, y, −z+3/2; (iv) x, y+1, z.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O1—H1AA···O3v0.871.892.753 (3)169
O1—H1AB···O4vi0.862.082.893 (3)157
O2—H2AA···O4vii0.851.872.718 (3)173
O2—H2AB···O3viii0.841.912.742 (3)171

Symmetry codes: (v) x+1/2, −y+1, z−1/2; (vi) x+1, y+1, z; (vii) −x+3/2, y+1, −z+3/2; (viii) x+1, y, z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: IS2415).

References

  • Bernstein, J., Davis, R. E., Shimoni, L. & Chang, N.-L. (1995). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.34, 1555–1573.
  • Bruker (1998). SMART Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Bruker (2003). SAINT-Plus Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (1996). SADABS University of Göttingen, Germany.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Yaghi, O. M., O’Keeffe, M., Ockwig, N. W., Chae, H. K., Eddaoudi, M. & Kim, J. (2003). Nature (London), 423, 705–714. [PubMed]

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