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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 March 1; 65(Pt 3): o480.
Published online 2009 February 6. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809004073
PMCID: PMC2968609

2-Bromo-4-nitro­aniline

Abstract

In the mol­ecule of the title compound, C6H5BrN2O2, the dihedral angle between the nitro group and the aromatic ring is 4.57 (4)°. An intra­molecular N—H(...)Br inter­action results in the formation of a planar five-membered ring, which is oriented with respect to the aromatic ring at a dihedral angle of 1.64 (6)°. In the crystal structure, inter­molecular N—H(...)N and N—H(...)O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules.

Related literature

For related structures, see: Arshad et al. (2008 [triangle], 2009 [triangle]); McPhail & Sim (1965 [triangle]); McWilliam et al. (2001 [triangle]); Krishna Mohan et al. (2004 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0o480-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C6H5BrN2O2
  • M r = 217.03
  • Orthorhombic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0o480-efi1.jpg
  • a = 11.098 (3) Å
  • b = 16.763 (4) Å
  • c = 3.9540 (9) Å
  • V = 735.6 (3) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 5.53 mm−1
  • T = 296 (2) K
  • 0.26 × 0.12 × 0.10 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker Kappa APEXII CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2005 [triangle]) T min = 0.450, T max = 0.578
  • 4932 measured reflections
  • 1542 independent reflections
  • 986 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.058

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.039
  • wR(F 2) = 0.092
  • S = 1.00
  • 1542 reflections
  • 100 parameters
  • 1 restraint
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.50 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.62 e Å−3
  • Absolute structure: Flack (1983 [triangle]), 469 Friedel pairs
  • Flack parameter: 0.01 (2)

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2007 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 for Windows (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]) and PLATON (Spek, 2003 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: WinGX (Farrugia, 1999 [triangle]) and PLATON.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809004073/hk2621sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809004073/hk2621Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

MNA greatfully acknowledges the Higher Education Commission, Islamabad, Pakistan, for providing him with a Scholarship under the Indigenous PhD Program (PIN 042–120607-PS2–183).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound, (I), has been prepared as an intermediate for the synthesis of sulfonamides (Arshad et al., 2009) and benzothiazines (Arshad et al., 2008).

The crystal structures of 2-iodo-4-nitroaniline, (II) (McWilliam et al., 2001) and 2-chloro-4-nitroaniline, (III) (McPhail & Sim, 1965) have been reported. The title compound, (I), (Fig 1) is structural isomer of (III). It is essentially planar. The dihedral angle between the nitro group (O1/O2/N2) and the aromatic ring A (C1-C6) is 4.57 (4)°. The intramolecular N-H···Br interaction (Table 1) results in the formation of a planar five-membered ring (Br1/N1/C3/C4/H1B), which is oriented with respect to ring A at a dihedral angle of 1.64 (6)°. So, they are nearly coplanar.

In the crystal structure, intermolecular N-H···N and N-H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1) link the molecules (Fig. 2), in which they may be effective in the stabilization of the structure.

Experimental

The title compound was synthesized following the method available in literature (Krishna Mohan et al., 2004). 4-Nitro aniline (6 g, 0.0435 mol) and ammonium bromide (4.5 g, 0.0479 mol) were charged to a flask (50 ml) containing acetic acid (30 ml). Hydrogen peroxide (1.629 g, 0.0479 mol, 35%) was added dropwise to the mixture, and stirred at room temperature for 3 h. Then, the obtained precipitate was filtered and washed with water and recrystallized in dichloromethane and methanol.

Refinement

H-atoms were positioned geometrically, with N-H = 0.86 Å (for NH2) and C-H = 0.93 Å for aromatic H, and constrained to ride on their parent atoms, with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C, N).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title molecule, with the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level. Hydrogen bond is shown as dashed line.
Fig. 2.
A partial packing diagram of the title compound. Hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C6H5BrN2O2F(000) = 424
Mr = 217.03Dx = 1.960 Mg m3
Orthorhombic, Pna21Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: P 2c -2nCell parameters from 1542 reflections
a = 11.098 (3) Åθ = 3.1–28.6°
b = 16.763 (4) ŵ = 5.53 mm1
c = 3.9540 (9) ÅT = 296 K
V = 735.6 (3) Å3Needle, yellow
Z = 40.26 × 0.12 × 0.10 mm

Data collection

Bruker Kappa APEXII CCD diffractometer1542 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube986 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.058
Detector resolution: 7.40 pixels mm-1θmax = 28.6°, θmin = 3.1°
ω scansh = −13→14
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2005)k = −22→22
Tmin = 0.450, Tmax = 0.578l = −3→5
4932 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.039H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.092w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0302P)2] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.00(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
1542 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.50 e Å3
100 parametersΔρmin = −0.62 e Å3
1 restraintAbsolute structure: Flack (1983), 469 Friedel pairs
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsFlack parameter: 0.01 (2)

Special details

Geometry. Bond distances, angles etc. have been calculated using the rounded fractional coordinates. All su's are estimated from the variances of the (full) variance-covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account in the estimation of distances, angles and torsion angles
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Br10.34261 (5)0.56438 (3)0.7237 (2)0.0524 (2)
O10.4834 (5)0.2673 (3)0.5214 (15)0.088 (3)
O20.3637 (4)0.1882 (2)0.763 (3)0.101 (2)
N10.1095 (4)0.5118 (3)1.0912 (13)0.0510 (18)
N20.3960 (5)0.2544 (3)0.689 (2)0.064 (2)
C10.3231 (4)0.3212 (3)0.8007 (18)0.043 (3)
C20.3615 (4)0.3974 (3)0.730 (3)0.0420 (17)
C30.2913 (5)0.4600 (3)0.8270 (13)0.0347 (19)
C40.1833 (5)0.4491 (3)0.9987 (15)0.0377 (17)
C50.1479 (5)0.3705 (4)1.0711 (16)0.048 (2)
C60.2169 (5)0.3076 (3)0.9745 (17)0.051 (2)
H1A0.043320.502581.197380.0611*
H1B0.129760.559931.042600.0611*
H20.434050.406040.618230.0502*
H50.076270.361371.186760.0576*
H60.192970.255791.024780.0605*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Br10.0557 (3)0.0436 (3)0.0578 (4)−0.0094 (3)−0.0026 (7)0.0100 (5)
O10.075 (4)0.077 (4)0.112 (5)0.028 (3)0.016 (4)−0.009 (3)
O20.110 (4)0.037 (2)0.157 (6)0.010 (2)0.000 (5)−0.006 (5)
N10.035 (2)0.056 (3)0.062 (4)0.001 (2)0.003 (2)−0.008 (2)
N20.063 (3)0.051 (3)0.078 (5)0.017 (3)−0.018 (5)−0.007 (5)
C10.041 (3)0.046 (3)0.041 (7)0.001 (2)−0.010 (3)0.000 (3)
C20.034 (3)0.049 (3)0.043 (3)−0.001 (2)0.005 (5)0.009 (6)
C30.034 (3)0.037 (3)0.033 (4)−0.007 (2)−0.007 (2)0.002 (2)
C40.038 (3)0.049 (3)0.026 (3)−0.002 (3)−0.012 (3)0.000 (3)
C50.043 (3)0.053 (4)0.047 (4)−0.015 (3)0.002 (3)0.006 (3)
C60.056 (4)0.037 (3)0.059 (5)−0.008 (3)−0.018 (4)0.005 (3)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Br1—C31.885 (5)C1—C21.375 (7)
O1—N21.195 (9)C2—C31.362 (8)
O2—N21.202 (7)C3—C41.390 (8)
N1—C41.382 (7)C4—C51.404 (8)
N2—C11.450 (8)C5—C61.358 (8)
N1—H1B0.8600C2—H20.9300
N1—H1A0.8600C5—H50.9300
C1—C61.383 (8)C6—H60.9300
Br1···N13.095 (5)C5···C1ix3.576 (9)
Br1···H1B2.6800C5···C2ix3.551 (11)
Br1···H2i2.9700C6···C1ix3.480 (10)
O1···C6ii3.391 (8)C6···O1x3.391 (8)
O2···N1iii3.049 (7)C4···H1Av2.9000
O1···H22.4200H1A···H52.4000
O1···H5iv2.7300H1A···N1v2.9500
O2···H62.4400H1A···N1vi2.3200
O2···H1Biii2.3200H1A···C4vi2.9000
N1···Br13.095 (5)H1A···H1Av2.2000
N1···N1v3.158 (7)H1A···H1Avi2.2000
N1···N1vi3.158 (7)H1A···H1Bvi2.5800
N1···O2vii3.049 (7)H1B···Br12.6800
N1···H1Av2.3200H1B···H1Av2.5800
N1···H1Avi2.9500H1B···O2vii2.3200
C1···C5viii3.576 (9)H2···O12.4200
C1···C6viii3.480 (10)H2···Br1xi2.9700
C2···C5viii3.551 (11)H5···H1A2.4000
C3···C4viii3.492 (8)H5···O1xii2.7300
C4···C3ix3.492 (8)H6···O22.4400
O1—N2—O2123.0 (6)C2—C3—C4122.0 (5)
O1—N2—C1118.8 (5)N1—C4—C5119.6 (5)
O2—N2—C1118.2 (6)N1—C4—C3122.7 (5)
H1A—N1—H1B120.00C3—C4—C5117.7 (5)
C4—N1—H1A120.00C4—C5—C6120.9 (5)
C4—N1—H1B120.00C1—C6—C5119.5 (5)
N2—C1—C6120.0 (5)C1—C2—H2121.00
N2—C1—C2118.8 (5)C3—C2—H2121.00
C2—C1—C6121.2 (5)C4—C5—H5120.00
C1—C2—C3118.8 (6)C6—C5—H5120.00
Br1—C3—C2118.8 (4)C1—C6—H6120.00
Br1—C3—C4119.2 (4)C5—C6—H6120.00
O1—N2—C1—C2−4.5 (11)C1—C2—C3—C40.9 (12)
O1—N2—C1—C6175.4 (7)Br1—C3—C4—N11.6 (8)
O2—N2—C1—C2177.4 (9)Br1—C3—C4—C5179.9 (4)
O2—N2—C1—C6−2.8 (11)C2—C3—C4—N1−178.3 (7)
N2—C1—C2—C3178.2 (7)C2—C3—C4—C50.1 (10)
C6—C1—C2—C3−1.6 (13)N1—C4—C5—C6178.1 (6)
N2—C1—C6—C5−178.5 (6)C3—C4—C5—C6−0.3 (9)
C2—C1—C6—C51.4 (11)C4—C5—C6—C1−0.4 (10)
C1—C2—C3—Br1−179.0 (6)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, −y+1, z+1/2; (ii) x+1/2, −y+1/2, z; (iii) −x+1/2, y−1/2, z−1/2; (iv) x+1/2, −y+1/2, z−1; (v) −x, −y+1, z−1/2; (vi) −x, −y+1, z+1/2; (vii) −x+1/2, y+1/2, z+1/2; (viii) x, y, z−1; (ix) x, y, z+1; (x) x−1/2, −y+1/2, z; (xi) −x+1, −y+1, z−1/2; (xii) x−1/2, −y+1/2, z+1.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1A···N1vi0.862.323.158 (7)167.00
N1—H1B···Br10.862.683.095 (5)111.00
N1—H1B···O2vii0.862.323.049 (7)143.00

Symmetry codes: (vi) −x, −y+1, z+1/2; (vii) −x+1/2, y+1/2, z+1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: HK2621).

References

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  • Arshad, M. N., Tahir, M. N., Khan, I. U., Siddiqui, W. A. & Shafiq, M. (2009). Acta Cryst. E65, o230. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
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Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography