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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 March 1; 65(Pt 3): o579.
Published online 2009 February 21. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809005558
PMCID: PMC2968561

1,2-Di­hydro­spiro­[carbazole-3(4H),2′-[1,3]dioxolane]

Abstract

In the title compound, C14H15NO2, the hydrogenated six-membered ring of the carbazole unit adopts a half-chair conformation and the dioxolane ring points to one side of the carbazole plane. Neighbouring mol­ecules form edge-to-face inter­actions in which the NH group is directed towards an adjacent carbazole unit, with a shortest H(...)C contact of 2.72 Å. These inter­actions arrange the mol­ecules into one-dimensional herringbone-type motifs, which pack so that the methyl­ene groups of the dioxolane ring lie over the face of a neighbouring carbazole unit with a shortest H(...)C contact of 2.85 Å.

Related literature

For background literature and synthesis details, see: Ulven & Kostenis (2006 [triangle]); Urrutia & Rodriguez (1999 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0o579-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C14H15NO2
  • M r = 229.27
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0o579-efi1.jpg
  • a = 9.3781 (6) Å
  • b = 6.1467 (4) Å
  • c = 10.5740 (7) Å
  • β = 115.232 (2)°
  • V = 551.38 (6) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.09 mm−1
  • T = 180 K
  • 0.50 × 0.50 × 0.40 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker–Nonius X8 APEXII CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2003 [triangle]) T min = 0.812, T max = 0.964
  • 7776 measured reflections
  • 1485 independent reflections
  • 1427 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.017

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.029
  • wR(F 2) = 0.080
  • S = 1.05
  • 1485 reflections
  • 154 parameters
  • 1 restraint
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.33 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.16 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2004 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2003 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809005558/ya2088sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809005558/ya2088Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the Danish Natural Sciences Research Council and the Carlsberg Foundation for provision of the X-ray equipment.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound is useful as an intermediate in the synthesis of antagonists of the prostaglandin D2 receptor CRTH2 (DP2) (Ulven & Kostenis, 2006).

Experimental

The compound was synthesized as described in Urrutia & Rodriguez (1999).

Refinement

H atoms bound to C atoms were placed in idealized positions with C—H = 0.95 or 0.99 Å and refined as riding with Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(C). The methyl group was allowed to rotate about its local threefold axis. The H atom of the NH group was visible in a difference Fourier map but was placed geometrically and refined as riding for the final cycles of refinement with N—H = 0.88 Å and Uiso(H) = 1.2Ueq(N). In the absence of significant anomalous scattering, 1128 Friedel pairs were merged as equivalent data.

Figures

Fig. 1.
Molecular structure of the title compound with displacement ellipsoids shown at 50% probability for non-H atoms.
Fig. 2.
Projection along b showing interactions between carbazole units (e.g. about the origin), and between dioxolane rings and carbazole units (e.g. at the centre of the unit cell). H atoms are omitted.

Crystal data

C14H15NO2F(000) = 244
Mr = 229.27Dx = 1.381 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: P 2ybCell parameters from 5883 reflections
a = 9.3781 (6) Åθ = 2.4–28.4°
b = 6.1467 (4) ŵ = 0.09 mm1
c = 10.5740 (7) ÅT = 180 K
β = 115.232 (2)°Block, colourless
V = 551.38 (6) Å30.50 × 0.50 × 0.40 mm
Z = 2

Data collection

Bruker–Nonius X8 APEXII CCD diffractometer1485 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1427 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
graphiteRint = 0.017
Thin–slice ω and [var phi] scansθmax = 28.4°, θmin = 3.9°
Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2003)h = −12→12
Tmin = 0.812, Tmax = 0.964k = −8→8
7776 measured reflectionsl = −11→14

Refinement

Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.029Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.080H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.05w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0581P)2 + 0.0517P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
1485 reflections(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
154 parametersΔρmax = 0.33 e Å3
1 restraintΔρmin = −0.16 e Å3

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O10.23032 (12)0.56670 (18)0.55448 (11)0.0256 (2)
O20.36610 (11)0.26085 (18)0.56040 (10)0.0238 (2)
N10.10724 (14)−0.0286 (2)0.12685 (12)0.0259 (3)
H1A0.0579−0.15450.10830.031*
C10.17592 (15)0.0682 (3)0.04893 (14)0.0240 (3)
C20.18695 (18)−0.0023 (3)−0.07194 (15)0.0321 (3)
H2A0.1415−0.1362−0.11530.038*
C30.2665 (2)0.1299 (4)−0.12652 (16)0.0373 (4)
H3A0.27520.0863−0.20920.045*
C40.3344 (2)0.3267 (3)−0.06233 (18)0.0368 (4)
H4A0.38910.4134−0.10170.044*
C50.32330 (18)0.3972 (3)0.05741 (15)0.0296 (3)
H5A0.36940.53120.10000.036*
C60.24301 (15)0.2675 (3)0.11475 (13)0.0223 (3)
C70.21109 (15)0.2855 (2)0.23567 (13)0.0206 (3)
C80.25187 (17)0.4636 (2)0.34150 (14)0.0229 (3)
H8A0.18200.59000.30010.027*
H8B0.36200.51070.36870.027*
C90.23321 (15)0.3857 (2)0.47164 (14)0.0202 (3)
C100.08364 (15)0.2549 (3)0.43550 (14)0.0235 (3)
H10A−0.00860.34840.38230.028*
H10B0.07750.21100.52310.028*
C110.07498 (17)0.0513 (2)0.34942 (15)0.0249 (3)
H11A0.1428−0.06410.41120.030*
H11B−0.0347−0.00340.30560.030*
C120.12847 (15)0.1046 (2)0.23882 (13)0.0217 (3)
C130.39081 (17)0.6225 (3)0.63924 (16)0.0275 (3)
H13A0.40550.66710.73400.033*
H13B0.42550.74260.59650.033*
C140.48246 (17)0.4138 (3)0.64530 (17)0.0303 (3)
H14A0.56150.43930.60790.036*
H14B0.53720.36060.74270.036*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0236 (5)0.0230 (5)0.0319 (5)0.0007 (4)0.0134 (4)−0.0055 (4)
O20.0198 (4)0.0193 (5)0.0280 (5)0.0008 (4)0.0061 (4)0.0010 (4)
N10.0248 (6)0.0226 (6)0.0263 (6)−0.0051 (5)0.0071 (5)−0.0031 (5)
C10.0195 (6)0.0260 (7)0.0206 (6)0.0007 (5)0.0029 (5)0.0009 (5)
C20.0297 (7)0.0371 (9)0.0223 (6)0.0005 (7)0.0042 (5)−0.0049 (6)
C30.0367 (8)0.0505 (11)0.0229 (6)0.0035 (8)0.0110 (6)0.0002 (7)
C40.0379 (8)0.0461 (10)0.0293 (7)−0.0009 (8)0.0171 (7)0.0055 (7)
C50.0315 (7)0.0307 (7)0.0266 (6)−0.0033 (7)0.0123 (6)0.0037 (6)
C60.0200 (5)0.0221 (6)0.0209 (6)0.0013 (5)0.0049 (5)0.0021 (5)
C70.0188 (5)0.0195 (6)0.0217 (6)0.0003 (5)0.0069 (5)0.0024 (5)
C80.0271 (6)0.0168 (6)0.0263 (6)−0.0022 (5)0.0130 (5)0.0012 (5)
C90.0192 (5)0.0169 (6)0.0251 (6)0.0009 (5)0.0100 (5)−0.0009 (5)
C100.0191 (6)0.0245 (7)0.0283 (6)−0.0021 (5)0.0113 (5)0.0002 (6)
C110.0246 (6)0.0212 (7)0.0303 (7)−0.0056 (5)0.0128 (5)−0.0005 (5)
C120.0186 (5)0.0195 (6)0.0239 (6)−0.0004 (5)0.0062 (5)0.0009 (5)
C130.0284 (7)0.0233 (7)0.0283 (6)−0.0032 (6)0.0099 (6)−0.0020 (5)
C140.0227 (6)0.0304 (8)0.0323 (7)−0.0011 (6)0.0065 (6)−0.0065 (6)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C91.4234 (17)C7—C121.3639 (19)
O1—C131.4270 (17)C7—C81.4936 (19)
O2—C91.4233 (16)C8—C91.5358 (18)
O2—C141.4303 (18)C8—H8A0.990
N1—C11.3785 (19)C8—H8B0.990
N1—C121.3822 (18)C9—C101.5177 (18)
N1—H1A0.880C10—C111.529 (2)
C1—C21.395 (2)C10—H10A0.990
C1—C61.417 (2)C10—H10B0.990
C2—C31.384 (3)C11—C121.4922 (18)
C2—H2A0.950C11—H11A0.990
C3—C41.400 (3)C11—H11B0.990
C3—H3A0.950C13—C141.530 (2)
C4—C51.383 (2)C13—H13A0.990
C4—H4A0.950C13—H13B0.990
C5—C61.400 (2)C14—H14A0.990
C5—H5A0.950C14—H14B0.990
C6—C71.4364 (18)
C9—O1—C13106.42 (10)O2—C9—C10109.62 (11)
C9—O2—C14106.18 (11)O1—C9—C10108.13 (11)
C1—N1—C12108.84 (12)O2—C9—C8110.90 (10)
C1—N1—H1A125.6O1—C9—C8110.32 (11)
C12—N1—H1A125.6C10—C9—C8112.68 (11)
N1—C1—C2130.52 (15)C9—C10—C11113.10 (11)
N1—C1—C6107.60 (12)C9—C10—H10A109.0
C2—C1—C6121.87 (14)C11—C10—H10A109.0
C3—C2—C1117.59 (16)C9—C10—H10B109.0
C3—C2—H2A121.2C11—C10—H10B109.0
C1—C2—H2A121.2H10A—C10—H10B107.8
C2—C3—C4121.30 (15)C12—C11—C10109.68 (12)
C2—C3—H3A119.3C12—C11—H11A109.7
C4—C3—H3A119.3C10—C11—H11A109.7
C5—C4—C3121.20 (16)C12—C11—H11B109.7
C5—C4—H4A119.4C10—C11—H11B109.7
C3—C4—H4A119.4H11A—C11—H11B108.2
C4—C5—C6118.84 (16)C7—C12—N1109.75 (12)
C4—C5—H5A120.6C7—C12—C11125.61 (13)
C6—C5—H5A120.6N1—C12—C11124.58 (13)
C5—C6—C1119.19 (13)O1—C13—C14104.37 (12)
C5—C6—C7134.15 (14)O1—C13—H13A110.9
C1—C6—C7106.65 (12)C14—C13—H13A110.9
C12—C7—C6107.16 (13)O1—C13—H13B110.9
C12—C7—C8123.08 (12)C14—C13—H13B110.9
C6—C7—C8129.75 (12)H13A—C13—H13B108.9
C7—C8—C9110.64 (11)O2—C14—C13105.08 (11)
C7—C8—H8A109.5O2—C14—H14A110.7
C9—C8—H8A109.5C13—C14—H14A110.7
C7—C8—H8B109.5O2—C14—H14B110.7
C9—C8—H8B109.5C13—C14—H14B110.7
H8A—C8—H8B108.1H14A—C14—H14B108.8
O2—C9—O1104.87 (11)
C12—N1—C1—C2179.41 (15)C13—O1—C9—O236.02 (13)
C12—N1—C1—C60.36 (15)C13—O1—C9—C10152.93 (12)
N1—C1—C2—C3−178.93 (15)C13—O1—C9—C8−83.44 (13)
C6—C1—C2—C30.0 (2)C7—C8—C9—O279.85 (14)
C1—C2—C3—C40.4 (3)C7—C8—C9—O1−164.41 (11)
C2—C3—C4—C5−0.6 (3)C7—C8—C9—C10−43.46 (16)
C3—C4—C5—C60.3 (3)O2—C9—C10—C11−64.65 (14)
C4—C5—C6—C10.2 (2)O1—C9—C10—C11−178.44 (11)
C4—C5—C6—C7178.70 (16)C8—C9—C10—C1159.37 (16)
N1—C1—C6—C5178.86 (13)C9—C10—C11—C12−42.89 (16)
C2—C1—C6—C5−0.3 (2)C6—C7—C12—N10.49 (15)
N1—C1—C6—C7−0.06 (15)C8—C7—C12—N1179.18 (12)
C2—C1—C6—C7−179.21 (13)C6—C7—C12—C11177.82 (13)
C5—C6—C7—C12−178.94 (16)C8—C7—C12—C11−3.5 (2)
C1—C6—C7—C12−0.27 (14)C1—N1—C12—C7−0.54 (15)
C5—C6—C7—C82.5 (3)C1—N1—C12—C11−177.90 (13)
C1—C6—C7—C8−178.84 (13)C10—C11—C12—C716.12 (19)
C12—C7—C8—C916.67 (18)C10—C11—C12—N1−166.94 (12)
C6—C7—C8—C9−164.96 (13)C9—O1—C13—C14−22.68 (15)
C14—O2—C9—O1−34.81 (13)C9—O2—C14—C1320.17 (14)
C14—O2—C9—C10−150.69 (12)O1—C13—C14—O21.51 (16)
C14—O2—C9—C884.26 (13)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1A···C1i0.882.723.527 (2)154
C14—H14A···C12ii0.992.853.518 (3)126

Symmetry codes: (i) −x, y−1/2, −z; (ii) −x+1, y+1/2, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: YA2088).

References

  • Bruker (2003). SAINT Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Bruker (2004). APEX2 Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2003). SADABS Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Ulven, T. & Kostenis, E. (2006). Curr. Top. Med. Chem.6, 1427–1444. [PubMed]
  • Urrutia, A. & Rodriguez, J. G. (1999). Tetrahedron, 55, 11095–11108.

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