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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2009 February 1; 65(Pt 2): o405.
Published online 2009 January 28. doi:  10.1107/S1600536809003110
PMCID: PMC2968161

tert-Butyl imidazole-1-carboxyl­ate

Abstract

In the title compound, C8H12N2O2, mol­ecules are inter­connected by weak C—H(...)O contacts with H(...)O distances of 2.30 Å, resulting in the formation of chains along [100]. According to graph-set analysis, the unitary descriptor of these chains is C(5). In addition, there are π–π stacking inter­actions between pyrazole rings (centroid distance = 3.878 Å and ring plane distance = 3.26 Å).

Related literature

The title compound is a well known organic compound and was prepared according to a recently published procedure (Jia et al., 2007 [triangle]). For details of graph-set analysis see: Etter et al. (1990 [triangle]); Bernstein et al. (1995 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-65-0o405-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C8H12N2O2
  • M r = 168.19
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-65-0o405-efi2.jpg
  • a = 5.9952 (2) Å
  • b = 13.2507 (4) Å
  • c = 11.5564 (4) Å
  • β = 94.201 (2)°
  • V = 915.58 (5) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.09 mm−1
  • T = 200 (2) K
  • 0.50 × 0.38 × 0.38 mm

Data collection

  • Nonius KappaCCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: none
  • 6875 measured reflections
  • 2097 independent reflections
  • 1650 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.026

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.040
  • wR(F 2) = 0.104
  • S = 1.07
  • 2097 reflections
  • 113 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.17 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.16 e Å−3

Data collection: COLLECT (Nonius, 2004 [triangle]); cell refinement: SCALEPACK (Otwinowski & Minor, 1997 [triangle]); data reduction: SCALEPACK and DENZO (Otwinowski & Minor, 1997 [triangle]); program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809003110/bt2854sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809003110/bt2854Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

TK thanks the Hanns Seidel Stiftung for a personal grant funded by the German Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound was synthesized in a multistep sythesis in an attempt to create new complexing ligands.

The molecule is an imidazole protected by the tert-butyloxycarbonyle (Boc) group in the 1 position (see Fig. 1).

The crystal packing is shown in Fig. 2. In the crystal, weak C—H···O contacts along [100] which can be described according to graph-set analysis (Etter et al., 1990; Bernstein et al., 1995) with a unitary C(5) descriptor (see Fig. 3), lead to chain like structures of dimeric units which are formed by π-type interaction of two imidazole rings (see Fig. 4). The two imidazole rings are separated by about 3.26 Å and shifted, which results in only about half of one ring overlapping with the other ring (see Fig. 5).

Interestingly the imidazoles do not form longer strands of π-type interacting aromatic systems but only dimeric units which might be due to the large space occupied by the Boc protecting group which leads to separate strands of C—H···O bridged dimeric units (see Fig. 2).

Experimental

Boc2O was reacted solvent free with one equivalent of imidazole. After the CO2 gas evolution had finished, the byproduct, t-butanole, was removed by fine vacuum and big colorless crystals of the title compound were obtained.

Refinement

H atoms were placed in calculated positions (C—H 0.95 Å for aromatic C atoms and C—H 0.98 Å for methyl C atoms) and were included in the refinement in the riding model approximation with U(H) set to 1.2Ueq(C) for aromatic C atoms and 1.5Ueq(C) for methyl C atoms.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound with atom labels and anisotropic displacement ellipsoids (drawn at 50% probability level) for non-H atoms.
Fig. 2.
The packing of the title compound, viewed along [100].
Fig. 3.
Weak C—H···O interactions lead to chain-like structures in the crystal structure along [100] shown here normal to [001]. Symmetry codes: (i) x + 1, y, z; (ii) x - 1, y, z.
Fig. 4.
π interaction leads to dimeric units shown here normal to [100]. Symmetry code: (i) -x, -y, -z.
Fig. 5.
The dimeric units formed by π interaction are shifted, so that only half of the imidazole rings overlap. Two of the imidazole rings are shown here, normal to [001]. Symmetry code: (i) -x, -y, -z.

Crystal data

C8H12N2O2F(000) = 360
Mr = 168.19Dx = 1.220 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 3660 reflections
a = 5.9952 (2) Åθ = 3.1–27.5°
b = 13.2507 (4) ŵ = 0.09 mm1
c = 11.5564 (4) ÅT = 200 K
β = 94.201 (2)°Block, colourless
V = 915.58 (5) Å30.50 × 0.38 × 0.38 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Nonius KappaCCD diffractometer1650 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: rotating anodeRint = 0.026
MONTEL, graded multilayered X-ray opticsθmax = 27.5°, θmin = 3.4°
CCD; rotation images; thick slices scansh = −7→7
6875 measured reflectionsk = −17→17
2097 independent reflectionsl = −14→15

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.040H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.104w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0396P)2 + 0.2307P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.07(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
2097 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.17 e Å3
113 parametersΔρmin = −0.15 e Å3
0 restraintsExtinction correction: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008)
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction coefficient: 0.063 (6)

Special details

Refinement. Hydrogen atoms were placed in calculated positions (C–H 0.95 Å for aromatic C atoms and C–H 0.98 Å for methyl C atoms) and were included in the refinement in the riding model approximation with U(H) set to 1.2 Ueq(C) for aromatic C atoms and 1.5 Ueq(C) for methyl C atoms.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O10.15042 (14)0.21450 (6)0.03780 (8)0.0356 (3)
O20.50241 (15)0.15584 (8)0.07833 (10)0.0527 (3)
N10.19880 (17)0.06402 (8)0.12264 (9)0.0329 (3)
N2−0.0623 (2)−0.03954 (9)0.17875 (11)0.0442 (3)
C1−0.0253 (2)0.04699 (10)0.13009 (11)0.0359 (3)
H1−0.13970.09270.10310.043*
C20.1485 (2)−0.08085 (11)0.20408 (13)0.0450 (4)
H20.1750−0.14450.24040.054*
C30.3103 (2)−0.01943 (10)0.17071 (12)0.0410 (3)
H30.4671−0.03070.17840.049*
C40.3034 (2)0.14897 (10)0.07701 (11)0.0350 (3)
C50.2187 (2)0.30947 (10)−0.01876 (12)0.0373 (3)
C6−0.0052 (3)0.35703 (12)−0.05516 (15)0.0526 (4)
H6A−0.08610.37080.01380.079*
H6B−0.09290.3107−0.10650.079*
H6C0.01870.4204−0.09630.079*
C70.3515 (3)0.37416 (11)0.06973 (13)0.0485 (4)
H7A0.49410.34100.09260.073*
H7B0.26610.38300.13820.073*
H7C0.38010.44020.03570.073*
C80.3472 (3)0.28433 (12)−0.12317 (13)0.0501 (4)
H8A0.25660.2400−0.17560.075*
H8B0.48710.2501−0.09740.075*
H8C0.38120.3467−0.16400.075*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0293 (5)0.0336 (5)0.0438 (5)−0.0001 (3)0.0018 (4)0.0068 (4)
O20.0279 (5)0.0595 (7)0.0709 (7)0.0038 (4)0.0052 (5)0.0188 (6)
N10.0322 (6)0.0335 (6)0.0329 (5)0.0020 (4)0.0007 (4)0.0020 (4)
N20.0469 (7)0.0399 (6)0.0458 (7)−0.0045 (5)0.0035 (5)0.0022 (5)
C10.0334 (7)0.0376 (7)0.0366 (7)−0.0013 (5)0.0017 (5)−0.0004 (5)
C20.0549 (9)0.0359 (7)0.0436 (8)0.0016 (6)0.0004 (6)0.0049 (6)
C30.0424 (8)0.0385 (7)0.0413 (7)0.0078 (6)−0.0022 (6)0.0036 (6)
C40.0312 (7)0.0384 (7)0.0353 (6)0.0023 (5)0.0016 (5)0.0028 (5)
C50.0389 (7)0.0338 (7)0.0392 (7)−0.0034 (5)0.0036 (5)0.0049 (5)
C60.0507 (9)0.0407 (8)0.0654 (10)0.0045 (7)−0.0025 (7)0.0133 (7)
C70.0532 (9)0.0456 (8)0.0470 (8)−0.0127 (7)0.0054 (7)−0.0033 (7)
C80.0600 (10)0.0514 (9)0.0397 (8)−0.0053 (7)0.0093 (7)0.0038 (7)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C41.3187 (15)C5—C61.5144 (19)
O1—C51.4892 (15)C5—C71.5147 (19)
O2—C41.1958 (15)C5—C81.515 (2)
N1—C11.3714 (16)C6—H6A0.9800
N1—C31.3870 (16)C6—H6B0.9800
N1—C41.4094 (17)C6—H6C0.9800
N2—C11.3032 (17)C7—H7A0.9800
N2—C21.3886 (19)C7—H7B0.9800
C1—H10.9500C7—H7C0.9800
C2—C31.344 (2)C8—H8A0.9800
C2—H20.9500C8—H8B0.9800
C3—H30.9500C8—H8C0.9800
C4—O1—C5120.04 (10)C6—C5—C8111.24 (12)
C1—N1—C3106.82 (11)C7—C5—C8112.92 (12)
C1—N1—C4128.28 (10)C5—C6—H6A109.5
C3—N1—C4124.90 (11)C5—C6—H6B109.5
C1—N2—C2104.88 (11)H6A—C6—H6B109.5
N2—C1—N1111.73 (11)C5—C6—H6C109.5
N2—C1—H1124.1H6A—C6—H6C109.5
N1—C1—H1124.1H6B—C6—H6C109.5
C3—C2—N2111.44 (12)C5—C7—H7A109.5
C3—C2—H2124.3C5—C7—H7B109.5
N2—C2—H2124.3H7A—C7—H7B109.5
C2—C3—N1105.13 (12)C5—C7—H7C109.5
C2—C3—H3127.4H7A—C7—H7C109.5
N1—C3—H3127.4H7B—C7—H7C109.5
O2—C4—O1128.48 (12)C5—C8—H8A109.5
O2—C4—N1121.79 (11)C5—C8—H8B109.5
O1—C4—N1109.72 (10)H8A—C8—H8B109.5
O1—C5—C6101.94 (10)C5—C8—H8C109.5
O1—C5—C7109.24 (11)H8A—C8—H8C109.5
C6—C5—C7111.30 (12)H8B—C8—H8C109.5
O1—C5—C8109.63 (11)
C2—N2—C1—N1−0.07 (15)C5—O1—C4—N1−177.82 (10)
C3—N1—C1—N20.14 (15)C1—N1—C4—O2178.00 (13)
C4—N1—C1—N2−179.21 (12)C3—N1—C4—O2−1.2 (2)
C1—N2—C2—C3−0.04 (16)C1—N1—C4—O1−0.98 (18)
N2—C2—C3—N10.12 (16)C3—N1—C4—O1179.77 (11)
C1—N1—C3—C2−0.15 (14)C4—O1—C5—C6176.89 (11)
C4—N1—C3—C2179.23 (12)C4—O1—C5—C7−65.27 (15)
C5—O1—C4—O23.3 (2)C4—O1—C5—C858.95 (15)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
C1—H1···O2i0.952.303.1949 (16)156

Symmetry codes: (i) x−1, y, z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: BT2854).

References

  • Bernstein, J., Davis, R. E., Shimoni, L. & Chang, N.-L. (1995). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.34, 1555–1573.
  • Etter, M. C., MacDonald, J. C. & Bernstein, J. (1990). Acta Cryst. B46, 256–262. [PubMed]
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Jia, X., Huang, Q., Li, J. & Yang, Q. (2007). Synlett, pp. 806–808.
  • Nonius (2004). COLLECT Nonius BV, Delft, The Netherlands.
  • Otwinowski, Z. & Minor, W. (1997). Methods in Enzymology, Vol. 276, Macromolecular Crystallography, Part A, edited by C. W. Carter Jr & R. M. Sweet, pp. 307–326. New York: Academic Press.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]

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