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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 August 1; 64(Pt 8): o1545.
Published online 2008 July 19. doi:  10.1107/S1600536808022277
PMCID: PMC2962169

3,5-Dichloro­phenyl 4-methyl­benzoate

Abstract

The structure of the title compound, C14H10Cl2O2, resembles those of 3-chloro­phenyl 4-methyl­benzoate, 2,6-dichloro­phenyl 4-methyl­benzoate and 2,4-dichloro­phenyl 4-methyl­benzoate, with similar bond parameters. The dihedral angle between the benzene and benzoyl rings is 48.81 (6)°.

Related literature

For related literature, see: Gowda et al. (2007 [triangle], 2008a [triangle],b [triangle]); Nayak & Gowda (2008 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-64-o1545-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C14H10Cl2O2
  • M r = 281.12
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-o1545-efi1.jpg
  • a = 3.9273 (6) Å
  • b = 28.412 (4) Å
  • c = 11.705 (1) Å
  • β = 94.06 (1)°
  • V = 1302.8 (3) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.49 mm−1
  • T = 299 (2) K
  • 0.48 × 0.40 × 0.08 mm

Data collection

  • Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur diffractometer with a Sapphire CCD detector
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis RED; Oxford Diffraction, 2007 [triangle]) T min = 0.800, T max = 0.962
  • 7613 measured reflections
  • 2621 independent reflections
  • 1755 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.025

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.040
  • wR(F 2) = 0.139
  • S = 1.11
  • 2621 reflections
  • 184 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.32 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.24 e Å−3

Data collection: CrysAlis CCD (Oxford Diffraction, 2004 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2007 [triangle]); data reduction: CrysAlis RED; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: PLATON (Spek, 2003 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808022277/bx2159sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808022277/bx2159Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

BTG thanks the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Bonn, Germany, for extensions of his research fellowship.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

In the present work, as part of a study of the substituent effects on the structures of chemically and industrially significant compounds (Gowda et al., 2007, 2008a, b), the structure of 3,5-dichlorophenyl 4-methylbenzoate (35DCP4MeBA) has been determined. The structure of 35DCP4MeBA (Fig. 1) resembles those of 3-chlorophenyl 4-methylbenzoate (3CP4MeBA)(Gowda et al., 2008b), 2,6-dichlorophenyl 4-methylbenzoate (26DCP4MeBA)(Gowda et al., 2008a), 2,4-dichlorophenyl 4-methyl benzoate (24DCP4MeBA) and other aryl benzoates (Gowda et al., 2007). The bond parameters in 35DCP4MeBA are similar to those in 3CP4MeBA, 26DCP4MeBA, 24DCP4MeBA and other benzoates. The dihedral angle between the benzene and benzoyl rings in 35DCP4MeBA is 48.81 (6)°, compared to the values of 71.75 (7)° in 3CP4MeBA (Gowda et al., 2008b), 77.97 (9)° in 26DCP4MeBA (Gowda et al., 2008a) and 48.13 (5)° in 24DCP4MeBA) (Gowda et al., 2007). The molecular packing in the crystal structure of 35DCP4MeBA is shown in Fig. 2.

Experimental

The title compound was prepared according to a literature method of Nayak & Gowda (2008). The purity of the compound was checked by determining its melting point. It was characterized by recording its infrared and NMR spectra (Nayak & Gowda, 2008). Single crystals of the title compound used for X-ray diffraction studies were obtained by a slow evaporation of an ethanolic solution at room temperature.

Refinement

The H atoms of the methyl group were positioned with idealized geometry using a riding model with C—H = 0.96 Å. The other H atoms were located in difference map, and its positional parameters were refined freely [C—H = 0.89 (3)–1.02 (3) Å. All H atoms were refined with isotropic displacement parameters (set to 1.2 times of the Ueq of the parent atom).

Figures

Fig. 1.
Molecular structure of the title compound, showing the atom labelling scheme. The Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level. The H atoms are represented as small spheres of arbitrary radii.
Fig. 2.
Molecular packing of the title compound.

Crystal data

C14H10Cl2O2F000 = 576
Mr = 281.12Dx = 1.433 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ynCell parameters from 3406 reflections
a = 3.9273 (6) Åθ = 2.3–27.9º
b = 28.412 (4) ŵ = 0.49 mm1
c = 11.705 (1) ÅT = 299 (2) K
β = 94.06 (1)ºPlate, colourless
V = 1302.8 (3) Å30.48 × 0.40 × 0.08 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur diffractometer with a Sapphire CCD detector2621 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1755 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Monochromator: graphiteRint = 0.025
T = 299(2) Kθmax = 26.4º
Rotation method data acquisition using ω and [var phi] scansθmin = 2.3º
Absorption correction: multi-scan(CrysAlis RED; Oxford Diffraction, 2007)h = −4→4
Tmin = 0.800, Tmax = 0.962k = −35→34
7613 measured reflectionsl = −14→14

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.040H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
wR(F2) = 0.139  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0783P)2] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.11(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
2621 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.32 e Å3
184 parametersΔρmin = −0.24 e Å3
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction correction: none

Special details

Experimental. CrysAlis RED, Oxford Diffraction Ltd., 2007 Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
C10.4042 (6)0.15541 (8)−0.1194 (2)0.0418 (6)
C20.2829 (6)0.13459 (9)−0.0235 (2)0.0444 (6)
H20.200 (6)0.1519 (9)0.035 (2)0.053*
C30.2772 (6)0.08640 (9)−0.01881 (19)0.0419 (6)
C40.3809 (6)0.05839 (9)−0.1061 (2)0.0442 (6)
H40.373 (5)0.0228 (10)−0.0960 (19)0.053*
C50.4990 (6)0.08058 (9)−0.20047 (19)0.0413 (6)
C60.5140 (6)0.12902 (9)−0.2088 (2)0.0432 (6)
H60.583 (6)0.1444 (9)−0.270 (2)0.052*
C70.5453 (6)0.23217 (9)−0.0486 (2)0.0450 (6)
C80.4837 (6)0.28221 (8)−0.0721 (2)0.0405 (6)
C90.3278 (7)0.29931 (10)−0.1734 (2)0.0492 (7)
H90.260 (7)0.2789 (10)−0.231 (2)0.059*
C100.2734 (7)0.34658 (10)−0.1884 (2)0.0506 (7)
H100.164 (6)0.3558 (9)−0.263 (2)0.061*
C110.3722 (6)0.37871 (9)−0.1031 (2)0.0437 (6)
C120.5333 (7)0.36165 (10)−0.0028 (2)0.0477 (7)
H120.607 (6)0.3843 (9)0.049 (2)0.057*
C130.5880 (7)0.31429 (9)0.0140 (2)0.0464 (7)
H130.689 (6)0.3038 (9)0.079 (2)0.056*
C140.3049 (8)0.43029 (10)−0.1188 (3)0.0598 (8)
H14A0.51790.4468−0.11970.072*
H14B0.18080.4417−0.05670.072*
H14C0.17290.4354−0.18990.072*
O10.3978 (5)0.20416 (6)−0.13445 (15)0.0544 (5)
O20.7075 (5)0.21609 (6)0.03319 (17)0.0650 (6)
Cl10.13414 (18)0.05912 (3)0.10169 (6)0.0602 (3)
Cl20.6296 (2)0.04648 (2)−0.31227 (6)0.0605 (3)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
C10.0491 (15)0.0345 (15)0.0402 (13)0.0037 (11)−0.0078 (11)−0.0019 (10)
C20.0466 (15)0.0452 (16)0.0408 (14)0.0089 (12)−0.0020 (11)−0.0037 (11)
C30.0391 (13)0.0472 (16)0.0389 (13)0.0018 (11)0.0000 (10)0.0042 (11)
C40.0464 (15)0.0382 (15)0.0473 (15)0.0007 (11)−0.0014 (11)0.0021 (11)
C50.0436 (14)0.0397 (14)0.0402 (13)0.0001 (11)−0.0003 (10)−0.0035 (11)
C60.0460 (14)0.0445 (16)0.0384 (13)−0.0056 (12)−0.0014 (11)0.0015 (11)
C70.0496 (15)0.0404 (15)0.0443 (14)0.0022 (12)−0.0024 (12)−0.0045 (11)
C80.0396 (13)0.0399 (15)0.0414 (13)0.0021 (11)0.0000 (10)−0.0020 (11)
C90.0616 (17)0.0426 (16)0.0425 (15)−0.0007 (13)−0.0017 (12)−0.0020 (12)
C100.0597 (17)0.0440 (17)0.0468 (15)0.0019 (12)−0.0043 (13)0.0081 (12)
C110.0448 (14)0.0384 (15)0.0493 (15)0.0026 (11)0.0122 (11)0.0029 (11)
C120.0562 (16)0.0397 (16)0.0470 (15)−0.0010 (12)0.0016 (12)−0.0072 (12)
C130.0540 (16)0.0407 (16)0.0433 (15)0.0034 (12)−0.0059 (12)−0.0013 (12)
C140.0715 (19)0.0452 (18)0.0641 (19)0.0082 (14)0.0148 (14)0.0106 (13)
O10.0802 (13)0.0341 (11)0.0465 (10)0.0014 (9)−0.0120 (9)−0.0001 (8)
O20.0828 (14)0.0442 (11)0.0635 (12)0.0109 (10)−0.0274 (11)−0.0019 (9)
Cl10.0681 (5)0.0635 (5)0.0504 (4)−0.0026 (3)0.0136 (3)0.0100 (3)
Cl20.0806 (5)0.0503 (5)0.0521 (4)0.0015 (4)0.0149 (3)−0.0108 (3)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

C1—C61.382 (3)C8—C91.383 (4)
C1—C21.382 (3)C8—C131.398 (3)
C1—O11.396 (3)C9—C101.369 (4)
C2—C31.371 (3)C9—H90.91 (3)
C2—H20.92 (3)C10—C111.387 (4)
C3—C41.379 (3)C10—H100.98 (3)
C3—Cl11.737 (2)C11—C121.382 (3)
C4—C51.381 (3)C11—C141.498 (3)
C4—H41.02 (3)C12—C131.375 (4)
C5—C61.382 (3)C12—H120.91 (3)
C5—Cl21.735 (2)C13—H130.89 (3)
C6—H60.89 (3)C14—H14A0.9600
C7—O21.202 (3)C14—H14B0.9600
C7—O11.377 (3)C14—H14C0.9600
C7—C81.465 (3)
C6—C1—C2121.8 (2)C13—C8—C7117.5 (2)
C6—C1—O1116.5 (2)C10—C9—C8120.7 (2)
C2—C1—O1121.5 (2)C10—C9—H9119.5 (18)
C3—C2—C1117.9 (2)C8—C9—H9119.9 (18)
C3—C2—H2119.8 (16)C9—C10—C11121.3 (3)
C1—C2—H2122.3 (16)C9—C10—H10115.5 (16)
C2—C3—C4122.7 (2)C11—C10—H10123.2 (16)
C2—C3—Cl1119.06 (19)C12—C11—C10117.9 (2)
C4—C3—Cl1118.25 (19)C12—C11—C14120.9 (2)
C3—C4—C5117.6 (2)C10—C11—C14121.2 (2)
C3—C4—H4118.3 (13)C13—C12—C11121.5 (3)
C5—C4—H4124.1 (13)C13—C12—H12123.8 (17)
C4—C5—C6122.0 (2)C11—C12—H12114.7 (17)
C4—C5—Cl2118.88 (19)C12—C13—C8120.0 (2)
C6—C5—Cl2119.10 (18)C12—C13—H13120.5 (17)
C5—C6—C1118.0 (2)C8—C13—H13119.5 (17)
C5—C6—H6124.0 (17)C11—C14—H14A109.5
C1—C6—H6117.9 (17)C11—C14—H14B109.5
O2—C7—O1122.2 (2)H14A—C14—H14B109.5
O2—C7—C8126.1 (2)C11—C14—H14C109.5
O1—C7—C8111.6 (2)H14A—C14—H14C109.5
C9—C8—C13118.6 (2)H14B—C14—H14C109.5
C9—C8—C7124.0 (2)C7—O1—C1118.56 (18)
C6—C1—C2—C30.6 (4)O1—C7—C8—C13173.3 (2)
O1—C1—C2—C3175.7 (2)C13—C8—C9—C10−0.8 (4)
C1—C2—C3—C4−1.2 (4)C7—C8—C9—C10178.9 (2)
C1—C2—C3—Cl1178.75 (18)C8—C9—C10—C110.0 (4)
C2—C3—C4—C50.9 (4)C9—C10—C11—C121.1 (4)
Cl1—C3—C4—C5−179.01 (18)C9—C10—C11—C14−178.5 (2)
C3—C4—C5—C6−0.1 (4)C10—C11—C12—C13−1.5 (4)
C3—C4—C5—Cl2−179.67 (18)C14—C11—C12—C13178.1 (2)
C4—C5—C6—C1−0.4 (4)C11—C12—C13—C80.8 (4)
Cl2—C5—C6—C1179.14 (18)C9—C8—C13—C120.3 (4)
C2—C1—C6—C50.2 (4)C7—C8—C13—C12−179.3 (2)
O1—C1—C6—C5−175.2 (2)O2—C7—O1—C17.5 (4)
O2—C7—C8—C9172.5 (3)C8—C7—O1—C1−173.6 (2)
O1—C7—C8—C9−6.3 (4)C6—C1—O1—C7−131.0 (2)
O2—C7—C8—C13−7.9 (4)C2—C1—O1—C753.6 (3)

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: BX2159).

References

  • Gowda, B. T., Foro, S., Babitha, K. S. & Fuess, H. (2007). Acta Cryst. E63, o3877.
  • Gowda, B. T., Foro, S., Babitha, K. S. & Fuess, H. (2008a). Acta Cryst. E64, o843. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gowda, B. T., Foro, S., Babitha, K. S. & Fuess, H. (2008b). Acta Cryst. E64, o1390. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Nayak, R. & Gowda, B. T. (2008). Z. Naturforsch. Teil A, 63 In the press.
  • Oxford Diffraction (2004). CrysAlis CCD Oxford Diffraction Ltd, Köln, Germany.
  • Oxford Diffraction (2007). CrysAlis RED Oxford Diffraction Ltd, Köln, Germany.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Spek, A. L. (2003). J. Appl. Cryst.36, 7–13.

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