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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 June 1; 64(Pt 6): o1169.
Published online 2008 May 30. doi:  10.1107/S1600536808014967
PMCID: PMC2961480

4-Amino-3-phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione

Abstract

In the title compound, C8H8N4S, the planar triazole ring forms a dihedral angle of 13.7 (2)° with the phenyl ring. The crystal structure is stabilized by inter­molecular N—H(...)S hydrogen-bond inter­actions, linking the mol­ecules into chains along the a axis.

Related literature

For the applications of triazole compounds, see: Xu et al. (2002 [triangle]); Jantova et al. (1998 [triangle]); Holla et al. (1996 [triangle]); Pevzner (1997 [triangle]). For bond-length data, see: Allen et al. (1987 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-64-o1169-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C8H8N4S
  • M r = 192.25
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-o1169-efi1.jpg
  • a = 5.5574 (4) Å
  • b = 25.2384 (3) Å
  • c = 6.6327 (4) Å
  • β = 104.511 (1)°
  • V = 900.63 (9) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.31 mm−1
  • T = 293 (2) K
  • 0.2 × 0.2 × 0.2 mm

Data collection

  • Rigaku Mercury2 diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrystalClear; Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]) T min = 0.736, T max = 0.939
  • 8689 measured reflections
  • 2134 independent reflections
  • 1464 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.062

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.067
  • wR(F 2) = 0.223
  • S = 1.12
  • 2134 reflections
  • 118 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.46 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.44 e Å−3

Data collection: CrystalClear (Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrystalClear; data reduction: CrystalClear; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808014967/rz2214sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808014967/rz2214Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This project was supported by Jiangsu Education Department of China (No. 05KJB350031)

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

1,2,4-Triazole and its derivatives display a broad range of biological activities, finding application as antitumour, antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral agents (Xu et al., 2002; Jantova et al., 1998; Holla et al., 1996). Nitro derivatives of 1,2,4-triazole are also of interest as highly energetic compounds (Pevzner, 1997). In addition, studies have been carried out on the electronic structures and the thiol–thione tautomeric equilibrium of heterocyclic thione derivatives. In the search for compounds with better biological activity, the title compound was synthesized and we report its crystal structure here.

In the title compound (Fig. 1), the C—S bond length of 1.675 (3) Å is in good agreement with the mean value of 1.660 Å reported by Allen et al. (1987). The triazole ring is strictly planar and makes a dihedral angle of 13.7 (2)° with the phenyl ring. The crystal packing (Fig. 2) of is stabilized by intermolecular N—H···S hydrogen bonds (Table 1) linking the molecules into chains along the a axis.

Experimental

To a solution of KOH (0.015 mol, 0.840 g) and ethyl benzoate (0.01 mol, 1.50 g) in absolute ethanol (100 ml) was added CS2 (0.015 mol, 0.91 ml). The mixture was diluted with absolute ethanol (50 ml) and shaken for 12 h. A suspension of the potassium salt, 98% hydrazine hydrate (0.03 mol, 15 ml) and absolute ethanol (10 ml) was refluxed with stirring for 4 h. Dilution with cold water (100 ml) and acidification with concentrated HCl precipitated a white solid. The product was then filtered and washed with cold water. Colourless crystals of the title compound suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis were obtained by slow evaporation of a solution of 100 mg in 15 ml diethylether after 3 days.

Refinement

All H atoms were initially located in a difference Fourier map, then they were constrained to ride on their parant atoms with C—H = 0.93 Å, N—H = 0.86-0.89 Å and with Uiso(H) = 1.2 Ueq(C, N).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound with the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 30% probability level.
Fig. 2.
Crystal packing diagram of the title compound, viewed along the b axis. Hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C8H8N4SF000 = 400
Mr = 192.25Dx = 1.418 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ynCell parameters from 1686 reflections
a = 5.5574 (4) Åθ = 3.2–27.5º
b = 25.2384 (3) ŵ = 0.31 mm1
c = 6.6327 (4) ÅT = 293 (2) K
β = 104.5110 (10)ºBlock, colourless
V = 900.63 (9) Å30.2 × 0.2 × 0.2 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Rigaku Mercury2 diffractometer2134 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1464 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Monochromator: graphiteRint = 0.062
Detector resolution: 13.6612 pixels mm-1θmax = 27.9º
T = 293(2) Kθmin = 3.2º
CCD_Profile_fitting scansh = −7→7
Absorption correction: multi-scan(CrystalClear; Rigaku, 2005)k = −33→32
Tmin = 0.736, Tmax = 0.939l = −8→8
8689 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.067H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.223  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.1186P)2] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.12(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
2134 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.46 e Å3
118 parametersΔρmin = −0.44 e Å3
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction correction: none

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
S10.12788 (16)0.01977 (3)0.82762 (13)0.0565 (3)
N30.4947 (5)0.08640 (10)0.7790 (4)0.0427 (6)
N20.3057 (5)0.05034 (10)0.4961 (4)0.0461 (6)
H2A0.20490.03110.40580.055*
N10.4798 (5)0.08322 (10)0.4454 (4)0.0478 (7)
C10.7971 (6)0.14417 (11)0.6429 (5)0.0413 (7)
C70.5948 (5)0.10520 (11)0.6248 (4)0.0405 (7)
C60.9052 (6)0.14961 (12)0.4763 (5)0.0465 (7)
H6A0.84890.12880.35810.056*
C80.3071 (6)0.05098 (11)0.6963 (5)0.0431 (7)
N40.5695 (6)0.09940 (12)0.9922 (4)0.0611 (8)
H4B0.62030.07021.06590.092*
H4D0.44090.11331.03120.092*
C51.0959 (6)0.18563 (13)0.4843 (6)0.0531 (8)
H5A1.16680.18890.37190.064*
C41.1802 (7)0.21651 (13)0.6595 (6)0.0566 (9)
H4C1.30880.24050.66580.068*
C20.8828 (8)0.17585 (14)0.8169 (6)0.0625 (10)
H2B0.81240.17320.92980.075*
C31.0756 (8)0.21171 (16)0.8214 (6)0.0703 (11)
H3A1.13300.23280.93870.084*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
S10.0563 (6)0.0662 (6)0.0481 (5)−0.0193 (4)0.0153 (4)0.0046 (4)
N30.0450 (14)0.0473 (13)0.0346 (12)−0.0077 (11)0.0079 (10)0.0004 (10)
N20.0478 (15)0.0508 (14)0.0406 (14)−0.0148 (11)0.0126 (11)−0.0067 (11)
N10.0475 (15)0.0538 (15)0.0440 (14)−0.0102 (12)0.0153 (12)−0.0050 (11)
C10.0407 (15)0.0386 (14)0.0446 (16)−0.0013 (11)0.0105 (12)0.0017 (11)
C70.0432 (15)0.0408 (14)0.0389 (15)−0.0019 (12)0.0128 (12)−0.0005 (11)
C60.0465 (17)0.0545 (17)0.0396 (15)−0.0057 (13)0.0130 (14)0.0005 (12)
C80.0436 (17)0.0434 (15)0.0414 (16)−0.0051 (12)0.0086 (13)0.0015 (12)
N40.079 (2)0.0703 (18)0.0332 (14)−0.0228 (16)0.0128 (13)−0.0022 (13)
C50.0485 (18)0.0603 (19)0.0535 (19)−0.0055 (15)0.0185 (15)0.0091 (15)
C40.0497 (18)0.0535 (19)0.068 (2)−0.0110 (15)0.0168 (17)0.0027 (16)
C20.069 (2)0.071 (2)0.055 (2)−0.0244 (18)0.0276 (17)−0.0158 (17)
C30.077 (3)0.072 (2)0.067 (2)−0.031 (2)0.027 (2)−0.0212 (19)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

S1—C81.675 (3)C6—C51.387 (4)
N3—C71.366 (4)C6—H6A0.9300
N3—C81.378 (4)N4—H4B0.8900
N3—N41.409 (3)N4—H4D0.8900
N2—C81.326 (4)C5—C41.380 (5)
N2—N11.379 (3)C5—H5A0.9300
N2—H2A0.8600C4—C31.349 (5)
N1—C71.323 (4)C4—H4C0.9300
C1—C21.387 (4)C2—C31.397 (5)
C1—C61.390 (4)C2—H2B0.9300
C1—C71.476 (4)C3—H3A0.9300
C7—N3—C8109.7 (2)N2—C8—S1131.3 (2)
C7—N3—N4126.7 (2)N3—C8—S1125.9 (2)
C8—N3—N4123.6 (3)N3—N4—H4B109.3
C8—N2—N1114.1 (2)N3—N4—H4D109.1
C8—N2—H2A123.0H4B—N4—H4D109.5
N1—N2—H2A123.0C4—C5—C6119.8 (3)
C7—N1—N2104.1 (2)C4—C5—H5A120.1
C2—C1—C6118.5 (3)C6—C5—H5A120.1
C2—C1—C7123.2 (3)C3—C4—C5119.8 (3)
C6—C1—C7118.3 (3)C3—C4—H4C120.1
N1—C7—N3109.4 (2)C5—C4—H4C120.1
N1—C7—C1122.6 (3)C1—C2—C3119.6 (3)
N3—C7—C1128.0 (3)C1—C2—H2B120.2
C5—C6—C1120.8 (3)C3—C2—H2B120.2
C5—C6—H6A119.6C4—C3—C2121.5 (3)
C1—C6—H6A119.6C4—C3—H3A119.3
N2—C8—N3102.8 (2)C2—C3—H3A119.3

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N2—H2A···S1i0.862.463.310 (3)172
N4—H4B···S1ii0.892.673.506 (3)157

Symmetry codes: (i) −x, −y, −z+1; (ii) −x+1, −y, −z+2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: RZ2214).

References

  • Allen, F. H., Kennard, O., Watson, D. G., Brammer, L., Orpen, A. G. & Taylor, R. (1987). J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. S1–19.
  • Holla, B., Poojary, K., Kalluraya, B. & Gowda, P. (1996). Farmaco, 51, 793–799. [PubMed]
  • Jantova, S., Greif, G., Paviovicova, R. & Cipak, L. (1998). Folia Microbiol. (Prague), 43, 75–80. [PubMed]
  • Pevzner, M. S. (1997). Russ. Khim. Zh.41, 73–83.
  • Rigaku (2005). CrystalClear Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]
  • Xu, L. Z., Jiao, K., Zhang, S. S. & Kuang, S. P. (2002). Bull. Korean Chem. Soc.23, 1699–1701.

Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography