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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 May 1; 64(Pt 5): o776.
Published online 2008 April 2. doi:  10.1107/S1600536808008374
PMCID: PMC2961338

1,2-Bis(N′-benzoyl­thio­ureido)benzene

Abstract

The title compound, C22H18N4O2S2, was characterized by 1H and 13C NMR, solid-state IR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallographic techniques. The crystal structure determination reveals that the twisting modes of the two side arms are different [C—N—C—O and C—N—C—N torsion angles = −1.2 (3) and 1.1 (3)°, respectively, in one arm and 24.1 (3) and −5.1 (3)°, respectively, in the other]. The crystal structure involves N—H(...)O and N—H(...)S hydrogen bonds.

Related literature

For related structures: see Arslan et al. (2004 [triangle]); Avşar et al. (2003 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-64-0o776-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C22H18N4O2S2
  • M r = 434.52
  • Triclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o776-efi1.jpg
  • a = 7.179 (1) Å
  • b = 12.064 (2) Å
  • c = 12.476 (2) Å
  • α = 77.88 (5)°
  • β = 86.96 (5)°
  • γ = 77.91 (5)°
  • V = 1032.9 (3) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.28 mm−1
  • T = 173 (2) K
  • 0.10 × 0.10 × 0.10 mm

Data collection

  • Nonius KappaCCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: none
  • 12922 measured reflections
  • 4671 independent reflections
  • 3234 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.046

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.047
  • wR(F 2) = 0.118
  • S = 1.04
  • 4671 reflections
  • 271 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.17 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.24 e Å−3

Data collection: COLLECT (Nonius, 1998 [triangle]); cell refinement: DENZO (Nonius, 1998 [triangle]); data reduction: DENZO; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: PLATON (Spek, 2003 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808008374/ww2115sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808008374/ww2115Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Fondation SONATEL for financial support (CDP 75/06) and Professor R. Welter (Laboratoire DECOMET, UMR CNRS, Université Louis Pasteur 4, Strasbourg, France) for assistance.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound, C22H18N4O2S2, was characterized by 1H and 13C NMR, solid-state IR and X-ray crystallographic techniques. The X-ray structure determination reveals that the compound crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 with one molecule in the asymmetric unit. The molecular geometry is illustrated in Fig. 1. The S1—C1 [1.6574 (18)Å], the S2—C8 [1.660 (2)Å], the O7—C16 [1.219 (2)Å] and O6—C9 [1.222 (2)Å] distances indicates that these correspond to double bonds and are comparable to those observed for 1-(biphenyl-4-carbonyl)-3-p-tolyl-thiourea [1.647 (3)Å for C—S, 1.217 (3) and 1.224 (3)Å for C—O respectively (Arslan et al., 2004)]. The C—N bond lengths are in the range [1.335 (2) - 1.435 (2)Å] and are shorter than the normal single C—N bond length, indicating double bond character (Avşar et al., 2003). The two side arms are not twisted in the same way. One of the arms is slightly twisted as reflected by the two torsion angle C1—N3—C9—O6 [-1.2 (3)°] and C9—N3—C1—N1 [1.1 (3) °]. The torsion angles C8—N4—C16—O7 [24.1 (3)°] and C16—N4—C8—N2 [-5.1 (3)°] in the other side arm indicate that this one is more strongly twisted. Intramolecular hydrogen-bond contacts involve the NH groups and the O atoms of the amide groups as well as the N atoms of the thiourea groups while intermolecular hydrogen-bond is observed between the NH groups and the S atoms of the thiourea groups (Table 2)

Experimental

All purchased chemicals and solvents were reagent grade and used without further purifcation. Melting points were determined with a Büchi 570 melting-point apparatus and were uncorrected. The 1H NMR spectra were measured with a Bruker AM-400 spectrometer, using tetramethylsilane as the internal standard. The solid-state IR spectra were recorded from KBr discs on a Nicolet spectrophotometer. To a mixture of 9.718 g (100 mmol) of potassium thiocyanate and 100 ml of acetone was added dropwise a solution of 14.071 g (100 mmol) of benzoyl chloride in 50 ml of acetone. The resulting mixture was stirred under reflux for 1 h and cooled to room temperature. A solution of 5.407 g (50 mmol) of 1,2-diaminobenzene in 20 ml of acetone was added. The yellow solution obtained was stirred at room temperature during 2 h. 300 ml of 1 N HCl was added to dissolve the precipitated KCl. A white solid appeared after five minutes. The compound was filtered and washed with 3 x 50 ml of water and dried under vacuum. Recrystallization from a mixture of methanol and chloroform (1:1) gave 18.52 g (85.7%) of the title compound. M.p. 360±362 K (uncorrected. Mass spectrum, m/z= 434 (M+). 1H NMR (CDCl3): δ 7.38–7.93 (m, 14H, ArH), 9.30 (s, 2H, SH), 12.36 (s, 2H, OH); 13C NMR (CDCl3): δ 126.97, 127.70, 128.15, 129.10, 131.14, 131.60, 133.10, 166.90, 180. IR (cm-1,KBr): 3210, 1673, 1596, 1470, 1319, 1262, 1149, 857, 688. Analysis calculated for C22H18N4O2S2: C 60.81, H 4.18, N 12.89, S 14.76%; found: C 60.80, H 4.59, N 12.87, S 14.80%. Monocrystals suitable for X-ray analysis was obtained from slow evaporation of a dimethylformamide solution of the product.

Refinement

All H atoms were placed geometrically and refined with a riding model. Uiso(H) for H was assigned as 1.2 Ueq of the attached C or N atoms.

Figures

Fig. 1.
An ORTEP view of the asymmetric unit of the title compound, showing the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are plotted at the 50% probability level.
Fig. 2.
The tautomerism in the title compound.

Crystal data

C22H18N4O2S2Z = 2
Mr = 434.52F000 = 452
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.397 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Mo Kα radiation λ = 0.71069 Å
a = 7.179 (1) ÅCell parameters from 6418 reflections
b = 12.064 (2) Åθ = 1.0–27.5º
c = 12.476 (2) ŵ = 0.29 mm1
α = 77.88 (5)ºT = 173 (2) K
β = 86.96 (5)ºPrism, colorless
γ = 77.91 (5)º0.10 × 0.10 × 0.10 mm
V = 1032.9 (3) Å3

Data collection

Nonius KappaCCD diffractometer3234 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tubeRint = 0.047
Monochromator: graphiteθmax = 27.4º
T = 173(2) Kθmin = 3.1º
ω scansh = −9→8
Absorption correction: nonek = −15→15
12922 measured reflectionsl = −16→14
4671 independent reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.047H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.118  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.048P)2 + 0.1332P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.04(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
4671 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.17 e Å3
271 parametersΔρmin = −0.24 e Å3
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction correction: none

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
S10.51586 (8)0.37259 (4)0.93513 (5)0.0727 (2)
S20.83170 (8)0.17089 (4)0.50551 (4)0.06579 (18)
O60.69327 (18)0.01181 (10)0.86202 (10)0.0574 (3)
O70.5045 (2)−0.09194 (11)0.70005 (13)0.0680 (4)
N10.5437 (2)0.23196 (11)0.78892 (12)0.0473 (3)
HN10.59320.16100.78090.057*
N20.5204 (2)0.12967 (12)0.61750 (12)0.0529 (4)
HN20.45170.07970.65040.064*
N30.6479 (2)0.15035 (12)0.96355 (12)0.0515 (4)
HN30.66230.16081.03010.062*
N40.7603 (2)−0.02950 (12)0.61097 (12)0.0536 (4)
HN40.8699−0.05730.58180.064*
C10.5672 (2)0.25055 (15)0.88870 (15)0.0487 (4)
C20.4547 (2)0.30447 (14)0.69408 (14)0.0464 (4)
C30.3759 (3)0.42184 (16)0.68239 (17)0.0617 (5)
H30.38540.46050.74020.074*
C40.2842 (3)0.48218 (17)0.5872 (2)0.0740 (6)
H40.23060.56230.58010.089*
C50.2688 (3)0.4288 (2)0.5025 (2)0.0798 (7)
H50.20440.47130.43740.096*
C60.3477 (3)0.31235 (19)0.51256 (18)0.0724 (6)
H60.33760.27470.45410.087*
C70.4408 (3)0.25085 (15)0.60686 (15)0.0516 (4)
C80.6935 (3)0.08886 (14)0.58002 (13)0.0499 (4)
C90.7082 (2)0.03836 (14)0.95003 (14)0.0432 (4)
C100.7920 (2)−0.04822 (14)1.04687 (14)0.0439 (4)
C110.8139 (3)−0.02222 (17)1.14823 (16)0.0581 (5)
H110.77080.05481.15880.070*
C120.8976 (3)−0.1075 (2)1.23359 (17)0.0704 (6)
H120.9132−0.08861.30230.084*
C130.9583 (3)−0.2187 (2)1.22008 (19)0.0710 (6)
H131.0160−0.27701.27920.085*
C140.9358 (3)−0.24622 (18)1.1207 (2)0.0716 (6)
H140.9773−0.32371.11130.086*
C150.8529 (3)−0.16125 (16)1.03435 (16)0.0577 (5)
H150.8377−0.18080.96590.069*
C160.6757 (3)−0.10936 (15)0.68221 (15)0.0526 (4)
C170.8076 (3)−0.21596 (14)0.73653 (14)0.0489 (4)
C180.9977 (3)−0.21949 (15)0.75364 (15)0.0553 (5)
H181.0507−0.15340.72490.066*
C191.1108 (3)−0.31812 (19)0.81204 (17)0.0675 (5)
H191.2411−0.31960.82380.081*
C201.0355 (4)−0.41383 (19)0.85309 (19)0.0795 (7)
H201.1136−0.48190.89310.095*
C210.8486 (4)−0.41166 (18)0.8367 (2)0.0851 (7)
H210.7973−0.47840.86560.102*
C220.7330 (3)−0.31380 (17)0.77883 (18)0.0671 (5)
H220.6028−0.31320.76790.080*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
S10.0863 (4)0.0478 (3)0.0852 (4)0.0036 (3)−0.0164 (3)−0.0301 (3)
S20.0795 (4)0.0420 (3)0.0619 (3)0.0045 (2)0.0121 (3)0.0005 (2)
O60.0759 (9)0.0422 (7)0.0499 (7)0.0008 (6)−0.0060 (6)−0.0115 (6)
O70.0617 (9)0.0473 (8)0.0933 (11)−0.0070 (7)−0.0039 (7)−0.0139 (7)
N10.0511 (8)0.0349 (7)0.0515 (9)0.0007 (6)0.0017 (6)−0.0090 (6)
N20.0600 (9)0.0381 (8)0.0557 (9)−0.0012 (7)−0.0002 (7)−0.0074 (7)
N30.0593 (9)0.0430 (8)0.0502 (9)0.0006 (7)−0.0080 (7)−0.0139 (7)
N40.0681 (10)0.0359 (8)0.0503 (9)0.0028 (7)0.0040 (7)−0.0085 (7)
C10.0435 (9)0.0428 (10)0.0598 (11)−0.0055 (7)0.0006 (8)−0.0136 (8)
C20.0430 (9)0.0369 (9)0.0525 (10)−0.0003 (7)0.0050 (8)−0.0031 (8)
C30.0693 (13)0.0397 (10)0.0671 (13)0.0032 (9)0.0049 (10)−0.0062 (9)
C40.0797 (15)0.0424 (11)0.0831 (16)0.0110 (10)0.0013 (12)0.0008 (11)
C50.0891 (16)0.0591 (13)0.0713 (15)0.0162 (12)−0.0161 (12)0.0041 (11)
C60.0861 (15)0.0581 (13)0.0622 (13)0.0073 (11)−0.0157 (11)−0.0064 (10)
C70.0535 (10)0.0379 (9)0.0553 (11)0.0037 (8)0.0004 (8)−0.0049 (8)
C80.0668 (12)0.0384 (9)0.0400 (9)0.0022 (8)−0.0079 (8)−0.0088 (7)
C90.0383 (9)0.0412 (9)0.0501 (10)−0.0093 (7)0.0036 (7)−0.0091 (8)
C100.0332 (8)0.0460 (10)0.0506 (10)−0.0102 (7)0.0046 (7)−0.0043 (8)
C110.0636 (12)0.0558 (12)0.0549 (11)−0.0167 (10)−0.0032 (9)−0.0061 (9)
C120.0716 (14)0.0806 (16)0.0575 (12)−0.0253 (12)−0.0119 (10)0.0019 (11)
C130.0523 (12)0.0764 (16)0.0692 (15)−0.0135 (11)−0.0067 (10)0.0209 (12)
C140.0662 (13)0.0516 (12)0.0828 (16)0.0014 (10)0.0049 (11)0.0031 (11)
C150.0589 (12)0.0489 (11)0.0595 (12)−0.0048 (9)0.0052 (9)−0.0053 (9)
C160.0672 (13)0.0398 (10)0.0523 (11)−0.0073 (9)−0.0018 (9)−0.0159 (8)
C170.0652 (12)0.0359 (9)0.0435 (9)−0.0045 (8)0.0058 (8)−0.0108 (7)
C180.0713 (13)0.0439 (10)0.0480 (10)−0.0079 (9)0.0011 (9)−0.0078 (8)
C190.0661 (13)0.0658 (13)0.0600 (12)0.0041 (11)0.0022 (10)−0.0071 (10)
C200.0836 (17)0.0568 (13)0.0730 (15)0.0153 (12)0.0142 (12)0.0095 (11)
C210.0904 (18)0.0458 (12)0.1012 (18)−0.0055 (12)0.0261 (14)0.0099 (12)
C220.0682 (13)0.0479 (11)0.0770 (14)−0.0055 (10)0.0124 (11)−0.0044 (10)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

S1—C11.6574 (18)C6—H60.9500
S2—C81.660 (2)C9—C101.482 (2)
O6—C91.222 (2)C10—C151.381 (3)
O7—C161.219 (2)C10—C111.390 (3)
N1—C11.335 (2)C11—C121.379 (3)
N1—C21.409 (2)C11—H110.9500
N1—HN10.8800C12—C131.364 (3)
N2—C81.336 (2)C12—H120.9500
N2—C71.435 (2)C13—C141.375 (3)
N2—HN20.8800C13—H130.9500
N3—C91.373 (2)C14—C151.384 (3)
N3—C11.400 (2)C14—H140.9500
N3—HN30.8800C15—H150.9500
N4—C161.384 (2)C16—C171.484 (3)
N4—C81.385 (2)C17—C181.383 (3)
N4—HN40.8800C17—C221.390 (3)
C2—C31.390 (3)C18—C191.379 (3)
C2—C71.395 (3)C18—H180.9500
C3—C41.376 (3)C19—C201.368 (3)
C3—H30.9500C19—H190.9500
C4—C51.368 (3)C20—C211.361 (3)
C4—H40.9500C20—H200.9500
C5—C61.382 (3)C21—C221.378 (3)
C5—H50.9500C21—H210.9500
C6—C71.375 (3)C22—H220.9500
C1—N1—C2132.18 (15)C15—C10—C11118.55 (18)
C1—N1—HN1113.9C15—C10—C9117.42 (16)
C2—N1—HN1113.9C11—C10—C9124.03 (16)
C8—N2—C7123.32 (15)C12—C11—C10120.43 (19)
C8—N2—HN2118.3C12—C11—H11119.8
C7—N2—HN2118.3C10—C11—H11119.8
C9—N3—C1130.47 (15)C13—C12—C11120.5 (2)
C9—N3—HN3114.8C13—C12—H12119.7
C1—N3—HN3114.8C11—C12—H12119.7
C16—N4—C8127.91 (16)C12—C13—C14119.8 (2)
C16—N4—HN4116.0C12—C13—H13120.1
C8—N4—HN4116.0C14—C13—H13120.1
N1—C1—N3113.59 (14)C13—C14—C15120.1 (2)
N1—C1—S1129.80 (15)C13—C14—H14119.9
N3—C1—S1116.61 (13)C15—C14—H14119.9
C3—C2—C7118.45 (17)C10—C15—C14120.55 (19)
C3—C2—N1125.64 (17)C10—C15—H15119.7
C7—C2—N1115.87 (15)C14—C15—H15119.7
C4—C3—C2120.1 (2)O7—C16—N4121.91 (18)
C4—C3—H3119.9O7—C16—C17122.55 (18)
C2—C3—H3119.9N4—C16—C17115.53 (17)
C5—C4—C3121.14 (19)C18—C17—C22118.80 (18)
C5—C4—H4119.4C18—C17—C16122.79 (16)
C3—C4—H4119.4C22—C17—C16118.25 (17)
C4—C5—C6119.4 (2)C19—C18—C17120.57 (18)
C4—C5—H5120.3C19—C18—H18119.7
C6—C5—H5120.3C17—C18—H18119.7
C7—C6—C5120.3 (2)C20—C19—C18120.0 (2)
C7—C6—H6119.9C20—C19—H19120.0
C5—C6—H6119.9C18—C19—H19120.0
C6—C7—C2120.62 (17)C21—C20—C19120.1 (2)
C6—C7—N2120.04 (18)C21—C20—H20120.0
C2—C7—N2119.32 (16)C19—C20—H20120.0
N2—C8—N4116.00 (17)C20—C21—C22120.8 (2)
N2—C8—S2124.29 (13)C20—C21—H21119.6
N4—C8—S2119.66 (14)C22—C21—H21119.6
O6—C9—N3121.30 (16)C21—C22—C17119.7 (2)
O6—C9—C10121.83 (15)C21—C22—H22120.1
N3—C9—C10116.87 (15)C17—C22—H22120.1
C2—N1—C1—N3173.63 (15)N3—C9—C10—C15179.91 (15)
C2—N1—C1—S1−6.5 (3)O6—C9—C10—C11179.29 (16)
C9—N3—C1—N11.1 (3)N3—C9—C10—C11−0.6 (2)
C9—N3—C1—S1−178.77 (14)C15—C10—C11—C121.1 (3)
C1—N1—C2—C34.2 (3)C9—C10—C11—C12−178.39 (16)
C1—N1—C2—C7−173.60 (17)C10—C11—C12—C13−0.7 (3)
C7—C2—C3—C41.0 (3)C11—C12—C13—C140.0 (3)
N1—C2—C3—C4−176.74 (18)C12—C13—C14—C150.4 (3)
C2—C3—C4—C5−0.1 (3)C11—C10—C15—C14−0.7 (3)
C3—C4—C5—C6−0.4 (4)C9—C10—C15—C14178.77 (16)
C4—C5—C6—C70.0 (4)C13—C14—C15—C100.0 (3)
C5—C6—C7—C20.9 (3)C8—N4—C16—O724.1 (3)
C5—C6—C7—N2179.2 (2)C8—N4—C16—C17−154.85 (16)
C3—C2—C7—C6−1.4 (3)O7—C16—C17—C18−153.22 (18)
N1—C2—C7—C6176.58 (18)N4—C16—C17—C1825.7 (2)
C3—C2—C7—N2−179.69 (16)O7—C16—C17—C2222.0 (3)
N1—C2—C7—N2−1.7 (2)N4—C16—C17—C22−159.06 (17)
C8—N2—C7—C685.3 (2)C22—C17—C18—C19−0.3 (3)
C8—N2—C7—C2−96.4 (2)C16—C17—C18—C19174.92 (17)
C7—N2—C8—N4170.75 (15)C17—C18—C19—C200.4 (3)
C7—N2—C8—S2−6.4 (2)C18—C19—C20—C21−0.3 (3)
C16—N4—C8—N2−5.1 (3)C19—C20—C21—C220.1 (4)
C16—N4—C8—S2172.23 (14)C20—C21—C22—C170.0 (4)
C1—N3—C9—O6−1.2 (3)C18—C17—C22—C210.1 (3)
C1—N3—C9—C10178.76 (15)C16—C17—C22—C21−175.32 (19)
O6—C9—C10—C15−0.2 (2)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—HN1···O60.881.882.633 (2)141.8
N2—HN2···O70.881.992.680 (2)133.9
N4—HN4···S2i0.882.613.478 (2)169.9

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, −y, −z+1.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: WW2115).

References

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