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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 April 1; 64(Pt 4): o769.
Published online 2008 March 29. doi:  10.1107/S1600536808008155
PMCID: PMC2961007

N-(4-Chloro­phen­yl)benzamide

Abstract

The structure of the title compound, C13H10ClNO, resembles those of N-phen­ylbenzamide, N-(2-chloro­phenyl)­benzamide and other benzanilides, with similar bond parameters. The amide group –NHCO– makes a dihedral angle of 29.95 (9)° with the benzoyl ring, while the benzoyl and aniline rings form a dihedral angle of 60.76 (3)°. The structure shows both intra- and inter­molecular hydrogen bonding. The mol­ecules are linked by N—H(...)O hydrogen bonds into chains running along the [100] direction.

Related literature

For related literature, see: Gowda et al. (2003 [triangle], 2007 [triangle], 2008 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-64-0o769-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C13H10ClNO
  • M r = 231.67
  • Triclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o769-efi1.jpg
  • a = 5.3789 (1) Å
  • b = 7.8501 (2) Å
  • c = 13.6318 (4) Å
  • α = 106.509 (2)°
  • β = 98.380 (2)°
  • γ = 90.631 (2)°
  • V = 545.15 (2) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.33 mm−1
  • T = 295 (2) K
  • 0.52 × 0.25 × 0.08 mm

Data collection

  • Oxford Xcalibur diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: analytical [CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2007 [triangle]), using a multifaceted crystal model based on expressions derived by Clark & Reid (1995 [triangle])] T min = 0.852, T max = 0.975
  • 23656 measured reflections
  • 2087 independent reflections
  • 1773 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.026

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.032
  • wR(F 2) = 0.091
  • S = 1.08
  • 2087 reflections
  • 148 parameters
  • 1 restraint
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.19 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.23 e Å−3

Data collection: CrysAlis CCD (Oxford Diffraction, 2007 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2007 [triangle]); data reduction: CrysAlis RED; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 (Farrugia, 1997 [triangle]) and DIAMOND (Brandenburg, 2002 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97, PLATON (Spek, 2003 [triangle]) and WinGX (Farrugia, 1999 [triangle]).

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808008155/dn2327sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808008155/dn2327Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

MT and JK thank the Grant Agency of the Slovak Republic (grant No. VEGA 1/0817/08) and the Structural Funds, Interreg IIIA, for financial support in purchasing the diffractometer.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

In the present work, the structure of N-(4-chlorophenyl)benzamide (N4CPBA) has been determined to study the effect of substituents on the structures of benzanilides (Gowda et al., 2003, 2007, 2008).

The structure of N4CPBA (Fig.1) is similar to those of N-(phenyl)benzamide, N-(2-chlorophenyl)benzamide, N-(3-chlorophenyl)benzamide and N-(4-methylphenyl)benzamide and other benzanilides (Gowda et al., 2003, 2007, 2008). The amide group –NHCO– forms dihedral angle of 29.95 (9)° with the benzoyl ring, while the two benzene rings (benzoyl and aniline rings) form dihedral angle of 60.76 (3)°. Part of the structure of N4CPBA as viewed down the b axis and showing infinite molecular chains in the [100] direction is shown in Fig. 2. The chains are generated by the intermolecular N—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1).

Experimental

The title compound was prepared according to the literature method (Gowda et al., 2003). The purity of the compound was checked by determining its melting point. It was characterized by recording its infrared and NMR spectra. Single crystals of the title compound were obtained from an ethanolic solution and used for X-ray diffraction studies at room temperature.

Refinement

H atoms attached to C atoms were placed in calculated positions and subsequently treated as riding with C—H distance 0.93 Å. H atom of the amide group was refined with the N—H distance restrained to 0.86 (4) Å. The Uiso(H) values were set at 1.2 Ueq(C,N).

Figures

Fig. 1.
Molecular structure of the title compound showing the atom labelling scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 50% probability level. H atoms are represented as small spheres of arbitrary radii. Intramolecular hydrogen bond C9—H9···O1 ...
Fig. 2.
Part of the crystal structure of the title compound viewed down the b axis and showing infinite molecular chains in the[100] direction. H atoms not involved in intermolecular bonding have been omitted. [Symmetry code: (i) x + 1, y, z]

Crystal data

C13H10ClNOZ = 2
Mr = 231.67F000 = 240
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.411 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Mo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 5.3789 (1) ÅCell parameters from 13860 reflections
b = 7.8501 (2) Åθ = 3.1–29.3º
c = 13.6318 (4) ŵ = 0.33 mm1
α = 106.509 (2)ºT = 295 (2) K
β = 98.380 (2)ºBlock, colorless
γ = 90.631 (2)º0.52 × 0.25 × 0.08 mm
V = 545.15 (2) Å3

Data collection

Oxford Xcalibur diffractometer2087 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1773 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Monochromator: graphiteRint = 0.026
Detector resolution: 10.434 pixels mm-1θmax = 25.8º
T = 295(2) Kθmin = 5.6º
[var phi] scans, and ω scans with κ offsetsh = −6→6
Absorption correction: analytical[CrysAlis RED (Oxford Diffraction, 2007). Analytical absorption correction using a multifaceted crystal model based on expressions derived by Clark & Reid (1995)]k = −9→9
Tmin = 0.852, Tmax = 0.975l = −16→16
23656 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.032H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
wR(F2) = 0.091  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0494P)2 + 0.0939P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.08(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
2087 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.19 e Å3
148 parametersΔρmin = −0.23 e Å3
1 restraintExtinction correction: none
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
N10.3126 (2)0.77177 (16)0.02982 (9)0.0381 (3)
H1N0.443 (3)0.757 (2)0.0010 (13)0.046*
O1−0.11350 (19)0.74813 (17)0.00041 (8)0.0563 (3)
C10.0870 (2)0.71549 (18)−0.03078 (10)0.0370 (3)
C20.0976 (2)0.61312 (17)−0.14032 (10)0.0343 (3)
C3−0.1018 (2)0.62387 (19)−0.21496 (11)0.0396 (3)
H3−0.23460.6941−0.19560.047*
C4−0.1045 (3)0.5314 (2)−0.31747 (11)0.0450 (3)
H4−0.23760.5409−0.36710.054*
C50.0893 (3)0.4249 (2)−0.34662 (11)0.0460 (4)
H50.08710.3621−0.41580.055*
C60.2867 (3)0.41171 (19)−0.27281 (12)0.0452 (3)
H60.41670.3387−0.29240.054*
C70.2930 (3)0.50593 (18)−0.17026 (11)0.0392 (3)
H70.42810.4977−0.12110.047*
C80.3531 (2)0.87653 (17)0.13439 (10)0.0337 (3)
C90.1943 (3)0.86476 (19)0.20396 (10)0.0396 (3)
H90.05090.78840.18180.048*
C100.2490 (3)0.96646 (19)0.30619 (11)0.0415 (3)
H100.14260.95880.3530.05*
C110.4617 (3)1.07920 (18)0.33843 (10)0.0396 (3)
C120.6211 (3)1.09201 (19)0.27047 (11)0.0419 (3)
H120.76431.16850.2930.05*
C130.56679 (8)0.99040 (5)0.16848 (3)0.0391 (3)
H130.67440.99830.12220.047*
Cl10.53006 (8)1.20876 (5)0.46690 (3)0.06227 (17)

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.0320 (6)0.0455 (7)0.0326 (6)0.0003 (5)0.0068 (5)0.0037 (5)
O10.0336 (5)0.0849 (8)0.0394 (6)0.0060 (5)0.0073 (4)−0.0005 (5)
C10.0337 (7)0.0404 (7)0.0347 (7)0.0024 (5)0.0045 (5)0.0076 (6)
C20.0328 (7)0.0340 (7)0.0345 (7)−0.0022 (5)0.0060 (5)0.0069 (5)
C30.0328 (7)0.0422 (7)0.0400 (7)0.0032 (5)0.0043 (5)0.0066 (6)
C40.0402 (8)0.0505 (8)0.0379 (7)−0.0029 (6)−0.0035 (6)0.0075 (6)
C50.0487 (8)0.0474 (8)0.0342 (7)−0.0054 (6)0.0074 (6)−0.0009 (6)
C60.0394 (8)0.0436 (8)0.0471 (8)0.0043 (6)0.0117 (6)0.0020 (6)
C70.0335 (7)0.0412 (7)0.0394 (7)0.0023 (5)0.0026 (5)0.0077 (6)
C80.0325 (6)0.0343 (7)0.0323 (6)0.0043 (5)0.0039 (5)0.0067 (5)
C90.0343 (7)0.0451 (8)0.0369 (7)−0.0042 (6)0.0026 (5)0.0097 (6)
C100.0404 (7)0.0510 (8)0.0333 (7)0.0031 (6)0.0084 (6)0.0113 (6)
C110.0442 (8)0.0378 (7)0.0317 (7)0.0065 (6)0.0004 (6)0.0043 (5)
C120.0369 (7)0.0385 (7)0.0441 (8)−0.0035 (6)0.0005 (6)0.0051 (6)
C130.0347 (7)0.0416 (7)0.0401 (7)0.0007 (5)0.0091 (6)0.0089 (6)
Cl10.0764 (3)0.0615 (3)0.0352 (2)−0.0009 (2)−0.00138 (18)−0.00280 (18)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

N1—C11.3560 (18)C6—H60.93
N1—C81.4125 (17)C7—H70.93
N1—H1N0.845 (16)C8—C131.3862 (13)
O1—C11.2196 (16)C8—C91.3862 (18)
C1—C21.4909 (18)C9—C101.3817 (19)
C2—C31.3876 (19)C9—H90.93
C2—C71.3885 (19)C10—C111.377 (2)
C3—C41.377 (2)C10—H100.93
C3—H30.93C11—C121.373 (2)
C4—C51.376 (2)C11—Cl11.7402 (14)
C4—H40.93C12—C131.3786 (15)
C5—C61.379 (2)C12—H120.93
C5—H50.93C13—H130.93
C6—C71.379 (2)
C1—N1—C8126.64 (11)C6—C7—C2120.02 (13)
C1—N1—H1N117.7 (11)C6—C7—H7120
C8—N1—H1N115.0 (12)C2—C7—H7120
O1—C1—N1123.02 (12)C13—C8—C9119.42 (11)
O1—C1—C2121.31 (12)C13—C8—N1117.74 (10)
N1—C1—C2115.66 (11)C9—C8—N1122.80 (12)
C3—C2—C7119.04 (12)C10—C9—C8120.05 (12)
C3—C2—C1117.62 (11)C10—C9—H9120
C7—C2—C1123.33 (12)C8—C9—H9120
C4—C3—C2120.51 (12)C11—C10—C9119.65 (12)
C4—C3—H3119.7C11—C10—H10120.2
C2—C3—H3119.7C9—C10—H10120.2
C5—C4—C3120.17 (13)C12—C11—C10120.97 (13)
C5—C4—H4119.9C12—C11—Cl1119.21 (11)
C3—C4—H4119.9C10—C11—Cl1119.82 (11)
C4—C5—C6119.71 (13)C11—C12—C13119.40 (12)
C4—C5—H5120.1C11—C12—H12120.3
C6—C5—H5120.1C13—C12—H12120.3
C7—C6—C5120.53 (13)C12—C13—C8120.52 (9)
C7—C6—H6119.7C12—C13—H13119.7
C5—C6—H6119.7C8—C13—H13119.7
C8—N1—C1—O1−1.4 (2)C1—C2—C7—C6178.39 (12)
C8—N1—C1—C2177.27 (12)C1—N1—C8—C13−149.06 (12)
O1—C1—C2—C328.33 (19)C1—N1—C8—C933.4 (2)
N1—C1—C2—C3−150.35 (12)C13—C8—C9—C100.24 (18)
O1—C1—C2—C7−150.27 (14)N1—C8—C9—C10177.75 (12)
N1—C1—C2—C731.06 (18)C8—C9—C10—C110.0 (2)
C7—C2—C3—C4−0.8 (2)C9—C10—C11—C12−0.1 (2)
C1—C2—C3—C4−179.47 (12)C9—C10—C11—Cl1179.53 (10)
C2—C3—C4—C51.0 (2)C10—C11—C12—C130.0 (2)
C3—C4—C5—C6−0.3 (2)Cl1—C11—C12—C13−179.61 (9)
C4—C5—C6—C7−0.7 (2)C11—C12—C13—C80.18 (17)
C5—C6—C7—C21.0 (2)C9—C8—C13—C12−0.32 (15)
C3—C2—C7—C6−0.2 (2)N1—C8—C13—C12−177.95 (10)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
C9—H9···O10.932.432.9090 (17)112
N1—H1N···O1i0.845 (16)2.390 (16)3.1710 (15)154.0 (15)
C13—H13···O1i0.932.583.2507 (11)129

Symmetry codes: (i) x+1, y, z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: DN2327).

References

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  • Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst.30, 565.
  • Farrugia, L. J. (1999). J. Appl. Cryst.32, 837–838.
  • Gowda, B. T., Jyothi, K., Paulus, H. & Fuess, H. (2003). Z. Naturforsch. Teil A, 58, 225–230.
  • Gowda, B. T., Sowmya, B. P., Kožíšek, J., Tokarčík, M. & Fuess, H. (2007). Acta Cryst. E63, o2906.
  • Gowda, B. T., Tokarčík, M., Kožíšek, J. & Sowmya, B. P. (2008). Acta Cryst. E64, o83.
  • Oxford Diffraction (2007). CrysAlis CCD and CrysAlis RED Oxford Diffraction Ltd, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England.
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Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography