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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 April 1; 64(Pt 4): o724.
Published online 2008 March 20. doi:  10.1107/S1600536808004637
PMCID: PMC2960984

2-Methyl-1,2-benzisothia­zol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxide

Abstract

All atoms of the title mol­ecule, C8H7NO3S, except the two oxide O atoms and two H atoms of the methyl group, lie on a crystallographic mirror plane. The crystal structure is stabilized by weak inter- and intra­molecular C—H(...)O hydrogen bonds.

Related literature

For related literature, see: Hu et al. (2004 [triangle]); Kap-Sun & Nicholas (1998 [triangle]); Liang et al. (2006 [triangle]); Masashi et al. (1999 [triangle]); Nagasawa et al. (1995 [triangle]); Siddiqui et al. (2006 [triangle], 2007a [triangle],b [triangle],c [triangle]); Siddiqui, Ahmad, Khan & Siddiqui (2007 [triangle]); Siddiqui, Ahmad, Khan, Siddiqui & Ahmad (2007 [triangle]); Siddiqui, Ahmad, Khan, Siddiqui & Parvez (2007 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o724-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C8H7NO3S
  • M r = 197.21
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o724-efi2.jpg
  • a = 7.463 (7) Å
  • b = 6.761 (6) Å
  • c = 8.748 (8) Å
  • β = 103.78 (3)°
  • V = 428.7 (7) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.35 mm−1
  • T = 173 (2) K
  • 0.12 × 0.08 × 0.07 mm

Data collection

  • Nonius KappaCCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SORTAV; Blessing, 1997 [triangle]) T min = 0.960, T max = 0.976
  • 1724 measured reflections
  • 1045 independent reflections
  • 889 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.023

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.041
  • wR(F 2) = 0.106
  • S = 1.03
  • 1045 reflections
  • 76 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.41 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.42 e Å−3

Data collection: COLLECT (Hooft, 1998 [triangle]); cell refinement: DENZO (Otwinowski & Minor, 1997 [triangle]); data reduction: SCALEPACK (Otwinowski & Minor, 1997 [triangle]); program(s) used to solve structure: SAPI91 (Fan, 1991 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: ORTEPII (Johnson, 1976 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808004637/lh2597sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808004637/lh2597Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Benzisothiazolone-1,1-dioxide is part of a class of heterocycles which has been investigated in pharmaceutical research (Kap-Sun & Nicholas, 1998). 1,2-benzisothiazole-3-one 1,1-dioxide (saccharin) has been widely incorporated into a variety of biologically active compounds. It has been identified as an important molecular component in various classes of 5-HTla antagonists, analgesics and human mast cell tryptase inhibitors (Liang et al., 2006). In particular, N-substituted derivatives, e.g with N-hydroxy and N-alkyl substituents, have shown important biological activites (Nagasawa et al., 1995). Among N-alkyl derivatives, various synthetic routes have been reported for the synthesis of the title compound involving ionic liquids and free radical mechanisms (Hu et al., 2004; Masashi et al., 1999). In continuation of our research on the synthesis of 1,2-benzothiazine 1,1-dioxide derivatives, we have in addtion, embarked on the synthesis of benzisothiazole derivatives (Siddiqui et al., 2006; Siddiqui et al., 2007a,b,c; Siddiqui, Ahmad, Khan & Siddiqui, 2007; Siddiqui, Ahmad, Khan, Siddiqui & Ahmad, 2007; Siddiqui, Ahmad, Khan, Siddiqui & Parvez, 2007). Herein, we report the synthesis and crystal structure of the title compound, (I).

With the exception atoms O2 and H8B, all atoms of the molecule of (I) (Fig. 1) lie on a crystallographic mirror plane. The benzisothiazole moiety is exactly planar. The molecular dimensions are in accord with the corresponding dimensions reported in similar structures (Siddiqui et al., 2007a-c; Siddiqui, Ahmad, Khan, Siddiqui & Parvez, 2007). The structure is stabilized by one intramolecular and two intermolecular interactions of the type C—H···O (details are in Table).

Experimental

Saccharin (2.0 g, 11.0 mmol.) was added to a solution of sodium hydroxide (0.875 g, 22.0 mmol.) in distilled water (25 ml) under constant stirring to give a transparent solution. A solution of dimethylsulfate (2.08 ml, 22.0 mmol.) in methanol (10.0 ml) was then added dropwise over 2 minutes. Precipitates started appearing within 5 minutes and stirring was continued for 20 min. at room temperature. The precipitates were filtered, washed with cold water and dried (343 K) to get 1.75 g of (I) (8.9 mmol. 81%). Recrystallization Solvent: CHCl3. The solution was subjected to slow evaporation at 313 K to obtain colourless crystals.

Refinement

H-atoms bonded were included in the refinements at geometrically idealized positions with aromatic and methyl C—H distances 0.95 and 0.96 Å, respectively, and Uiso = 1.2 times Ueq of the atoms to which they were bonded. The final difference map was free of any chemically significant features.

Figures

Fig. 1.
ORTEPII (Johnson, 1976) drawing of (I) with displacement ellipsoids plotted at 50% probability level. Symmetry code: (iii) x, -y + 1/2, z.

Crystal data

C8H7NO3SF000 = 204
Mr = 197.21Dx = 1.528 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/mMo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybCell parameters from 1724 reflections
a = 7.463 (7) Åθ = 3.2–27.4º
b = 6.761 (6) ŵ = 0.35 mm1
c = 8.748 (8) ÅT = 173 (2) K
β = 103.78 (3)ºPrism, colorless
V = 428.7 (7) Å30.12 × 0.08 × 0.07 mm
Z = 2

Data collection

Nonius KappaCCD diffractometer1045 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube889 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Monochromator: graphiteRint = 0.023
T = 173(2) Kθmax = 27.4º
ω and [var phi] scansθmin = 3.2º
Absorption correction: multi-scan(SORTAV; Blessing, 1997)h = −9→9
Tmin = 0.960, Tmax = 0.976k = −8→8
1724 measured reflectionsl = −11→11

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.041H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.106  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0455P)2 + 0.2966P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.03(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
1045 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.41 e Å3
76 parametersΔρmin = −0.42 e Å3
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction correction: none

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
S10.68037 (10)0.25000.26611 (7)0.0314 (2)
O10.2425 (3)0.25000.4038 (3)0.0416 (5)
O20.7324 (2)0.0698 (2)0.20266 (16)0.0445 (4)
N10.4534 (3)0.25000.2520 (3)0.0314 (5)
C10.7314 (4)0.25000.4722 (3)0.0254 (5)
C20.9043 (4)0.25000.5750 (3)0.0337 (6)
H21.01410.25000.53810.040*
C30.9090 (4)0.25000.7337 (3)0.0403 (7)
H31.02490.25000.80790.048*
C40.7486 (4)0.25000.7873 (3)0.0379 (7)
H40.75660.25000.89740.045*
C50.5767 (4)0.25000.6832 (3)0.0308 (6)
H50.46700.25000.72030.037*
C60.5690 (3)0.25000.5235 (3)0.0251 (5)
C70.4012 (4)0.25000.3931 (3)0.0289 (6)
C80.3218 (5)0.25000.0986 (3)0.0455 (8)
H8A0.19820.25000.11300.055*
H8B0.34050.13410.04100.055*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
S10.0415 (4)0.0319 (4)0.0237 (3)0.0000.0133 (3)0.000
O10.0284 (10)0.0449 (13)0.0521 (13)0.0000.0107 (9)0.000
O20.0587 (10)0.0435 (9)0.0369 (8)0.0058 (7)0.0223 (7)−0.0101 (7)
N10.0355 (12)0.0301 (12)0.0266 (11)0.0000.0031 (9)0.000
C10.0319 (13)0.0222 (12)0.0237 (12)0.0000.0099 (10)0.000
C20.0276 (13)0.0367 (16)0.0371 (14)0.0000.0085 (11)0.000
C30.0402 (16)0.0417 (17)0.0340 (15)0.000−0.0010 (12)0.000
C40.0553 (18)0.0343 (16)0.0238 (13)0.0000.0087 (12)0.000
C50.0392 (15)0.0257 (13)0.0324 (14)0.0000.0181 (12)0.000
C60.0280 (12)0.0189 (12)0.0297 (13)0.0000.0093 (10)0.000
C70.0330 (14)0.0221 (13)0.0320 (13)0.0000.0086 (11)0.000
C80.0551 (19)0.0452 (19)0.0284 (15)0.000−0.0053 (13)0.000

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

S1—O2i1.430 (2)C2—H20.9500
S1—O21.430 (2)C3—C41.386 (4)
S1—N11.668 (3)C3—H30.9500
S1—C11.752 (3)C4—C51.385 (4)
O1—C71.211 (3)C4—H40.9500
N1—C71.380 (4)C5—C61.384 (4)
N1—C81.462 (4)C5—H50.9500
C1—C21.386 (4)C6—C71.479 (4)
C1—C61.389 (4)C8—H8A0.9600
C2—C31.380 (4)C8—H8B0.9600
O2i—S1—O2116.79 (14)C4—C3—H3119.2
O2i—S1—N1109.63 (8)C5—C4—C3121.1 (3)
O2—S1—N1109.63 (8)C5—C4—H4119.5
O2i—S1—C1112.76 (8)C3—C4—H4119.5
O2—S1—C1112.76 (8)C6—C5—C4118.2 (2)
N1—S1—C192.54 (12)C6—C5—H5120.9
C7—N1—C8123.3 (2)C4—C5—H5120.9
C7—N1—S1115.6 (2)C5—C6—C1119.7 (2)
C8—N1—S1121.1 (2)C5—C6—C7127.0 (2)
C2—C1—C6122.7 (2)C1—C6—C7113.2 (2)
C2—C1—S1127.5 (2)O1—C7—N1124.0 (3)
C6—C1—S1109.9 (2)O1—C7—C6127.2 (3)
C3—C2—C1116.7 (3)N1—C7—C6108.8 (2)
C3—C2—H2121.6N1—C8—H8A109.6
C1—C2—H2121.6N1—C8—H8B109.4
C2—C3—C4121.6 (3)H8A—C8—H8B109.5
C2—C3—H3119.2
O2i—S1—N1—C7−115.28 (8)C3—C4—C5—C60.000 (1)
O2—S1—N1—C7115.28 (8)C4—C5—C6—C10.0
C1—S1—N1—C70.0C4—C5—C6—C7180.0
O2i—S1—N1—C864.72 (8)C2—C1—C6—C50.0
O2—S1—N1—C8−64.72 (8)S1—C1—C6—C5180.0
C1—S1—N1—C8180.0C2—C1—C6—C7180.0
O2i—S1—C1—C2−67.46 (9)S1—C1—C6—C70.0
O2—S1—C1—C267.46 (9)C8—N1—C7—O10.0
N1—S1—C1—C2180.0S1—N1—C7—O1180.0
O2i—S1—C1—C6112.54 (9)C8—N1—C7—C6180.0
O2—S1—C1—C6−112.54 (9)S1—N1—C7—C60.0
N1—S1—C1—C60.0C5—C6—C7—O10.0
C6—C1—C2—C30.0C1—C6—C7—O1180.0
S1—C1—C2—C3180.0C5—C6—C7—N1180.0
C1—C2—C3—C40.000 (1)C1—C6—C7—N10.0
C2—C3—C4—C50.000 (1)

Symmetry codes: (i) x, −y+1/2, z.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
C8—H8A···O10.962.492.869 (4)104
C2—H2···O1ii0.952.293.227 (4)169
C8—H8B···O2iii0.962.493.358 (3)151

Symmetry codes: (ii) x+1, y, z; (iii) −x+1, −y, −z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: LH2597).

References

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