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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 April 1; 64(Pt 4): o745.
Published online 2008 March 29. doi:  10.1107/S1600536808007514
PMCID: PMC2960920

2,4-Dinitro­benzaldehyde hydrazone

Abstract

The title compound, C7H6N4O4, plays an important role in the synthesis of biologically active compounds. The planar hydrazone group is oriented at a dihedral angle of 8.27 (3)° with respect to the benzene ring. In the crystal structure, inter­molecular N—H(...)O and N—H(...)N hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules.

Related literature

For related literature, see: Allen et al. (1987 [triangle]); Chaulk et al. (2007 [triangle]); Kawakami et al. (2000 [triangle]); Moreno-Mañas et al. (2001 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-64-0o745-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C7H6N4O4
  • M r = 210.16
  • Triclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o745-efi1.jpg
  • a = 4.5839 (7) Å
  • b = 9.6840 (16) Å
  • c = 9.9287 (15) Å
  • α = 90.785 (12)°
  • β = 96.149 (11)°
  • γ = 98.955 (13)°
  • V = 432.66 (12) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.14 mm−1
  • T = 295 (2) K
  • 0.4 × 0.3 × 0.2 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker P4 diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: none
  • 2238 measured reflections
  • 1616 independent reflections
  • 1160 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.026
  • 3 standard reflections every 97 reflections intensity decay: none

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.048
  • wR(F 2) = 0.116
  • S = 1.07
  • 1616 reflections
  • 136 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.16 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.18 e Å−3

Data collection: XSCANS (Bruker, 1997 [triangle]); cell refinement: XSCANS; data reduction: XSCANS; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXTL; molecular graphics: SHELXTL; software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808007514/fj2106sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808007514/fj2106Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge financial support from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2005CCA03400, 2007 A A02Z160), the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (20572060, 20472043), and the Department of Science and Technology of Guangdong Province (2005 A11601008).

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Benzaldehyde hydrazone and its analogues are important intermediates in heterocyclic chemistry, and they have been widely used for the synthesis of biologically active compounds such as [1,2,4]triazino[6,5-f]quinolines, pyrazolo[3,4-f]quinolines (Kawakami et al., 2000), 1,3-dithiol-2-ylidene derivatives (Moreno-Mañas et al., 2001), and oligo-RNAs with photocaged adenosine 2'-hydroxyls (Chaulk et al., 2007). Here we report the synthesis and crystal structure of a nitro-analogue: 2,4-dinitrobenzaldehyde hydrazone. The molecule of the title compound (Fig. 1) contains a benzene ring, a hydrazone chain and two nitryl groups. Most of the bond lengths and angles are within normal ranges (Allen et al., 1987). Because of the pi-pi conjugation and two nitryl groups electron withdrawing effect, the distance of C=N bond (1.282 (3) Å) is obviously shorter than that of the normal range (1.34–1.38 Å). The molecule is essentially planar, with a dihedral angle of 8.27° between the hydrazone group and the benzene ring. In the crystal structure, the molecules are linked by intermolecular N—H···O and N—H···N hydrogen bonds (Table 1, Fig. 2), which seem to be effective in the stabilization of the structure.

Experimental

2,4-Dinitrobenzaldehyde (1.96 g, 10 mmol) was dissolved in 100 ml absolute ethanol, after which hydrazine hydrate (0.96 ml, 20 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at about 353 K for 5 h. The solution was cooled and kept at about 279 K overnight. Brown powder was collected by filtration (1.41 g, yield 67%) and then single crystals suitable for X-ray measurements were obtained by recrystallization from ethanol.

Refinement

All non-H atoms were refined anisotropically. All H atoms were placed in calculated positions, with N–H = 0.9 Å and C–H = 0.93 Å. Final difference Fourier maps showed the highest and lowest electron densities of 0.160 and -0.177 e Å-3, respectively.

Figures

Fig. 1.
Perspective drawing of the title compound, with the atomic numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are shown at the 35% probability level.
Fig. 2.
The unit cell packing of the title compound, viewed along the a direction.

Crystal data

C7H6N4O4Z = 2
Mr = 210.16F000 = 216
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.613 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Mo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 4.5839 (7) ÅCell parameters from 39 reflections
b = 9.6840 (16) Åθ = 5.9–12.5º
c = 9.9287 (15) ŵ = 0.14 mm1
α = 90.785 (12)ºT = 295 (2) K
β = 96.149 (11)ºPrism, yellow
γ = 98.955 (13)º0.4 × 0.3 × 0.2 mm
V = 432.66 (12) Å3

Data collection

Bruker P4 diffractometerRint = 0.027
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tubeθmax = 25.5º
Monochromator: graphiteθmin = 2.1º
T = 295(2) Kh = −5→1
ω scansk = −11→11
Absorption correction: nonel = −11→11
2238 measured reflections3 standard reflections
1616 independent reflections every 97 reflections
1160 reflections with I > 2σ(I) intensity decay: none

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.048H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.116  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.001P)2 + 0.38P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.07(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
1616 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.16 e Å3
136 parametersΔρmin = −0.18 e Å3
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction correction: none

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O10.7840 (6)0.1234 (3)0.5319 (2)0.0887 (8)
O20.4576 (6)0.2314 (2)0.6030 (2)0.0798 (7)
O30.0003 (6)0.5548 (2)0.3362 (3)0.0872 (8)
O40.1241 (6)0.5961 (3)0.1351 (3)0.0946 (9)
N10.9783 (6)−0.0870 (3)0.1463 (3)0.0758 (8)
H1B1.0167−0.13640.22040.091*
H1C1.0581−0.10430.07000.091*
N20.8489 (5)0.0275 (2)0.1456 (2)0.0578 (6)
N30.5907 (6)0.1955 (2)0.5116 (2)0.0569 (6)
N40.1273 (6)0.5291 (3)0.2381 (3)0.0675 (7)
C10.7626 (6)0.0654 (3)0.2571 (3)0.0520 (7)
H1A0.79840.01690.33580.062*
C20.6075 (6)0.1858 (3)0.2585 (3)0.0471 (6)
C30.5165 (6)0.2445 (3)0.3752 (3)0.0470 (6)
C40.3552 (6)0.3540 (3)0.3687 (3)0.0518 (7)
H4A0.29180.38850.44660.062*
C50.2906 (6)0.4105 (3)0.2464 (3)0.0534 (7)
C60.3755 (6)0.3582 (3)0.1277 (3)0.0580 (7)
H6A0.33020.39780.04480.070*
C70.5269 (6)0.2473 (3)0.1360 (3)0.0561 (7)
H7A0.57910.21080.05650.067*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.117 (2)0.1053 (19)0.0558 (13)0.0634 (17)−0.0041 (13)−0.0040 (12)
O20.1006 (18)0.0891 (16)0.0580 (13)0.0258 (14)0.0307 (12)0.0011 (11)
O30.0851 (17)0.0709 (15)0.115 (2)0.0314 (13)0.0264 (15)−0.0126 (14)
O40.136 (2)0.0714 (16)0.0829 (17)0.0524 (16)−0.0107 (16)0.0009 (13)
N10.109 (2)0.0739 (17)0.0583 (15)0.0542 (17)0.0153 (15)0.0001 (13)
N20.0690 (15)0.0583 (14)0.0517 (14)0.0267 (12)0.0088 (11)−0.0026 (11)
N30.0658 (15)0.0538 (14)0.0513 (14)0.0095 (12)0.0085 (12)−0.0042 (11)
N40.0686 (17)0.0521 (15)0.083 (2)0.0200 (13)−0.0023 (15)−0.0111 (14)
C10.0609 (17)0.0507 (15)0.0484 (15)0.0176 (13)0.0106 (13)0.0035 (12)
C20.0447 (14)0.0465 (14)0.0510 (15)0.0082 (11)0.0085 (12)−0.0016 (11)
C30.0482 (15)0.0464 (14)0.0459 (15)0.0056 (12)0.0063 (11)−0.0001 (11)
C40.0494 (15)0.0486 (15)0.0578 (17)0.0080 (12)0.0091 (13)−0.0096 (12)
C50.0505 (15)0.0449 (15)0.0661 (18)0.0140 (12)0.0029 (13)−0.0031 (13)
C60.0649 (18)0.0569 (17)0.0542 (17)0.0183 (14)0.0027 (14)0.0034 (13)
C70.0661 (18)0.0586 (17)0.0473 (15)0.0211 (14)0.0073 (13)−0.0027 (12)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—N31.214 (3)C1—H1A0.9300
O2—N31.221 (3)C2—C71.400 (4)
O3—N41.229 (3)C2—C31.414 (3)
O4—N41.219 (3)C3—C41.382 (3)
N1—N21.336 (3)C4—C51.361 (4)
N1—H1B0.8999C4—H4A0.9300
N1—H1C0.9000C5—C61.393 (4)
N2—C11.282 (3)C6—C71.365 (4)
N3—C31.464 (3)C6—H6A0.9300
N4—C51.463 (3)C7—H7A0.9300
C1—C21.458 (3)
N2—N1—H1B124.3C4—C3—C2122.2 (2)
N2—N1—H1C115.3C4—C3—N3115.3 (2)
H1B—N1—H1C119.5C2—C3—N3122.5 (2)
C1—N2—N1117.5 (2)C5—C4—C3118.9 (2)
O1—N3—O2121.8 (3)C5—C4—H4A120.6
O1—N3—C3119.9 (2)C3—C4—H4A120.6
O2—N3—C3118.3 (2)C4—C5—C6121.7 (3)
O4—N4—O3123.8 (3)C4—C5—N4119.6 (3)
O4—N4—C5118.6 (3)C6—C5—N4118.7 (3)
O3—N4—C5117.6 (3)C7—C6—C5118.4 (3)
N2—C1—C2118.9 (2)C7—C6—H6A120.8
N2—C1—H1A120.5C5—C6—H6A120.8
C2—C1—H1A120.5C6—C7—C2123.2 (3)
C7—C2—C3115.5 (2)C6—C7—H7A118.4
C7—C2—C1119.4 (2)C2—C7—H7A118.4
C3—C2—C1125.0 (2)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1B···O1i0.902.523.305 (3)146
N1—H1C···N2ii0.902.343.123 (4)146

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, −y, −z+1; (ii) −x+2, −y, −z.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: FJ2106).

References

  • Allen, F. H., Kennard, O., Watson, D. G., Brammer, L., Orpen, A. G. & Taylor, R. (1987). J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. S1–19.
  • Bruker (1997). XSCANS. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Chaulk, S. G. & MacMillan, A. M. (2007). Nat. Protoc.2, 1052–1058. [PubMed]
  • Kawakami, T., Uehata, K. & Suzuki, H. (2000). Org. Lett.2, 413–415. [PubMed]
  • Moreno-Mañas, M., Pleixats, R., Andreu, R., Garín, J., Orduna, J., Villacampa, B., Levillain, E. & Sallé, M. (2001). J. Mater. Chem.11, 374–380.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]

Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography