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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 March 1; 64(Pt 3): o638.
Published online 2008 February 29. doi:  10.1107/S1600536808005242
PMCID: PMC2960747

3-(2-Hydroxy­benzyl­ideneamino)benzonitrile

Abstract

In the title mol­ecule, C14H10N2O, an intra­molecular O—H(...)N hydrogen bond contributes to the essential coplanarity of the two benzene rings, which form a dihedral angle of 6.04 (18)°.

Related literature

For related crystal structures, see: Kosar et al. (2005 [triangle]); Cheng et al. (2005 [triangle], 2006 [triangle]).

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Object name is e-64-0o638-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C14H10N2O
  • M r = 222.24
  • Orthorhombic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o638-efi1.jpg
  • a = 26.397 (5) Å
  • b = 3.9211 (8) Å
  • c = 10.773 (2) Å
  • V = 1115.1 (4) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.09 mm−1
  • T = 293 (2) K
  • 0.22 × 0.05 × 0.05 mm

Data collection

  • Rigaku Mercury2 diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrystalClear; Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]) T min = 0.812, T max = 1.000 (expected range = 0.809–0.996)
  • 9995 measured reflections
  • 1339 independent reflections
  • 901 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.116

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.056
  • wR(F 2) = 0.121
  • S = 1.05
  • 1339 reflections
  • 160 parameters
  • 2 restraints
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.15 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.16 e Å−3

Data collection: CrystalClear (Rigaku, 2005 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrystalClear; data reduction: CrystalClear; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808005242/cv2384sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808005242/cv2384Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

HJX acknowledges a Start-up Grant from Southeast University, People’s Republic of China.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Schiff base compounds have attracted great attention for many years. These compounds play an important role in the development of coordination chemistry related to catalysis and enzymatic reactions, magnetism, photochromism and thermochromism. Here, we report the crystal structure of the title compound.

In the title compound (Fig. 1), all bond lengths are within normal ranges. The C7=N1 bond length of 1.277 (4)Å is a typical double bond, similar to the corresponding bond lengths in 4-methoxy-2-[(4-nitrophenyl)iminomethyl]phenol (Kosar et al., 2005). The molecule is almost planar and displays a trans configuration with respect to the C7=N1 double bond. The dihedral angle between the benzene rings is 6.04 (18)°. Strong intramolecular O—H···N hydrogen-bond interaction (Talbe I), similar to the reported earlier (Cheng et al., 2005, 2006), is observed in the molecule.

Experimental

3-Aminobenzonitrile and salicylaldehyde were available commercially and were used without further purification. 3-Aminobenzonitrile (1.18 g, 10 mmol) and salicylaldehyde (1.22 g, 10 mmol) were dissolved in ethanol (20 ml). The mixture was heated to reflux for 4 h, then cooled to room temperature overnight and large amounts of a yellow precipitate were formed. Yellow crystals were obtained by recrystallization from ethyl alcohol (yield: 82%). For the X-ray diffraction analysis, suitable single crystals were obtained after one week by slow evaporation from an ethyl alcohol solution.

Refinement

C-bound H atoms were geometrically positioned (C—H 0.93 Å) and refined as riding with Uiso(H)= 1.2Ueq(C). Atom H1B was located on a difference map and refined isotropically with bon restraint O1—H1B = 0.82 (2) Å. In the absence of significant anomalous scatterers, 1124 Friedel pairs were merged.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title compound with atomic numbering and displacement ellipsoids drawn at the 30% probability level.

Crystal data

C14H10N2OF000 = 464
Mr = 222.24Dx = 1.324 Mg m3
Orthorhombic, Pca21Mo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: P 2c -2acCell parameters from 8294 reflections
a = 26.397 (5) Åθ = 3.0–27.6º
b = 3.9211 (8) ŵ = 0.09 mm1
c = 10.773 (2) ÅT = 293 (2) K
V = 1115.1 (4) Å3Stick, yellow
Z = 40.22 × 0.05 × 0.05 mm

Data collection

Rigaku Mercury2 diffractometer1339 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube901 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Monochromator: graphiteRint = 0.116
Detector resolution: 13.6612 pixels mm-1θmax = 27.5º
T = 293(2) Kθmin = 3.1º
ω scansh = −34→34
Absorption correction: multi-scan(CrystalClear; Rigaku, 2005)k = −5→5
Tmin = 0.812, Tmax = 1.00l = −13→13
9995 measured reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.056H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
wR(F2) = 0.121  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0413P)2] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.05(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
1339 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.15 e Å3
160 parametersΔρmin = −0.16 e Å3
2 restraintsExtinction correction: none
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
N10.45687 (11)0.2218 (7)0.2697 (3)0.0473 (8)
C10.54425 (12)0.2407 (8)0.3273 (3)0.0427 (8)
C90.37076 (12)0.2616 (9)0.2071 (3)0.0457 (9)
H9A0.38230.37180.13600.055*
C60.57995 (14)0.1614 (9)0.4188 (3)0.0559 (10)
H6A0.56940.06020.49240.067*
C80.40534 (12)0.1480 (8)0.2952 (3)0.0451 (8)
C70.49124 (12)0.1608 (8)0.3501 (3)0.0460 (9)
H7A0.48210.06240.42540.055*
C30.61133 (14)0.4649 (10)0.2017 (3)0.0570 (11)
H3A0.62230.57150.12940.068*
C20.56072 (13)0.3894 (9)0.2167 (3)0.0468 (9)
C120.33597 (14)−0.0682 (10)0.4162 (4)0.0601 (10)
H12A0.3245−0.18000.48690.072*
C100.31905 (13)0.2118 (9)0.2243 (3)0.0510 (10)
C110.30193 (13)0.0476 (9)0.3297 (3)0.0572 (11)
H11A0.26740.01570.34210.069*
C140.28378 (13)0.3427 (10)0.1343 (4)0.0585 (10)
O10.52789 (11)0.4688 (8)0.1250 (3)0.0683 (8)
C50.63050 (14)0.2312 (10)0.4013 (4)0.0629 (11)
H5A0.65400.17560.46220.076*
C40.64585 (14)0.3839 (10)0.2928 (4)0.0632 (11)
H4A0.68000.43310.28080.076*
C130.38733 (13)−0.0193 (10)0.3986 (3)0.0542 (10)
H13A0.4101−0.10060.45750.065*
N20.25591 (14)0.4542 (10)0.0648 (4)0.0896 (13)
H1B0.4999 (10)0.396 (12)0.145 (7)0.13 (2)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.0426 (18)0.0517 (18)0.0474 (16)0.0006 (13)−0.0038 (14)−0.0007 (13)
C10.038 (2)0.0449 (17)0.045 (2)0.0021 (14)0.0015 (17)−0.0035 (16)
C90.042 (2)0.048 (2)0.046 (2)0.0029 (16)0.0022 (17)−0.0027 (17)
C60.053 (2)0.058 (2)0.057 (2)0.0006 (18)−0.005 (2)0.0031 (19)
C80.0392 (19)0.0456 (19)0.051 (2)−0.0018 (15)0.0032 (17)−0.0088 (17)
C70.052 (2)0.0445 (19)0.042 (2)0.0000 (16)0.0045 (17)0.0015 (17)
C30.054 (3)0.061 (3)0.056 (2)−0.0065 (18)0.0091 (19)−0.0002 (19)
C20.047 (2)0.051 (2)0.042 (2)−0.0009 (16)0.0012 (16)−0.0012 (18)
C120.056 (2)0.065 (3)0.060 (2)−0.0083 (19)0.006 (2)0.006 (2)
C100.042 (2)0.054 (2)0.057 (2)0.0035 (17)0.0024 (19)−0.0148 (19)
C110.0399 (19)0.061 (2)0.071 (3)−0.0074 (17)0.0068 (19)−0.013 (2)
C140.044 (2)0.065 (3)0.067 (2)0.0038 (18)−0.006 (2)−0.011 (2)
O10.0590 (17)0.092 (2)0.0540 (15)−0.0015 (16)−0.0059 (17)0.0190 (16)
C50.049 (2)0.070 (3)0.070 (3)0.007 (2)−0.011 (2)0.002 (2)
C40.047 (2)0.064 (2)0.079 (3)−0.0066 (19)0.004 (2)−0.008 (2)
C130.047 (2)0.060 (2)0.056 (2)−0.0005 (17)0.0015 (18)0.007 (2)
N20.066 (2)0.097 (3)0.105 (3)0.012 (2)−0.032 (2)−0.004 (2)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

N1—C71.277 (4)C3—H3A0.9300
N1—C81.418 (4)C2—O11.351 (4)
C1—C21.396 (4)C12—C111.372 (5)
C1—C61.398 (5)C12—C131.382 (5)
C1—C71.455 (4)C12—H12A0.9300
C9—C81.390 (4)C10—C111.381 (5)
C9—C101.391 (4)C10—C141.439 (5)
C9—H9A0.9300C11—H11A0.9300
C6—C51.375 (5)C14—N21.137 (5)
C6—H6A0.9300O1—H1B0.82 (2)
C8—C131.377 (5)C5—C41.374 (5)
C7—H7A0.9300C5—H5A0.9300
C3—C41.376 (5)C4—H4A0.9300
C3—C21.378 (4)C13—H13A0.9300
C7—N1—C8120.8 (3)C3—C2—C1119.5 (3)
C2—C1—C6119.0 (3)C11—C12—C13120.2 (3)
C2—C1—C7122.2 (3)C11—C12—H12A119.9
C6—C1—C7118.8 (3)C13—C12—H12A119.9
C8—C9—C10120.5 (3)C11—C10—C9119.8 (3)
C8—C9—H9A119.7C11—C10—C14120.6 (3)
C10—C9—H9A119.7C9—C10—C14119.6 (4)
C5—C6—C1120.9 (4)C12—C11—C10119.9 (3)
C5—C6—H6A119.6C12—C11—H11A120.1
C1—C6—H6A119.6C10—C11—H11A120.1
C13—C8—C9118.6 (3)N2—C14—C10178.2 (5)
C13—C8—N1125.8 (3)C2—O1—H1B108 (5)
C9—C8—N1115.6 (3)C4—C5—C6119.3 (4)
N1—C7—C1121.9 (3)C4—C5—H5A120.4
N1—C7—H7A119.0C6—C5—H5A120.4
C1—C7—H7A119.0C3—C4—C5120.8 (3)
C4—C3—C2120.5 (4)C3—C4—H4A119.6
C4—C3—H3A119.7C5—C4—H4A119.6
C2—C3—H3A119.7C12—C13—C8121.0 (3)
O1—C2—C3119.1 (3)C12—C13—H13A119.5
O1—C2—C1121.4 (3)C8—C13—H13A119.5

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O1—H1B···N10.82 (2)1.89 (4)2.623 (4)149 (7)

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: CV2384).

References

  • Cheng, K., You, Z.-L., Li, Y.-G. & Zhu, H.-L. (2005). Acta Cryst. E61, o1137–o1138.
  • Cheng, K., Zhu, H. L., Li, Z. B. & Yan, Z. (2006). Acta Cryst. E62, o2417–o2418.
  • Ko˛sar, B., Albayrak, C., Odabaşoğlu, M. & Büyükgüngör (2005). Acta Cryst. E61, o2106–o2108.
  • Rigaku (2005). CrystalClear Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122. [PubMed]

Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography