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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 February 1; 64(Pt 2): o369.
Published online 2008 January 4. doi:  10.1107/S160053680706775X
PMCID: PMC2960406

Bis(3-meth­oxy-6-methyl-2-pyrid­yl) ether

Abstract

In the mol­ecule of the title compound, C14H16N2O3, the dihedral angle between the pyridyl rings is 87.74 (3)°. In the crystal structure, inter­molecular C—H(...)O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into infinite zigzag chains.

Related literature

For related literature, see: Jung et al. (1997 [triangle]); Dunne et al. (1995 [triangle]); Wang et al. (2001 [triangle]); Goulle et al. (1993 [triangle]); Gilat et al. (1995 [triangle]); Kawai et al. (1995 [triangle]); Gütlich et al. (1994 [triangle]). For bond-length data, see: Allen et al. (1987 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o369-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C14H16N2O3
  • M r = 260.29
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o369-efi1.jpg
  • a = 12.146 (2) Å
  • b = 7.5372 (15) Å
  • c = 14.669 (3) Å
  • β = 94.577 (3)°
  • V = 1338.6 (4) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.09 mm−1
  • T = 294 (2) K
  • 0.29 × 0.21 × 0.13 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 1996 [triangle]) T min = 0.974, T max = 0.988
  • 8226 measured reflections
  • 2477 independent reflections
  • 1229 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.041

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.048
  • wR(F 2) = 0.146
  • S = 1.01
  • 2477 reflections
  • 177 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.13 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.11 e Å−3

Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2004 [triangle]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2004 [triangle]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 1997 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 1997 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Bruker, 2004 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053680706775X/hk2409sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S160053680706775X/hk2409Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Henan Innovation Project for University Prominent Research Talents (grant No. 2005 KYCX021) and the Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

2,2'-Dipyridylether and its derivatives are a kind of extensively studied (Jung et al., 1997; Dunne et al., 1995; Wang et al., 2001; Goulle et al., 1993) multifuntional organic ligands. Most research in this area has focused on conjugated organic molecules undergoing frequency-sensitive reversible bond-forming reactions, for the design of inorganic or organometallic switches (Gilat et al., 1995; Kawai et al., 1995; Gütlich et al., 1994). As part of our ongoing studies, we report herein the synthesis and crystal structure of the title compound, (I).

In the molecule of (I) (Fig. 1), the bond lengths (Allen et al., 1987) and angles are within normal ranges. Rings A (N1/C1/C2/C4—C6) and B (N2/C9/C10/C12—C14) are, of course, planar and the dihedral angle between them is A/B = 87.74 (3)°.

In the crystal structure, intermolecular C—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1) link the molecules into infinite zigzag chains (Fig. 2), in which they seem to be effective in the stabilization of the structure.

Experimental

For the preparation of the title compound, 2-iodo-3-methoxy-6-methylpyridine (250 mg, 1 mmol) and active Cu powder (511 mg, 8 mmol) were added to a solution of DMF (10 ml). The resulting mixture was heated at 428 K for 24 h under nitrogen atmosphere. After the active Cu powder was filtered, the filtrate was washed with water (3 × 20 ml), and the aqueous layer was extracted by ethyl acetate (3 × 20 ml). The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous MgSO4, and the solvent was removed in vacuo to give the crude product. After purification by silica gel chromatography, a clear solution was set aside to crystallize.

Refinement

H atoms were positioned geometrically, with C—H = 0.93 and 0.96 Å for aromatic and methyl H, and constrained to ride on their parent atoms, with Uiso(H) = xUeq(C), where x = 1.5 for methyl H, and x = 1.2 for aromatic H atoms.

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of the title molecule, with the atom-numbering scheme. Displacement ellipsoids are drawn at the 30% probability level.
Fig. 2.
A packing diagram of (I). Hydrogen bonds are shown as dashed lines.

Crystal data

C14H16N2O3F000 = 552
Mr = 260.29Dx = 1.292 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 1190 reflections
a = 12.146 (2) Åθ = 2.8–20.3º
b = 7.5372 (15) ŵ = 0.09 mm1
c = 14.669 (3) ÅT = 294 (2) K
β = 94.577 (3)ºBlock, colorless
V = 1338.6 (4) Å30.29 × 0.21 × 0.13 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Bruker SMART CCD area-detector diffractometer2477 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1229 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Monochromator: graphiteRint = 0.041
T = 294(2) Kθmax = 25.5º
[var phi] and ω scansθmin = 2.8º
Absorption correction: multi-scan(SADABS; Sheldrick, 1996)h = −14→14
Tmin = 0.974, Tmax = 0.988k = −9→8
8226 measured reflectionsl = −17→17

Refinement

Refinement on F2Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
Least-squares matrix: fullH-atom parameters constrained
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.048  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0653P)2 + 0.0571P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
wR(F2) = 0.147(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
S = 1.01Δρmax = 0.13 e Å3
2477 reflectionsΔρmin = −0.11 e Å3
177 parametersExtinction correction: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 1997), Fc*=kFc[1+0.001xFc2λ3/sin(2θ)]-1/4
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction coefficient: 0.0071 (19)
Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
O10.77209 (13)0.0344 (2)0.12530 (11)0.0774 (6)
O20.97934 (14)0.1001 (2)0.10596 (15)0.0854 (6)
O30.72046 (17)−0.3036 (3)0.15773 (14)0.0996 (7)
N10.79139 (16)0.0722 (3)0.28290 (16)0.0669 (6)
N20.59034 (19)0.1178 (3)0.11932 (13)0.0747 (7)
C10.9468 (2)0.1105 (3)0.1925 (2)0.0677 (7)
C20.8363 (2)0.0727 (3)0.2043 (2)0.0630 (7)
C40.8564 (2)0.1129 (3)0.3590 (2)0.0736 (8)
C50.9660 (3)0.1532 (4)0.3532 (2)0.0884 (9)
H51.00990.18100.40610.106*
C61.0115 (2)0.1529 (3)0.2703 (2)0.0837 (9)
H61.08560.18130.26710.100*
C70.8040 (2)0.1079 (4)0.44789 (19)0.0953 (9)
H7A0.73190.16030.44010.143*
H7B0.84890.17310.49320.143*
H7C0.7978−0.01300.46740.143*
C81.0953 (2)0.1180 (4)0.0964 (2)0.0986 (10)
H8A1.11900.23500.11480.148*
H8B1.10960.09900.03370.148*
H8C1.13520.03180.13430.148*
C90.6354 (2)−0.1871 (4)0.14619 (17)0.0750 (8)
C100.6628 (2)−0.0120 (4)0.13349 (16)0.0660 (7)
C120.4831 (2)0.0807 (5)0.11836 (18)0.0813 (9)
C130.4500 (3)−0.0916 (5)0.1311 (2)0.0928 (10)
H130.3749−0.11660.13010.111*
C140.5245 (3)−0.2276 (5)0.14539 (19)0.0889 (9)
H140.5010−0.34330.15420.107*
C150.4036 (2)0.2307 (5)0.1025 (2)0.1091 (11)
H15A0.39170.28610.15980.164*
H15B0.33470.18620.07490.164*
H15C0.43320.31600.06240.164*
C160.6933 (3)−0.4891 (4)0.1585 (2)0.1124 (11)
H16A0.6520−0.51430.21000.169*
H16B0.7601−0.55790.16270.169*
H16C0.6498−0.51900.10310.169*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
O10.0539 (11)0.1004 (15)0.0774 (12)−0.0163 (10)0.0011 (9)0.0035 (10)
O20.0556 (12)0.0860 (14)0.1149 (16)−0.0083 (9)0.0090 (10)0.0070 (12)
O30.0906 (15)0.0842 (15)0.1229 (17)0.0000 (12)0.0017 (12)0.0031 (12)
N10.0656 (14)0.0569 (14)0.0764 (15)−0.0016 (10)−0.0059 (12)0.0004 (11)
N20.0645 (15)0.0939 (18)0.0648 (14)−0.0066 (14)0.0002 (11)−0.0061 (12)
C10.0533 (16)0.0486 (15)0.100 (2)−0.0005 (12)0.0001 (16)0.0009 (15)
C20.0559 (16)0.0473 (15)0.083 (2)−0.0043 (12)−0.0124 (15)0.0040 (14)
C40.078 (2)0.0514 (16)0.088 (2)0.0046 (14)−0.0149 (17)−0.0074 (14)
C50.082 (2)0.068 (2)0.108 (3)−0.0014 (16)−0.0298 (19)−0.0185 (18)
C60.0581 (17)0.0625 (19)0.128 (3)−0.0084 (14)−0.0108 (19)−0.0091 (18)
C70.111 (2)0.087 (2)0.086 (2)0.0068 (18)−0.0066 (18)−0.0127 (17)
C80.0561 (18)0.091 (2)0.150 (3)−0.0090 (16)0.0203 (17)0.006 (2)
C90.0730 (19)0.077 (2)0.0749 (19)−0.0030 (17)0.0040 (15)−0.0077 (16)
C100.0541 (16)0.080 (2)0.0635 (17)−0.0112 (15)0.0030 (12)−0.0036 (15)
C120.064 (2)0.112 (3)0.0676 (18)−0.0007 (18)0.0036 (14)−0.0150 (17)
C130.0588 (18)0.127 (3)0.094 (2)−0.019 (2)0.0089 (16)−0.032 (2)
C140.075 (2)0.099 (2)0.093 (2)−0.0320 (19)0.0139 (17)−0.0205 (19)
C150.079 (2)0.145 (3)0.102 (2)0.030 (2)−0.0016 (17)−0.009 (2)
C160.146 (3)0.071 (2)0.124 (3)−0.006 (2)0.037 (2)0.000 (2)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

O1—C21.374 (3)C7—H7C0.9600
O1—C101.388 (3)C8—H8A0.9600
O2—C11.361 (3)C8—H8B0.9600
O2—C81.433 (3)C8—H8C0.9600
O3—C91.356 (3)C9—C141.381 (4)
O3—C161.437 (3)C10—N21.321 (3)
N1—C21.315 (3)C10—C91.377 (4)
N1—C41.350 (3)C12—C131.377 (4)
N2—C121.331 (3)C12—C151.493 (4)
C1—C61.371 (4)C13—C141.372 (4)
C2—C11.396 (3)C13—H130.9300
C4—C51.375 (4)C14—H140.9300
C4—C71.496 (3)C15—H15A0.9600
C5—H50.9300C15—H15B0.9600
C6—C51.376 (4)C15—H15C0.9600
C6—H60.9300C16—H16A0.9600
C7—H7A0.9600C16—H16B0.9600
C7—H7B0.9600C16—H16C0.9600
C2—O1—C10117.5 (2)H8A—C8—H8C109.5
C1—O2—C8116.6 (2)H8B—C8—H8C109.5
C9—O3—C16117.3 (2)O3—C9—C10116.6 (2)
C2—N1—C4118.0 (2)O3—C9—C14126.2 (3)
C10—N2—C12119.0 (3)C10—C9—C14117.1 (3)
O2—C1—C6126.9 (3)N2—C10—C9124.5 (2)
O2—C1—C2117.2 (2)N2—C10—O1115.4 (2)
C6—C1—C2115.9 (3)C9—C10—O1119.7 (3)
N1—C2—O1119.5 (2)N2—C12—C13119.6 (3)
N1—C2—C1125.4 (3)N2—C12—C15117.6 (3)
O1—C2—C1115.1 (3)C13—C12—C15122.9 (3)
N1—C4—C5120.3 (3)C14—C13—C12121.9 (3)
N1—C4—C7117.0 (3)C14—C13—H13119.0
C5—C4—C7122.7 (3)C12—C13—H13119.0
C4—C5—C6120.9 (3)C13—C14—C9117.9 (3)
C4—C5—H5119.5C13—C14—H14121.1
C6—C5—H5119.5C9—C14—H14121.1
C1—C6—C5119.5 (3)C12—C15—H15A109.5
C1—C6—H6120.3C12—C15—H15B109.5
C5—C6—H6120.3H15A—C15—H15B109.5
C4—C7—H7A109.5C12—C15—H15C109.5
C4—C7—H7B109.5H15A—C15—H15C109.5
H7A—C7—H7B109.5H15B—C15—H15C109.5
C4—C7—H7C109.5O3—C16—H16A109.5
H7A—C7—H7C109.5O3—C16—H16B109.5
H7B—C7—H7C109.5H16A—C16—H16B109.5
O2—C8—H8A109.5O3—C16—H16C109.5
O2—C8—H8B109.5H16A—C16—H16C109.5
H8A—C8—H8B109.5H16B—C16—H16C109.5
O2—C8—H8C109.5
C10—O1—C2—N1−3.1 (3)O1—C2—C1—O2−2.0 (3)
C10—O1—C2—C1177.2 (2)N1—C2—C1—C6−1.1 (4)
C2—O1—C10—N297.5 (3)O1—C2—C1—C6178.6 (2)
C2—O1—C10—C9−88.9 (3)N1—C4—C5—C60.0 (4)
C8—O2—C1—C66.7 (4)C7—C4—C5—C6178.7 (3)
C8—O2—C1—C2−172.6 (2)C1—C6—C5—C4−0.5 (4)
C16—O3—C9—C10−171.7 (2)O3—C9—C14—C13−178.9 (3)
C16—O3—C9—C147.9 (4)C10—C9—C14—C130.7 (4)
C2—N1—C4—C50.0 (4)C9—C10—N2—C121.1 (4)
C2—N1—C4—C7−178.8 (2)O1—C10—N2—C12174.4 (2)
C4—N1—C2—O1−179.1 (2)N2—C10—C9—O3178.5 (2)
C4—N1—C2—C10.6 (4)O1—C10—C9—O35.4 (4)
C10—N2—C12—C13−0.7 (4)N2—C10—C9—C14−1.1 (4)
C10—N2—C12—C15179.8 (2)O1—C10—C9—C14−174.2 (2)
O2—C1—C6—C5−178.4 (2)N2—C12—C13—C140.3 (4)
C2—C1—C6—C51.0 (4)C15—C12—C13—C14179.8 (3)
N1—C2—C1—O2178.3 (2)C12—C13—C14—C9−0.3 (4)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
C6—H6···O3i0.932.523.358 (3)150

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+2, y+1/2, −z+1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: HK2409).

References

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