PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of actaeInternational Union of Crystallographysearchopen accessarticle submissionjournal home pagethis article
 
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 February 1; 64(Pt 2): o363.
Published online 2008 January 4. doi:  10.1107/S1600536807067645
PMCID: PMC2960391

(E)-1,2-Bis(3-bromo-4-methyl­phen­yl)ethene

Abstract

In the structure of the title compound, C16H14Br2, the central C=C bond length is 1.329 (4) Å and the two benzene rings are approximately coplanar with the double bond, with twist angles of 7.5 (2) and 13.6 (2)°.

Related literature

For related literature, see: Daik et al. (1998 [triangle]); Harada & Ogawa et al. (2004 [triangle]); Ogawa et al. (1992 [triangle]); Mallory et al. (2001 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o363-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C16H14Br2
  • M r = 366.09
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o363-efi1.jpg
  • a = 6.3301 (4) Å
  • b = 7.6499 (5) Å
  • c = 28.164 (2) Å
  • β = 91.208 (1)°
  • V = 1363.55 (16) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 5.92 mm−1
  • T = 173 (2) K
  • 0.27 × 0.19 × 0.10 mm

Data collection

  • Bruker APEXII CCD area-detector diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Sheldrick, 2004 [triangle]) T min = 0.303, T max = 0.578
  • 14025 measured reflections
  • 2793 independent reflections
  • 2393 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.027

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.025
  • wR(F 2) = 0.054
  • S = 1.08
  • 2793 reflections
  • 165 parameters
  • H-atom parameters constrained
  • Δρmax = 0.42 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.32 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2006 [triangle]); cell refinement: APEX2; data reduction: SAINT-Plus (Bruker, 2006 [triangle]); program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 1990 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2003 [triangle]); molecular graphics: Mercury (Macrae et al., 2006 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: publCIF (Westrip, 2008 [triangle]).

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536807067645/pv2061sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536807067645/pv2061Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

Support provided by Dr Peter Dibble and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) is gratefully acknowledged. The diffractometer was purchased with the help of NSERC and the University of Lethbridge.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound, (I) (Fig. 1), was prepared by a Ti catalyzed McMurray coupling (Mallory et al., 2001) with 99% E selectivity. The almost-planar molecules pack (Fig. 2) in slipped stacks with T-contacts typical for aromatic molecules. The only other isomeric stilbene for which a structure has been reported is Z-1,2-bis-(4-bromophenyl)-1,2-dimethylethene (Daik et al., 1998) for which C=C is 1.330 (10) and 1.344 (10)Å (for two independent molecules in an asymmetric unit). Unlike in I, the phenyl rings in this compound are twisted almost orthogonal to the double bond, perhaps because of steric interactions between methyl and phenyl groups. More structurally comparable alkenes include E-1,2-bis-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)ethene and E-1,2-bis-(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)ethene (Ogawa et al., 1992) for which C=C are 1.320 (4) and 1.327 (3) Å, respectively. A detailed study of geometric distortions in trans-stilbene has recently been published (Harada & Ogawa, 2004).

Experimental

At 273 K under N2, 0.18 ml (1.6 mmol) of TiCl4 was stirred with 0.18 g (2.8 mmol) Zn dust in 25 ml of dry THF. To this mixture was added 0.25 g (1.3 mmol) of 3-bromo-4-methylbenzaldehyde and refluxed for 4 h before being quenched with 25 ml of 1.0 M HCl. After extracting with hexanes the organic phase was washed with brine solution and dried over MgSO4. Removal of solvent resulted in a white powder that was recrystallized from ethyl acetate to give 0.11 g (yield = 58%) of the desired product as colorless crystals.

Refinement

The H-atoms were included in the refinements at geometrically idealized positions with C—H distances 0.95 and 0.98 Å for non-methyl and methyl type H-atoms, respectively; Uiso values were 1.2Ueq of the carrier atom or 1.5Ueq for the non-methyl and methyl groups, respectively.

Figures

Fig. 1.
A view of (I) plotted with displacement ellipsoids at 50% probability level.
Fig. 2.
Unit-cell contents of (I) showing the herringbone arrangement of slipped-stacks with T-contacts between registers.

Crystal data

C16H14Br2Z = 4
Mr = 366.09F000 = 720
Monoclinic, P21/cDx = 1.783 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P2ybcMelting point: 424.75 K
a = 6.3301 (4) ÅMo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
b = 7.6499 (5) ŵ = 5.92 mm1
c = 28.164 (2) ÅT = 173 (2) K
β = 91.208 (1)ºPrism, colourless
V = 1363.55 (16) Å30.27 × 0.19 × 0.10 mm

Data collection

Bruker APEXII CCD area-detector diffractometer2793 independent reflections
Monochromator: graphite2393 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
T = 173(2) KRint = 0.027
P = 101 kPaθmax = 26.4º
[var phi] and ω scansθmin = 2.8º
Absorption correction: multi-scan(SADABS; Sheldrick, 2004)h = −7→7
Tmin = 0.303, Tmax = 0.578k = −9→9
14025 measured reflectionsl = −35→35

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.025H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.054  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0179P)2 + 1.6865P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.09(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
2793 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.43 e Å3
165 parametersΔρmin = −0.32 e Å3
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction correction: none

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Br10.08255 (4)0.93057 (4)0.562520 (9)0.02689 (8)
C10.0145 (4)0.8529 (3)0.62456 (8)0.0197 (5)
C2−0.1806 (4)0.7739 (3)0.63183 (9)0.0217 (5)
C3−0.2158 (4)0.7151 (3)0.67779 (10)0.0241 (6)
H3−0.34760.66200.68440.029*
C4−0.0673 (4)0.7309 (3)0.71400 (9)0.0237 (6)
H4−0.09720.68670.74460.028*
C50.1280 (4)0.8119 (3)0.70600 (9)0.0213 (6)
C60.1650 (4)0.8749 (3)0.66049 (9)0.0212 (5)
H60.29390.93320.65410.025*
C70.2912 (4)0.8315 (4)0.74343 (9)0.0241 (6)
H70.41010.90150.73610.029*
C8−0.3452 (4)0.7506 (4)0.59307 (10)0.0282 (6)
H8A−0.28720.67920.56760.034*
H8B−0.38650.86530.58040.034*
H8C−0.46930.69220.60600.034*
Br20.44176 (4)0.73105 (4)0.971236 (9)0.02871 (8)
C110.5297 (4)0.7870 (3)0.90906 (9)0.0205 (5)
C120.7254 (4)0.8675 (3)0.90274 (9)0.0218 (5)
C130.7768 (4)0.9044 (3)0.85612 (10)0.0243 (6)
H130.91020.95580.85010.029*
C140.6420 (4)0.8695 (4)0.81816 (9)0.0253 (6)
H140.68340.89910.78690.030*
C150.4454 (4)0.7913 (3)0.82503 (9)0.0218 (6)
C160.3931 (4)0.7476 (3)0.87155 (9)0.0224 (6)
H160.26290.69060.87740.027*
C170.2894 (4)0.7613 (4)0.78658 (9)0.0250 (6)
H170.17610.68420.79320.030*
C180.8708 (4)0.9153 (4)0.94351 (10)0.0279 (6)
H18A0.80141.00110.96380.033*
H18B1.00110.96560.93130.033*
H18C0.90470.81040.96210.033*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Br10.02994 (15)0.03138 (16)0.01930 (14)−0.00196 (12)−0.00088 (10)0.00574 (11)
C10.0243 (14)0.0192 (13)0.0157 (12)0.0034 (11)0.0018 (10)0.0006 (10)
C20.0207 (13)0.0217 (14)0.0226 (13)0.0025 (11)−0.0021 (10)−0.0016 (11)
C30.0214 (13)0.0219 (14)0.0291 (15)0.0000 (11)0.0031 (11)0.0012 (11)
C40.0295 (15)0.0221 (14)0.0196 (13)0.0031 (11)0.0033 (11)−0.0001 (11)
C50.0252 (14)0.0196 (13)0.0190 (13)0.0025 (11)0.0001 (11)−0.0042 (10)
C60.0193 (13)0.0224 (14)0.0218 (13)−0.0019 (11)0.0014 (10)−0.0017 (11)
C70.0253 (14)0.0256 (15)0.0213 (14)0.0010 (11)0.0001 (11)−0.0028 (11)
C80.0247 (14)0.0314 (16)0.0283 (15)−0.0022 (12)−0.0052 (11)−0.0001 (12)
Br20.03120 (16)0.03709 (17)0.01781 (14)−0.00261 (12)−0.00030 (11)0.00279 (12)
C110.0259 (14)0.0184 (13)0.0172 (13)0.0044 (11)0.0003 (10)0.0014 (10)
C120.0221 (13)0.0169 (13)0.0262 (14)0.0042 (10)−0.0029 (11)−0.0014 (11)
C130.0192 (13)0.0218 (14)0.0321 (15)0.0008 (11)0.0027 (11)0.0016 (11)
C140.0298 (15)0.0249 (14)0.0213 (14)0.0026 (12)0.0030 (11)0.0018 (11)
C150.0251 (14)0.0185 (13)0.0217 (13)0.0028 (11)−0.0017 (11)−0.0011 (10)
C160.0216 (13)0.0216 (14)0.0240 (14)−0.0008 (11)−0.0008 (10)0.0009 (11)
C170.0287 (15)0.0243 (14)0.0218 (14)−0.0022 (12)−0.0013 (11)−0.0023 (11)
C180.0272 (15)0.0248 (15)0.0314 (15)−0.0020 (12)−0.0052 (12)−0.0019 (12)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

Br1—C11.904 (2)Br2—C111.898 (3)
C1—C61.386 (3)C11—C161.385 (4)
C1—C21.393 (4)C11—C121.398 (4)
C2—C31.393 (4)C12—C131.389 (4)
C2—C81.504 (4)C12—C181.502 (4)
C3—C41.378 (4)C13—C141.380 (4)
C3—H30.9500C13—H130.9500
C4—C51.405 (4)C14—C151.398 (4)
C4—H40.9500C14—H140.9500
C5—C61.394 (4)C15—C161.399 (4)
C5—C71.468 (4)C15—C171.468 (4)
C6—H60.9500C16—H160.9500
C7—C171.329 (4)C17—H170.9500
C7—H70.9500C18—H18A0.9800
C8—H8A0.9800C18—H18B0.9800
C8—H8B0.9800C18—H18C0.9800
C8—H8C0.9800
C6—C1—C2122.9 (2)C16—C11—C12122.7 (2)
C6—C1—Br1117.82 (19)C16—C11—Br2117.7 (2)
C2—C1—Br1119.25 (19)C12—C11—Br2119.67 (19)
C3—C2—C1115.9 (2)C13—C12—C11115.9 (2)
C3—C2—C8120.9 (2)C13—C12—C18121.4 (2)
C1—C2—C8123.2 (2)C11—C12—C18122.7 (2)
C4—C3—C2122.6 (3)C14—C13—C12122.7 (3)
C4—C3—H3118.7C14—C13—H13118.7
C2—C3—H3118.7C12—C13—H13118.7
C3—C4—C5120.6 (2)C13—C14—C15120.9 (2)
C3—C4—H4119.7C13—C14—H14119.6
C5—C4—H4119.7C15—C14—H14119.6
C6—C5—C4117.7 (2)C14—C15—C16117.5 (2)
C6—C5—C7119.7 (2)C14—C15—C17123.5 (2)
C4—C5—C7122.6 (2)C16—C15—C17119.0 (2)
C1—C6—C5120.2 (2)C11—C16—C15120.4 (2)
C1—C6—H6119.9C11—C16—H16119.8
C5—C6—H6119.9C15—C16—H16119.8
C17—C7—C5126.6 (3)C7—C17—C15126.4 (3)
C17—C7—H7116.7C7—C17—H17116.8
C5—C7—H7116.7C15—C17—H17116.8
C2—C8—H8A109.5C12—C18—H18A109.5
C2—C8—H8B109.5C12—C18—H18B109.5
H8A—C8—H8B109.5H18A—C18—H18B109.5
C2—C8—H8C109.5C12—C18—H18C109.5
H8A—C8—H8C109.5H18A—C18—H18C109.5
H8B—C8—H8C109.5H18B—C18—H18C109.5
Br2—C11—C12—C18−1.0 (3)C6—C5—C7—C17−171.7 (3)
Br1—C1—C2—C8−1.7 (4)C16—C15—C17—C7162.7 (3)
C4—C5—C7—C178.2 (4)C5—C7—C17—C15−175.4 (2)
C14—C15—C17—C7−14.1 (4)

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: PV2061).

References

  • Bruker (2006). APEX2 and SAINT-Plus Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Daik, R., Feast, W. J., Batsanov, A. S. & Howard, J. A. K. (1998). New J. Chem (Nouv. J. Chim.) 22, 1047–1049.
  • Harada, J. & Ogawa, K. (2004). J. Am. Chem. Soc.126, 3539–3544. [PubMed]
  • Macrae, C. F., Edgington, P. R., McCabe, P., Pidcock, E., Shields, G. P., Taylor, R., Towler, M. & van de Streek, J. (2006). J. Appl. Cryst.39, 453–457.
  • Mallory, F. B., Butler, K. E., Bérubé, A., Luzik, E. D. Jr, Mallory, C. W., Brondyke, E. J., Hiremath, R., Ngo, P. & Carrol, P. J. (2001). Tetrahedron, 57, 3715–3724.
  • Ogawa, K., Sano, T., Yoshimura, S., Takeuchi, Y. & Toriumi, K. (1992). J. Am. Chem. Soc.114, 1041–1051.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (1990). Acta Cryst. A46, 467–473.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2003). SHELXTL Version 6.14. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (2004). SADABS University of Göttingen, Germany.
  • Westrip, S. J. (2008). publCIF In preparation.

Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography