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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 February 1; 64(Pt 2): o400.
Published online 2008 January 9. doi:  10.1107/S1600536807068122
PMCID: PMC2960156

Ethane-1,2-diylbis(methyl­phosphinic acid)

Abstract

In the title compound, C4H12O4P2, there are two crystallographically independent half-mol­ecules in the asymmetric unit, both molecules lying on centres of symmetry. Each mol­ecule is connected on both sides to neighbouring mol­ecules via strong O—H(...)O hydrogen bonds. The –POOH groups accept and donate one hydrogen bond in interactions with the neighbouring –POOH group of the adjacent mol­ecule, to give one-dimensional chains along [10An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o400-efi1.jpg]. As each phosphinic acid group donates and accepts one hydrogen bond, the connection between the mol­ecules is best described by a ring motif which can be classified by the Etter symbol R 2 2(8).

Related literature

For related literature, see: Bruckmann et al. (1999 [triangle]); Etter et al. (1990 [triangle]); Sicken et al. (2000 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o400-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C4H12O4P2
  • M r = 186.08
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o400-efi2.jpg
  • a = 6.7761 (18) Å
  • b = 18.703 (8) Å
  • c = 6.8401 (15) Å
  • β = 102.09 (3)°
  • V = 847.7 (5) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.47 mm−1
  • T = 290 (2) K
  • 0.40 × 0.35 × 0.30 mm

Data collection

  • Nicolet/Siemens P21/P3 four-circle diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: none
  • 4847 measured reflections
  • 2466 independent reflections
  • 1879 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.023
  • 3 standard reflections every 100 reflections intensity decay: none

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.035
  • wR(F 2) = 0.079
  • S = 1.01
  • 2466 reflections
  • 139 parameters
  • All H-atom parameters refined
  • Δρmax = 0.35 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.34 e Å−3

Data collection: R3m/V Software (Siemens, 1989 [triangle]); cell refinement: R3m/V Software; data reduction: R3m/V Software; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 1997 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 1997 [triangle]); molecular graphics: DIAMOND (Brandenburg, 2001 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536807068122/pk2077sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536807068122/pk2077Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The authors thank L. Langner for technical support.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound, [HOO(CH3)P-(CH2)2-P(CH3)OOH, crystallizes in the monoclinic centrosymmetric space group P21/c with two crystallographically independent molecules in the asymmetric unit both of them lying on a centre of symmetry. The molecules are connected on both sides to the next molecules via strong O—H···H hydrogen bonds. The bond lengths and angles in the two crystallographic independent molecules are identical within the ranges of their standard uncertainties. As each posphinic acid group donates and accepts one hydrogen bond the motif of this connection between the molecules is best described by an eight-membered ring (Fig.1) which can be classified by the Etter symbol R22(8) (Etter et al., 1990). A motif which is well known for acetic acid and its derivatives. Each –POOH group accepts and donates one hydrogen bond to the neighbouring –POOH groups of the next molecules to give a one-dimensional chains along [10–1]. This was surprising to us, as the very similar ethane-1,2-diylbis(phosphinic acid) forms a two-dimensional hydrogen bonded network (Bruckmann et al., 1999).

Experimental

The title compound is generally available by methods described in the literature (Sicken et al., 2000). Recrystallization of the raw material from ethanolic solution at room temperature gave block shaped, colourless crystals.

Refinement

After refinement of all non-hydrogen atoms using anisotropic displacement parameters, all H atom positions were obtained from successive difference Fourier synthesis. Atom coordinates as well as individual Uiso values are refined freely for each hydrogen atom.

Figures

Fig. 1.
: Part of the hydrogen bonded chain of the title structure. (displacement ellipsoids at the 50% probability level, H-atoms drawn with arbitrary radius, ' = -x, 1 - y, 2 - z; '' = 1 - x, 1 - y, 1 - z)

Crystal data

C4H12O4P2F000 = 392
Mr = 186.08Dx = 1.458 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 37 reflections
a = 6.7761 (18) Åθ = 5.1–14.3º
b = 18.703 (8) ŵ = 0.47 mm1
c = 6.8401 (15) ÅT = 290 (2) K
β = 102.09 (3)ºBlock, colourless
V = 847.7 (5) Å30.40 × 0.35 × 0.30 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Nicolet/Siemens P21/P3-four-circle diffractometerRint = 0.023
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tubeθmax = 30.0º
Monochromator: graphiteθmin = 2.2º
T = 290(2) Kh = 0→9
ω scansk = −26→26
Absorption correction: nonel = −9→9
4847 measured reflections3 standard reflections
2466 independent reflections every 100 reflections
1879 reflections with I > 2σ(I) intensity decay: none

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.035All H-atom parameters refined
wR(F2) = 0.079  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.025P)2 + 0.41P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.01(Δ/σ)max = 0.003
2466 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.35 e Å3
139 parametersΔρmin = −0.34 e Å3
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction correction: none

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > 2σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
P10.10537 (7)0.60187 (2)0.89929 (7)0.03542 (12)
O10.0298 (2)0.59213 (9)0.6716 (2)0.0477 (3)
H10.114 (6)0.606 (2)0.586 (6)0.145 (15)*
O20.32968 (19)0.59006 (8)0.96702 (19)0.0455 (3)
C10.0385 (5)0.68801 (12)0.9733 (4)0.0563 (6)
H110.067 (4)0.6933 (14)1.116 (4)0.070 (8)*
H120.106 (5)0.7222 (17)0.917 (5)0.094 (10)*
H13−0.088 (4)0.6940 (15)0.925 (4)0.075 (9)*
C2−0.0220 (3)0.53869 (9)1.0246 (3)0.0371 (4)
H210.017 (3)0.5445 (12)1.163 (3)0.047 (6)*
H22−0.157 (3)0.5475 (12)0.984 (3)0.051 (6)*
P20.48253 (7)0.61724 (2)0.51341 (7)0.03302 (11)
O30.25753 (19)0.62778 (7)0.44442 (18)0.0412 (3)
O40.5560 (2)0.62903 (7)0.7409 (2)0.0421 (3)
H40.470 (5)0.6132 (18)0.826 (5)0.117 (12)*
C30.6086 (4)0.67852 (12)0.3826 (4)0.0501 (5)
H310.575 (4)0.7228 (16)0.410 (4)0.078 (8)*
H320.565 (4)0.6729 (14)0.247 (4)0.065 (8)*
H330.738 (4)0.6751 (15)0.426 (4)0.079 (9)*
C40.5508 (3)0.52908 (9)0.4481 (3)0.0343 (3)
H410.693 (3)0.5257 (11)0.494 (3)0.042 (5)*
H420.513 (3)0.5270 (11)0.311 (3)0.044 (6)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
P10.0352 (2)0.0375 (2)0.0329 (2)−0.00097 (17)0.00569 (17)0.00385 (18)
O10.0359 (7)0.0712 (10)0.0338 (7)−0.0062 (6)0.0024 (5)0.0038 (6)
O20.0350 (7)0.0632 (9)0.0364 (7)−0.0004 (6)0.0030 (5)0.0047 (6)
C10.0677 (16)0.0365 (10)0.0624 (16)0.0033 (10)0.0087 (12)0.0018 (10)
C20.0403 (9)0.0362 (9)0.0361 (9)0.0017 (7)0.0108 (7)0.0015 (7)
P20.0359 (2)0.02862 (19)0.0346 (2)−0.00337 (16)0.00759 (17)0.00217 (17)
O30.0379 (7)0.0472 (7)0.0371 (7)0.0038 (5)0.0047 (5)0.0049 (5)
O40.0374 (7)0.0493 (8)0.0378 (7)−0.0064 (6)0.0037 (5)−0.0068 (6)
C30.0576 (14)0.0369 (10)0.0563 (13)−0.0105 (9)0.0133 (11)0.0095 (9)
C40.0380 (9)0.0299 (8)0.0357 (9)−0.0019 (7)0.0095 (7)0.0018 (7)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

P1—O21.5096 (14)P2—O31.5115 (14)
P1—O11.5452 (15)P2—O41.5468 (14)
P1—C11.776 (2)P2—C31.779 (2)
P1—C21.7850 (19)P2—C41.7942 (19)
O1—H10.94 (4)O4—H40.95 (4)
C1—H110.96 (3)C3—H310.89 (3)
C1—H120.92 (3)C3—H320.92 (3)
C1—H130.86 (3)C3—H330.87 (3)
C2—C2i1.529 (3)C4—C4ii1.539 (3)
C2—H210.93 (2)C4—H410.95 (2)
C2—H220.91 (2)C4—H420.92 (2)
O2—P1—O1113.08 (8)O3—P2—O4112.74 (8)
O2—P1—C1110.24 (12)O3—P2—C3108.55 (11)
O1—P1—C1110.11 (12)O4—P2—C3109.08 (11)
O2—P1—C2108.23 (9)O3—P2—C4109.76 (8)
O1—P1—C2108.33 (9)O4—P2—C4109.63 (8)
C1—P1—C2106.60 (11)C3—P2—C4106.90 (11)
P1—O1—H1119 (2)P2—O4—H4118 (2)
P1—C1—H11112.0 (16)P2—C3—H31108.9 (18)
P1—C1—H12109.5 (19)P2—C3—H32110.5 (16)
H11—C1—H12110 (2)H31—C3—H32106 (2)
P1—C1—H13107.7 (19)P2—C3—H33109.7 (19)
H11—C1—H13110 (2)H31—C3—H33106 (3)
H12—C1—H13107 (3)H32—C3—H33115 (2)
C2i—C2—P1112.62 (17)C4ii—C4—P2111.78 (16)
C2i—C2—H21107.8 (14)C4ii—C4—H41108.8 (12)
P1—C2—H21110.3 (13)P2—C4—H41106.0 (12)
C2i—C2—H22109.4 (15)C4ii—C4—H42112.7 (13)
P1—C2—H22106.6 (14)P2—C4—H42105.1 (13)
H21—C2—H22110.1 (18)H41—C4—H42112.3 (17)
O2—P1—C2—C2i−61.3 (2)O3—P2—C4—C4ii−62.1 (2)
O1—P1—C2—C2i61.7 (2)O4—P2—C4—C4ii62.3 (2)
C1—P1—C2—C2i−179.8 (2)C3—P2—C4—C4ii−179.64 (19)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x, −y+1, −z+2; (ii) −x+1, −y+1, −z+1.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O4—H4···O20.95 (4)1.55 (4)2.504 (2)178 (3)
O1—H1···O30.94 (4)1.56 (4)2.499 (2)179 (4)

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: PK2077).

References

  • Brandenburg, K. (2001). DIAMOND Version 2.1e. Crystal Impact GbR, Bonn, Germany.
  • Bruckmann, J., Krüger, C., Lehmann, C. W., Leitner, W., Rust, J. & Six, C. (1999). Acta Cryst. C55, 695–696.
  • Etter, M. C., MacDonald, J. C. & Bernstein, J. (1990). Acta Cryst. B46, 256–262. [PubMed]
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (1997). SHELXS97 and SHELXL97 University of Göttingen, Germany.
  • Sicken, M., Weferling, N. & Schmitz, H.-P. (2000). Patent, Clariant GmbH, Patent No. DE 100 65 051 A1.
  • Siemens (1989). R3m/V Software Release 3.2. Siemens Analytical X-ray Instruments Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Articles from Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online are provided here courtesy of International Union of Crystallography